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. .

2001


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1.21.

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3.17.
3.18.

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4.
4.1.
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4.4.
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5.
5.1.
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5.12.
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5.16.
5.17. ()
5.18.
5.19.
5.20.
5.21.
5.22.
5.23.
5.24. ( )

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6.
6.1.
6.2.
6.3. GP-1500
(GPS -Global Positioning System)
6.4. " 53 G"
6.5. " -70"

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7.
7.1.
7.2.
7.3.
7.4.
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7.7.
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8.
8.1.
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8.6. ( )
8.7. ( )
8.8.
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9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
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9.18.

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10.
10.1.
10.2.
10.3.
10.4.
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10.7.
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11.
11.1.
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12.
12.1.
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12.6.
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13.1.
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15.1.
15.2. -
15.3. - ()
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15.7.

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17. , , ,
17.1.
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()
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19.
19.1.
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20.1.
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21. ,

21.1.
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21.3.
21.4.
21.5. (LOF-1990)

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23.
23.1.
23.2.
23.3.
23.4.
23.5.
23.6.
23.7.
23.8.
23.9.
23.10.
23.11. "there is (are)"
23.12.
23.13.
23.14.
23.15.
23.16.
23.17.
23.18.
23.19.
23.20.
23.21.
23.22.
23.23.
23.24. "Y" ""
23.25.
23.26.
23.27.
2.

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1.



.
1. / -
.
2. - 2-3 , .
3. - 3-4 , .
4. , , - 2-3 .
5. - , 3-4 .
6. - , .
7. - , . .
5 .
8. - .
9. - .
10. , , - .

.
. ,
.
, ,
Continued Contd - , , 1
Continuation Sheet No... - N...
:
2. - 3 . .
1 : Page 2 - 2 (3 . .).

1.2.
Black Sea Shipping Co. m/v " ... "

London, 17 (th) November, 1990


Bominflot Ltd 6,
Cork Street
London WIX 1PB
Attn. (For the attention of) Mr...

Dear Si rs,
(Gentlemen:)
Re: Claim for the shortage m/v "A"
(Subject: Claim for shortage m/v "A")

This is to inform you that


( 1- )
In connection with this ...
( 2- )
Yours faithfully
(Yours truly)
Victor Ivanov
............ (signature)
Master of the m/v " . . . "
2 Ends.
V
. . - Morflot, London.
Black Sea Shipping Co., Odessa

1.3.
1. .
, , , , , , .
2. .
: November 17. 1993. November 17th, 1993, Nov. 17, 1993.
, . ; November
the seventeenth nineteen

eighty-nine. , , .

:
17th November 1993
17 November 1993
17 Nov., 1993.
. , ,
. : The seventeenth of November, nineteen eighty-nine.
.
:
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th. : instant (inst.)
, ultimo (uIt.) , proximo (-.) .
: 17/11/93 (, ,
). , ,
: , : 11/17/93 ,
: 93/11/17.
:
11/17/93 0645 HRS 93/11/17 0645 HRS (17- 1993 06 45 ).
.
3. ().
, Messrs. (mesez),
Messieurs. Messrs, .
; Messrs. Watson & Co., Ship Agents.
, , Messrs, ,
"to" "the". : the Harbour Master.
-, Mr.
( Mister - ). Mr. .
.
Mrs, (Misiz) - ,
( ) .
Miss .
, .
Mr., Mrs. .
()
, , , - ,
(room) () (suite), , ,
, , . , (, )
.
, . Street, Place, Avenue . .
.
.
( ).
(, ) . :
William, Dimond & .
Universal Shipping
50, California Street,
Agencies, Inc.,
Suite 660.
2201, Market Street,
San Francisco,
Room 605,
California 94111,
Galveston, USA
Texas 77550,
USA
4. , , , ,
(), , 1-2
: Attn: Mr., For the attention of Mr., Attention of Mr. , Attention: Liner Department,
(Claim Division).
Attention . of.

5. Dear Sirs , Dear Si Si r


. Dear Madam .
Dear Sirs, Dear Sir (Dear Madam) .
Gentlemen: . ( Dear Gentleman).
Dear Si r: ,
Dear Captain, .
, , , . .
, , Sir, Madam Mr. - , Mrs. -
, Miss - .
.
- Dear Mr. White.
- Dear Mrs. Brown.
- Dear Miss Jones.
6. .
,
. :
c: / ...
Re: Your claim for the shortage m/v ...
: / ...
Sub: Claim for shortage m/v ...
Re: Sub: .
. 9
7. ,
. 5 ,
-
Dear Sirs, Gentlemen:.
.
;
) , , , , ,
: The Black Sea Shipping Co., Odessa, Ukraine;
) , : Russian, French;
) , , , , , , , , , ,
:
Universal Shipping Agencies, Inc.,
10202 East Freeway, Suite 210.
Houston, Texas 77029,
U.S.A;
) , : Master, Captain, Chief Mate, President;
) , : March, Monday, Tu., Sa;
e) , , :
Wheat, Coal, Bill of Lading, Cargo Plan;
) Mr.. Mrs., Messrs., Dear Sirs, Gentlemen:
Dear Madam . .;
) : Yours faithfully, Yours truly.
8. .
:


- Yours faithfully/Faithfully yours,

Yours truly/Yours very truly/Truly yours.

- Yours sincerely/Yours very sincerely.


:

- Respectfully/Yours respectfully, Respectfully yours/Very respectfully.

- Yours truly/Yours very truly, Very truly yours.



- Sincerely/Very Sincerely, Yours Sincerely/Sincerely yours.

- Cordially/Yours Cordially/ Cordially yours.


- Most sincerely,
:
- I am, We are, We remain.
: Thanking you for assistance, we remain Yours truly.
, . :
, -Awaiting your instructions, we are Yours faithfully,
, .
9. , , .
:
/ - For and on behalf of.
- per pro (p. p.)
- signed (sgn.)
:
Yours faithfully,
For and on behalf of
Black Sea Shipping Co.
sgn.
10. :
Enclosure - Enclosures -, - End Ends.
, :
3 Enclosures 3 End. - 3 .
,
. , ,
, .
:
3 Ends.
Notice of Readiness
Statement of Facts
Cargo Plan.
, ,
; Carbon Copy - - . . :
2 Ends.
Notice of Readiness
Statement of Facts
C. C. - Black Sea Shipping Co., Odessa Morflot, London.

1.4.
, : Registered, - Air-Mail, - Express Del ivery - DHL mail,
- Be Called For Poste Restante.
:
, ;
(room) () (suite);
;
;
() ().
, .
.
, ,
: Attention: Mr ...

1.5.
- Ai r mail
- By air mail
- Address
- Addressee
- Book-post, printed matter
- Letter
- Post restante
- Delivery
- Deliver
- Registered letter
- Name, first name
- Initials
- Envelope

- An envelop with a stamp


- Mail
- DHL mail
- Postage stamp
- Return address
- Postcard
- Greeting card
- Patronymic
- Letter
- Parcel
- P. 0. Box/mail box
- Surname/Family nam

1.6.
...
() ...
, ...
15- ...
, ...
...
/ ...
...
...
...
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, ...
, ...
...

:
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...
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...
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...
, ...
...
, ...
, ...
...
, ...
/ , ...
...
...
...
, ...
...
...
...
...
, ...
...
...

Thank you for your letter ...


We thank you for your letter (inquiry) of the ...
th of ...
Due to the fact that ... Further to our letter of (the) 15th
...
A 11 whom it may concern.
In reply (answer) to your letter of (the) ...
th of ...
In response to your cable/telex ...
In conformity with your instruction we ...
In accordance with the terms of our agreement ...
We are writing to inform you ...
Kindly note that ...
I regret to inform you ...
I have been informed that ...
We are forced to inform you ...
We wish to bring to your attention the to I lowing :
We draw your attention to the fact ...
We confirm that ...
We acknowledge the receipt of ...
We have received your letter of ...
We learn with regret (We regret to hear) ...
We are surprised to learn ...
We are pleased to inform you ...
We (are) hasten to reply to your letter of ...
We wish to advise you ...
We would like to remind you that ...
We should like to inform you ...
This is for your kind information ...
We hereby confirm ...
This is to inform you that ...
We hereby acknowledge receipt of ...
This is to inform you that ...
This is to certify that ...
Regarding your Letter of ...
Will you please notice that ...
Please note that/Please take notice that
Please note ...
Please inform us about ...
We acknowledge with thanks ...
Following you instructions we ...
As requested ...
As per agreement ...
With reference to your inquiry ...
With reference to your letter ...
Please be informed that ...
I have to inform you ...
I have the pleasure to inform you ...

