Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 16

Secoroc COP RC45

Reverse Circulation
Operator’s instructions
Spare parts lists
Technical data��������������������������������������������������������������3
Application (drill rigs) ......................................................................... 4
Technical description........................................................................... 4
Preparing to drill����������������������������������������������������������4
Hose connection.................................................................................. 4
Setting-up the rig................................................................................. 5
Rotation to the right............................................................................ 5
Collaring............................................................................................... 5
Feed and rotation................................................................................. 5
Feed force............................................................................................. 6
Rotation speed..................................................................................... 6
Drilling in wet holes............................................................................. 6
Drilling in very soft or broken formations......................................... 6

Tools for removing the drill bit and top sub
from the RC hammer........................................................................... 6

Removing the drill bit...................................................7

Breaking the driver-chuck joint using percussion only..................... 7
Disassembling the hammer����������������������������������������7
Dirt in the hammer������������������������������������������������������8
Regrinding the drill bit������������������������������������������������9
Grinding equipment����������������������������������������������������9
Care & maintenance�������������������������������������������������� 11
Lubrication����������������������������������������������������������������� 11
Lubricators......................................................................................... 12
Choice of lubricating oil.................................................................... 12
Recommended lubricants................................................................. 12
Wear limits�����������������������������������������������������������������12
Trouble shooting................................................................................ 13
Spare parts list�����������������������������������������������������������14

Safety Technical data
General safety regulations Dimensions and weights COP RC 45 COP RC45 HD

• Before starting, read these instructions carefully. Product No. 890011483 89012468

• Important safety information is given at various points in these 9704-RC-00- 9704-RC-00-

Product code
instructions. 66B-91-000 66B-91-H00
Outside diameter, mm (in) 120 (4.72) 125 (4.92)
• Special attention must be paid to the safety information con-
tained in frames and accompanied by a warning symbol (triangle) Lenght without drill bit, mm (in) 803 (31.6) 803 (31.6)
and a signal word, as shown below. Weight without bit, kg (lbs) 41 (90.4) 48 (106.9)
Minimum bit size, mm (in) 125 (4.92) 130 (5.12)
Warning symbols Maximum bit size, mm (in) 140 (5.5) 140 (5.5)
Piston weight, kg (lbs) 10.4 (22.9) 10,4 (22.9)

Indicates immediate hazards which WILL result in serious or Drilling parameters COP RC 45 COP RC45 HD
fatal injury if the warning is not observed. Recommended working
30–35 (430–510) 30–35 (430–510)
pressure, bar (psi)
Rotation speed, rpm 50–140 50–140
Recommended bit size, 133–136 (5.12-
127–136 (5–5.35)
WARNING mm (in) 5.35)
Top sub thread Remet 4½" BOX Remet 4½" BOX
Indicates hazards or hazardous procedures which COULD Wrench flat top sub, mm
result in serious or fatal injury if the warning is not 102 (4) 102 (4)
Bit shank RC 45 RC 45

Air consumption COP RC 45 and COP RC45 HD

CAUTION (bar) psi (l/s) cfm
15 218 175 370
Indicates hazards or hazardous procedures which COULD
20 290 250 530
result in injury or damage to equipment if the warning is not
observed. 25 362 335 710
30 435 430 911
35 507 534 1 131
• Read through the operator's instructions for both the drill rig
and the RC hammer thoroughly before putting the RC hammer
into service. Always follow the advice given in the instructions. Penetration rate
• Use only authorized parts. Any damage or malfunction caused
(bar) psi (mm/min) m/h
by the use of unauthorized parts is not covered by Warranty or
Product Liability. 15 218 200 12
The following general safety rules must also be observed: 20 290 533 32
• Make sure that all warning signs on the rig remain in place and 25 362 700 42
are free from dirt and easily legible. 30 435 933 56
• Make sure there are no personnel inside the working area of the 35 507 1 183 71
drill rig during drilling, or when moving the rig.
• Always wear a helmet, goggles and ear protectors during drill- Impact rate
ing. Also observe any local regulations.
(bar) psi (strokes/min) (Hz)
• The exhaust air from air driven hammers and grinding machines 15 218 2 400 40
contains oil. It can be dangerous to inhale oil mist. Adjust the
lubricator so that the correct rate of lubrication is obtained. 20 290 2 820 47
25 362 3 060 51
• Make sure that the place of work is well ventilated.
30 435 3 240 54
• Always check that hoses, hose nipples and hose clamps are
properly tightened and secured, and that they are not damaged. 35 507 3 360 56
Hoses that come loose can cause serious injury.
Performance figures are average values for new hammers at sea
• Local regulations concerning air hoses and connections must level. Specifications and other data subject to alteration without
always be strictly observed. This is especially the case if the DTH- prior notice.
hammer is to be operated at pressures above 10 bar (145 psi).
• The machine must not be used for purposes other than those
prescribed by Epiroc. See “Application” on page 4.

