You are on page 1of 24

JS Aviation Company "RusLine"

(STALL PREVENTION AND RECOVERY)

.......................................................................................................................... 1
1. ................................. 1
2. ............................................... 2
3. ............................................................................................. 5
4. .. 9
5. ............................................................. 11
6. .................................................... 19
.................................................................................................................... 23
.............................. 24


,
, ,

. , ,
. ,
.

, ,
(stall).
,
: (spin) (inflight pick-up).


() .
,
,
.

1.
( ) ,
.
, .

a)
,
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
, ,
,
;

b) , ,
, ;

c) ,
,
;

d)
(x )
,
,
;

e) ( )
, ;

f)
.


( ) , .

,
, .

,
, ,
().


, .

,
.
, , ,
.


http://www.airhorse.narod.ru/danger.html.

2.

, , , ,

, ,
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
, (.
320 1988.: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9gELPxPG8Q).



(. ).
( )
, , .

()
( CL-600-2B19 15,5 , -
HOP! Training). 0,3
.
, =0,3 -204 ( ) 14
, =0,83 7,5 . ,
V (TAS)
( ). , .


, .

- ,
( ,
, ..), .

Stall ( ) ;

Full stall Post stall gyration


.


(impending stall):

- ;

- ;
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
- ( ).

(full stall):

- ;

- () ,

(2 );

- ,
,
. FCOM Vol. 2 AFM CL-600-2B19,
;

- , ,
(, ),
.
(, ) , ,
. ,
, ,
( Commercial and Business
Advisory Circular of Transport Canada 0247 24.08.2005. Training and Checking Practices for Stall
Recovery, Advisory Circular 700-031 08.11.2013. Prevention and Recovery
from Aeroplane Stalls, ACs of Transport Canada, http://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/ca-
standards/ac0247.doc). FCOM Vol. 2 CL-600-2B19 ,
(There is no natural stall warning or aerodynamic buffet prior to
the stall).

- (Stall Protection System CL-600-2B19)


;

- , (, ).

, :

(, , ..);

(, ) ;

.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
, :
http://www.techavia.ru/math_modeling01.htm#01.

3.
:

1. ;

2. ( ) ;

3. .

maneuvering stall -
, 1g.

maneuvering stall


. ,
,

(. )
(. ).

,
(
).

( ).

maneuvering stall, , CL-600-


2B19 3 /.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
maneuvering stall:

-52 1994.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=182AepOJjMs;

1992.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pfo1omYMZ20;

Beechcraft Queen Air 2011.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vTQwkKameLg.

AFM CL-600-2B19
( ) , ,
( ) .
(. ).

:
Airplane gross weight = 23000 kg (50700 lb)
Centre of Gravity (CG) = 25% MAC
Indicated Mach No. = 0.715
Load factor = 1.3 g
Buffet will occur at a pressure altitude of 41000 feet.

Maneuvering stall , , accelerated stall -


. accelerated stall
.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
AFM CL-600-2B19
, ( 15000 ft),
(. ).

Weight = 22500 kg (49600 lb)


FLAP 20 / GEAR UP
Pressure altitude = 15000 ft
Reference stall speed is 123.5 KCAS
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
:

1) .
, ,
.

,
,
,
.
.
: -18, -114.

2) . .

, - ,
. : -18, -52, -24, -40.

3) ().

,
, ,
.
. -104.

4) (deep stall super stall, .


)
.

-
. ,
, ,
,
.


, . -154, ,
CL-600-2B19.

5) (nose slice).

,

.
-154.

6)
, , , .
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
wing rock.
,
( buckling).

(high altitude stall),


. ,
(landing stall), (
), , (.
DHC-8-400 2009. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lxywEE1kK6I).

4.

1958 / 50 ,

(http://www.techavia.ru/math_modeling02.htm#01).

, 2000., -40, 11
- ;
, 2001., -154, ;
, 2002., -86,
, ;
, 2006., -320,
;
, 2006., -154,
;
, 2008., Boeing 737-500,
;
, 2011., -42, ;
, 2012., ATR-42,
- .

CRJ-100/200/700
. ,
.

,
() :


;
;
- ;
;
, .
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
, , :

,
(loss of situation awareness);

..

,
,
( Boeing 747-400F 2013.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7sUWC2jfjqI).

: ,
..

: ( ),
, .

- ()
, , ( ? - ATR-42, ,
2012.), - -
--;

- , ,
;

- , , () ,
, .