1.7.
, 15

15
...

We thank you for your letter dated (the) 15th May


We have received your letter of (the) 15th May
We duly received your letter of ...

...
...
, ...


...
...

We hasten to acknowledge receipt of your letter


We are obliged for your letter of ...
We have received confirmation ...
We confirm that ...
We acknowledge with thanks receipt of your letter
We hereby acknowledge receipt of ...
We acknowledge (the) receipt of your letter of ...

1.8.
15- .
...

() .,.
...
...
...
...

Further to our letter of the 15th Feb. ...


In conformity (accordance) with your instructions ...
In accordance with the terms of our agreement .
We refer to our (your) letter ...
It appears from your letter ...
This has reference to your letter of ...
Referring to your letter of ...
With reference to your inquiry ...

...
...

In reply (In answer) to your letter of ...


We revert to our letter of ...

1.9.

We thank you and hope to hear from you soon


...
...
...

Final I y we are pleased to attach herewith copies of ...

...
...
.. .

You will greatly oblige me by acknowledging the


receipt of ...
Thanks beforehand ...
Thanking you in advance ...

...
...



..

...

...

...
...

We attach hereto copies of ...


We should have done our best ...
We shall appreciate your cooperation in this matter

Hoping to hear from you


In the light of the above we are ...

An early reply wi11 be much appreciated


An early reply wi11 oblige
We are, therefore, holding you responsible for ...
We appreciate very much your friendly cooperation
We are awaiting your reply as soon as possible
We would ask you to accelerate your reply
We would ask you to acknowledge the receipt of ...
We would ask you to accelerate your reply to our
letter
We would request you to inform us in due time of
the ...

, ,
...
...
...
...
, ...
...
, ...
...
...
...
, ...
, (, ) ...
...

We should like you to do the best to ...


We trust to get an early reply ...
We remain, yours faithfully ...
We request the favour of a very early reply ...
Please let us know in due time of ...
Please find herewith ...
In view of the foregoing we are ...
Our compliments and greetings to one and all...
We are to rewarding to you he re with ...
I shall keep you well informed of further
developments
I'll take all the steps that I consider necessary
I did my very utmost ...
I reserve the right to reach a decision ...
I look forward with interest to your answer

1.10.
!
!
!
!
,
!
!
!
!

()





...





, ,






, ...

Congratulations
My congratulations to you. I congratulate you
Happy holiday
Happy birthday. Happy birthday to you
Many happy returns (of the day)
Happy New Year
Merry Christmas (X-mas)
Happy anniversary
I congratulate you with the promotion
Accept my (our) hearty congratulations
Please accept my hearty congratulations on your
birthday
Please accept my hearty congratulations on, your
arrival
Please accept my hearty congratulations on your
success
Please accept me hearty congratulations on your
marriage
I beg to congratulate you on ...
May all your dreams come true
With best wishes for a Happy New Year
Let (me) congratulate you on this occasion
I wish you joy and happiness
I wish you happiness, health, success
I wish you every joy in life
Have a good journey
All the best
Bon voyage
I'd like to wish you the very best
I am simply bursting to congratulate you
I am grieved to hear the sad news of the death of ...
I do condole with you

1.11.




()






,
...
/






Thank you/Thanks
Thank you very much (Many thanks)/Thanks so much
Thanks again
I thank you from the bottom of my heart
It's all right/Not at a I I/Don't mention it
Don't try to thank me
Thanking beforehand
Thanking you in advance
Thank you for your kind cooperation
Thanks very much indeed
Please accept my sincere thanks
We shall appreciate you confirming to us ...
Thank you for your consideration/help
It's very kind/sweet/thoughtful of you
I'm very obliged to you
I shan't forget it
I'm rea11y grateful to you
I'm terribly grateful to you
I'm deeply indebted to you
My deep gratitude

1.12. ,


/

...
,



,

,
,

We apologize for delay


We apologize for delay
We offer an apology
We are sorry for the delay
We have learned with regret ...
Please excuse the error
Please accept our apologies
Excuse my disturbing you
I 'm sorry to be late
I'm sorry to have kept you waiting
I must apologize for my mistake
I must apologize for offending you
Sorry, I can't help you
We offer an apology
We apologize for the delay

1.13. ,
...
...
...
/ ...
...
/ ...
.../ ...
, ...
, ...
, ...
, /
...
...
...
, ...
,
...
, ...

Please inform us ...


Please keep us informed
Please wire (cable) us ... .We kindly ask you
to wire us ...
Please send (dispatch) us ...
We kindly ask you to send us ...
Please ship (supply) us ...
Please make (affect) payment ... : we request
you to pay ...
Please book the following order ...
Please advise us (let us know) ...
Please note ...
Please arrange for punctual shipment (supply) ..
Please acknowledge the receipt ...
We ask (request) you to inform us ...
We shall be obliged if you will inform us ...
We should appreciate your sending to us ...
Please dispatch ... by the first steamer available

1.14.
... , ...
, ...
...
...
, ...
...
...
, ...

Messrs. ... have notified us that ...


I have been informed that ...
We are forced to inform you ...
We have been credibly informed ...
This is to inform you, that ...
The present letter serves to inform you ..,
We think it right to inform you ...
We are pleased to advise (inform) you, that ...
We shall advise you further in due course
We await your advise on the subject

1.15.
...
...


,

, ...
...

We would like to offer you ...


We suggest shipping the cargo ...
We expect (await) delivery at specified dates
The cargo is to be shipped in a week
We hope our offer wi1l meet your demand
We should like to remind you that ...
We should have done our best ...

1.16. ,
...
...
...
...
...

...
/ ...
...
...

- ...
,

We flatly refuse ...


We received a flat refusal ...
He rejects the offer
He repelled (repulsed) the request ...
They turned it down flat ...
They refuse to reimburse (recompense) damages We
have to refuse ...
We are not in a position ...
In default of acceptance ...
In default of payment ...
We repudiate your claims
By reason of the vessel failure to vacate berth ...
As the delay was entirely due to reason beyond our
control, we cannot be held responsible for it
We cannot accept your claim for the following reason

1.17. , ...

In the event the vessel fails to comply with this


requirements ...
()... For failure to work overtime ... ;
...
Should the vessel fail to vacate berth ...
- ...
By reason of the vessel's failure to vacate berth ...
...
We failed to...
...
Non-performance/Failure to perform/Default of
agreement ...
...
Under no circumstances ...
...
In default of agreement ...
...
Occasion (accident) had occurred through no fault
of ...
, ...
The vessel failing to comply with the requirement ...

I disagree with you

I disapprove of that

1.18.


()
()




3000

,
, ()



()






2
, -,
...

(, )

,
-

,



() 30
/

sustain damage
cause damage
cause much (extensive), considerable damage
To cause minor (slight) damage
To cover the damage caused
To apprehend possible damage
To anticipate possible damage.
To admit the damage at US $3,000,000
To verify the scope of damage
To estimate the extend and amount of the damage
caused
The damage caused to the ship
The damage caused by your vessel
Your vessel caused material damage to my ship
Amount of the damage estimated by surveyor
I hold you responsible for the damage caused to my
ship
To ascertain the extent of the damage
Damage survey
Same damage was caused to the pier
Winchman damaged railing in way of hold No 2
Cases apparently damaged
Cases proved to be damaged ...
during the survey ... turned to be damaged (broken)
I hold the Stevedoring Co. responsible for the damage
caused and for the consequences which may arise
there from
Lest they be damaged
We maintain that we are not liable for the damage
After docking of the vessel following bottom damage
were stated
The bottom plating was found to be set severely up
over a total length of approximately 30 metres
Damaged through improper stowage/by sweat in hold

1.19.





()
,
...
,

( )
,

be at a loss
Recovery of damages ... (losses)
To entail a loss
To cover (reimburse) the losses/To pay damages
To compensate the owner(s) the loss incurred
We claim damages which a re-estimated at $ ...
To bear a loss
They put in a claim for damage
To assess damages
To cover a loss
To meet with a loss/To have a loss
To sell at a loss

1.20. , ,
-
,


- ...
,
,
,


,
,
...
() ,







...
() ...
...
...
...
...
?

claim on (against) a person


Claim in return. / Counter-claim
Claim release
If any claim arise ...
To contest (to dispute) a claim
To abandon (release), give up (a claim)
To reject a claim
To repudiate claim
To support a claim
To acknowledge a claim / To admit a claim
To make a claim against ...
To put in I aim for ... / To lay a claim to ...
To file claim
The claim regarding shortage
The claim was a I lowed without question
To claim urgent repair of the damage
The consignee agreed to satisfy (meet) your claim
We have made a claim against (on) the shipper for
shortshipment
We are going to present a claim in return
We can't accept claims on this cargo
They re I eased their claim
Please make (affect) payment ...
Kindly remit to ...
We request for payment ...
In default of payment ...
The payment falls due on the ...
The sum has been placed to your charge ...
Who wi11 reimburse our expenses?