General the drill bit. The front end shoulder of the chuck transmits feed
force to the drill bit. The retaining rings limits axial movement of
the drill bit. The chuck sleeve is sealing off the hole and directing
The down-the-hole hammer is a percussion hammer drill. As the the exhaust air towards the front of the bit.
name implies, the hammer works down the hole at the end of the The check valve that is mounted on the inner tube assembly pre-
drill string, where the impact piston strikes the drill bit directly. vents water from entering the hammer through the chuck when
Compressed air is led to the hammer via the rotation spindle and the compressed air supply is turned off. The inner tube assembly
drill pipes. Exhaust air from the hammer is discharged through is going through the hammer for the collection of sample.
holes in the drill bit and used to flush clean the drill hole. Rotation When feed force is applied, the drill bit is pushed into the ham-
is provided by a rotation unit on the feed beam and transmitted to mer and pressed against the front of the driver chuck. The impact
the hammer via the drill pipes. The drill pipes are threaded so that piston strikes the shank of the drill bit directly. The passage of
the drill string can be extended as drilling progresses and the hole compressed air through the hammer is directed by the piston and
becomes deeper. Feed force is also transmitted to the hammer via control tube, both of which have regulating ducts.
the rotation unit and drill pipes. One of the main advantages of When the hammer is lifted off the bottom of the hole, the piston
RC hammers is that the drilling rate is not affected very much by drops into the air blowing position. This disengages percussion
the length or depth of the drill hole. and gives air blowing only, i.e. a large volume of air flows straight
RC hammers are very productive and have many applications in through the hammer. During drilling, air blowing starts if the drill
the mining, quarrying, civil-engineer­ing and water-well drilling bit loses contact with the bottom of the hole. The hammer starts
industries. operating again as soon as the bit is pressed back against the
driver chuck. Air blowing is used when powerful flushing of the
Application (drill rigs) drill hole is required, and in certain difficult drilling conditions.

Preparing to drill
Hose connection
A = Drill pipe Connecting and securing
B = RC hammer
the air hoses.
C = Drill bit
D = Rotation unit For a compressed air system
E = Feed to be efficient, reliable and eco-
F = Drill rig nomic, there must be:
• sufficient compressed-air
capacity (volume and pressure);
• minimal pressure loss between
the compressor and the ham-
• minimal air leakage between
Secoroc RC hammers are designed for use on RC drill rigs. They couplings.
can also be used on DTH, ITH, rotary and auger type drill rigs, pro- This can be realized by ensur-
vided that such rigs meet the specifications for RC applications. ing that:
The main demands on the drill rig are as follows:
• the correct size of compressor
• It should be equipped with a rotation unit that has a variable is selected;
rotation speed of minimum 0–90 rpm and a rotation torque of
750–3000 Nm (75–300 kpm). Naturally, the torque demand for a • the correct hose size is used between the compressor and the
recommended rotation speed will depend on the hammer size hammer;
and bit diameter. • there is no leakage in hose connections between the compressor
• A variable feed force of 3–43 kN (300–4300 kp) for shallow holes and hammer.
(less for deeper holes, bearing in mind the weight of the drill
string). Obviously, the feed must be strong enough to pull the DANGER
hammer and drill string out of the drill hole. This is an especially
important consideration when drilling deep holes.The weight of
• Compressed air hoses between the compressor and the drill rig
the drill string varies between 9 and 34 kg/m, depending on the
must be secured by means of an external or internal safety wire,
pipe- and bit diameters.
which must be fastened safely to the drill rig. If the RC hammer is
to work at pressures above 10 bar (145 psi), any local regulations
Technical description regarding air hoses and couplings must be strictly observed.
The Secoroc RC hammer and drill bit operate at the bottom of the • Always check that hoses, hose nipples and hose clamps are not
hole as a unit. damaged, and that they are properly tightened and secured.
The COP RC45 hammer have a casing which houses an inner tube
assembly, check valve assembly, control tube, impact piston, bit
bearing, chuck, bit retaining rings, bit shank and back head.
The top end of the cylinder is closed by a threaded and a back- CAUTION
head. The back head has a female thread for connection to the
dual wall RC pipes or a dual wall digout sub. The back head is Always check the condition of drill string components. Bent
provided with wrench flats. or worn pipes can cause damage and excessive wear to the
A chuck threads in to the bottom end of the casing. The splined hammer and rig.
union between the chuck and the bit shank transmits rotation to

Setting-up the rig string. It can be said that rotation to the right should be switched on
as long as other operations are in progress with the hammer in the
Before drilling with the RC hammer, the rig must be set-up cor- hole. The risk of the drill bit working loose should also be consid-
rectly in order to give stability and safety. If this is not done, the ered when breaking the joints between drill pipes. When adjusting
effects of feed force and rotation torque can cause the rig to the breaking wrenches, bear in mind that the drill string must not
move. This will have a negative effect on drilling, especially when be rotated anti-clockwise any more than is absol­utely necessary.
drilling deep, straight holes.


• The rig must be set-up correctly in order to give stability and • Always switch on rotation to the right before starting the feed
safety. If this is not done, the effects of feed force and rotation or hammer.
torque can cause the rig to move or even to overturn. This can • Let the hammer rotate to the right (clockwise) even during
incur the risk of serious or fatal injury as well as damage to lifting or lowering of the hammer.
the drill rig and equipment. • Do not switch off rotation to the right until all other functions
have been switched off.


• Always wear goggles during drilling!

• Take great care when jointing drill pipes. Make sure there
• The exhaust air from the hammer (and also from the top
is no danger of your fingers being pinched or clothing being
sub if a unit for extra flushing is fitted) has a very high
entangled when the drill string is rotated.
velocity. Objects such as small stones, drill cuttings, sand,
earth and oil residue that are entrained in the flushing air • When a pipe wrench is used during jointing, there is a risk of the
can cause serious injury to unprotected eyes. Pay special at- wrench flying off and causing injury when rotation is applied.
tention to this danger during collaring, when a top sub with
extra flushing is in use, and when the hammer is fed through
the drill steel support or down into the hole.

When drilling on soft or unstable ground, great care must be

WARNING taken because the flushing air from the hammer can erode the
material around the drill hole, and so undermine the ground
• Heavy lift. Take care when beneath the drill rig. This can pose a great danger to personnel
handling the hammer. The and risk damaging the equipment.
hammer and its internal compo-
nents are heavy and difficult to
handle, especially
in the case of the larger hammers. CAUTION
When lifting using mechanical lifting equipment, sling the
hammer as shown in the fig. Alternatively, a lifting-eye coup- • Always wear ear protectors during drilling.
ling can be screwed on to the top sub.
• Transportation. Do not let the hammer lie unsecured on a ve-
hicle or drill rig. Al­ways secure the hammer for transportation.
• Feed the hammer downward until the drill bit is about 5 cm from
the collaring point.
• Start rotation to the right at low speed (creeping).
• Feed the hammer on to the rock using minimal feed force, so that
the bit is pressed into the hammer, and into the impact position.

