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Thai language

ko kai ()
k
k
k
k
M

kho khai ()
kh
k
k
k
H

kho khuat () [.]


kh
k
k

kho khwai () kh
k
k
k
L

kho khon () [.] kh


k
k
k

kho ra-khang ()
kh
k
k
k

ngo ngu ()
ng
ng

jo jan ()
j
t
t
t
M

cho ching () ch

cho chang ()
ch
t
t
t
L

so so () s
t
s
t
L

cho ka-choe () [.]


ch

yo ying () y
n
j
n
L

do cha-da () d
t
d
t
M

to pa-tak ()
t
t
t
t
M

tho than (, ) th
t
t
t

tho montho ( [.])


th
t

tho phu-thao ()th


t
t
t
L

no nen (-) n
n
n
n

do dek ()
d
t
d
t
M

to tao ()
t
t
t
t
M

tho thung () th
t
t
t
H

tho tha-han () th
t
t
t
L

tho thong ()
th
t
t
t
L

no nu () n
n
n
n
L

bo bai-mai ()
b
p
b
p
M

po plaa ()
p
p
p
p
M

pho phueng () ph

fo fa ()
f

pho phan () ph
p
p
p
L

fo fan () f
p
f
p
L

pho samphao ( ) ph
p
p

mo ma ()
m
m
m
m
L

yo yak ()
y
y
j
j
L

ro ruea (, )
r
n
r
n

ro rue *
rue

ro rue *
rue

lo ling ()
l
n
l
n
L

lo lue [.] *
lue

lo lue [.] *
lue

wo waen () w
w
w
w
L

so sa-la ()
s
t
s
t
H

so rue-si ()
s
t
s
t

so suea () s
t
s
t
H

L
L

H
t

p
L

ho hip () h

lo ju-la ( ) l
n
l
n
L

o ang () **

ho nok-huk ()
h

L
[ | -]
,
.
(
-), ( ). ,
, , .

, .

,
.
- .

a ( ) a
a
u

o ( ) o
o

-- ro han *

a
u

-wo waen *
ua
ua
uar

-
sara uai
uj
uai

-
sara o
o
or, aw, ow

-
sara oi j
oi
oy

-
sara a a
a
u

- mai han-akat
a
u

-
sara ai j
ai

-
sara ua ua
ua
ewer
-
sara ua ua
ua
ewer
-
sara a a
a
ar, aa
-
sara ai aj
ai
aai, aay

-
sara ao aw
ao

-
sara am
m
am
um

-
sara i i
i

-
sara iu iw
iu

-
sara i i
i
ee, ii, y
-
sara ue
ue
eu, uh
-
sara ue
ue
eu

-
sara u u
u
oo

-
sara u u
u
oo, uu
sara e e
e
ay, a, ae, ai
- sara e e
e

-
sara e e
e
eh

-
sara oei
j
oei

-
sara oe
oe
ur, eu, u

- sara oe
oe
eu, u
- sara oe
oe
eu, u
-
sara eo ew
eo
eu, u

3
-
sara ao aw
ao
aw, ow
-
sara o
o
orh, oh, or

-
sara ia ia
ia
ear, ere
- sara ia ia
ia
iah, ear
- sara iao
io
iao
iow
-
sara uea
a uea
eua, ua
- sara uea
a uea
eua, ua
sara ae
ae
a, e

-
sara ae
ae
aeh, a
- sara ae
ae
aeh, a
-
sara aeo
w
aeo
eo

sara o o
o
or, oh
-
sara o o
o
oh

sara ai mai muan


j
ai
ay, y
sara ai mai malai
j
ai
ay, y
[ | -]
kor
kai. , , ,
.

mai ek

mai tho

mai tri

mai jat-ta-wa

mai tai-khu

mai thantakhat, ga-ran



[ | -]

pai-yan noi

pai-yan yai . .

mai ya-mok
[ | -]
.

.





[ | -]
. :
( ). 7
.
[ | -]
,
.

4
, ,
.
, (
) (
).
(khon uan, IPA: kon uan)
(khon uan uan, IPA: kon uan uan) /
(khon thi uan reo mak) , /
(khon thi uan reo mak mak) ,
/
A X B (kwa, IPA:
kwa), A X B; A X (thi sut,
IPA: tisut), A X.
(khao uan kwa chan) / .
(khao uan thi sut) / .
,
.
(chan hiu) (.) .
(chan cha hiu) (.) .
(chan kamlang hiu) (.) . / .
(chan hiu laeo) (.) . / .

(laeo), ,
, (laeo thoe cha
pai nai): ?, .
[ | -]
, , ,
, .
.
.
() (gamlang, IPA:
gamla, ) , ,
(yu, IPA: ju) , . :
(khao gamlang wing, IPA: kw gamla wi),
(khao wing yu, IPA: kw wi ju),
(khao gamlang wing yu, IPA: kw gamla wi ju), .
(ja, IPA: ta, will) . :
(khao ja wing, IPA: kw ta wi),
(dai, IPA: daj) . , (laeo,
IPA2:lw, )
.
, : + + + . :
(khao dai gin, IPA: kw daj gin),
(khao gin laeo, IPA: kw gin lw,
(khao dai gin laeo, IPA: kw daj gin lw),

5
(mai, ) .

, (khao mai ti) .


[ | -]
. .
:
: (dek, ) --> (dek dek, )
(phuak, IPA: pak),
: phuak phom, IPA: pak pm,
(); phuak rao, IPA: pak raw, (); phuak
ma,
(. ) ,
( ):
( ).
: , ,
, ,
.
(. ) ,
.
.
, :
RTGS IPA

phom [pm] (; )
dichan [dtn]
(, )

chan [tn] ( , )

khun [kun] ()
than [tn] ( )

thoe [t] , ()

rao
[raw] , ()

khao [kw] ,

man [mn]
phuak khao [pak kw]

phi
[p] , (
-)
nong [n] , (
-)
luk phi luk nong
[luk pi luk n] ,
[ | -]
,
, ,
, .
. ,
(khrap, krp, ) , (kha, [k],
) .
:

6
RTGS IPA

ja
[ta]
, ja
[ta]

la
[la]

si
[si]

na
[na]
. [ | -]
-
-
[ | -]
Ausbau and Abstand languages. Ccat.sas.upenn.edu (20 1995). 8
2012. 17 2012.
The origins of the Thai typewriter( ). 20
2008. 29 2002.