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ANSYS/LS-DYNA
( )
-

ANSYS/LS-DYNA ( ). / .. ,: , 2012 91 .
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
.
.
,
,

.., 2012 .

2012 .
2

1.

1.1. ...
1.2. .
1.3.
1.4. ANSYS/LS-DYNA

7
9
11
14

2. ANSYS/LS-DYNA
...

17

2.1. ANSYS/LS-DYNA...
2.2. ...
2.3. ...
2.4. ..
2.5. Shell Solid
2.6.
2.7.
2.8.
2.9. - . MeshTool.
2.10. .
2.11. ..
2.12. .
2.13. ...
2.14. ...
2.14.1. Hourglass...
2.14.2. .
2.14.3.
2.14.4.
2.14.5. (
ASCII).
2.15. k-.
2.16. .
2.17. POST1.
2.18. POST26...

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3.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA..

49

3.1. .

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3.2. ......
3.3. ..
3.4. .
3.5. .
3.6. .
3.7.
3.8. .
3.9. ..
3.10.
3.11. ..
3.12. ...
3.13.
3.14. .
3.15. ..
3.16.
3.17. Hourglass.
3.18. ...
3.19. ..
3.20.

3.21. -.
3.22.
3.23. POST1 .
3.24. .
3.25. .
3.26. ..
3.27. ...
3.28. ..
3.29. ...
3.30.
Y.
3.31.
Z
3.32. POST26
..
3.33. ...
3.34. ..
3.35. .
3.36. ...
3.37. .

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()
: ,
, , . , 80-85 % .
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1.2.
(Explicit) , , , ,
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(
) ,
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. , . ( )
. , . -
( 10-7 10-6)
. ANSYS/LS-DYNA
, .
[4].
[5] , t:
1
at = [M ] ((Ft ext ) (Ft int )) ;
at - ;
9

Ft ext - ;
Ft int - ;

Ft int = BT n d + F hg + F cont ;

F hg - hourglass;
F cont - .
( at ) :
{Vt +t / 2 } = {Vt t / 2 } + {at }tt ; {U t +t } = {U t }+ {Vt +t / 2 }tt +t / 2 ;
tt +t / 2 = 0,5(t t + tt +t ) ;
tt t / 2 = 0,5(t t tt + t ) ;

{x0 } :

{xt +t } = {x0 } + {ut +t }


:
-
;
- ;
- ,
( ) ;
- , .. ;
- .
, ()
:
t t crit =

max

max - .
,
.
L :
t crit =

L
;
c

.

0,9:
t crit = 0,9

L
.
c
10

2
.
max (L1 , L2 , L3 )

1.3.

, . MSC Nastran, Marc, Dytran, PAM-STAMP 2G, QForm 3D, ANSYS [6] (. 2.1).

3
1
2
MSC Nastran
, - , ,
, ,
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11

/
.

. *

2.1
-

L =

;
max (L1 , L2 , L3 , L4 )

L =

2.1
3
4
1
2
Marc
-
. - 5
, ,
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Dytran
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PAM-STAMP 2G
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QForm 3D
( ),
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.

L :

12

2.1
1
2
3
4
DEFORM
, , ,
, 5
(, ,
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(, , .) (, .)
ANSYS

, 30 .
(CAE,
Computer-Aided Engineering) ,
5

( ), , , , ,

* - 5-
ANSYS/LS-DYNA - ,
(explicit finite element program) . , , ( ).

.
, .
, - .
,
13

. ,
.
. .

Ansys/LS-Dyna? .
1.4. ANSYS/LS-DYNA
ANSYS/LS-DYNA LSDYNA ANSYS. , ANSYS, - ANSYS, , LS-DYNA,
ANSYS [4].
ANSYS ANSYS/LS-DYNA . ANSYS (implicit) , .
,
. , , . .
( )
, . . ( ) , , .
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, (
14

). , (, ) ( - )
, , [4].
ANSYS/LS-DYNA[4]:
ANSYS/LS-DYNA ,
,
;
ANSYS
230 LS-DYNA, , *.K. ,
, ANSYS/LS-DYNA.
LS-DYNA (
, .., ).
ANSYS Implicit .
, (Part) ,
: , Real. Part .
ANSYS/LS-DYNA , ANSYS. ,
( ). , , , .
(Rigid Body) , (, ), . .
.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA , -
(Arbitrary Lagrange-Euler). LS-DYNA , , 15

ANSYS. ,
,
. ,
, . ALE-
() .
LS-DYNA Jobname.k
, ANSYS
SOLVE. , , ANSYS.
100% LS-DYNA.
DOS-
( ). , .
.
.
ANSYS , , LS-DYNA:
, ..
- *.rst, , 100 ,
*.his, , 10 .
(
).