Drilling • Start collaring the hole with reduced impact and feed, until the
bit has entered the rock.
• Open the impact mechanism control fully and adjust the rota-
Rotation to the right tion and feed so that the hammer drills smoothly and steadily.
RC hammers must be rotated to the RIGHT
(clock wise) during drilling, since the driver Feed and rotation
chuck and top sub are threaded into the
With holes of relatively shallow
cylinder with RIGHT-HAND THREADS.
depth, the setting of feed and
Rotation must always be to the right when rotation is usually a simple matter in
the hammer is operating. Left-hand rotation DTH drilling, since the hammers are
(or no rotation) will cause the driver chuck to comparatively insen­sitive to small
loosen, which could mean losing the drill bit variations in the “normal” flow and
(or even the entire hammer) down the hole. 5 cm pressure settings. The settings can
The drill string should be rotated to the right be regarded as correct when the drill
even when the hammer is not operating. For string turns evenly without jerks or
example, this should be done when cleaning jamming, and a steady penetration
the drill hole and when lifting up the drill rate is obtained.

Feed force keeping the sample dry. Auxiliary compressors and boosters are
commonly used to counter back pressures and to help to keep the
When drilling with DTH-hammers, the feed force should be high sample dry.
enough to keep the shank of the drill bit pressed into the hammer A big enough gap between the sleeve and the hole wall is needed
during drilling. to let some of the exhaust air pass that way and push the water
• Too low a feed force will give easy rotation, excessive vibration away from the face of the bit.
and reduced penetration. The resultant reflex shock waves can In extreme cases no sleeve at all is used. If drilling without a
damage the rotation unit and feed beam. sleeve make sure that the bottom shoulder of the casing is pro-
• Too high a feed force causes the rotation to jam (either erratically tected against excessive wear which can cause premature failure.
or completely), it can increases the risk of blocking the bit and can
subject the drill string to severe bending stresses. It can also damage
the rotation unit and feed beam. The feed force often needs to be
Drilling in very soft or broken formations
corrected during drilling, depending on the rock formation and the Very loose and broken formations can at times cause problems
weight of the drill string, which obviously varies with the hole depth. with bits getting blocked. In many cases it helps to lower the feed
A rough guide to drill pipe weights for different sizes of DTH-ham- force and increase the rotation when drilling in these conditions.
mer are given in the table below: Make sure that a sleeve with a OD close to the bits is used for the
best air flow to the front of the bit. In extreme situations like drilling
in sand a sleeve bigger then the bit can be used, make sure that the
oversize sleeve is exchanged for one smaller then the bit as son as
solid rock is encountered. Otherwise it is a risk of getting stuck.

Tools for removing the drill bit and top sub
from the RC hammer
The threaded connections of the driver-chuck and top sub can
become very tightly tensioned during drilling. There are special
tools for removing the bit and top sub from the cylinder of the RC
hammer, and these should be used whenever possible.
Pipe dimension, mm Approx. weight, kg/m
Wrench for pipe-jointing and top sub
102 mm 24,5
114 mm 25,5 Wrench flat Ordering No.
Bit diameter, rock formation, hole depth and available rotation 55 mm 8484-0211-43
torque will have a considerable influence on the setting of the 65 mm 8484-0211-00
feed force. What is important is that the feed force is adjusted to
give steady penetration and a constant, even rotation speed with 95 mm 8484-0211-02
no jamming (see table). 102 mm 8484-0214-13
N.B. It is important that the feed force be adapted to suit the 120 mm 8484-0211-36
weight of the drill string. When drilling deep holes, this requires
140 mm 8484-0211-44
control facilities for “negative feeding”, a so-called “holdback”

Rotation speed Loosening the threads of the hammer

If special tools like chain wrenches or other types of wrench are
In hard rock the rotation speed for RC hammers should be set
used to break the hammer joints, then the tool must be attached
between 20-120 r/min, depending on the hammer size, frequency and
around the hammer cylinder as shown in the figure. Do not attach
bit diameter (the larger the bit diameter, the slower the speed).The
at other points!
upper limit generally produces the best penetration rate. In very abra-
sive rock formations, however, the rotation speed should be reduced
to avoid excessive wear of the drill bit. When drilling in softer rock
or with high air pressure (above 18 bar) in non-abrasive formations,
higher rotation speed may be used.The following should be noted:
Too high a rotation speed will cause increased wear to the drill bit,
hammer and drill pipes. Stresses to the feed and rotation unit
B will B
also increase.
Positioning of wrench mm (in)
Too low a rotation speed results in a poor drilling output and
uneven operation. Distance from top of casing (A) 80
Wrench point (B) 70 (2¾")
Drilling in wet holes C C Wrench point (C) 70 (2¾")
The inflow of water into the drill hole is expected when drilling Distance from bottom of casing (D) 85 (33/8")
water wells, but can also occur when drilling deep holes forD other D
purposes. Water inflow does not normally create problems for drill-
ing, although both “too little” and “too much” can be troublesome.
Large amounts of water in the hole can cause problems with

and RC 50.
2. Remove driver chuck, drill bit
DANGER and bit retaining ring. Chuck
thread connection need to be
• Take great care when breaking the driver-chuck joint using loosened up either with breakout
the bit removal tool in combination with reverse rotation. If table on drill rig before hammer
the shaft of the tool is not locked or touching the edge of the is removed or with a breakout
feed beam, the shaft can turn with great force when breaking bench.
the driver chuck joint.
• Keep your hands and clothing well clear of the hammer/drill
string when it is rotated. Entanglement can result in serious injury.
• Blows against hammer or bit can cause fragments of metal
to fly. Always wear goggles when breaking joints.