1.21.


()
..
...




...

()
-


...
...
,
...

You cannot escape liability


You will be he I d (liable) for the detention
We are, therefore, holding you responsible for ...
We hold you responsible for the ...
To bear responsibility
To limit responsibility
To relieve of liability (liability ceases)/To discharge
from liability
The responsibility for the collision must be charged on
the ...
The responsibility rests with the shippers
To assume liability (risk)
To hold (consider) some one responsible
Shipowner is not responsible for the quality
I have to hold your firm responsible for the ...
I shall bear no responsibility for the quality ...
I give you notice holding you solely responsible for ...
This inevitably involves responsibility

2.
2.1.
, ...
, ...
, -...
...
...
...
, ...
...
...
...
.,.
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
..,
...
...
...
, ...
...
...
...
, ...

as well as...
by virtue of, due to, thanks to...
owing to...
moreover, more than that...
instead of...
in view of...
as, in view of the fact that, inasmuch
for the time being...
further to, in addition to...
likely, probably...
depending on the...
in an emergency, in a pinch...
at the same time...
in any case, at all events
at the head...
in despite of, contrary to...
at any price...
unlike...
in respect to, in relation to...
in the presence of...
otherwise, in the contrary case...
in consequence of...
in connect ion with...
in consequence of, owing to...
due to the fact that...
in consequence of which...
in the event of...
In case of need...
in case of, in the event of...

...
...
...
...
, ...
...
...
...
, ...
; ...
...
...
...
...
...
...
..,
...
-...
...
, ...
; ...
; ...
...
...
...
...
...

...

, ...
, ...

,
..
, ..;

...
, ...
...
,
, ...
no ...
...
...
...
...
...
...

failing to comply with...


in case of absence (lack)...
in default of payment. ..
in compliance with... in accordance with,..
In conformity with...
while; whilst...
in witness whereof...
during; in the course of...
as...
provided...
even if...
up to now...
with the view of; with a view to ...
depend on (upon).,.
if any...
at a time...
failing...; in default of...
failing...; in default of...
out of...
by reason of; because of...
otherwise...
on the understanding that...
furthermore...
lest...
as soon as...
besides; moreover; furthermore
by that time...
in virtue of...
to insist of...
not for nothing
regardless of danger...
despite of all
efforts...
in spite of; notwithstanding...
in no case
in nowise
however
at the same time
proved to be...
in regard to,
with regard to...
while, whilst
as far as possible...
as far as possible...
as yet...
to rely on...
besides
apart from this ...
at the request of...
inasmuch as; seeing that...
compared with; in comparison with...
by means of...
in all probability
under present circumstances...
as the case may be...

...
...
...
, ...
...
...
,
...
, ()...
...
, ...
...
...
, ...
...
, ...

if any...
providing; subject to...
for the sake of...
besides...
according to; as per...
since...
for the purpose of;
with the view of...
as we 11 as; also; too...
hereby...
as; inasmuch...
nevertheless...
while; whilst...
in respect that; seeing that...
as to; as for...
hereby

2.2.
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
...?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
()?
?
(-, -)?
?
?
?
? ?
?
?
?
?
?
?
(-, -)?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?

Really?
What time is the departure?
What is the matter?
Do you understand me?
Could you help me?
Do you agree?
Where?
Where do you live?
Where can I find...?
What for?
What for?
Do you know?
Do you know?
How?
How far from here?
How long does the voyage last?
How long does it last?
How do I get there?
What is this called?
Which?
In what way?
What was their answer?
What is your opinion?
By whom? With whom?
When?
When do you leave?
When does the ship leave?
What time is the embarkation?
Whom? ?
whom? From whom?
Which?
What time is it?
At what time?
Who?
Who do you need?
Who is this?
Where (to)?
Where are you going?

...?
?
...?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
? ( )
?
?
?
?
?
?
...?
?
...?
?
(, , )?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?

Could you show me...?


May I help you?
Is it your intention?
Where from? From whence?
Where did you come from?
Which quay does the ship leave from?
Of whom?
What about?
Why?
Why did not you inform?
Will you have to pay?
Under what conditions?
May I?
May I come in?
For what purpose?
With whom?
How much? How many?
How long? ( )
How much does it cost?
How old are you?
How much do we have to pay?
How long shall we have to lie in the road?
Are you willing?
Do you have...?
Already?
Do you want...?
What?
Whose?
What?
What do you need? "
What are you doing?
What do you think of that?
What is the matter with you?
What has happened?
What did you say?
What do you want?
Is that right?
What is this?
What does this mean?

2.3.

?
?
?
?
19.,.
?
... "
?
?
,

?

Name; first name; Christian name


Patronym; middle name
Surname; family name; second name
What is your full name?
What is your surname, (family name)?
What is your first name (name)?
In what year were you born?
I was born in 19...
How old are you? What is your age?
I am... (years old)
When were you born?
Where were you born?
Citizenship
Be naturalized
What is your nationality?

?

? ?
?
?
?
.. .
?
?
,
?
?
?
?
/
/?
?
...?
...

?

What is your profession?


What post do you hold?
What are you?
What do you do for living?
Where do you work?
Where do you live?
I live in...
What is your home address?
Are you married?
Yes, I am married
Are you single?
Are your folks (parents) living?
How old are your parents?
Do you have children?
I have one child / two children
How old is your son/ your daughter?
Do you have brothers and sisters?
Are you a member of the...Party?
I am a member of the Party
I am not a Party member
Are you a religious believer?
I am an atheist

2.4.

.
.
.

()
.

,
,


,
,
, ()

,
,
.

()
,
,

Wife
Husband
Father. Mother
Son. Daughter
Senior son, eldest son
Junior son, youngest son
Parents
Old folks
Mamma. Papa (daddy)
Grandparents
Grandfather, grandpapa
Grandmother, grandmamma
Great-grandfather
Great-grandmother
Grandchildren
Great-grandson
Great-granddaughter
Cousin (first cousin) ()
Father-in-law
Mother-in-law
Uncle, aunt
Nephew
Niece
Son-in-law
Daughter-in-law
Sister-in-law
Step-father, Step-mother
Step-child, step-son
Step-daughter
Step-brother (sister)
Godchild, godson, goddaughter
Godfather, godmother

.
, , ,

()

.

Fianc. Bride
Marriage
Engagement, betrothal
Divorce
Divorce
Ancestor, Ancestry

2.5.

1900 . -
1904 . -
1949 .
1989
1989











,


XIX

1900 - nineteen hundred


1904 - nineteen four/ nineteen hundred and four
1949 - nineteen forty nine (nineteen hundred
and forty nine)
In the year nineteen eighty-nine
In the autumn of 1989
Late in the year
By the end of year
(For) a whole year
Leap year
All year round
A whole year
For a year
From year to year
Since last December
In April last
New Year's Eve
Per annum (p. a.)
ante Christum (. .)
anno Domini (A. D.)
From the 19th century(on)
From the earliest times
Since then, over since

, year ,
.

,
,
,

,

,

Spring, in the spring


Summer, in the summer
Autumn, in the autumn
Last autumn
Winter, in the winter
Last winter
This winter

January
(Jan.)
February
(Feb.)
March(March)
April (Apr.)
May (May)
June (June)

July (July)
August
(Aug.)
September (Sept.)
October
(Oct.)
November (Nov.)
December (Dec.)
Monthly
Instant (Inst.)
In a month
In April last
Last March
By the end of the month
Instant (Inst.)
Ultimo(Ult.)
Proximo (.)

.
March, May, June, July,

,
.
Monday
(Mon.)
Tuesday
(Tues.)
Wednesday (Wed.)
Thursday
(Thurs.)
Friday
(Fri.)
Saturday
(Sat.)
Sunday
(Sun.)
A weekend
Day off

. .