ANSYS-LS-DYNA
[7]:
(Hill, Barlat);
;
, ;
;
;
;
- ;
.

16

2
ANSYS/LS-DYNA

2.1. ANSYS/LSDYNA
(. 2.1) ANSYS/LS-DYNA, .

2 (Ansys Main Menu);


3 (Ansys Utility Menu);
4 ;
5 (ANSYS toolbar);
6 .
(Main Menu)
,
.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
Preferences (. 2.2) .

. 2.2. Preferences
ANSYS/LS-DYNA

. 2.1. ANSYS/LS-DYNA: 1
, 2 (Ansys Main Menu), 3
(Ansys Utility Menu), 4 , 5 (Ansys toolbar), 6
:
1 ;
17

(Main Menu)
(. 2.3):
Preprocessor (. 2.3.) - , ,
.
Solution (. 2.3.)
, , , .
General Postproc (. 2.3.)
, .

18

TimeHist Postproc
, , - .

. 2.3. (Ansys Main


Menu): , ,

Initial - .
Loading Option - , .
Analysis option - , , .
Time controls - : , .
Output Controls - ,
, ,
.
Write Jobname.k - k- LS-DYNA.
Solve - .
General Postproc .
Read results -
.
Plot results - .
List results - .
(ANSYS Utility Menu)
, ,
. (. 2.4).

. 2.4. (ANSYS Utility Menu)

Preprocessor .
Element Type - ,
.
Real Constants - .
Material Props -
.
Modeling - .
Meshing - ( ,
, ) - .
LS-DYNA Options -
LS-DYNA.
Solution .
Constraints - ,
.

File - .
Select - .
List - .
Plot - , , ,
. .
PlotCtrls - .
WorkPlane - .
Parameters - ,
.
Help .

19

20

2.2.

2.4.

ANSYS/LS-DYNA . [8, 9]:


- [] = []*[];
- [] = []/[2].

. 2.1.
2.1

1
2
3

H
1+7

.
7,83+3
7,83
7,83-9

.
.
. .
2,111
9,8
2,1
9,8-10
2,15
9,83

1 .
, , .
2
( ), ,
( LS-DYNA).
3 ,
.

3- :
- ;
- ;
- .
- , , , , , , .
.

, .
ANSYS/LS-DYNA Ansys, LS-DYNA.

2.5. Shell Solid


ANSYS /LS-DYNA .
ansys :
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Element Type
Add/Edit/Delete

2.3.
+ Ctrl.
+ Ctrl.
.
+ Ctrl.
.

.
21

(. 2.5).
Solid 164 Shell 163 [5].
Solid 164 8-
, 2
: ,
(. 2.6).

22

. 2.7. shell 163


. 2.5. ( Add)
, ,
Hourglass.
, .

. 2.6. solid 164


Shell 163 3- 4- .
12
(. 2.7).
Hughes-Liu (1)
hourglass.
Belytschko-Tsay (0, 2)
( ). -

23

hourglass. , .
BCIZ Triangular Shell (3)
Kirchhoff, .
C0 Triangular Shell (4)
Mindlin-Reissner, . .
Belytschko-Tsay membrane (5) Belytschko-Tsay, . . .
.
S/R Hughes-Liu (6) Hughes-Liu,
, 3-4 , .
S/R corotational Hughes-Liu (7)
S/R Hughes-Liu, . .
Belytschko-Leviathan (8) Belytschko-Wong-Chiang, ,
.
Fully-integrated Belytschko-Tsay membrane (9) . , .