Breakout bench
It is always most convenient to
break the hammer threads on the
rig. For circumstances, when the
threads cannot be broken or tend to 3. Remove bit retaining rings, chuck and chuck-sleeve from drill bit.
get stuck, there is a breakout bench
available. Ordering No. 9178.
4. Remove the innertube assem-
N.B. Failure to attach the wrench as bly.
­illustrated (B, C) may result in dam-
age to the cylinder. Any such damage
will not qualify for compensation.


Removing the drill bit

The drill bit can be removed in a number of different ways,
depending on the tools available. The following two methods are
commonly used:

Remove backhead assembly. Backhead thread connection need to

A. Breaking the driver-chuck be loosened up with a breakoutbench. Lift out the backhead
assembly, weight of the assembly is around 10,4 kg.
joint using percussion only
Run the hammer into the rock or a thick plank.
• Apply light feed force.
• Carefully start the impact mechanism of the
• Stop the impact mechanism as soon as the
driver-chuck joint “cracks”.
• Run the hammer up the feed beam to a suitable
6. Push the piston out from the chuck side with a long bar, lift the
working height, and unthread the driver chuck and
piston out. Weight of piston is 10,4 kg. Press out the bushing with
drill bit.
a long bar from the backhead side and pull the bit bushing out
N.B. Beware of the weight of the drill bit. It could from the chuck side.
be too heavy to hold.
7. Remove bit bushing.

Disassembling the
COP RC45 hammer
1. Install the hammer in the
breakout bench.

threads with copper paste or similar. before jointing.
• Take extra care during jointing operations when drilling in abra-
sive rock formations, since the ingress of quartz particles into the
hammer will cause heavy wear.
• When drilling holes in water-bearing rock, never leave the ham-
mer at the hole bottom with the air supply switched off. If drilling
is to be suspended temporarily, always pull up the hammer by at
least two pipe lengths.
• Clean around the driver chuck before changing the drill bit. Make
sure the shank of the new drill bit is clean.
• Keep the hammer clean and plug both ends when not in use.
Change worn or damaged parts in good time.

All Secoroc down-the-hole hammers contain

a check valve that is designed to trap a
quantity of air inside the hammer when the
air supply is switched off. In most conditions,
this prevents the ingress of water and dirt
8. Remove the 9. Remove the 10. Remove 11. Remove the
into the hammer during jointing operations.
control tube check valve the inner-tube check valve.
The check valve A and rubber seals B must be
from the inner- spring adapter from
fault-free when drilling in water-bearing
tube assembly. the inner-tube
formations. When drilling deep holes in rock
with a high water inflow, however, it is
possible that some seepage of water into the
front of the hammer will take place during
jointing. Since only very small particles of
dirt would be able to penetrate the hammer
in this way, the threat to the hammer is not
The sealing efficiency of the check valve can
be checked by pouring a small quantity of
lubricant through the top sub of the ham-
12. Clean and inspect all the components of the hammer. Replace mer, with the hammer held vertical. If the
O-rings, worn out and/or damaged items. lubricant passes through the checkvalve,
then the valve spring and/or valve seal is
13. Lubricate all parts before assembly and assemble in reverse worn or damaged and should be replaced
order. immediately.


Dirt in the hammer • Take great care when jointing the drill pipes and handling
the drill bit.
Stoppages and breakdowns caused by dirt in the percussion • Mind your fingers!
mechanism are practically inevitable with all rock drills, and • Keep your clothing, hair etc. well clear of rotating compo-
RC hammers are no exception. However, it should be remem- nents! Carelessness can result in serious injury.
bered that, while RC hammers are no more sensitive to dirt than
tophammers, there is obviously a greater risk of dirt ingress in
down-the-hole drilling, especially during pipe jointing. Any dirt
that enters the drill pipes goes straight into the percussion mecha- Assembly of the drill bit and driver chuck
nism. To ensure reliable operation of the hammer, every effort
should therefore be made to prevent dirt from entering the drill • Smear the splines of the
pipes. The following rules should be observed: bit shank with Epiroc
thread grease.
• Always keep drill pipes clean. Always store or stack drill pipes
• Smear the O-ring of the
in such a way that the risk of dirt ingress is minimized. Do not let
3 stop ring with silicone
the thread ends rest on grit or mud. Use thread covers wherever
practicable. 2
• Assemble the bit 1, driver
• Always keep the open thread end of the drill pipe covered during 1 chuck 2 and stop ring 3 as
jointing, and remove the cover just before the pipe is coupled up. shown in figure.
• Before coupling up, check that the drill pipe is clean around the • Smear the thread on the driver chuck with Epiroc thread grease.
threads and on the inside. If in doubt, blow clean the pipe. Re- • Screw in the bit assembly by hand. Note that there should be a
member to cover the pipe end that is already in the hole. clearance of 0.1–0.4 mm between the driver chuck and the cylin-
der casing. If there is no clearance, the end surface of the cylinder
• If threads are dirty, they should be cleaned using a strong bristle
casing should be ground down as necessary. Tighten the driver
brush or a cloth.
chuck with the aid of the bit spanner.
N.B. Always clean away from the hole in the pipe. Do NOT let
grit fall into the hole in the pipe. After cleaning, always coat the