On Monday

By Friday

In a week

After a week, a week later

On Wednesday next
2
For a fortnight

Weekday

Day off; free day

Holiday

10

Today
Tonight, this evening
Yesterday
Last night
The day before yesterday
Not long ago
The other day
Long ago
Some ten days ago
The day before
Tomorrow
Tomorrow morning
The day after tomorrow
Every other day
In two days, every two days


14-
1989

14-
1989
14-
14-
September 1-
1-
14 1989
14 1989
14-


In a few days
The next day
On the second day
Around the clock
14 September, 1989
(Eng,)
14th September, 1989
14/09/89 .September 14. 1989
(USA, Can.)
September 14th, 1989
Sept. 14, 1989
Sept. 14'1989
On the 14th September, 1989
On September 14th , 1989
Of September 14th , 1989
Of the 14th of September
By the 14th of
On the 1st May
On the 1st inst.
Dated the 14th September, 1989
Dated September 14, 1989
Valid until the 14th of this month
Of today's date
Of yesterday's date
Of the same date


14-
08.00
16 14-
16.00 14-
08.30 14-
14- 10.00 16.00
13.00 14-
14 08.30
19.00 14- 1993 .

On the 14th of
September at 08.00 a.m.
At 16.00 hrs on the 14th September
At 16.00 hrs on September 14th
At about 08.30 hrs on 14th September
On the 14th September from10.00to16.00
Departure at 13.00 hrs on the 14th
On Friday. September 14th at 08.30 a. m.
At 19.00 on September 14th, 1993 (USA)
At 19.00 on September 14, 1993
At 19.00 hrs. Sept. 14, 1993
19.00 hrs. Sept. 14'93
19.00 hrs. 9/14/93
07.00 p.m. 9/14/93
9/14/93 at 19.00 hrs.
9/14/93 - 19.00
9/14.19.00
93.09.14.19.00
93/09/14/19.00
In the morning
Early in the morningIn the early morning
At daybreak, at sunrise
By day, in the afternoon



8
12




?



three


14.00
16.30
8 21






( )

( UT-3)

( UT-5)

( UT-4)

(
UT-6)

( UT-5)
(UT-7)
(UT-6)
( UT-8)
( UT-7)

The whole day, all day long


At noon, at midday
In the afternoon
In the evening, late PM
At sunset
At night
At midnight
Last night
At 8 o'clock in the morning, at 8 a. m.
About twelve
In half an hour
For two hours
At five o'clock; at 05.00 hrs
By Five o'clock; by 05.09 hrs
What time is it?
It is three o'clock
It is twenty minutes to three
It is a quarter past
It is a quarter to five
It is half past two
At thirteen (hundred) hours
Today, at 2.00 p.m. / 14.00 hrs
Today at 16.30 hrs
At 8 o'clock on the morning of the 21st of June
Expected (Estimated) time of Arrival (ETA)
Coordinate Universal time (UTC)
BST - British (UT+1) Summer time
Central European time (GET)
Local time (LT)
Atlantic Standard Time UT-4 (AST)
Atlantic Day light
(Saving) Time (ADT)
Eastern Standard Time
(EST)
Eastern Day! light
(Saving) Time
(EOT or EDST)
Central Standard Time
(CST) (alI ports of
Gulf of Mexico)
Central Daylight (Saving) Time (CDT or CDST)
Western Standard Time (WST)
Western Daylight (Saving) Time (WDT).
Pacific Standard Time(PST)
Pacific Daylight (Saving) Time (PDT)

1 ( )
New Year's Day

Good Friday

Easter Monday

May Day

Spring Bank Holiday

( )
( )
Summer Bank Holiday
25 ()
Christmas Day
26 ( )
Boxing Day ,
1 ( )
New Year's Day
( . )
Washington's Birthday
( )
Memorial Day
4 ( )
Independence Day

Labour Day ( )
2- ( )
Clumbus Day
11 ( )
Veteran's Day
( ) Thanksgiving Day

2.6.
.
$, ($125), (125$). ,
: One hundred and twenty-five dollars.
, (125), :
"one hundred and twenty-five pounds" "one hundred and twenty-five pounds sterling".

. : - , - DKr,
-SKr, - Lr, -Dr, - FF, - Y.
$
.
: $, - CAN$ CDN$, - L,
- E.
, ( ),
$ US USA. : US $125.00 : "One hundred and
twenty-five US dollars" - .
: US $125.00 (One hundred and twenty-five 00/100 US dollars).
( ) .
. : $1,246.135.75 1 246 135 75
.
- = 1/100 cent(s), . (
) , : 1 cent, 1c, 1 ,.
: one cent, - cents. :
$.01 (one cent) - . a penny;
$.05 (five cents) - , - nickel;
$.10 (ten cents) - , - a dime;
$.25 (twenty)-five cents - 20 , - a Quarter;
$.5 (fifty cents) - ; - a half-dollr.
: a dollar bill, a ten dollar bill.
: $1,235.75, $1.23575,
$1.235/100 "one thousand two hundred and thirty-five dollars and seventy-five cents.
dollars
: $1,235.75 (One thousand two hundred and thirty-five and 75/100 dollars) US
$1,235.75 (One thousand two hundred and thirty-five and 75/100 US dollars).
- pound ( - pounds) ,
. , ,
: 125, 125.00, 125-00. "one hundred and twenty-five
pounds". ,
, - . : 1,246,135.00 = 1246135 .
1 "a pound" "one pound".

penny - = 1/100 ( - - ),
. 1, "a penny" "one
penny". "penny". : a fivepenny coin, twenty penny coin, but fifty pence coin (piece), a pound, a five/ten pound note.
, :
125.75, 125-75. : "one hundred and twenty-five pounds and seventy-five
(pence).
, , pound(s) () pound(s) sterling - () . "sterling"
, "" pound(s),
. : 125 pounds sterling; 125 sterling = 125
. "sterling" .
: 1,235.75 (one thousand two hundred and thirty five pounds sterling and seventy-five ()).

2.7.
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Afghanistan
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bolivia
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Butan
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Canary Islands
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus

-

-

Lek (LK)
Algerian Dinar (DA)
Kwanza (Kw)
Afghani
Peso
Australian Dollar ($A)
Austrian ShiiIing (Sch)
Bahamas Dollar (B$)
Bahrain Dinar (BO)
Taka (Tk)
Barbados Dollar
Belgian Franc (BFr)
Belizean Dollar (B$)
CFA Franc
Bermuda Dollar (B$)
Boliviano (B)
Pula (P)
Cruzeiro (Cr)
Brunei Dollar (Br$)
Lev (L)
CFA Franc
Burundi Franc (FBu)
Ngultrum (Ng)
Riel
CFA Franc
Canadian Dollar (C$)
Spanish Peseta (Pts)
Escodo
Cayman Islands Dollar
CFA Franc
Chilean Peso
Yuan - 10 ..liao
Colombian Peso ($Col)
Comoros Franc
CFA Franc
Colon (C)
Croatian Dinar
Peso ($)
Cyprus Pound (C)

100 Qintars
100 Centimes
100 Centavos
100 Pul
100 Centavos
100 Cents
100 Grosh
100 Cents
100 Fils
100 Paise
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Centavos
100 Thebe
100 Centavos
100 Sena
100 Stotinki
100 Centimes
100 Centimes
100 Paise
100 Sen
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Centavos
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Centavos
100 Fins
100 Centavos
100 Centimes
100 Centimes
100 Centimos
100 Centavos
1000 Milliemes

Czechia
Denmark

Coruna
Danish Kroner (DKr)

100 Halere
100 Ore

Djibouti
Dominica

100 Centimes
100 Cents

Dominican Rep.

European Community

Djibouti Franc (DJFr)


East Caribbean Dollar
(EC$)
Dominican Rep. Peso
(RD$)
E, C. U.
Sucre ($)
Egyptian Pound (E) =
100 Piastres
Colon (C)
Pound ()

100 Centavos
1000 Milliemes

CFA Franc
Estonian
Birr ($E)
Falkland Pound (F)
Fiji Dollar ($F)
Markka (MKa)
Franc (FF)
CFA Franc
Dalasi
Mark (DM)
Cedi
Gibraltar Pound ()
Drachma (Dr)
Danish Kroner (Kr)
East Caribbean Dollar
French Franc
US Dollar ($)
Quetzal (Q) .
Cili ()
Pezo
Guyana Dollar (G$)
Goude (G)
Lempira (Lp)
Hong Kong Dollar (HK$)
Fount (F)
Icelandic Krona (Kr)
Rupee (R)
Rupiah (Rp)
Irani Rial (IR)
Iraqi Dinar (ID)
Punt
Shekel (Sh)
Lira (Lr)
CFA Franc
Jamaican Dollar (J$)
Yen ()
Jordanian Dinar = 10
Dirhem

100 Centimes

Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
England (United
Kingdom)
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Fiji Islands
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Germany Deutsche
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
G reen1 and
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan

-
-

100 Centavos

100 Centavos
100 Pence

100
100 Pence
100 Cents
100 Penni
100 Centimes
100 Centimes
100 Bututs
100 Pfennige
100 Pesewas
100 Pence
100 Lepton
100 Ore
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Centavos
100 Centimes
100 Centavos
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Centavos
100 Cents
100 Filler
100 Aurar
100 Paise
100 Sen
100 Dinars
1000 Fils
100 Pence
100 Agorot
100 Centesimi
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Sen
100 Piastres

Kenya
Kiribati
Korea PeopI. Dem. Rep.