, ,
. ,

.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
5.



(. ). , CL-600-2B19
Stall Protection System.

,
(Doc. 7600,
9868, 9422, 10011) ,
.. - (),
- ()
,
.

Stall Protection System (SPS) CL-600-2B19


, ,
SPS . SPS
, (stick shaker) .

(. ):

- 1 Dual channel Stall Protection Computer (SPC)


- 2 Angle of attack vanes,
- 2 Stick shaker units,
- 1 Stick pusher assembly,
- 2 Mach transducers,
- 1 Memory reset switch,
- 2 STALL PTCT pusher, ON/OFF switches,
- 2 AP/SP DISC switches,
- 2 STALL warning test switchlights.

stick pusher STALL PTCT pusher switches ON


. ON ,
OFF stick pusher.

Angle of attack vanes, ,


. Stall protection computer ,
( ), , (
IRS/AHRS), weightonwheels (WOW) .
stall protection computer .

stall protection computer


continuous ignition,
stick shaker, . ,
stick shaker
, stick shaker
( ) , stall protection computer.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"

, ,
stick pusher , STALL switchlights
stall warbler. SPS
, .
SPS stick pusher stick shaker
continuous ignition. stick pusher
0,5g , stick pusher .

Stick pusher AP/SP DISC


.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"

STEAK SHAKER STALL (stall warbler)


JS Aviation Company "RusLine"

. , ACs of Transport Canada
, stall warning:
( )
. ,

, . ,
stall characteristics, ,
(stick pusher), CL-600-2B19. .
Boeing 717-200 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L2CsO-Vu7oc.

FCOM Vol. 2 Bombardier Challenger 850



:

(1) Altitude is between 14000 feet and 15000 feet;


(2) Autopilot is disengaged;
(3) Stall warning system is fully operative;
(4) Airplane is free from ice;
(5) Airplane maneuver area is clear of cloud; and
(6) Yaw damper is on.

.
1.4VS.
- 1 knot/sec. .
(. ),
stick pusher , 2 .
, .

stick shaker stick pusher ,


04131041310.
7% FLAPS 0 9% FLAPS 0.
0.1%
CG 1.0% CG.

(Doc. 10011 AN/506, . I, 2014.


)

,
( ). 5.84
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
31 2009 128 (-128)

, ,
36 .

Flight Safety Association Upset


Recovery.
.

,
, 2008
- . .. , . ..
, -
. ,
.
,
, .
,
( SUPRA,
. ), : ,
(-148, SSJ-100).

- ,
7 2014. -9-939 . ..
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
,
.

,
.

Advisory circular FAA Stall Prevention and Recovery Training 120-109A 24.11.2015.
Doc. 10011 (https://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/AC_120-109A.pdf)
:

a. Stall Prevention Training flight simulation training


device (FSTD) ;

b. Stall Recovery Training full flight simulator (FFS)


full stall, stick pusher.

FAA :

, ;


, ,
;

,
, ;

full stall

.

ACs of Transport Canada fully developed


stalls. Transport Canada , full
stall, .

Transport Canada :


, 75% ;

75%
, ;

500 ft AGL MDA


.
.

full stall: ,
,
stall protection system,
(secondary stall).
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
PRM Vol. 2 CL-600-2B19
(Abnormal and Emergency Procedures, 3-42, 3-43, 3-44;
SOP ).
10000 ft. stick shaker.
,
(,
),
.

(
)
(full stall, ).

, , . ,
(International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended
Envelopes, ICATEE), , ,
,
,
(http://www.ato.ru/content/vyvod-samoleta-iz-svalivaniya-novyy-podhod-k-podgotovke-pilotov).
80-
, .
,
. , ,
. ,
100 .
, . :
, , .
, . . 330-200
2009.: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-hbWO0gL6g&feature=youtu.be.

ICATEE , ,
: ,

,

. , ICATEE,
, , .
, ,
. ,
.
. , ,
, , ,

.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"


:
full stall
.

80-
-18: ,
, , ..
. ,
. ,
(http://www.ato.ru/content/vyvod-samoleta-iz-svalivaniya-
nuzhno-umet-mozhno-nauchit), ,
: ,
.. . ,
, , .
, ,
; , , - -
.

,
, :

, ;

FCOM, SOP ( ,
);

, ,
, CL-600-2B19,
;

, ;


, ;
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
,
.