IMPORTANT Do not grind away too much cemented carbide
Do not grind too much on the top of the
Make sure the stop ring is located correctly, and that it faces buttons. Let a few millimetres of the wear flat
the right direction. Incorrect fitting will result in severe dam- remain on top of the button.
age to the hammer.
Always grind broken buttons flat
A drill bit can remain in service as long as the
gauge buttons maintain the diameter of the
DANGER bit. Fractured buttons must always be ground
flat to prevent chips of cemented carbide from
damaging the other buttons.
• Before grinding, always check the flushing holes of the drill
bit for traces of explosive. Contact with the grinding wheel can
cause theexplosive to explode causing serious or fatal injury Avoid grinding the perimeter
as well as damage to the equipment.To clean the flushing
Gauge-button anti-taper has to be removed by grinding, although
hole, use only a wooden rod, copper wire or flushing water.
excessive reduction of the bit diameter should be avoided. Leave
about 2 mm of the wear flat.
If necessary, remove some of the bit-body steel below the gauge
buttons, so that a clearance (taper) of 0,5 mm is maintained.
If the flushing holes start to deform, open them up with the aid of
a rotary burr or steel file
• Always wear ear protectors, protective clothing, gloves and
goggles when grinding.
• Use a dust extraction system or an approved dust mask. This Min
is of special importance when dry grinding indoors. 0,5

2 mm

Regrinding the drill bit

The rate of bit wear depends on the rock formation, and is highest
in rocks with a high quartz content. A suitable grinding interval
should be determined according to the rate of bit wear. It is more
Grinding equipment
economical to regrind too early rather than to suffer poor penetra- The Grind Matic HG is a portable,
tion rates and risk damaging the drill bit through overdrilling. A hand-held, air-powered grinding
few hints about the care of drill bits: machine for button bits, ideal for use
at the worksite. It is used with
diamond-impregnated grinding
When to regrind cups, which can be used with or
without water flushing.
Button bits should be re­ground
when the pene­tration rate
drops, or if any of the cemented
The Grind Matic Manual B-DTH is a
carbide buttons are damaged
mechan­ized air-powered grinding
(fractured buttons should be
machine for button bits. It is
ground flat). It is both practical
mounted in a steel box-barrow,
and economical to redress the
which can be wheeled easily around
buttons when the wear flat
the worksite. The Grind Matic
reaches about ½ of the diameter of the button.
Manual B-DTH uses diamond-im-
Note: This is a general recommendation. pregnated grinding wheels.

Look out for “snake skin”

For “permanent” grinding stations, a
If microscopic fatigue cracks mechanized stationary grinding
– so-called “snake skin” – be- ma­chine is available, the Grind Matic
gin to appear on the cement- BQ3-DTH. It is equipped with
ed carbide buttons, they must automatic feeding devices and
be ground away. In any grinds both the cemented-carbide
event, bits should be buttons and the bit-body steel in one
reground after 300 metres of operation. The machine uses
drilling at the most. This diamond-impregnated grinding
should be done even if there wheels.
are no visible signs of wear and the penetration rate continues to
be good. If snakeskin is not removed, the cracks will deepen and
ultimately result in button fracture. Further information about grinding equipment can be found in the
respective product leaflets.

Spherical buttons
Diameter, mm Product No.
• Always use water flushing with grinding wheels.
11 87003971
• Use water if possible also with grinding cups and hand-held
12 87003972
13 87003973
14 87001025
Accessories and consumables for grinding
15 87001384
machines 16 87001027
Diamond grinding wheels for button bits 18 87003964
For Grind Matic RH3 19 87003966

Spherical buttons
Trubbnos buttons
Diameter, mm Product No.
11 87004851 Diameter, mm Product No.
12 87005050 14,5 87004594
12,7 87004852 15,8 87004595
13 87004848 19,1 87004596
14,5 87004853
15,8 87004854
Ballistic buttons
19,1 na

Diameter, mm Product No.

Trubbnos buttons 11 87003976

12 87003977
Diameter, mm Product No. 13 87003413
14,5 87004814 14 87003414
15,8 87004815 15 87003415
19,1 87004816 16 87003416
18 87003965
19 87003967
Ballistic buttons

Diameter, mm Product No.

Diamond grinding cups for button bits
11 87004855
For Grind Matic HG
12 87005051
12,7 87004856
Spherical buttons
13 87004849
Diameter, mm Product No.
14,5 87004857
11 87005114
15,8 87004858
12 87005115
19,1 na
13 87005116
14 87005117
Bit holders for button bits 15 87005118
For Grind Matic BQ2-DTH, BQ3-DTH and Manual B-DTH. 16 87005119
18 87005120
Type of bit Product No. 19 87005121
COP RC45 87004605 20 87005122
RC 50 87004605 22 87005123
Locking bar 87002361 25 87005124
19,1 na

Diamond grinding wheels for button bits

For all Grind Matic BQ and Manual B

Trubbnos buttons eters, frequent inspection is necessary. Alternatively, change the
compon­ents in good time – it makes good economic sense.
Diameter, mm Product No. N.B. When the hammer cylinder is replaced, the driver chuck
should be replaced at the same time (see “Wear limits”, page 13).
14.5 87005165
15.8 87005166 A general overhaul of the hammer should be carried out at suit-
able intervals, depending on the operating conditions and empiri-
19.1 87005167
cal statistics. The abrasiveness of the rock will have a considerable
effect on the rate of wear, and will affect the overhauling intervals
Steel removal
Diameter, mm Product No.
RC hammers should be overhauled at suitable intervals depend-
11 – 12 87005152 ing on the drilling conditions and empirical service records. Since
13 – 14 87005153 the abrasiveness of the rock has a considerable bearing on the
rate of wear, it will affect the overhauling intervals accordingly.
15 – 16 87005154
Before the RC hammer is sent to an authorized Epiroc service
17 – 18 87005155 workshop for overhauling, the joints at the top sub and driver
19 – 20 87005156 chuck should be ”cracked” on the rig.
21 – 22 87005157
19,1 na

Grinding templates – Integral rods and bits

For button bits. Lubricating oil is vital for the satisfactory
. operation of RC hammers. Apart from
regular checking of the oil level in the lubri-
Grinding template Dimension Product No.

cating-oil tank, always make sure that

,95 D/3

there is oil in the compressed air. This can


7 – 14,5 Spherical 7 – 14,5 mm 87005282


Regrind when flat

be checked whenever the rotation unit is

is 173 of button dia.