Korea Republic(South)
Kuwait

Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Liberia
Libya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanma (Burma)
Namibia
Netherlands
Netherland Anti1les
New Caledonia
New Guinea
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Phi1ippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia

Kenian Shilling (KSH)


Australian Dollar
Won

100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Chon

Won
Kuwaiti Dinar =
100 Dirhem
Kip(K)
Latvian...
Lebanese Pound (Leb)
Liberian Dollar (L$)
Libyan Dinar (LD)
Lithuanian
Luxembourg Franc
Pataca
Madagascar Franc
Kwacha (K)
Ringgit
Maldives Rufiya
CFA Franc
Maltese Li re
French Franc
Ouguiya (0)
Mauritius Rupee (R)
Mexican Peso (Mex$)
Moldovian Leu
French Franc
Tugrik (T)
Dirham (0
Metical (M)
Kyat
South African Rang (R)
GuiIder
Anti1 lean GuiIder
CFP Franc
Australian Dollar ($A)
N. Z, Dollar (NZ$)
Cordoba
Naira (N)
Norwegian Krone (Kr)
Riyal Omani (RO)
Pakistan Rupee (R)
Balboa (B)
Kina (K)
Guarani (G)
Sol
Phi1ippines Peso (P)
ZIoty (Zl)
Escudo (Esc)
US Dollar ($)
Riyal
Leu (L)
Rouble (Rb)

100 Chon
1000 Fils
100 At
100 Piastres
100 Cents
100 Piastres
100 Centimes
100 Avos
100 Centimes
100 Ngve
100 Cents
100 Cents (Lires)
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100
100 Cents
100 Centavos
100 Centimes
100 Mungu
100 Franc
100 Centavos
100 Pyas
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Centavos
100 Kobo
100 Ore
1000 Baiza
100 Pice
100 Centecimos
100 Toea
100 Centimes
100 Centavos
100 Centavos
100 Grossy
100 Centavos
100 Cents
100 Oirhams
100 Bani
100 Copeek

Rwanda
Samoa (Western)
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Surinam
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thai land
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab
Emi rates
United Kingdom
United States of
America
Uruguay
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Yugoslavia
Zaire
Zambia

-
-

Rwanda Franc
la ($WS)
Saudi Riyal = 20 Qursch
CFA Franc
Seychelles Rupee
Leone (Le)
Singapore Dollar (8$)
Dollar of Sol. 1.
Somali Shilling
Rand (R)
Peseta
Sri Lanka Rupee (R)
Sudanese Pound (Sud)
Surinam GuiIder
Krona (Kr)
Switzerland Franc (SwFr)
Syrian Pound (Syr)
Taiwan Dotlar (T$)
Tanzania Shilling (Sh)
Baht (B)
CFA Franc
Paanga
Trin.&Tob. Dollar
Tunisian Dinar (TD)
Turkey Lira (TL)
Australian Dollar
Ugandian Shilling (USh)
Grivna
Dirham

100 Sene
100 Halal
100 Centimes
100 Paise
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Centimes
100 Cents
100 Piastres
100 Cents
100 Ore
100 Centimes
100 Piastres
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Satangs
100 Centimes
100 Seniti
100 Cents
1000 Mill lines
100 Kurus
100 Cents
100 Cents
100 Copeek
100 Fils

Pound (Sterling) ()

100 Pense

Doll ($)

100 Cents

Uruguayan Peso (Ur$)


Vatu (Va)
Bolivar (BOL)
Dong = 10 Hoa
Riyal / Dinar
Yugoslavian Dinar (YD)
Zaire (Z)
Kwacha (K)

100 Centesimos
100 Centimes
100 Sy
100 Fils
100 Paras
100 Macutas
100 Ngwee

. 1. CFA Franc -Colonies Franyaises d'Afrique French - French African Colonies Franc -
,
.
2. CFP Franc - French Pacific Community Franc - ()
, .

2.8. ,




,
( )
( )

( )

( )
(, = )

'

Decimalize
Bisectrix
Vertex of angle
Helix
Raising to a power
Thrice, triple
Subtraction (Subtract from A)
Subtract (A minus is )
Hyperbola
Hypotenuse
Bar Graph
Diagram of function
Twice
Double
Division(Divide A by )
Divide (A divided is )
Decimal fraction
Common logarithm
Diagonal
Area Graph
Diameter
Differential
Differentiation
Differentiate
Fraction
Denominate
Extract root
Extracting of root
Integral
Integration
Integrate
Tangent
Cathetus
Square
Square root
Cone
Root
Cosecant
Cosine
Cotangent
Coefficient
Curve, curved line
Curvature
Circle
Pie graph
Cube
Line graph
Line
Logarithm
Taking the logarithm of
Take the logarithm of
Broken line
Median
Polthedron
Polygon

( )

( )

Natural logarithm
Origin of coordinates
Normal
Genratrix
Volume
Circle
Base of logarithm
Base
Acute angle
Abscissa ax is
Coordinate axis
Axis of ordinates
Ratio
Negative number
A pair
Parabola
Parallelogram
Parallel line
Perpendicular line
Pyramid
Plane
Area
Surface
Exponent
Positive number
Prism
Product
Derivative
Proportion
Common fraction
Per cent, percentage
Straight line
Right angle
Rectangle
Rectangular triangle
Equals to
Isosceles triangle
Equilateral triangle
Radius
Difference
Rhombus
Segment
Secant
Sector
Sine
Sine curve
Add (Please add A and )
Addend (urn)
Addition (A plus is )
Factor
Spiral
Power
Sum
Tangent
Point
Trapezoid

( )
( )

Triangle
Trigonometric function
Obtuse angle
Angle
Multiplication(A times , is )
Multiply (Multiply A by )
Equation
Frustum of a pyramid
Frustum of a cone
Chord
Whole number
Centre
Cycloida
Digit
Quotient
Numerator
Number
Sphere
Ellipse


+
-
(X)
/(:)
=
/ ( )
I
()
( )
%
[ ]
{ }
(N)
**

Plus
Minus
Times (by)/multiplication sign
Divided/division sign
Equals to
Stroke/fraction bar
Vertical stroke
("or" sign )
Brackets
Per cent
Square brackets
Braces
Number
Raising to a power

()
Area Graph


Pie Graph

Line Graph
()
Stacke-Bar Graph
()
Bar Graph

Hi-Lo Graph
( )

2.9.

Analog computer

Date base

Byte

Date bank

BASIC (Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code)

Bit
-
Alphanumeric code (character)

Alphabetic code

Date input

,
, ,

()

()

Uppercase
Modify
Return
Reset
Display
Recovery
Insert, insertion
Output
Computation, computing, calculation
Computer, calculator
Floppy disc
Master password
Read/write head
Graphic program
Plotter
Date
Colon
Joystick
Interactive, conversation program
Directory )
Disk
Diskette
Disk Operation System (DOS)
Disk driver
Display
Track
Hard disk
Record
Storage
Memory unit; storage device
Request
Comma
Write protect
Copy protect
Character. Symbol
Arithmetic operation
character
Dollar sign $
Blank character
Asterisk ()
Value
Display image
Diskette name
Drive name
Device name
File name
interface
Delete
Underflow
Quotation marks
Frame
Directory
Kilobyte
Keyboard
Key
Keyword (LET, IF, THEN, PR I NT)

()


()


( )
,


()
()

,
( )
()
()



(
(,

Code. Encoding
Command, instruction
Computer virus
Cursor
Array
Megabyte
Menu
Label
Drive, storage, accumulator
Lowercase (uppercase)
File updating
Data processing
Random access memory (RAM)
Debugging
Data (program) memory
Password
Pause
Overflow
Peripheral
Punch card. Type
Printer
Printed circuit
Board, card
Subroutine
Prompt
Read only memory (ROM)
Printer
Suspend, hesitation
Gap, blank
Recovery program
Auxiliary (calling) program
Main (head) program
Master control program
Processing (learning) program
Working (memory allocation) program
File control (job control) program
Executive (command) program
Programming
Software
Control console
Listing
Refresh (regeneration)
Editing
Light pen
Sensitive screen
Scanner )
Bracket (square-) bracket, brace)
Erasing
Line, string
Supervisor
Reading
Text
Testing
Test program
Semicolon
Data translation



(),

General purpose computer


Database (task () control)
Data (memory) file management
File Format
Formatting
Function key, soft key
File store
Numeric keypad
Cipher, enciphering
Pixel
Programming language
Job Control Language
(JCL) :
ll, location


[], []
[]
[], [ ]
[]
[], []
[], []
[]
[], []. []
[1]-[12]
[], []
[]
[ ], []
[. ], [. ]
[. ], [. ]
[. ], []
[ ]
[]
[]

[ALT]
[BREAK]
[CAPS LOCK]
[CTRL]
[DEL], [DELETE]
[END]
[ENTER], [CR], [RETURN]
[ESC]
[F1]-[F12]
[HOME]
[INS], [INSERT]
[NUM LOCK]
[PAGEDOWN], [PGDN]
[PAGE UP], [PG UP]
[PR SCR], [PRINT SCREEN]
[SCROLL LOCK]
[SHIFT]
[TAB]

2.10.