24

Belytschko-Wong-Chiang (10)
, Belytschko-Tsay, .
Fast (corotational) Hughes-Liu (11)
Hughes-Liu, corotational .
Fully-integrated Belytschko-Tsay (12) , .

10 12.
Shell 163 (Real Constants) (. 2.8).
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Real Constants

NIP . 2.
3,
5 7 .
T1-T4 4- .

2.6.
ANSYS LS-DYNA .
,
(. 2.2).
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Material Props Material
Models
Define Material Model Behavior
.

. 2.9.
. 2.8. shell 163
SHRF , , 5/6.
25

26

-
1

2.2

DENS ;
EX ;
NUXY .
. 2.10.

LSDYNALinearElasticIsotropic
, . *.
2 DENS ;
EX ;

NUXY ;
Yield Stress
;
Tangent Modulus
. 2.10.
. -

.

.
.
/ .
, LS-DYNANonlinearInelastic
Kinematic HardeningBilinear Kinematic

27

(),
[10].
DENS ;
3
EX ;
NUXY

;
Yield Stress
;
Tangent Modulus - ;
Failure Strain -
LSDYNANonlinearInelastic . 2.10.
Kinematic HardeningPlastic Kinematic
,
, .
, .
, 0
( ) 1 ( ).
DENS ;
EX ;
NUXY
;
Strength Coeff - ;
Hardening Coef -

. 2.10.
LSDYNANonlinearInelastic
Power Law
28

,
. - ,
, Cowper-Symonds
.
5 DENS ;
EX ;

NUXY
;

Yield Stress
;
Tangent Modulus - ;
Hardening Parameter
;
Load Curve
LSDYNANonlinearInelastic
Anisotropic HardeningTransverse
Anisotropic
2D . Hill
.
DENS ;
6 3- EX ;

NUXY
BARTAL
;
Hardening Rule - ;
Tang Mod
;
Yld Strs
Bartal Expon - Bartal

( Barlat Lian) .
.
DENS ;
7
(Rigid)
EX ;
NUXY ;

LSDYNARigid Material
() . Rigid
(, ).
* -

. 2.10. : ;
() , ,

LSDYNANonlinearInelastic
Bartal
29

30

2.7.
ANSYS,
.
,
. , ,
, , . , , , .
, :
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Modeling Create Volumes
Cylinder By Dimensions
,
.
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Modeling Create Areas
Rectangle By Dimensions
.

ANSYS [11, 12].
2.8.
. (. . 2.1). 6
, , - .

1. ;
2. ;
3. .
MeshTool (. 2.11).
MeshTool :
Ansys main menu Meshing MeshTool

:
Element Attributes (2.11.) ( ,
,
).
Size Controls
(2.11.)


.
Mesh (2.11.)


.
. 2.11.
MeshTool:
Element Attributes,
Size Controls,
Mesh

2.9. - . MeshTool
- :
31

32

2.10.
- ANSYS/LS-DYNA (Part). (Part) , ,
.

. 2.13.
. 2.12. (Part)
2.11.
.
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor LS-DYNA Options Contact
Define Contact
(. 2.13) :
- ;
- (, );
- .
ANSYS/LS-DYNA

.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA , ANSYS. ANSYS . ANSYS/LS-DYNA
,
(part) , .
33


ANSYS/LS-DYNA [5]:
1. Single Surface ( - ).
.
, .
, .
2. Nodes to Surface ( - -).
,
(target) .
. ,
.
3. Surface to surface ( - ).
,
. , -.

:
1. General contact ,
, -

34

.
.
2. Automatic contact .
General contact . ,
.
3. Eroding contact
,
. ,
, .
4. Rigid contact - .
5. Tied contact . . (tanget) .
6. Tiebreak contact ,
.
.
7. Forming contact
.
(tanget) ,
.

:
Static Friction Coefficient ;
Dynamic Friction Coefficient ;
Exponential Decay Coefficient ;
Viscous Friction Coefficient .
, / 3 ,
- ;
Viscous Damping Coefficient , . ,

20%.
(. . 2.13) (, tanget) 35

(. 2.14). (ontact
Component) , (Tanget
Component) . . 3.1, 1, 2 3.