7 – 14,5 Ballistic 7 – 14,5 mm 87005283


free, i.e. disconnected from the drill string.

11-22 Spherical 11-22 mm 90510753
Simply place a plank over the drill-steel
11-19 Ballistic 11-19 mm 87005285 support and blow operating air on to the
6-12 Trubbnos 6-12 mm 87005287 plank. After a few moments, the surface
of the plank should become oily, which
12,7-19,1 Trubbnos 12,7-19,1 mm 87005288 confirms that lubricant is being carried to
the ham­mer in the operating air.
The importance of ad­equate lubrication
of the hammer cannot be over-emphasized. Poor lubri­cation will
accelerate wear and ultimately result in breakdown. The effective

Care & maintenance lubrication of the RC hammer is not always a straight-forward

matter, owing to wide variations in operating conditions, e.g.
extreme temperature differentials between the hammer and the
The service life and performance of RC hammers depends to a lub­-ricator, water or foaming concentrate added to the operating
large extent on good operating practice and regular maintenance. air, etc.
The following recommen­dations should be observed:
Different lubricants have different properties. Mineral oils have
• Make sure that the compressed air is always clean and dry. the best lubricating properties and are preferable in most cases.
• Make sure that the drill pipes are stored properly in the pipe Mineral-base oils have good adhesion properties and are pro-
rack, or stacked on trestles in such a way that dirt cannot enter the duced in different viscosity and temperature- range grades.
pipes. Since mineral oils have good resistance to water, they are suitable
• Fit thread guards to the ends of the drill pipes whenever prac- for use even when comparatively large volumes of water are
ticable. Keep the threads and the insides of the pipes clean. injected into the operating air. In this case, however, the dosage
must be increased.
• Always cover the “open” thread end of the drill pipe during pipe-
jointing operations. The ingress of dirt into the drill string will Glycol-based lubricants, such as Epiroc Air Oil, are water soluble,
cause blockages and/or seizure in the hammer, which can result in and must not be mixed with mineral oils. They are used primar-
breakdown. ily to prevent freezing, and should be used only when there is a
minimal water content in the operating air. Glycol-based lubri-
• Check regularly that the dosage of lubricating oil into the ope- cants are used extensively in water-well drilling for reasons of
rating air is sufficient. Check that the lubricating-oil tank on the water hygiene. If there is a lot of condensation in the drill string,
rig is filled with oil of the correct type and quality. See “Recom- which is often the case in long drill strings, then lubrication may
mended lubricants”, page 12. become unsatisfactory because dilution seriously affects the func-
tion of glycol-base lubricants.
• Check the wear on the driver chuck and hammer cylinder regu-
larly. The diameter of the driver chuck must never be less than that Other lubricants worth mentioning are the so-called “edible” oils,
of the hammer cylinder. The service life of the hammer cylinder which consist of vegetable oils, synthetic lubricants of the ester
can be prolonged by always fitting a driver chuck with a greater type, or a mixture between these two. Edible oils can be mixed with
outside diameter than that of the hammer cylinder. When the mineral oils, have good lubricating properties and are non-toxic.
components are approaching their minimum permissible diam-

Lubricators Ambient temp.°C(°F) Viscosity grade
Both plunger-pump and nozzle-type lubrication systems are avail- –20 to +15(–4 to +59) ISO VG 46-100
+15 to 35(59 to 95) ISO VG 100-150
The plunger pump is relatively insensitive to the viscosity of the > +35 (95) ISO VG 150-220
lubricant and gives a more reliable dosage compared with the
nozzle-type lubricator. This is of major importance when the ambi-
ent temperature is low.
For reasons of water hygiene, lubricating oils used in water-well
About 1 ml of oil per m3 of operating air consumed should be the drilling should be non-toxic.
minimum dosage for bench drilling. As a rule, higher dosages are The temperature limits given above refer to the temperature of
needed in water-well drilling. the oil in the tank, i.e. the ambient temperature. In cases where the
hammer is powered by warm compressed air at high operating
Normal lubrication dosage: 0,5 – 1,0 l per operating hour (depend- pressures, e.g. when connected to a nearby portable compressor,
ingon working pressure the temperature of the operating air must be taken into considera-
tion. In such cases it may be necessary to choose a thicker oil than
In case of water injection, increase dosage by 0,1 — 0,2 l/hr. what is recommended in the table.
N.B. The distribution of lubricating oil through the compressed air Thicker oils have beneficial characteristics which can be exploited
system generally takes place in the form of so-called “wall flow”. in stable temperature conditions, e.g. underground. In general,
thicker oils have a better film strength and better adhesion proper-
If the air system has been shut off for a long period of time, it can ties, which leads to lower oil consumption.
take quite some time for the lubricant to reach the hammer. In
such cases, a small amount of oil must be poured directly into the
hammer or air hose before drilling.
Recommended lubricants
Lubricating oil tank Epiroc Rock Drill oil
Choice of lubricating oil Threads and splines Copper paste or similar
For COP down-the-hole hammers it is recommended to use Epi- Silicone grease (temperature
roc COP oil. When choosing between other types of lubricants, O-rings and rubber parts
limits –20 to +120°C)
the oil should have:
• suitable viscosity
• good adhesion properties Ordering No. Epiroc Rock Drill Oil:
• high film strength
Quantity Product No. Product code Weight
• corrosion inhibitors
20 litres pail 89010563 9900 18 kg / 40 lbs
• EP additives
Drum 205 litres 89010564 9901 205 kg / 452 lbs