()


recruit crew
recruit temporary staff
engage local (staff)
Manning
Relief (staged) crew
reserve the right to terminate the contract
Overtime
Travelling days
Subsistence allowance
Per diem
Accommodation allowance
Refunding of travel expenses
Recruiting crew
Articles of agreement between the Master an (seaman)
Date and place wages commenced
Capacity in which employed


Base wages per month

Days of annual paid leave

Minimum days of paid holidays per year

Citizenship

2.11.

Captain, master
()
Navigator

Engineer

Radio staff

Medical staff

Chief mate

First mate

Second mate

Third mate

Junior mate (fourth mate)
Purser (chief steward)

Chief radio operator

Radio operator

Chief engineer

Second engineer (GB) First assistant engineer (US)

Third engineer (GB) Second assistant engineer (US)

Fourth engineer (GB) Third assistant engineer (US)

Repairing engineer

Boatswain
.
Carpenter. Shipwright

Shopman, skipper

Storekeeper

Quartermaster

Sailor, seaman

Able seaman, able-bodied seaman

Ordinary seaman

Motorman

Engineman; mechanic

Stoker, fireman

Oiler, greaser

Donkeyman

Turner

Fitter, locksmith

Electrician engineer

Electrician

Cook

Chef

Baker

Bartender, steward

Waiter

Waitress
( )
Meesman
.
Steward. Stewardess

Barber

Linen keeper

Linen manageress

Laundress

Purser
.
Helmsman, wheelman

Coxswain
Rating
Deck rating
Deck hands
Engine room rating
Catering staff
Seaman
Seafarer
Officer
Watchman
Watch officer
Cargo officer
Supercargo
Tallyman
Look-out
Dock master
Doctor
Docker
Stevedore
Pilot
Diver
Chief
Assistant
Welder
Winchman
Crane operator

2.12.

Permanent






54 11-2 1981 .

1974 . ( -74)
...
( )

,

Passenger Ship Safety Certificate


Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate
Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate
Nuclear Passenger Ship Safety Certificate
Nuclear Cargo Ship Safety Certificate
Classification Certificate
International Load Line Certificate
International Tonnage Certificate
Certificate of compliance of construction and
equipment of the ship with the requirements of
regulation 54 of charter 11-2 of 1981 amendments to
the international convention for the safety of Life at
sea, 1974 (The 1974 SOLAS Convention)
Certificate of Navigation under the Flag of the...
Ship's Certificate (Certificate of Ownership)
Minimum Safe Manning Certificate







, , , ,



Register of Ship's Cargo Handling Machinery and Gear

International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate


(IOPP Cert)
Supplement to the International Oil Pollution
Prevention Certificate
International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate

Certificate of Test and Examination of Cranes or


Hoists and their accessory Gear
Certificate of Test and Examination of Winches,
Derricks and Accessory Gear before being taking into
use
Certificate of Test and Examination of Chains,
Hooks, Shackles, Swirels, Pulley blocks and other
loose gear
Certificate of Test and Examination of Wire Ropes
before being taken into use
Certificate of Test and Examination of Lift before
taken into use

Garbage Pollution Prevention Certificate


Certificate of Type Test for Sewage Treatment- Plants
Report of Marine Safety and Pollution Survey
Certificate of Financial Responsibility (Water
Pollution)
Deratisation Exemption Certificate
Certificate of Equipment
Certificate of Life Saving Appliances
Suez Canal Special Tonnage Certificate
Panama Canal Tonnage Certificate
Voyage's documents
General Declaration
Custom Declaration
Cargo Declaration
Ship's Stores Declaration
Crew's Effect Declaration
Certificate of Free Pratique
Maritime Declaration of Health
Cargo Manifest
Dangerous Cargo Manifest
Shipping Order
Mate's Receipt
Hatch List
Tally sheet
Bill of Lading
Through Bill of Lading
Liner Bill of Lading
Charter party, Time charter
Cargo plan

( )
()
()





( )

Outturn report
Timesheet, Statement of Fact
Notice
Certificate of Origin
Ship's Stability Calculation
Grain Stability Calculation
Crew List
Passenger List
Clearance

2.13. , ,
()
...
...
... ( )
...
...
, / ...
...
... ()/ ()
,
, ,
, ...
(, , ) ...
, ...
/ ...

() ...


15-

16-

Inward (outward) vessel


enter port...
To leave port (to get out of port)...
To call at... (to touch at)
To be bound for... (I am bound for...)
To start for...
To sail for (to leave for...)
To leave port (to depart from.... to get out of...)
To approach.., (to get alongside)
To near... (to get closer)
To arrive at port, to arrive in...
To come from..,
To pass (by, through, across)...
To proceed to...
To sail for... (to sail from...)
To berth (to moor, to get moored, to get alongside)
To leave for...
We expect to arrive at your port on Sunday
We expect to sail from Odessa on Monday
We were unable to leave Odessa on the 15th inst.

3
?
?
?

(, )
()


-
()
?


()
?
?
,.. ...

They went Odessa three months ago


What port touched at?
What are the ship's ports of call?
Does the ship call at Istanbul?
The ship could not enter the port
Port of destination (arrival)
Port of departure (sailing)
Port of delivery (redelivery)
Port of call (touch)
Port of refuge (harbour of refuge)
Ultimate port
Port arrived from?
Port of loading
Port of discharging (unloading)
Port of registry
Where are you bound for?
Where are you bound from?
I am bound for... from...

We depart from Odessa on the 16th


We are leaving tomorrow
We are getting out into the sea

3.
3.1.

...

He

Distressed, disabled
Towed, being towed, tow
Being towed alongside
Towing, towing astern
Towing alongside
Dracon being towed
Pusher (tug)
High-speed
Jet-propel led v., hydro-jet
Inward
V. thrown on...
Outward
Twin-screw
Overtaken
Engaged in diving operations
Engaged in dredging operations
Engaged in fishing
Engaged in mine clearance
Engaged in trawling
Wreck, sunken
Altering her course
Coaster, coastwise
Quarantine
Not under command
Seaworthy, seafaring
Aground
Ship under way, making way
Unseaworthy
Ship not underway
Ocean-going
Non-propelled
Being overtaken
Overtaking
Support
The give-way obligated
Single-screw
Sistership
Ship restricted in her ability to manoeuvre, hampered
Lake
Stopped
Straggler
Leaving, ship leaving
Moored
Overloaded
Converted
Crossing
Striken, crippled
Derelict, abandoned ship
Lost steerage, disabled ship
Nearing, getting closer

Nearing a bend
Ship carrying out hydrographic survey
Passing
Turning, ship turning
Following you
Keeping her present course
Salving
Constrained by her draught
Ship aground, stranded
Idle (inactive)
Reader
Ship in distress, distressed
Ship being pushed ahead
Sinking
Sink the vessel
Triple-screw (-propeller)
Privileged
Stand-on
Give-way
Launch a ship
Join a ship

3.2.
-

Salvage and rescue


Aircraft carrier
Bulk carrier
Barge
Tug
Pusher (tug)
Refueling, bunkering,
Diving vessel
Water boat, water-carrier, water barge
Warship, man-of-war, naval
Auxiliary, service
Liquefied gas, gas carrier
Hydrographical, surveying,
Cargo, freighter
Cargo and passenger
Stone (concrete), ferroconcrete
Sealer
Dredger
Cable
Catamaran
Boat, launch
Whaler
Whale, whaling
Whale factory
Container
Cruiser
Icebreaker
Lighter
Lash (Lighter aboard ship), seabee
Pilot boat
Pilot
Ash boat; refuse-removal
Air-cushion, cushion

-
-

(-)


()

Hydrofoil
Research
Oceanographic, ocean survey
Rig tender
Ferry (boat)
Sailing
Passenger
Tender, floating base, deport
Floating crane
Repair ship
Light, lightship
Submarine
Fire-fighting
Search and rescue
Dispatch launch
Seal-hunter
Refrigerator
Ro-ro (Roll-on/roll-off)
Fishing boat
Hopper dredger
Self-discharging
Power-driven, self-propel led
Side-paddle
Fishing boat
Seabee, Barge carrying
Cattle, cattle carrier
Sea-going
Dry cargo, freighter
Salvage, rescue ship
Tanker
Merchant, trade
Sweeper, trawler
Trawler
Mooring boat
Jet dredger

3.3.

