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. . , . .



2013

www.phoenixbooks.ru

811.111(075.32)
81.2 .922
8032
76

..
76

/ .. , .. 
. . 12, . / : ,
2013. 376, [1] . (
).
ISBN 978522220067-4

, ,
,
, , 

; ; ; 
 .


, 
, .

,


, .

ISBN 978522220067-4

811.111(075.32)
81.2 .922

. ., . ., 2009
,
, 2013
2

www.phoenixbooks.ru

1. ,
:

to cost cost cost


to cut cut cut
to hit hit hit
to hurt hurt hurt
to let let let
to put put put
to set set set
to shut shut shut
to spread spread spread

2. , ;
:

to become became become


to come came come

to run ran run

3. , ;
:

to bring brought brought


to build built built
to burn burnt burnt
to buy bought bought
to catch caught caught
to feed fed fed
to fight fought fought
to find found found
to get got got
to have had had
to hear heard heard
to hold held held
to keep kept kept
to lay laid laid
to lead led led
to leave left left

,
,

,
,

16

www.phoenixbooks.ru

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

learn learnt learnt


lose lost lost
make made made
meet met met
pay paid paid
read read read
say said said
sell sold sold
send sent sent
sleep slept slept
spend spent spent

, ()

()

(),
()
teach taught taught
()
tell told told

think thought thought


understand understood understood

win won won

4. ,
:

to be was/were been
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

, ,

begin began begun

bite bit bitten


,
blow blew blown

break broke broken


,
choose chose chosen
do did done

drink drank drunk

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

forget forgot forgotten


give gave given

go went gone

grow grew grown

know knew known

lie lay lain

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to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

ring rang rung


rise rose risen
see saw seen
sing sang sung
speak spoke spoken
swim swam swum
take took taken
throw threw thrown
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
write wrote written

5. Indefinite (Simple) Active:


Present

Past

Future

1. You work
He works

1. You worked
They wrote

1. I shall work
He will work

2. You dont work


He doesnt work

2. You didnt work


They didnt write

2. I shall not work


(shant work)
He will not work
(wont work)

3. Do you work?
Does he work?

3. Did you work?


Did they write?

3. Shall I work?
Will he work?

usually
often
seldom
rarely
always
as a rule %

every day

sometimes

ago
last week %

last year (month, cen%
tury)
(, )
yesterday

tomorrow
in a week %

next week %

18

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6. , ;
, ;
Present Indefinite:

1. Sometimes he meets her near the school. 2. She cleans


windows every month. 3. As a rule he translates texts very well.
4. My father always buys magazines in this newsstall. 5. He rarely
helps his mother. 6. They often work in the garden. 7. I seldom
write letters. 8. My brother doesnt often get good marks.
9. These books dont usually cost much. 10 They do not always
bring textbooks.
7. , ;
, ;
Past Indefinite:

1. Yesterday he read this article in the newspaper. 2. They


learnt the words yesterday. 3. They left this town many years ago.
4. A week ago I lost this book. 5. Last Sunday she spent much
time in the swimming pool. 6. We bought a vacuumcleaner last
week. 7. Last year they built a small house. 8. My sister did not
send that letter yesterday. 9. This book didnt cost so much two
years ago. 10. They didnt write letters to me last month.
8. , ;
, ;
Future Indefinite:

1. Tomorrow they will meet him at the station. 2. I shall read


this article tomorrow. 3. My brother will leave this town in a
week. 4. In a month this book will be more expensive. 5. He will
play football in an hour. 6. Next month we shall buy a fridge.
7. She will write a letter next week. 8. I shant see him tomor%
row. 9. In an hour he will not translate the text. 10. They will
not come to us next year.