. 2.14. ,

2.12.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA .
, , (rigid) . , , .
(. 2.15).
:
Vmax
t1 ;
t2 .
:
Vmax = 2-5 /
t1 = 0,001-0,005

. 2.15.

, ,
(.
36

2.15).
2-5 / [7, 13] ( 2
/).
,
(, , ..)
, 2-5 /.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA :
Ansys utility menu Parameters Array Parameters Define/Edit

. 2.17.
() :

(Add) . 2.16 . 2
: . 31.
(. 2.17).
(Perem , Time ):
Perem = 0, -1000, -1000;
Time = 0, 0.001, 0.05.

Ansys main menu Solution Loading Options Specify Loads


(. 2.18) :
- // (Load Options);
- (Load Labels);
- (Component name or PART number);
- ;
- .

. 2.16.
. 2.18.
37

38

( )
(part).
2.3.
2.3

RBFX, RBFY, RBFZ


RBMX, RBMY, RBMZ
RBUX, RBUY, RBUZ
RBRX, RBRY, RBRZ
RBVX, RBVY, RBVZ
RBOX, RBOY, RBOZ

: (
) Z RBVZ.
(Part Number)
Part.
(parameter name) .

2.4

No constraints

X displacement/ X rotation

X /

Y displacement/ Y rotation

Y /

Z displacement/ Z rotation

Z /

X and Y disps/ X and Y rotate

X Y /-

Y and Z disps/ Y and Z rotate

Y Z /-

Z and X disps/ Z and X rotate

Z X /-

All disps/ All rotation

/-

2.14.
2.14.1. Hourglass
Hourglass
. .
Hourglass:

2.13.
,
, .
:
Ansys main menu Solution Constraints Apply On
Lines/Areas/Nodes
. ()
( 2.2, .7).
Translation Constrain Parameter (
) Rotational Constrain Parameter ( )
(. 2.4).
39

Ansys main menu Solution Analysis Options Hourglass Ctrls


Local
Hourglass
Hourglass (VAL1),
(VAL2), (VAL3,4) .

Hourglass (VAL1) 4 5. . Hourglass
[8].

40

- ( 4- , 8- ) ;
- , , ,
5% [7].
:
Ansys main menu Solution Time Controls Time Step Ctrls

. 2.19. Hourglass
2.14.2.
:
Ansys main menu Solution Time Controls Solution Time

(. 2.20)
( Mass scaling time step size).
:
1. ;
2. (. . 2.22) time step;
3. ;
4.
;
5.
;
6. .

( ),
(. . 2.15).
2.14.3.
. , , .
.
:
-
2 /;
- .
- .
:
41

. 2.20.
, 10-30
( ).

42

2.14.4.
.
:
Ansys main menu Solution Output Controls File Output Freq
Number of Steps
100
POST1 1000 POST26.
2.14.5. (
ASCII)

ASCII:
Global data - ;
Material energy - ;
Resultant force - ;
Nodal interface - ;
Element data - ;
Nodal data - .
2.15. k-
LS-DYNA k,
.
k- :
Ansys main menu Solution Write Jobname.k

ASCII
POST26.
Ansys main menu Solution Output Controls ASCII Output
(. 2.21)
.


:
0 LS-DYNA;
1 ANSYS;
2 ANSYS LS-DYNA.
LS-DYNA
LSPREPOST.
, k- , (),
.
, k-
, ANSYS.
2.16.
:

. 2.21.
ASCII
43

Ansys main menu Solution Solve

44

Status,
LS-Dyna, (. 2.22).

. 2.22.
LS-Dyna
, :
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ( ).

(
Ctrl + C):
Sw1 (
);
Sw2 .

2.17. POST1
, , ,
. (
) , 45

, , .
, .
,
( BMP, JPEG .). AVI-, . ANSYS . , , [14].

. , , (POST1). (POST26) , , .
,
ANSYS,
(,
, ..). , , . , ,
, , .
,
[14].
:
Ansys main menu General Postproc Read Results First Set /
Next Set / Last Set / By Pick
, First Set , Last Set , By
Pick .

:

46

Ansys main menu General Postproc Plot Results Contour


Plot Nodal Solu
(. 2.23) , .

. 2.24.

. 2.23.