()

( /)
()

Gross Register Tonnage (GRT)


Weight of light ship
Capacity
Displacement (load, light)
Depth (moulded)
Freeboard
Air draught, height
(Cubic) Cargo-carrying capacity
(Weight) Carrying capacity, tonnage
Rated load capacity
Pressure, compression
Deadweight
Center line (for-and-aft line)
Trim
Length (L)
Length between perpendiculars
Length overall (L )
Working strain
Permissible heeling moment
EX

(, )



()
-


Drift, leeway
Survivability, vitality
Reserve buoyancy
Bending moment
Indicated Horsepower,
List, heel
Course (true, compass)
Relative bearing
Maneuverability
Draught (draft) marks
Metacentric height (GM)
Metacentric involute
Midship section
Seaworthiness
Power
Shaft horsepower
Freeboard
The initial Metacentric height
Net Register Tonnage
Draught, draft
Maximum (extreme draught, draft)
Even keel
Design draught (draft)
Mean draught (draft)
Light draught (draft)
Stability
Hog(ing)
Cut-off force
Buoyancy
Turning effect, helm handiness
Gross Register Tonnage (GRT)
Boottop
Sag(ing)
Ship's strength
Longitudinal strength
Sheer profile
Breaking strength
Sheer
Service (commercial) speed
Dew-point
Angle of flooding
Angle of heel / List
Rudder angle
Stowage factor
Ship's steering quality
Centre of gravity
Net Register Tonnage
Breadth, width (B)
Extreme breadth (Bgx)
Moulded breadth, beam moulded
Block coefficient
Midship section coefficient
Water plan coefficient
Prismatic longitudinal coefficient
Prismatic vertical coefficient

3.4.

Safe speed

Navigate the ship

Time and distance to stop from full speed, run-out
()

Sea endurance

Turning circle diagram

Tactical diameter

Final diameter

Movement, motion

Decelerate, reduce speed / slow down

Altering course, change of course
,
Manoeuvre

Manoeuvring information

Maneuverability

Seaworthiness
, Steerage Way

Expose a ship's screw

Describe circle

Take way off
,
Deceleration, retarded motion

Turning effect, ability



Dead the ship's inertion

Steerage

Yaw

Lose the way

Slamming

Keep under way

Table of shaft revolution for representative speeds

Diameter tactical

lose steerage
.
Retard. Retarding

Manoeuvring fact sheet

Acceleration, increase speed

Rudder angle

Steering quality

Turning circle

Service speed

3.5.


Free board
Deck line
Draft marks, draught marks
Draught, draft (USA)
Midship
Top of keel
Plimsoll disk
Summer waterline
Summer load line
Winter load line
Tropical load Line
Fresh water load line
Tropical freshwater load line
Winter North Atlantic load line
Summer timber load line
Winter timber load line





()





Tropical timber load line


Winter North Atlantic timber load line
Minimum freeboard
Summer (winter) freeboard
Winter seasonal zones and areas
Southern winter seasonal zone
Summer zone
Tropical zone
Seasonal tropical area
Tonnage mark
Salinity, saltiness
Specific gravity
Density
Buoyancy
Even keel

3.6.

Displacement

Lightship displacement
() Zg Height of the . of gravity (Gr.) above keel (KG)
() Zm
Height of the MC above keel (KM)
() Zc
Height of the C. of B. above keel ()
(Mb)
Heighting moment

Cargo height

Deadweight

Dynamic stability curve

Static stability curve

Allowable Metacentric height

Working strain

Reserve buoyancy

Stores

Filled compartment

Partly filled

Stability information

List, heel

Heeling moment ..
,
curve

Curve of heeling moments

Upsetting arm curve

Curves of form stability arm

Righting arm curve

Curves of form
Maximum righting arm (GZ)

Metacenter
(h)
Metacentric height (GM) .

Metacentric height corrected

Metacentric involute
()
Midship section
, 1
Moment of change trim by 1 cm
(h)
The initial Metacentric height (GM)

Zero buoyancy
"
Volumetric heeling moment

Upsetting arm (lever)

Upsetting moment



-








-

Residual stability
Stability of the ship
Negative buoyancy
Gross curves (of stability)
Feeders
The loading plan
Arm
Heeling arm, lever arm
Upsetting arm
Righting arm, Metacentric arm (GZ)
Positive buoyancy
Surface effects of liquids in tanks
Loss or reduction of stability
prevent the shifting of cargo
Liquefy. Cargo liquefying
Cargo distribution
Levering
Stability calculation
Shifting of cargo, a shift of cargo
Strapping of lashing
Light ship
Upsetting point
Typical loaded service
Angle of repose
Upsetting angle
Angle of vanishing stability
Angle of flooding
Angle of heel
Angle of heel due to grain shift
Stowage factor (SF)
Stowage
Center of buoyancy (KB)
Center of gravity
Trimming

3.7.

, ,




,

,





.
,

Emergency shutdown
Emergency procedures including notification,
containment and clean-up of oil spills
Safe smoking spaces have been designated
Boilers and galley fires safety precautions have been
taken
All scuppers or other overboard drains are closed or
plugged
All suction valves in the engine room, pump room or
similar compartment are closed, lashed and sealed in
the closed position
Cargo hoses and loading arms are long enough for
intended use
Cargo hose is adequately supported to prevent undue
strain on the coup lings
Cargo hose is in good condition and test data is
maintained in a test log

.
( 4
)



() .

.
()


() ()
,

,
,
,

, .


- ,




_______




,
,
,



()...
/

The cargo hoses and/or loading arms are connected to


the manifold using gaskets and a bolt in every other
hole (minimum of 4 bolts)
Adequate spill containment have been provided for
couplings
Adequate lighting of the vessels and terminal work
areas and manifold areas is provided
Watch and shift arrangements Persons in charge have
held a pre-transfer conference
Agreement to begin transfer
The overboard or sea suction valves are sealed or
lashed in the closed position
Overboard discharges it is completely understood by
the Master (Chief Engineer) that, if the vessel cannot
take delivery of the full quantity ordered or if the
vessel delays the delivery for any reason, then all
additional expenses incurred by Bunkering Firm are
for the vessel's account
One person at the vessel control station is present who
fluently speaks the language of the terminal control
station
(English shall be spoken for this transfer)
A communication system is provided between facility
and the vessel. Handheld radio, sound power phone
Notification before leaving bunker station
At all times not less than two valves will prevent
overboard discharging of bunkeroil into the sea
An authorized representative wi11 witness
guages____Before___After____
Declined Warning signs and red warning signals have
been posted
Monitoring devices
Communication procedures are established and
understood between person in charge
Repair work authorization has been obtained if
applicable
Emergency shutdown system is available and operable
The transfer system is properly lined up for
discharging or receiving oil
Connections and gland tight
Transfer hose condition
The vessel has been invited to witness guages and/or
meter setting of the barge delivery
The vessel will receive a sample of all grades of
product to be delivered
Particulars and constrains of the transferring and
receiving system
The mooring lines are adequate for all anticipated
conditions
Hose and loading arm have the test markings


, ,

,

, :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
:
!
, / ..., ... ... (
) ... ... (
), ..,
( ) ... () . . .
().
.
,
/ ...