Wear limits
Component Wear limit Action Comments
Min 2mm larger than the The bit should not be worn more than the max diam. of
Drill bit (diameter) Fit new bit
max. diam. of the cylinder the cylinder
If wear on the shoulder A worn shoulder might cause excessive wear on the chuck
Driver chuck Replace
for the chuck sleeve sleeve
COP RC 45 min 117 mm Measure the diameter along the full length of the cylinder,
Casing (OD diameter) Replace
COP RC45 HD min 120 mm with the exception of the outermost 100 mm at each end.
Bit bearing Diametric clearence to the
Replace Measure the bit bearing at its smalles diameter
(inside diameter) piston max 0,50 mm
Diametric clearance: Outside diameter of piston should be measured at the
Piston / casing Replace worn parts
max 0,30 mm sealing surface of the piston
Tightness of check valve can be tested by pouring a small
Valve seal worn or Replace worn or dam- amount of oil into the valve with the hammer in vertical
Check valve
damaged aged parts position. Also ensure that the check valve is moving cor-
rectly on the adaptor tube

Trouble shooting
Fault Cause Remedy
Check the air pressure. Check that all air passages leading
Air supply throttled or blocked
to the hammer are open
Let operating air blow through rotation spindle on dry
Oil is not reaching the impact mechanism of the
plank or similar. After a few moments, plank surface should
hammer. Poor or no lubrication, causing increased
Impact mechanism become oily. Inspect lubricator. Top-up with oil if necessary
wear, scoring or seizure
does not operate, or or increase lube oil dosage
works with reduced Too large clearance (wear) between the piston and Disassemble the hammer and inspect the wear (see "Wear
effect. cylinder, or between piston and control tube limits"). Replace worn parts
Hammer clogged with dirt Disassemble the hammer and wash all components
Make sure the check valve seals against the seat in the top
Dirt enters the hammer when drilling in water- sub (see "Dirt in hammer", (page 9). Remove the top sub
bearing formation and replace check valve. Make sure the check valve is mov-
ing properly
Fish out the lost equipment using a fishing tool. Remember
Lost drill bit and Impact mechanism has been operated without
to always use right-hand rotation, both when drilling and
chuck rotation to the right
when lifting the drill string
Excessive air con-
Bit bearing/piston clearance is to large Replace bit bearing and/or piston
Rough or erratic Set the feed pressure until the rotation starts to bind. Then
Too much feed pressure
operation back of the feed pressure until rotation turns smoothly
Turn up the rotation speed to appropriate rpm for the ham-
Rotation speed too slow
mer/bit setup used
Sudden loss of pres- Check inner tube wear regularly, and change before it is
Worn/blown out inner tube
sure worn out
Avoid welding, heating, beating or torque wrenching in the
Abuse of casing
wrong place
Outside diameter has worn past the discard point. Measure
Worn casing
casing and replace if necessary
If drilling in corrosive environment or foam is used wash
Cracked Casing Corrosion internal and external parts regularly to avoid corrosive
impact on the drill
Bogged/stuck drill can lead to reaming and over-
Use a dig out sub
heating distortion of the drill
Drill bogged can lead to chuck, casing and chuck Inspect all parts thoroughly if drill is recovered, replace
sleeve to distort parts where necessary
Piston cracked Check lubricator and ensure it is functioning. Use the cor-
Lack of lubrication causes heat cracks leading to
through large rect type of lubricator. Epiroc Rock Drill Oil is recommended
diameter. for use with all Secoroc hammers
Feeding hard through voids on a broken formation
Use low feed force and ensure the hole is kept as clean and
can cause a deformation to the casing causing heat
cosolidated as possible
cracks and galling on the piston
Increase the feed until rotation binds and pressure pulses
Piston strike end
Insufficient feed force and the back off until the rotation and pressure becomes
Over running inner tubes will allow ingress of sam-
ple between the two striking faces and can cause Replace inner tubes before they are worn out
piston nose to crack

Spare parts list
Secoroc COP RC45
Reverse Circulation hammer – Standard
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

9866 0098 01 2018-03

Ref. Part Prod. No. Product code Ref. Part Prod. No. Product code
Standard bits and sleeves 5, 6 Bit bearing assembly 89011484 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-A22
5 O-ring (91,67*3,53) 86008885 0663-2116-87
Bits, concave BH30 carbide
6 Bit bearing – –
125 mm bit 90029255 100-5125-91-0418,10-20
127 mm bit 90029256 100-5127-91-0418,10-20 7 Piston 89011497 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-005
130 mm bit 90029257 100-5130-91-0418,10-20 8 Casing 89011482 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-004
133 mm bit 90029258 100-5133-91-0417,10-20
9 Bumper ring (56,52*5,33) 86008883 0663-2116-17
136 mm bit 90029259 100-5136-91-0417,10-20
140 mm bit 90029260 100-5140-91-0412,10-20 10 Control tube 89011498 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-007
165 mm bit 90029861 100-5165-91-041P,08-20 11, 12 Backhead assembly 89012364 9704-RC-00-66B-00-000-A20
Bits, concave BH30P carbide, trubbnos 11 O-ring (101, 19*3,53) 95086641 0663-9233-00
125 mm bit 90029886 100-5125-91-0498,10-20 12 Backhead – –
127 mm bit 90029774 100-5127-91-0498,10-20 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-R95
13, 14 Inner tube assembly 89011499
130 mm bit 90029887 100-5130-91-0498,10-20
1 13 O-ring (43*3) 86008882 0663-2120-04
133 mm bit 90029772 100-5133-91-0491,10-20
14 Inner tube –
136 mm bit 90029888 100-5136-91-0491,10-20
140 mm bit 90029773 100-5133-91-0491,10-20 15 Check valve spring 89011504 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-016
165 mm bit 90029861 100-5165-91-0412,10-20 16 Check valve body 89011503 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-A17
Bits, concave BH66 carbide 17, 18, 19 Inner tube adapter assembly 89012365 9704-RC-00-66B-00-000-R94
125 mm bit 90029608 100-5125-91-0418,10-12 17 O-ring (43*3) 86008882 0663-2120-04
127 mm bit 90029609 100-5127-91-0418,10-12 18 Inner tube adapter – –
1 130 mm bit 90029610 100-5130-91-0418,10-12 19 O-ring (57*3) 86008884 0663-2113-30
133 mm bit 90029611 100-5133-91-0417,10-12
136 mm bit 90029612 100-5136-91-0417,10-12 20 Crush ring 89012367 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-014
140 mm bit 90029613 100-5140-91-0412,10-12
Sleeves, standard
124 mm 89011487 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C24
126 mm 89011488 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C26 Complete hammer and maintenance kits Prod. No. Product code
129 mm 89011489 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C29
2 132 mm 89011490 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C32 COP RC45 complete hammer 89011483 9704-RC-00-66B-91-000
135 mm 89011491 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C35 COP RC45 seal kit – included 5, 9, 11, 13, 17, 19, 20 89012400 9704-RC-00-66B-91-000-K30
137 mm 89011492 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C37
139 mm 89011493 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C39 COP RC45 check valve kit – included 15, 16 89011569 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-K17
164 mm 89012503 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C64
COP RC45 rebuild kit – included 3, 8, 12, check valve
89012401 9704-RC-00-66B-91-000-K40
3 Chuck 89012487 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-001 kit, seal kit
4, 5 Bit retaining ring assembly 89011485 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-A02
4 Bit retaining ring – –
5 O-ring (91,67*3,53) 86008885 0663-2116-87