2.18. POST26
POST26 ( , ),
, , , ,
.
[14].

:

ASCII :
Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc Read LSDYNA Data
RCFORC file / MATSUM file
Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc Variable Viewer
, (. 2.24) .

Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc


(. 2.24).
,
, ..

47

48

3
ANSYS/LS-DYNA

3.1.
, :
Ansys utility menu File Ghange directory

1 D1=60 H1=80
(. 3.1) 3 2,
: D2 H2.
: = 250 , = 280 , = 30%, = 0,3.

.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA .

Change
Working Directory . 3.2.
1. []
( );
2. Ok [].
( , .)
.

. 3.2.

3.2.

ANSYS/LS-DYNA:
Ansys main menu Preference

. 3.1. (), (): 1 , 2 - , 3

49

Preferences for GUI


Filtering (. 3.3).
1. Structural [];
2.
LS-DYNA Explicit [];
3.
OK
. 3.3.
[].
LS-DYNA
50

3.3.

3.4.

, :
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Element Type
Add/Edit/Delete
Element Types
(. 3.4).
1. Add [];
Library of Element Types (. 3.5).
2.
Thin Shell 163 [];
3. Apply [];
4. 3D
Solid 164 [];
5. Ok [];
6. Close []
(. 3.4).

:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Real Constants
Real Constants (. 3.6).
1. Add [];
Element Type for Real Constants (. 3.7).
2. Type 1 SHELL163 [];
3. OK [].
4. Real Constants Set Number 1 (. 3.8) Ok [];
Real Constants Set Number 1 (. 3.9).
5. Shear factor ( ) [] 5/6;
6. No. of integration pts. ( ) []
1;
7. Thickness at node 1 ( 1) [] 1 (
2,3 4
);
8. [];
9. Close [] (. 3.6).

. 3.4.

. 3.5.

51

. 3.6.

. 3.7.


52

. 3.8.

. 3.10.

. 3.9.
3.5.
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Material Props Material
Models

Define Material Model Behavior (. 3.10).
1. Material Models Available ( ) :
LS-DYNA Nonlinear Inelastic Kinematic Hardening
Binear Kinematic
53

Bilinear Kinematic Material Properties for Mat (. 3.11).


2. DENS ( ) [] 7.85e-9;
3. EX ( ) []
2e5;
4. NUXY ( ) [] 0.3;
5. Yield Stress ( ) [] 250;
6. Tangent Modulus (
) [] 430;
7. Ok [].

. 3.11.

().
8. Define Material Model Behavior (. 3.10) Material
[] New Model..
Define Material ID.
9. ;
10. Material Models Available
:
LS-DYNA Rigid Material
Rigid Properties for Material Number 2 (. 3.12).
54

11. DENS (
) [] 7.85e-9;
12. EX ( ) [] 2e5;
13. NUXY ( ) [] 0.3;
14. Translation Constraint Parameter
All disps. [] (
);
15. Rotational Constraint Parameter
All rotations [O] (
);
16. Ok [].

3.6.
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Modeling Create Volumes Cylinder By Dimensions

. 3.12. (rigid)

Greate Cylinder by Dimensions (. 3.13).


1. RAD1 ( ) [] 0;
2. RAD2 ( ) [] 30;
3. Z1 ( Z1) [] 1;
4. Z1 ( Z2) [] 81;
5. Ok [].

()
17. Define Material Model Behavior (. 3.10) Material
[] New Model..
18.
Define Material ID.
19. Material Models Available
:
LS-DYNA Rigid Material
Rigid Properties for Material Number 3.
20. DENS ( ) [] 7.85e-9;
21. EX ( ) [] 2e5;
22. NUXY ( ) [] 0.3;
23. Translation Constraint Parameter X and Y disps.
[] ( Z) (!
);
24. Rotational Constraint Parameter All rotations [O]
( );
25. Ok [];
26. Material Exit.

. 3.13.
(. 3.14) -
[]. . 3.14.
3.7.
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Modeling Create Areas
Rectangle By Dimensions
Greate Rectangle by Dimensions (. 3.15).

55

56

Ansys main menu Preprocessor Modeling Copy Areas

. 3.14.