19

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9. , ;
,
Indefinite:

1. He buys magazines in this newsstall sometimes. 2. He


lost his dog yesterday. 3. They will swim in this river next sum
mer. 4. I usually answer the questions very well. 5. We bought a
taperecorder last year. 6. In a week she will bring me this book.
7. They dont often play computer games. 8. I didnt translate
the text yesterday. 9. He doesnt often help his mother. 10. They
will not find that lane tomorrow.
10.
:

1. , . 2. 
. 3. . 4.
. 5. 
. 6.
. 7. . 8.
. 9.
. 10. . 11.
. 12. 
. 13. .
14. . 15. 
. 16. 
. 17. . 18. 
. 19.
. 20. .

20

www.phoenixbooks.ru

5

()

()

b
bt
doubt
g
gn
design, sign
h
whe, whi
when, while
gh
igh
height, weight, fight
know
k
kn
l
ould, alk
could, walk
w
who, wr
whose, write

1. :

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
1000
1000000

eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
eighteen
nineteen
twenty
thirty
forty
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety
a hundred
a thousand
a million
21

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first
second
third
fourth
fifth
thirteenth
fiftieth
eightieth

2. , :

5.2 five point two


1998 nineteen ninety eight
at 5 oclock
10 minutes to 5
6 minutes past 3
half past 2
a quarter to 8
3. ;
.



what ()
what +
.
()
where
(, )
when
()
whom
(,
)
whose
()
why
()
how ()
how many,
how much
()




do
does
did
shall,
should
will, would
can, could

I
he
she
we
you

may,
might,
must
am, is, are,
was, were
have, has,
had

the girl
men
people



( )

speak

at the les
son

working
know

in the street
in the
morning

do
been

22

www.phoenixbooks.ru

there
here

4. , ;
:

)
Is this a book? Yes, it is.
Are you a teacher? Yes, I am.
Was there a TVset in the room? Yes, there was.
Have you any flowers? Yes, I have some.
Can you speak English? Yes, I can.
Do you speak English? Yes, I do.
Does he work here? Yes, he does.
Did she work here? Yes, she did.
Will you work in the garden? Yes, I shall.
Will they answer the questions? Yes, they will.
)
This is a book, isnt it?
You are a teacher, arent you?
There was a TVset in the room, wasnt it?
You have some flowers, havent you?
You dont speak English, do you?
He works here, doesnt he?
She wrote a letter, didnt she?
You cant speak English, can you?
They will answer the questions, wont they?
)
Is this a book or a notebook?
Are you a teacher or an engineer?
Do you speak English or German?
Does he work here or there?
Will you rest or work in the garden?
)
Where do you live?
When did you go to the theatre?
Why will you do it?
How can you do it?
What is he?
23

www.phoenixbooks.ru

Who is he?
Whose book is this?
What book is this?
How old are you?
How much money have you?
What kind of book do you read?
What colour is the sky?
How often do you play football?
)
Who lives here?
Who can speak English?
Who is a teacher?
Who has a dog?
Who will go for a walk?
What is green?
5. ,
:

food, bread, butter, sugar, salt, tea, coffee, juice, milk, cake,
pie, sandwich, water, wine, beer, fruit, vegetables, apple, pear,
plum, cherry, pineapple, orange, lemon, melon, watermelon,
grapes, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumber, cabbage, carrot, beet,
onion, garlic, mustard, vinegar, pepper, sour cream, icecream,
sweets, soup, porridge, egg, meat, pork, beef, lamb, chicken,
clothes, dress, skirt, shirt, blouse, trousers, anorak, coat, rain
coat, suit, scarf, tie, shoes, boots, sandals, hat, cap, fur coat,
slippers, trainers, Tshirt, pants, socks, stockings, tights, sweat
er, pullover, shorts, pocket, gloves, mittens, pair, winter, spring,
summer, autumn, fall, morning, evening, afternoon, night,
Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Satur
day
6. , ;
:

1. Yesterday you ate a pineapple. 2. He usually drinks cof


fee in the morning. 3. Some years ago my grandfather grew
24

www.phoenixbooks.ru

grapes. 4. Your mother brought bread and butter an hour ago.