Epiroc Drilling Tools AB

Box 521, SE-737 25 Fagersta, Sweden
14 +46 223 461 00
Spare parts list
Secoroc COP RC45 HD
Reverse Circulation hammer – Heavy Duty
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

9866 0099 01 2018-03

Ref. Part Prod. No. Product code Ref. Part Prod. No. Product code
Standard bits and sleeves 7 Piston 89011497 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-005
Bits, concave BH30 carbide 8 Casing 89012461 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-004
130 mm bit 90029257 100-5130-91-0418,10-20 9 Bumper ring (56,52*5,33) 86008883 0663-2116-17
1 133 mm bit 90029258 100-5133-91-0417,10-20
10 Control tube 89011498 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-007
136 mm bit 90029259 100-5136-91-0417,10-20
140 mm bit 90029260 100-5140-91-0412,10-20 11, 12 Backhead assembly 89012462 9704-RC-00-66B-00-H00-A20
11 O-ring (101, 19*3,53) 95086641 0663-9233-00
Bits, concave BH30P carbide,
12 Backhead – –
130 mm bit 90029887 100-5130-91-0498,10-20 13, 14 Inner tube assembly 89011499 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-R95
133 mm bit 90029772 100-5133-91-0491,10-20 13 O-ring (43*3) 86008892 0663-2120-04
1 136 mm bit 90029888 100-5136-91-0491,10-20 14 Inner tube –
140 mm bit 90029773 100-5133-91-0491,10-20
15 Check valve spring 89011504 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-016
143 mm bit 90029900 100-5143-91-0492,10-20
146 mm bit 90029901 100-5146-91-0492,10-20 16 Check valve body 89011503 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-A17
165 mm bit 90029861 100-5165-91-0412,10-20 17, 18, 19 Inner tube adapter assembly 89012365 9704-RC-00-66B-00-000-R94
Bits, concave BH66 carbide 17 O-ring (43*3) 86008882 0663-2120-04
130 mm bit 90029610 100-5130-91-0418,10-12 18 Inner tube adapter – –
1 133 mm bit 90029611 100-5133-91-0417,10-12 19 O-ring (57*3) 86008884 0663-2113-30
136 mm bit 90029612 100-5136-91-0417,10-12
20 Crush ring 89012367 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-014
140 mm bit 90029613 100-5140-91-0412,10-12
Sleeves, Heavy Duty
126 mm 89012513 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C26
129 mm 89012463 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C29
132 mm 89012464 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C32
135 mm 89012465 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C35
137 mm 89012466 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C37
139 mm 89012467 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C39 Complete hammer and maintenance kits Prod. No. Product code
142 mm 89012514 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C42
COP RC45 HD complete hammer 89012468 9704-RC-00-66B-91-H00
144 mm 89012515 9704-RC-00-000-00-H00-C44
164 mm 89012503 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-C64 COP RC45 seal kit – included 5, 9, 11, 13, 17, 19, 20 89012400 9704-RC-00-66B-91-000-K30
3 Chuck 89012487 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-001 COP RC45 check valve kit – included 15, 16 89011569 9704-RC-00-000-00-000-K17
4, 5 Bit retaining ring assembly 89011485 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-A02
COP RC45 HD rebuild kit –
4 Bit retaining ring – – 89012469 9704-RC-00-66B-91-H00-K40
included 3, 8, 12, check valve kit, seal kit
5 O-ring (91,67*3,53) 86008885 0663-2116-87
5, 6 Bit bearing assembly 89011484 9704-RC-00-000-91-000-A22
5 O-ring (91,67*3,53) 86008885 0663-2116-87
6 Bit bearing – –

Epiroc Drilling Tools AB 15

Box 521, SE-737 25 Fagersta, Sweden
Phone +46 223 461 00
Subjected to alterations without prior notice. © Epiroc Drilling Tools AB. All rights reserved. 2018.04.
9866 0054 01

United in performance.
Inspired by innovation.
Performance unites us, innovation inspires us, and
commitment drives us to keep moving forward.
Count on Epiroc to deliver the solutions you need to
succeed today and the technology to lead tomorrow.

Epiroc Drilling Tools AB

Box 521, SE-737 25 Fagersta, Sweden
Phone: +46 223 461 00

Вам также может понравиться