Copy Areas (.
3.16).
1.
[] (.
3.17);
2. Ok [] (. 3.16);
Copy
Areas (. 3.18).
3. DZ ( Z) [] - 85;
4. Ok [].
, .. (. 3.19).

. 3.16.

1. X1 [] -50;
2. X2 [] 50;
3. Y1 [] -50;
4. Y2 [] 50;
5. Ok [].
. 3.15.

(. 3.17).
.
3.8.

Z 85 :
. 3.17.
57

58

. 3.18.

MeshToll (. 3.20).
1. [] Volume;
2. Set [];
Volume Attributes (.
3.21).
3.
[] (. 3.22);
4. Ok [] (. 3.21);
Volume Attributes (.
3.23).
5. Material number 1 [];
6. Element type number 2
SOLID 164 [];
7. Ok [];
8. MeshToll
Size control line (. 3.20). Set [];
( ) [] (. 3.24) ( 10 ).

. 3.20.

. 3.19.
3.9.
.
,
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Meshing MeshToll

59

. 3.21.

. 3.22.
60

. 3.23.

13. Hex
[O];
14. Sweep [];
15. Sweep [P];
16.
[] (. 3.22);
17. Ok
Volume Sweeping;
18. Close []
MeshToll;

(. 3.27).
. 3.25.

. 3.24.
9. Element Size on Picked
Ok [] (3.25);
Element Sizes on Picked Lines (. 3.26).
10. NDIV 10 [];
11. Ok [M];
12. MeshToll Mesh (. 3.20) Volume [];

61

. 3.26.

. 3.27.

3.10.
Ansys utility menu Plot Areas

62

3.11.
Ansys utility menu File Save as Jobname.db
.

:
Ansys utility menu File Resume Jobname.db
3.12.
- :
Ansys main menu Preprocessor Meshing MeshToll
MeshToll (. 3.28).
1. [] Areas;
2. Set [];
Area Attributes (. 3.29).
3.
[] (. 3.30) (
);
4. Ok [] (. 3.29);
Area Attributes (. 3.31).
5. Material number 2 [];
6. Real constant 1 [E];
7. Element type number 1 SHELL
163 [];
8. Apply [];
9. Area Attributes (.
3.29);
10.
[] (. 3.30);
11. Ok [] (. 3.29);
Area Attributes (. 3.31).
12. Material number 3 [];
13. Real constant 1 (E);
. 3.28.

63

. 3.29.

. 3.30.

14. Element type number 1 SHELL 163 [];


15. Ok [K];
16. MeshToll Size control line (. 3.28) Set [];
17. ,
[] (. 3.32) ( 8 );
18. Element Size on Picked
Ok [] (3.33);
Element Sizes on Picked Lines (. 3.34).
19. NDIV 5 [];
20. Ok [];
21. MeshToll Mesh (. 3.28) Areas [];
22. Quid [];
23. Mapped [];
24. Mesh [];
25. [, ] (.
3.30);
26. Ok Mesh Areas [] (. 3.29);
27. Close [] MeshToll (. 3.28).
2- (. 3.35).
64

. 3.31.

. 3.35.
3.13.
(part):
Ansys main menu Preprocessor LS-DYNA Options Parts
Options

. 3.32.

. 3.33.

. 3.34.
65

Parts Data Written for LS-DYNA (. 3.36).


1. Create all parts (A);
2. Ok [];

. 3.36.
66

, .
(. 3.37).
.
3. ;

. 3.37.
. 3.38.
3.14.
:
Ansys main menu Preprocessor LS-DYNA Options Contact Define Contact
Contact Parameter Definitions (. 3.38).
1. Contact Type Surface to Surf [],
Automatic [];
2. Static Friction Coefficient 0.2 [];
3. Viscous Damping Coefficient 20 [];
4. Apply [];
Contact Options (. 3.39).
5. Contact Part no. [E] 1;
6. Tanget Part no. [] 2;
7. Apply [] ;
8. (. 3.38) Ok [];
9. Contact Part no. [E] 1;
10. Tanget Part no. [] 3;
11. Ok [K].

67

. 3.39.
3.15.
-:
Ansys Utility menu Parameters Array Parameters Define/Edit

68

Array Parameters (. 3.40).