,
:

- ;

- ;

- ;

- ;

-
.

6.
,
:

- (Recognition)
;

- (Prevention)
(Recovery).

( .
3) :

1)
. .

2)
, () .
, .
,
.

3) () .

4)
. , -
, - (
CL-600-2B19). ,
, , .

5) (nose
slice) , ,
, .
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
6)
.

,
.. :

- , (
), (
FAA, EASA UK CAA );

- ;

- ,
, ;

- , ,
, (sideslip indicator
);

-
;

- , , ;

- ( );

-
( secondary
stall);

- (/, ).

CL-600-2B19 AFM, FCOM Vol. 2, QRH Vol. 2


Stall Recovery ( 5 Immediate Action Items):

Indication: Aircraft buffet, uncommanded roll,


stick shaker activated and/or stall warbler on.
(1) Autopilot DISENGAGE, if required
(2) Pitch attitude Lower nose to reduce angle of attack
(3) Thrust levers Advance to MAX POWER
(4) Roll attitude Wings level
(5) FLIGHT SPOILER lever RETRACT. After airspeed increases
and stall warning goes out:
(6) Pitch attitude Adjust to minimize altitude loss
(7) Thrust levers and aircraft configuration ADJUST as required.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
NOTE

1. It is essential that the AOA be immediately reduced, even if this means a loss of altitude.
2. Avoid abrupt or aggressive pitch control inputs during recovery. Inappropriate recovery inputs can
result in a secondary stall.
3. Height loss resulting from high AOA recovery, especially at cruise altitude and/or low initial thrust
conditions, can be significant.


. ,
2-3 . (CL-600-2B19
), . SOP
, PF PM
STALL, MAX POWER! , PM -
, I HAVE CONTROL.

FCOM Vol. 2 CL-600-2B19 Head-up Guidance


System (Supplement 20, 07207).

Advisory circular FAA Stall Prevention and Recovery Training 120-109A 24.11.2015.
:

continuous ignition stick shaker


;


secondary stall;

, (
) ;

Terrain awareness warning system (TAWS),


, ,
TAWS (SOP
resolution advisory TCAS).

ACs of Transport Canada ,


, , ,
.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
, Transport Canada :

, ,
(. high altitude stall https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUuAAE7Ozmg&feature=youtu.be);

,
;

, idle
maximum thrust 8 , (
FCOM Vol. 2 CL-600-2B19);

( )
;


, Stall protection system.
CL-600-2B19 FCOM Vol. 2: The Stall Protection System (SPS)
is unable to detect or compensate for wing contamination. Under such circumstances, an aerodynamic stall
may occur before the SPS is able to provide any warning of impending stall;


, .

, CL-600-2B19
FAA,
(
stick shaker).

:
.
,

,
.
, -, ,
, -,
,
.


.
,

maneuvering stall
,
.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"
,
, , .
() () .
(
. .. , .. , .. ,
,
). , > 0
.
.
, CL-600-2B19 ()
. , ACs of Transport
Canada (. ).


, ,
,
.

,
. , ,
. (
, , ) .

,
(QRH Vol. 2, FCOM Vol. 2 ..),
(SOP), ,
.


.
JS Aviation Company "RusLine"

Guidance Material and Best Practices for the Implementation of Upset Prevention and Recovery
Training (IATA, June 2015)
http://www.iata.org/whatwedo/ops-infra/training-licensing/Documents/gmbp_uprt_2015.06.23.pdf
Airplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training Aid (ICAO, Rev 3.0 February 2017)
http://www.icao.int/safety/loci/AUPRTA/index.html
Stalls, unusual attitudes and upset recovery
http://www.caa.lv/upload/userfiles/files/Upset%20recovery.pdf
, ,
( .. )
http://vas-ershov.com/pilotam/10-neponyatnoe-polozhenie.html

( - .. )
http://www.aex.ru/docs/8/2007/2/20/334/

http://akpla.ucoz.com/Aeroflot/lekcii_pilotam_tema8.pdf
Airbus Stall Training ( )
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4WuPoVjOXLY
Stall Recovery Training (CRJ-900 FFS)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v3V1uOenkdE
Boeing 747-8 undergoes extreme testing
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rS1yD9fQhBQ
Cargolux 747-8 freighter (CLX789) delivery- crazy take off and wings swing-bye
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnBr3enzW1I

:
- CL-600-2B19

- CL-600-2B19
;