5. We shall eat soup in an hour. 6. They often walk in this park.
7. You may ask questions. 8. The pupils can answer questions
very well. 9. He will be there in a minute. 10. In summer chil
dren will eat some fruit.
7. ,
:

1. He brought a big watermelon from the shop (what).


2. They will come on Tuesday at half past four (who). 3. Yes
terday I ate porridge with milk (when). 4. He can run very
quickly (how). 5. His mother gave him an apple and a sandwich
(whom). 6. Her blouse is blue (whose). 7. In autumn my broth
er usually puts on a warm red anorak (what, what colour).
8. They will go for a walk in an hour (when). 9. We have got five
pears in the bag (how many). 10. You have got some money in
the pocket (how much).
8. , :

I usually get up at seven oclock. Sometimes I do my morn


ing exercises. I always clean my teeth and take a shower. For
my breakfast I drink tea or coffee and eat some porridge as a
rule. I always go to my office by bus. I usually come back late
in the evening. Sometimes I go shopping. As a rule I buy some
bread, butter, fruit and vegetables. In the evening I often read
newspapers and rarely watch TV. I usually go to bed at 11
oclock.
9. ,
.
10. ;
:

1. ? 2. ?
3. ? 4. ? 5. 
, ? 6. 
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? 7. ? 8. 
? 9.
? 10. ? 11. ,
, ? 12. 
? 13. ? 14.
? 15. ?
16. , ? 17. 
? 18. ?
19. ? 20. ?

26

www.phoenixbooks.ru

6
1. , Indefinite
(Simple) Passive.
Present

Past

Future

1. The text is translat%


ed by the pupils.
2. The text isnt trans%
lated.
3. Is the text translat%
ed?

1. The text was trans%


lated.
2. The text wasnt
translated.
3. Was the text trans%
lated?

1. The text will be


translated.
2. The text will not be
translated.
3. Will the text be
translated?

2. :

of: the book of the boy


by: the composition was written by the girl

with: the letter was written with a pencil

to: give the book to me
for: this present is for you
about: Ill tell you about him
3. ,
:

exam, examination, lecture, lesson, term, test, credittest,


classes, inhabitant, gateway, church, exhibition, customhouse,
goods, fortress, war, truth, higher, secondary, final, military,
foreign, multistorey, native, attend, pass, visit, call, introduce,
set up, replace, nickname, destroy, liberate, restore, take part,
enlarge, locate, include, connect, invite, enter, graduate from,
stay, together, successfully, each other, here, there, at home

27

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4. , ;
, Present Indefinite
Passive:

1. This museum is usually visited by me with great interest.


2. The composition about the holidays is always written by the
pupils. 3. The letters are often written by him with a pencil. 4. The
words are repeated by the pupils every day. 5. As a rule the exams
are passed by him successfully.
5. , ;
, Past Indefinite
Passive:

1. Our native city was destroyed by the fascists. 2. In Feb


ruary 1945 RostovonDon was liberated. 3. Many years ago the
streets were restored. 4. The embankment was enlarged long
ago. 5. The fortress was set up in 1761.
6. , ;
, Future Indefinite
Passive:

1. This lecture will be attended by the students next week.


2. The final school exams will be passed by me in two months.
3. Tomorrow the questions will be asked by the teacher. 4. The
questions will be answered by him tomorrow. 5. The multistorey
house will be built by them in a year.
7. Indefinite Passive
Indefinite Active:

1. The examinations were seldom passed by him well. 2. This


text is usually translated by the students with the help of the
teacher. 3. That book was read by my friends with great interest.
4. My sister will be waited by her friend after classes next Mon
day. 5. New copybooks were bought by her yesterday. 6. Second
ary school will be finished by him in a year. 7. We are often met
by him near the school. 8. Museums and exhibitions are often
28

www.phoenixbooks.ru

visited by our family. 9. Saturdays and Sundays are never spent


by them at home. 10. The library was rarely visited by this pupil
last year.
8. Indefinite Active
Indefinite Passive:

1. My relatives often spend much time together. 2. He usu


ally teaches mathematics at school. 3. They visited a museum
last Sunday. 4. Helen will meet her friend near the University
tomorrow. 5. I will introduce my new friends to the parents to
morrow. 6. People set up a customhouse for the examination
of foreign goods in 1749. 7. The fortress replaced the custom
house in 1761. 8. The inhabitants usually nickname the Don
river as Father Don. 9. People always call RostovonDon the
gateway to the Caucasus. 10. They will restore that church next
year.
9. ,
:

1. The secondary school was finished by her last year (by


whom). 2. Sometimes the exams are passed by him successfully
(how). 3. He will be often sent to Moscow (where). 4. Gorky
Street was named Sennaya Street many years ago (what). 5. The
composition was written by the girl last week (when). 6. My
brother always studies well at school (how). 7. People in the west
do not usually live together with their parents (who). 8. We
didnt meet each other on weekends (when). 9. Last month we
lived in the country (where). 10. He will go to the theatre to
morrow (when).
10.
:

1. . 2.
. 3.
. 4.
29

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. 5. . 6.
. 7.
? 8. ? 9.
? 10. ? 11. 

. 12. 
. 13. .
14. . 15.
. 16. .
17. ?
18. ?
19. ?
20. ?

30

www.phoenixbooks.ru

7
1. , Continuous
(Progressive).
Present

Past

1. He is working.
2. He is not working.
3. Is he working?

1. He was working.
2. He was not working
3. Was he working?

1. He will be working.
2. He will not be work%
ing
3. Will he be working?

now
at present %

at this moment

all morning yester%


day
from till yester%
day
all month last year
%

from till tomor%


row c %

all month next year


%

Future

Active

Passive
1. The text is being
translated.
2. It is not being
translated.
3. Is it being translat%
ed?

1. The text was being


translated.
2. The text was not
being translated.
3. Was the text being
translated?

2. :

to: We are coming to the station.


.
into: He is coming into the room. .
towards: I am running towards the busstop.
.
from: They are coming from the theatre.
.
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www.phoenixbooks.ru

along: I am walking along the street.


.
out (of): He is running out of the house.
.
He is taking the gun out of his pocket.
.
through: A man is walking through the smog.
.
across: A man is walking across the road.
.
3. ,
:

(railway) station, country, world, east, west, south, north,


grass, porter, (alarm)clock, wind, fog, ticket, breakfast, lunch,
dinner, supper, snake, hunter, stone, morning exercises, whole,
move, rain, snow, dance, wait, cook, describe, carry, prepare,
kill, get up
4. , ;
, Present Continuous
Active:

He is getting up at 7 oclock.
At 7.05 he is doing his morning exercises.
At 7.25 he is having breakfast.
At 8.30 he is sitting at the lesson.
At 17.00 he is doing his homework.
At 19.00 he is shopping.
At 20.00 he is having dinner.
At 20.30 he is watching TV.
At 22.00 he is going to bed.
5.
.

32

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6. , ;
, Continuous Passive:

1. The composition is being written by the girl now. 2. The


cake was being cooked by my mother all evening yesterday. 3. At
the moment the pictures are being described by the pupils.
4. The heavy bags were being carried by the porter at that mo
ment. 5. All the districts of our city are being connected by bus
lines at present. 6. The words were being repeated by the girl
all morning yesterday. 7. The questions are being asked by the
relatives now. 8. The questions are being answered by the doc
tor now. 9. The dinner was being prepared by my sister from 5
till 6 oclock in the evening yesterday. 10. The grass is being cut
now in the garden.
7. Continuous Active
Continuous Passive , :

1. The teacher is speaking English now. 2. The pupils are


reading the book at the moment. 3. He was writing this exer
cise from 5 till 6 oclock yesterday. 4. At the moment the man
is waiting for her. 5. The woman is listening to the radio now.
6. The family is watching TV at this moment. 7. They will be
eating some fruit all summer next year. 8. He will be visiting this
museum the whole morning tomorrow. 9. We will be sitting on
the grass the whole day tomorrow. 10. The boy will be playing
football from 5 till 7 oclock next day.
8. Continuous Passive
Continuous Active:

1. The supper was being cooked by the mother at that mo


ment. 2. TV was being watched by them. 3. A letter is being
written by the boy at 6 oclock. 4. A beautiful girl is being de
scribed by him. 5. A heavy box is being carried by the workers.
6. The classes are being attended by the students all the term.
7. The exams were being passed by him at the end of the term.
8. The Don river is being nicknamed by rostovites Father
Don. 9. At that moment the customhouse was being replaced
33

www.phoenixbooks.ru

by the fortress. 10. The test was being written by them the whole
morning yesterday.
9. Continuous Active
Indefinite Active:

1. It is raining now. 2. It is snowing at the moment. 3. Boris


is washing his hands at this moment. 4. The alarm clock is ring
ing now. 5. You were wearing a beautiful white dress all morn
ing yesterday. 6. They were dancing in the garden all evening
yesterday. 7. The wind was blowing from the west from morn
ing till night yesterday. 8. It was snowing the whole day yester
day. 9. All morning tomorrow Ann will be waiting for Nick.
10. The cars will be running along this street tomorrow.
10.
:

1. . 2.
. 3.

. 4. . 5.
? 6.
. 7.
. 8. ? 9.
. 10.
. 11.
. 12.
? 13.
. 14.
. 15.
. 16.
? 17.
. 18.
. 19.
. 20. ?

34

www.phoenixbooks.ru

8
1. , Perfect.
Present

Past

Future

Active
1. He has worked.
You have worked.
2. He has not
worked. You have
not worked.
3. Has he worked?

ever %
never
just
already
(not) yet ()
since c
recently

1. He had worked.
2. He had not worked.

1. He will have
worked.
2. He will not have
worked.

3. Had he worked?

3. Will he have
worked?

by 9 oclock yesterday
9
when you came

by 7 oclock tomor%
row 7 %

by the first of Septem%


ber %

Passive
1. The text has been
translated.
2. The text has not
been translated.
3. Has the text been
translated?

1. The text had been


translated.
2. The text had not
been translated.
3. Had the text been
translated?

1. The text will have


been translated.
2. The text will not
have been translated.
3. Will the text have
been translated?

2. :

on: Come on Monday. .


n the first of April
in: He was born in 1978. 1978. He will
come in May. . Ill graduate from
35

www.phoenixbooks.ru

the institute in 5 months.


5 .
at: at 5 oclock 5
at that moment
before: Dont come before 6 oclock.
6 .
after: Come at any time after 5 oclock.
5 .
until, till: We waited for them until 8 oclock.
8 .
Well stay here till September.
.
during: I woke three times during the night. 
3 .
for: for 5 days 5
since: since Monday
3. , ;
, Perfect Active:

1. I have just seen this film. 2. He has already read this book.
3. The rain hasnt stopped yet. 4. They have not come yet. 5. I
have never been to the USA. 6. Have you ever been to France?
7. I have worked there since 1997. 8. He will have come there
by 7 oclock. 9. She had finished her work when we came in.
10. Ann has recently lost his telephone number.
4. , ;
, Perfect Passive:

1. The letters have already been written by her. 2. The film


has just been seen by us. 3. These books have never been read
by him. 4. Her work has not been finished yet. 5. The house will
have been built by this summer. 6. The article will have been
prepared by the end of this week. 7. The sentences will have
been translated by the students by the end of the lesson. 8. The
supper had already been prepared when we came. 9. When he
came the classes had already been finished. 10. By 9 oclock
yesterday I had already sent all the letters.
36

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5. Perfect Active ;
Perfect Passive:

1. They have just found an interesting book. 2. Ann will have


written a new article by Monday. 3. Nelly had already invited
us. 4. She has just made tea for all of us. 5. He has never told
the truth. 6. Pete has not bought a new pair of trousers yet. 7. I
have met the postman recently. 8. Nick has already shut the
door. 9. Have you graduated from the university? 10. Have you
finished the article?
6. Perfect Passive ;
Perfect Active:

1. The doctor has been seen by us there. 2. The salad will


have been put by Mary on the plates by 6 oclock. 3. Some water
had been brought by Nick when we came into the house. 4. All
the cakes have been just eaten by them. 5. A box of chocolates
has been brought for her by him. 6. The window had been
opened by someone when we entered the room. 7. The black
board will have been cleaned by the pupilonduty by the end
of the lesson. 8. The floor has already been cleaned by my sis
ter. 9. The door has just been opened by my mother. 10. This
taperecorder has been bought by us recently.
7. , :

I met her in the morning.


We saw this film last Friday.

I have just met our teacher.


We have already seen this
film.
Bob has never been to
London.
The rain has not stopped yet.

He was there last year.


The rain stopped 10 minutes
ago.
He wrote an article in 1999.

My grandfather has recently


written an article.

37

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8. Perfect Active (Passive) ;


Past Indefinite Active (Passive):

1. I have not translated this text yet. 2. We have just watched


TV. 3. My grandfather has played football recently. 4. This pic
ture has already been bought by them. 5. I have never played
computer games. 6. She had already written a composition.
7. The windows will have been cleaned by my sister by Satur
day. 8. The words have already been written down by the stu
dents in the notebook. 9. The snake has just been killed by him.
10. I have just opened the door.
9.
, Perfect ;
:

1. . 2.
. 3.
. 4. . 5.
, . 6. 
. 7. 
. 8.
. 9. 
. 10. .
10. ;
, Indefinite,
Continuous, Perfect
:

1. . 2.
. 3.
. 4. ? 5.
. 6. . 7.
. 8. 
. 9. 
38

www.phoenixbooks.ru

. 10. ? 11.
. 12.
. 13. . 14.
. 15. , 
. 16. 
. 17. . 18.
. 19. ,
. 20.
.

39

www.phoenixbooks.ru

9
1.
(Infinitive) (Gerund);
:

)
read is useful (/ ).
Reading is useful (/ ).
)
We began to read this book (M aa ).
We began reading this book ( ).
)
I like to read this book ( ).
I like reading this book ( ).
)
This is the book to be read ( ,
).
I have the wish of reading this book (
).
)
know English well you should study hard (
, ).
After reading this book I returned it to the library (
/ , ,
).
I cant explain it without reading this book (
, ).
2. , ;
Infinitive, Gerund:

1. To study the history of the country is useful. 2. Studying


the history of the country is useful. 3. They began to study
40

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English. 4. They go on studying English. 5. They like to study


English. 6. They like studying English. 7. The history of any
country is worth studying. 8. He is busy preparing a report.
9. He insisted on studying English. 10. With discussing this
problem we can better understand it. 11. We cant understand
peoples customs and traditions without studying their history.
12. I dont like your method of getting this information. 13. She
cannot sleep without seeing and speaking to you. 14. She does
not like the thought of leaving you. 15. He couldnt stop talk
ing. 16. She was sitting without saying a word. 17. I have the
risk of being late. 18. To get to the door it is necessary to pass
through the hall. 19. The first person to come to the meeting
was my father. 20. I have a word to say to my friend.
3. Gerund Infinitive,
:

1. Spending your free time is better in one of the parks.


2. They continue working in this offi. 3. One cant describe
the country without mentioning its capital. 4. You may begin
discussing this problem. 5. What newspapers do you prefer read
ing? 6. Do you like singing songs? 7. I hate being late. 8. Study
ing a foreign language is useful. 9. Getting this information is
not easy. 10. They started rebuilding this church.
4. Gerund Infini;
tive ( ):

1. We go on ... English (study). 2. You shouldnt avoid ...


these facts (mention). 3. The tourists decided ... all the muse
ums (visit). 4. They insisted on ... English only (speak). 5. They
put off... this problem (discuss). 6. This city is worth ... (see).
7. I have the wish of... a letter (write). 8. ... this problem you
should read this article (discuss). 9. Before ... the door, he
stopped for a moment (open). 10. After ... TV he went to bed
(watch).