1. Add [];
Add New Array Parameter (. 3.41).
2. Parameter name Perem [];
3. No of rows 3 [];
4. Apply [];
5. Parameter name Time [];
6. Ok [];
Array Parameters (. 3.42).
7. Parameter Perem
[];

8. Edit [];
Array Parameter PEREM (. 3.43).
9. 2 - 1000 (); 3 - 1000 [];
10. Array Parameter PEREM File Apple/quit;
11. Array Parameters (. 3.42) Time [K];

. 3.42.

. 3.40.

. 3.43.

. 3.41.
69

12. Edit [].


13. Array Parameter TIME
2 0,001 []; 3
0,05 [] (. 3.44);
14. Array Parameter PEREM
File Apple/quit;
15. Array Parameters - Close [].
70

. 3.44.

3.16.

3.17. Hourglass

, Z:
Ansys main menu Solution Loading Options Specify
Loads
Specify Load for LS-DYNA Explicit (. 3.45).
1. Load option Add Loads [];
2. Load Labels RBVZ [];
3. PART number 3 [];
4. Parameter name for time values Time [];
5. Parameter name for data values Perem[];
6. Ok [].

Hourglass:
Ansys main menu Solution Analysis Options Hourglass
Ctrls Local
Define Hourglass Material Properties (. 3.46).
1. Hourglass control type 4 [];
2. Ok [].

. 3.46. Hourglass
3.18.
:
Ansys main menu Solution Time Controls Solution Time
Solution Time for LS-DYNA Explicit (. 3.47).
1. [TIME] 0.03 [];
2. Ok [].

. 3.45.
. 3.47.
71

72

3.19.
:
Ansys main menu Solution Output Controls File Output
Freq Number of Steps
Specify File Output Frequency (. 3.48).
1. [EDRST] 100 [];
2. [EDHTIME] 1000 [];
3. Ok [].

. 3.49. ASCII
3.21. -
k- LS-DYNA:
Ansys main menu Solution Write Jobname.k
Input files to be Written for LS-DYNA (. 3.50).
1. Write results files for ANSYS and LS-DYNA [];
2. Ok [].

. 3.48.
3.20.

ASCII:

. 3.50. -
(. 3.51) k-.

Ansys main menu Solution Output Controls ASCII Output


ASCII OUTPUT (. 3.49).
1. Material energy [];
2. Resultant forces [];
3. Ok [].
. 3.51. LS-Dyna
73

74


(. 3.54).

3.22.
:
Ansys main menu Solution Solve
Solve Current Load Step (. 3.52).
Ok [].

. 3.54.

3.23. POST1
(,
82 - 20 ):

. 3.52.
* -
( Yes)
LS-Dyna,
(. 3.53).

Ansys main menu General Postproc Read Results By Pick


Results File (. 3.55).
1. 82 [];
2. Read [];
3. Close (B).

. 3.53.
LS-Dyna

. 3.55.

75

76

3.24.
von Misses
stress:

Displacement Display Scaling (. 3.57):


1. 1.0 (true scale) [];
2. Ok [].

Ansys main menu General Postproc Plot Results Contour


Plot Nodal Solu
Contour Nodal Solution Data (. 3.56).
1. Nodal Solution Stress von Misses stress [];
2. Ok [].

. 3.57.
(. 3.58).

. 3.56. von
Misses stress
3.25.
:
Ansys Utility menu PlotCtrls Style Displacement Scaling

77

. 3.58. (von Misses stress) 84


78

3.26.
:
Ansys Utility menu PlotCtrls Hard Copy To File
Graphics Hard Copy (. 3.59).
1. [];
2. Ok [].
3.27.
Contour Nodal Solution Data
. , X, Y, Z.
.
Ansys main menu General Postproc Plot Results Contour Plot
Nodal Solu

. 3.59.

. 3.60. X-total mechanical strain ( X)

Contour Nodal Solution Data (. 3.60).


1. Nodal Solution Total Mechanical Strain X-Component
of total mechanical strain [];
2. Ok [].
(. 3.61).
, , ,
.
3.28.
(Workplane).
Ansys Utility menu Workplane Offset WP by Increments
Offser WP (. 3.62).
1. X []
3 . 300. , 900;
2. Ok [].
79

. 3.61. X 84

80

. 3.62.

