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+

->
:
Etienne Dolet advises the translator
to link and arrange words with such
sweetness that the soul is satisfied
and the ears are pleased.
(Translation/ History / Culture)

Lexus GS

2009
.
.


fitness-
power-
No Name


Vremya vlubitsya v Volvo
Vse v vostorge ot tebya, a ty ot
Maybelline!
Akhmanova, Olga S. 1966. Slovar
lingvisticheskikh terminov
[Dictionary of Linguistic Terms / In
Russian]. Moscow: Sovetskaya
Entsiklopediya. Reprint: Moscow:
Editorial-URSS, 2004.

Wall Street Journal

Stratford-on-Avon -
Shakespeare -


Illinois - ( );
Michigan - ( )


Bank of London


Florida -
Washington


/

English: [ D] [w] [h] [N] [:] []
Russian: [j] [] [] [] [] []
( & )

(. sushi , ; . Kim Il Sung
; . Xianggang ; Qinghai
)

(Yurkova, Iurkova; ruble - rouble)
(. tai-chi
chuan = tai-ji quan)

(Komsomolsk-na-Amure Komsomolsk-on-theAmur; Mao Zedong, Mao Tse-tung)
(Mozart ;
Dvoak , Singer )


J
. John
. Jose
. Jerome
Jesus -
. Joson -
. Jia -

English: [ D] [w] [h] [N] [:] []


Th

W
H
NG
ER, IR,
UR
A (+
c.)

C (Galsworthy )
(Thatcher )
(Athens )
(Wilde )
(Woman Today
)
(Hailey )
(Hamilton )
(Jennings )
(Burns )
(Earls Court -)
// (Batman , Jack
, Glasgow )

Russian: [j] [] [] [] [] []

Tolstoy, Trotsky/
Trotski
- Ioshkar-Ola
Yenisei,
Porfirievich, Yugoslavia,
Yalta
Zhitomir
Nakhodka
Tselinograd (
Zurich, Ceylon,
Jiangxi)
Chekhov,
Tchaikovsky
Shchelkovo, Schelkovo
Kuibyshev

Pyrin
Khruschev
Bychev

BSI

ISO

zh
ts
i
ya

c
j
ja

LC

PCGN

zh
ts, ts
i
ia

BSI = British Standards Institution


ISO = International Organization for Standardization
LC = Library of Congress
PCGN = Permanent Committee on Geographic Names

zh
ts
y
ya

7.79 (ISO 9)(


2002 )
9,



(
),

.

:
,

20 2000 .
N 782
,




.



52535.12006


.
15
2012 . N 320: "

(

E
ZH
E
I
KH
TS
CH

SH
SHCH
Y
E
IU
IA


()
,
C

J jia
N yin
NG yang
Q qi
R ren
WU wu-shu
X Xianggang
Z Mao Ze-dong
ZH Zhou En-lai

, ,

,
,
-



-ONG

(Heilong)

(l,n,j,q,x,y)+ U
(Lu)
(d,j,l,m,n,q,x) +
IU (Liu)
HUI

(Anhui)

()
()
()

/
()

ba / yi
gua / yao
biao
guan / yuang
er
a / ai / an / ang / ao
e / en / er
ou


-N =

NG =

guan
taipan
sheng
mingtang

i +
diao =
die =
diu =

gaoliang -
lian .
Miao
dantian -

= ();
z = ()

za
zi
cuan
cou

X = ()

xian -
xing -
dianxin -

X = ()
S = ()
xian -
xian zi -

xia tian
si bok -
Sichuan - .-.

si-di -

J =

Z=

laojia -
Jino
jiaguwen -

manzi - .
junzi -

Q =
=
qi -
qian -

qi ji -
Qijia culture -

R=
ren
ren jia -
ruanxian -

Renmin Ribao

W=

WU =

waidiren
waijia -
weiqi
Wuhan -
wuqinxi -

ZH =

SH =

zhang -
zhanxingxue -
Shan -

Shang -

Y [j]

yuanzi -
Yunnan
yan hua -
jin ye

YI =
Yixing -

shenyi
Yinkou
xie yi -


zhongyi, zhong-yi - , ,
tiangui, tian-gui

nan-yang -
Hengyang -
zhuangyuan - ,

-ONG = -
Dong ()
Song ()
putonghua (
)
qigong ( )

(c, ch, d, g, h, k, l, n, r, s,
sh, t, z, zh) + UO = O

luopan -
jing-zuo
duoye -
guo cui -

Guomindang

(l, n, j, q, x, y)+ U = -

lu-shi
juren
quyi
Yu-pu
mu yu

zufu
ruqun

You =
you tiao ,

youting

(l, n, j, q, x, y) + IU = -
baijiu -

xiucai -

Hui = /
Anhui
huizi

:
WU Zhihui,
LU Xiujing
LIU Zhengmin

Transliterate: Chinese Presidents


and their spouses

Hu Jintao
Jiang Zemin
Yang Shangkun
Li Xiannian
Liu Shaoqi
Mao Zedong

Yongqing
Wang Yeping
Li Bozhao
Lin Jiamei
Wang Guangmei
Jiang Qing



The Oxford Handbook of Chinese
Linguistics (in the Table of Contents)
https://global.oup.com/academic/pro
duct/the-oxford-handbook-of-chineselinguistics-9780199856336?
cc=ru&lang=en&#


CH chanoyu

J judo
SH Hiroshima
TS tsunami
Z Zen-Buddhism

Japanese names

Daizo Nozawa
Kawaguchi Yoriko
Nakagawa Shoichi
Shigeru Ishiba
Toshimitsu Motegi


, ..


(,
,
, ..).
Petro Poroshenko; Olexandr Turchinov,
Mikola Azarov; Yulia Volodymyrivna
Tymoshenko:

King Charles
King James
King George
King William
King Louis
King
Henrie/Henry
Charlemagne
I
II




Peter the Great
Catherine the
Great

John the Baptist

Ivan the Terrible


John the
Terrible

Genghis Khan
Jenghiz
Belshazzar
Balthazar
Pharaoh
Amenophis IV
(Ikhnaton)

2000 ..
2012

.
The Alchemy of
English (Kachru 1985),..





Far Eastern National University

..

M.Lomonosov Moscow State


University
M.Lomonosov State University of


English -

Cheyenne , ,
, ,
Cherokee , ,
,
Chukchi,
Khanty



(, ),
(,
),
,
(13
= annual bonus payment;
breadline =
),

(Scout in Harper Lees To Kill a
Mockingbird; Secretary of State



(Busan ) <, ,
,

(Bernstein
; Einstein )
( Rhein)