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5. , ;
Gerund Infinitive:

1. , 
. 2. 
, . 3.
, . 4.
. 5.
. 6. . 7.
. 8. , .
9. , . 10. 
.

42

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10

10
1.
(Participle I) (Par;
ticiple II) ; ;
:

)
is translating the text ( ).
is writing a composition ( ).
The text is translated by him ( ).
The composition is written by him ( ).
)
The boy writing a composition is my student (,
, ).
The composition written by my student is nice (,
, ).
The written composition is nice (
).
)
(When, while) reading this book I made some notes (
, ).
Being asked to answer the questions I did it at once (
,
).
Having written a composition he went to bed (
, ).
Having been formed the council began to function (
, ).
When translated into Russian this book was read by my stu
dents ( ,
).
Though not prepared very well he could answer that ques
tion ( ,
).
43

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If written well the composition will be read to the students


( ,
).
2. , ;
Participle I, Participle II:

1. They were spending their holidays in Moscow. 2. The


money was spent on computer games. 3. They were choosing
the books in the library the whole morning yesterday. 4. The
books were chosen by them. 5. I like the singing birds. 6. I like
the birds singing in the trees. 7. The spoken language was diffi
cult to understand. 8. The article written by this journalist was
unusual. 9. Writing a composition he was making some mis
takes. 10. Having written a composition he went out. 11. Be
ing well prepared he passed his exams successfully. 12. If stud
ied the English language will display many words of Latin
origin. 13. Having opened the door he went into the room. 14.
Having introduced my new friends to my parents I began to play
computer games. 15. The written article was published in this
journal. 16. Being cooked by my mother the supper was very
nice. 17. Visiting the museum he met her there. 18. The en
larged embankment is very beautiful. 19. Our city destroyed by
the fascists was rapidly restored. 20. The new built Musical
Theatre is in B. Sadovaya Street.
3. Participle I Parti;
ciple II ( ):

1. The boy ... a disc is my student (buy). 2. The distance ...


by him is very long (run). 3. The composition was ... by the stu
dents (write). 4. The students were ... a composition (write).
5. When ... she brought some books (ask). 6. When ... this book
he found much interesting information (read). 7. He saw the
... bird in the sky (fly). 8. Having ... graduated from the uni
versity be began to work in this joint venture (graduate). 9. We
were drinking tea ... by her (make). 10. My grandmother lives
in the house ... in 1990 (build).
44

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10

4. , ;
Participle I:

1. ,
. 2. , 
. 3. , . 4. 
, . 5.
, . 6. ,
. 7. .
8. , . 9. ,
, . 10. , 
.
5. , ;
Participle II:

1. , 
. 2. , . 3.
, . 4.
, . 5. ,
. 6. ,
. 7. , 
. 8. , . 9.
, . 10. 
, .

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................................................... 3
1 ................................................................... 3
:

I, II, III


: (, ,
, )
be, have, do


2 ................................................................... 7
:


:
: ( ,
)

there is/are


3 .................................................................. 11
:

:
: (
)



4 .................................................................. 15
:

:
Indefinite (Simple) Active
(4 )


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5 .................................................................. 21
:

6 .................................................................. 27
:


Indefinite (Simple) Passive



7 .................................................................. 31
:


Continuous (Progressive) Active, Passive



8 .................................................................. 35
:

Perfect
Active, Passive



9 .................................................................. 40
:

: Infinitive. Gerund


10 ................................................................. 43
:

: Participle I,
Participle II


 ...................................... 46
1. .............. 46
2. , .............. 47
3. , ,
................................ 48
4. ,
.............................................. 49
5. , ,
.............................. 51
372