3.29.
:
Ansys Utility menu PlotCtrls Style Hidden Line Options
Hidden Line Options (. 3.63).
1. Type of Plot Q-Slice Z-buffer [];
2. Ok [].

Component of total mechanical strain [];


2. Ok [].
(. 3.65).
3.31. Z

Z.
Ansys main menu General Postproc Plot Results Contour
Plot Nodal Solu
Contour Nodal Solution Data (. 3.60).
1. Nodal Solution Total Mechanical Strain ZComponent of total mechanical strain [];
2. Ok [].
(. 3.66).

. 3.63.

(. 3.64).
Y Z Contour Nodal Solution Data.
3.30. Y

Y:
Ansys main menu General Postproc Plot Results Contour
Plot Nodal Solu
Contour Nodal Solution Data (. 3.60).
1. Nodal Solution Total Mechanical Strain Y81

. 3.64. X
84
82

3.32. POST26

Ansys . (POST26 TimeHist Postproc).
POST26:
Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc

. 3.65. Y 84

. 3.66. Z 84
83

Time History Variables (. 3.67).


1. File Open Results [];
(. 3.68) .
2. file.his []. :
his ( );
3. [];
(. 3.69).
4. *db [];
5. [].

. 3.67. Time History Variables


84

. 3.70.
3.34.
. 3.68.

Time History Variables*:


Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc Variable Viewer
Time History Variables (. 3.71).
1. Z FORCE [];
2. [];
3. [].
Z
(. 3.72). ,
.
*- ,

. 3.69.
3.33.
,
.
:
Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc Read LSDYNA Data
RCFORC file
Read data from the RCFORC file (. 3.70).
1. Read data for contact number 2 [],
( );
2. Ok [].
85

. 3.71. Time History Variables


86

3.36.
Time History Variables:
Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc Variable Viewer
Time History Variables (. 3.74).
1. INTNENE [];
2. [];
3. [].

(. 3.75).
. 3.72. Z
3.35.

. :
Ansys main menu TimeHist Postproc Read LSDYNA Data
MATSUM file
Read data from the MATSUM file (. 3.73).
1. Read data for part number 1 [],
1- (part), ;
2. Ok [].
. 3.74. Time History Variables
3.37.
[15]:
PT =

. 3.73.
87

D22
4

D2
S + K
3 H2

69,3
144 69,3
=
250 +
=1,15
4
3 60

88

3.1

3.1.

, %
,
1,15
1,42
19
,
18,8
19,8
5
( 3.1)
(
,
.) . (20-25)%
.
. 3.75. Z

:
AT = S h

D12
4

250 20

60
4

=18,8 .


h=20 (
2,42e-2 c., 84 ) (. 3.76):
P =1,42 ;
=19,8


ANSYS/LS-DYNA
. , , . .

.

: fzbm@mail.ru
!

. 3.76. () ()
h=20 ( 2,42e-2 c.)
89

90


1
2

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

14

15

(http://gnut1.narod.ru/0_Roll/R_Common/Lit_Obz.htm)

. . 10.2007.
(http://www.tesis.com.ru/infocenter/downloads/deform/deform_sapr1007.pdf)
.. , . // . .: , 1996. - .
224-227.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA 8.0. .
03.2004
ANSYS/LS-DYNA User`s Guide for Release 8.1
. 2010-2011. CSoft
Oasys LS-DYNA Environment: User Guide (Version 8.1)
LS-DYNA Keyword user`s manual. July 2006. Version 971
LS-Dyna. . http://www.procae.ru/articles/ls-dyna/46-lsdyna-units.html
. Ansys Solution 2000, Volume 2, Number 1
.. ANSYS. .:
, 2006. 248 .
Ansys 5.3
http://www.twirpx.com/file/220088/
Input parameters for metal forming simulation using LS-DYNA. Bradley N.
Maker, Xinhai Zhu, Livermore Software Technology Corporation, April,
2000
. Ansys.
http://distance.net.ua/Russia/ANSYS/ansys.htm
. / .. .
: , 2004. 209 .

91

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