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6. ()
.................................... 52
7. , ..................... 53
8. , ,
, .......................................... 54
9. ,
 ............................ 56
10. ................................. 57
................ 58
...................................................... 61
Unit 1 ........................................................................ 61
Theme: My Family
Texts: 1. My Family and Me
2. The Place We Live In
Dialogues: 1. Conversation of Two Friends
2. Choosing a Future Profession
Grammar Revision: Tenses (
)

Unit 2 ........................................................................ 84
Theme: How We Spend Our Free Time
Texts: 1. Different Kinds of Hobbies
2. Different Types of Book Collections
Dialogues: 1. My Hobby is Learning a Foreign Language
2. Conversation Between the Russian and
English Students
Grammar Revision: Verbals ( )

Unit 3 ...................................................................... 111


Theme: Different Types of Education
Texts: 1. Informal and Formal Education
2. General and Vocational Education
Dialogues: 1. Conversation about the Education in the UK
2. Conversation about the Education in the USA
Grammar Structures: Complex Object
( )

373

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Unit 4 ...................................................................... 138


Theme: Science and Technology
Texts: 1. Science and Scientists
2. Science and Technology
Dialogues: 1. Conversation about Computers
2. Conversation about IBMC
Grammar Structures: Complex Subject
( )

Unit 5 ...................................................................... 162


Theme: Mass Media
Texts: 1. Television
2. Radio
Dialogues: 1. Conversation about Newspapers
2. Conversation about Advertising
Grammar Revision: Complex Sentences
( )

Unit 6 ...................................................................... 187


Theme: Different Kinds of Arts
Texts: 1. Theatre
2. Music in Our Life
Dialogues: 1. Conversation about Painting
2. Conversation about Film Industry
Grammar Structures: Subjunctive Mood. Conditional Clauses
( .
)

Unit 7 ...................................................................... 211


Theme: Problems of Our Planet
Texts: 1. Environmental Pollution
2. Radiation
Dialogues: 1. Conversation about Drugs Addiction
2. Conversation about Youth Problems
Grammar Structures: Sequence of Tenses
( )

Unit 8 ...................................................................... 235


Theme: Famous People
Texts: 1. Elizabeth II
2. G. Washington
Dialogues: 1. Conversation about A. C. Doyle
2. Conversation about the English Artists
Grammar Revision: Complex Object. Complex Subject.
Complex Sentences. Subjective Mood. Sequence of Tenses

374

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TESTS ......................................................................... 264


Test 1 ..................................................................... 264
Test 2 ..................................................................... 267
Test 3 ..................................................................... 270
Test 4 ..................................................................... 274
Test 5 ..................................................................... 277
Test 6 ..................................................................... 280
Test 7 ..................................................................... 283
Test 8 ..................................................................... 286
TEXTS FOR HOME READING .................................... 289
1. The Russian Federation ..................................... 289
2. Moscow ............................................................. 290
3. The United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland ............................................. 291
4. London .............................................................. 292
5. Government in the UK ...................................... 293
6. The United States of America ............................ 294
7. Washington, D. C. ............................................. 296
8. Government in the US ....................................... 296
9. Decades ............................................................. 297
10. Festivals and Special Days in the US and UK .. 299
11. Christmas ......................................................... 301
12. Social Events and Ceremonies
in the US and UK .................................................. 303
13. Holidays in the US and UK ............................. 304
14. Pubs ................................................................. 305
15. Weddings .......................................................... 307
16. Colours and their Associations
in the US and UK .................................................. 308

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ENJOY YOURSELF ..................................................... 311


I. ......................... 311
II. ........................ 314
Enjoy yourself ................. 316
...................... 317
.............................................................. 317
.

................ 321
ing .... 322
ed ..... 323
s ....... 323

(Complex Object) .......... 324

(Complex Subject) ........ 325

(The Complex Sentence) ....................................... 326
.......................................................... 329
........................................... 330

.................................. 332
......................... 370

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.
.

01.08.2012.
84108 1/32. 2. Newton.
. . . . 20,16. 5000 .


344082, . , . , 80.

344019, . , . , 57.

377

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