I certify that I have read, understand and agree with


the foregoing as marked
I do certify that I have personally inspected
this facility or vessel with reference to the
requirements
Bunkering orders:
1. Stand by
2. Start bunker
3. Full speed bunker or increase pressure
4. Slow down or easy down
5. Stop bunker or stop
6. Emergency stop
Note of protest for bunkering operation on...
(date)
I, Chief Engineer of m/v,.. (name of vessel) short
received...tonnes of ... (grade of bunkers) out of the ...
tonnes requested for on ... (date of bunker received) .
The bunkers were supplied by bunker barge/tanker...
(name of barge/tanker) -SB No:... on... (date) at ...
(location).
I hereby lodge a protest against the short delivery.
Yours faithfully
Chief Engineer of m/v...

3.8.

Accidental or other exceptional discharge

Automatic discharge from bilges through a separator
,
Water area

take a sample of oil on the spot

Take samples from the sea surface around the ship

Domestic wastes/Residential wastes

Was a regular check kept on the effluent

Harmful substance. Noxious substance

Noxious Liquid Substances

Time when system was made operational

Time at start of bal lasting
. ()
Dumping, release. Spreading out (throwing)

Disposal into the sea of garbage

Failure of pumping and /or stripping system
?
Where do you keep your garbage

Dirty ballast water
,
Filth

Oil Record Book
,
Pollution, Polluted water
?
Was anything observed on the surface of the water?

It is prohibited to throw overboard garbage and refuse

Segregated ballast
?
Was a separator used?
.
Pollution source. (Source of pollution.)
Source of spill

Quantity of polluted water

App likable valves

,
Bilge water which has accumulated in machinery space

Instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content


International convention for prevention of pollution from vessels

International Oil Pollution Prevention certificate
Position of ship at start of discharge

Position of ship at end of discharge

Location of discharge into sea
.
Method of discharge overboard. Washing method

Method of disposal of residue

Garbage

Incineration

Garbage incinerator

Incinerator
, ,
Receptacles for garbage

We have observed a spot of oil pollution
, ,
The grades of oils, fuels shown list are not used on our ship
, ...
We can't be held response for the fuel spill because ...
,

Our ship is equipped with an oil discharge monitoring and control system with a recording device

Our ship's technical facilities prevent the possibility of discharge of oily mixtures into the see




Non-automatic discharge overboard of bilge water


Oily mixture
Oil slick
The oil residues
found a big slick of oil (on the water surface)


Oily-water separating equipment


(, )


()

Circumstances of discharge or escape


The routine discharge at sea of bilge water
Hazardous substances (poisonous, toxic)
Special area
Slop tank/sedimentation tank
Wastes (domestic residential)
Wastes water purification
Transferring to slop tank

,
Confirm that all applicable valves in the ship's piping system have been closed

Garbage Pollution Prevention Regulation


Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation

Pollution Substances Regulation

Regulation for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil


An exemption has been granted from the pre wash

Prevention of pollution by garbage from ships


Hypothetic outflow of oil

,
Last disposal of oily water
...
The last time we discharged oily bilge water

Reception facilities


check latest entries of (in) Oil Record Book


()

Leaking
A-waste(s)
Spill (oil spl11), spillage (oil spillage)

?
Were tank washings discharged during clearing of tank(s)?






Ballast water discharge to reception facility


Discharge into the sea of tank washings
Discharge of dirty ballast
Discharge overboard of bilge water
Quantity discharged to sea
Cut-off valves
Bilge water separator


Oil Pollution Certificate of Financial Responsibility
,
Oil discharge monitoring and control system

Ship's speed during discharge

Traces of spilled or leaked oil

There are no traces of spilled oil
( )
Accident discharge of oil

Wash-out/wash-off/removal
- 50 / Suspended sol ids do not exceed 50 mg per litre

- 250/100 ...
Fecal Coliform does not exceed 250/100 ml H.P.N.
15 /
Oil content in the water sample after separation is not greater that 15 mg per litre
- 15 /
The oil content of the effluent is not greater than 15 mg per litre

notice oil slick


Sewage (waste waters)


The ship equipped with sewage treatment plant




,




The ship equipped with holding tank


Tank for oil residues
Tank for sludge
Territorial waters
Disposal of residues
Garbage removal
Disposal of waste/Wastes discharge
Skimming
Sewage disposal/Waste water disposal
Quantity disposed from each tank
Escape
Black waters
Nature of failure
Clean ballast (segregated ballast)


We are not to blame for this oil slick

This oil spot was drifted alongside ship the wind and current
,
I don't agree with your statement that our vessel is polluting the harbour area

3.9.


26 1

1973 .,
1978 .
,

,
,
, .
, .

Introduction
This Plan is written in accordance with the
requirements of regulation 26 of Annex 1 of the
International Convention for the Prevention of
Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the
Protocol of 1978 relating thereto.
The purpose of the Plan is to provide guidance to
the master and officers on the ship with respect to the
steps to be taken when a pollution incident has
occurred or is likely to occur.
The Plan contains all information and operational
instructions required by the Guidelines. The
appendices contain names, telephone, telex numbers,

, , . . , ,
,
, ,
,
.
5 .

.

"
" (
- "")
/_____
,
.





1974 .,
1978 . ( 74/78).

26 1

1973 .,
1978 . ( 73/78),

,
1990 . (OPRC-1990)

()

.

:

() - ,
;

etc. of all contacts referenced in the Plan, as welI as


other reference material.

-
;
- ,
,
;
-
,
, ;

il spill clean up response - set of measures


undertaken by the crewmembers to remote oil spilled
on board;
oil - motor and diesel fuel, lubricating oil used on
board for propulsion units operation;

This Plan has been approved by the Administration


and, except as provided below, no alteration or
revision shall be made to any part of it without the
approval of the Administration.
Changes to Section 5 and the appendices will not
be required to be approved by the Administration. The
appendices should be maintained up to date by the
owners, operators and managers.
Preamble
This Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
(hereinafter referred to as the "Plan") determines
organization and sequence of actions which are to be
followed by the crewmembers of the vessel "..."
during operational oil spill response and measures to
control actual or probable discharge of oil resulting
from damage.
If there is an oil spill the actions of the
crewmembers within the limits of this Plan are an
integral part of the set of measures to provide safety
and damage control of the ship in accordance with the
requirements of the International Convention for the
Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as modified the Protocol
of 1978 relating thereto (SOLAS 74/78).
This Plan has been developed in accordance with
the requirements of regulation 26 of Annex 1 of the
international Convention for the Prevention of
Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the
Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78),
International Convention on Oil Pollution
Preparedness, Response and Co-operation, 1990
(OPRC 1990) and the requirements of the Florida
legislative acts, demanding the availability of such a
plan while calling at the ports of this state after the
31.12.90.
Terms and definitions adopted in the plan
oil pollution prevention team - crewmembers
responsible for oil spill clean up operations on board;

oil operations - bunkering operations. internal


transfer of oil, disposal of oily bilges and ballast
water;

-
,

;
-


;
- ,
, 73/78 ( 9-11) ,

;
-
, , 73/78 ( 911) , .

:
;
(,
. .);
;
;

( ,
, );
;
,
.


,
.
()

,
, .
,
.648 (16) 19 1989 .
"
,

, ,
".

:

,
;

oil spill officer - chief officer appointed by the person


in charge of the measures 'to prevent and remove oil
spills by the crew-members;
oil spill prevention - set of measures undertaken by
the crewmembers to eliminate pollution of the sea by
oil
accidental oil spill - discharge overboard exceeding
the limits established by the MARPOL 73/78 (Reg. 911) , resulting from damage due to grounding or
collision;
operational oil spill - discharge overboard
exceeding the limits established by the MARPOL
73/78 (Reg. 9-11) , resulting from oil operations.
Reporting requirements
If an oil spi11 occurs, when the vessel Is in port it
is necessary to state:
name of the vessel;
position of the vessel (place, berth, etc);
operations being carried out;
time of the oil spi11 detection;
nature of oil contaminated sea surface (type of
floating oil, size of oil slick, weather and sea
conditions);
source of oilI discharge; and
name and position of person who has made report.
After a verbal information on the spill the entry
concerning the text of the report that has been made
and the addresses should be taken in the Ship's
logbook.
Actual or probable discharge of oil resulting from
damage to the ship in high seas, territorial waters or
economic zone of foreign states should be reported to
the shipping company in accordance with "The
instructions regarding classification, investigation and
registration of the incidents with ships at Sea".
Actual or probable discharge of oilI should be
reported to local port authorities of the nearest costal
state using the standard international ship reporting
format and procedures in accordance with IMO
Resolution A.648 (16) "General principles for ship
reporting system and ship reporting requirements,
including guidelines for reporting incidents involving
dangerous goods, harmful substances and/or marine
pollutants". The report should be up the to I lowing
requirements:
it should be simple and contain only information
essential to achieve the objectives of the sea pollution;

-
( 2)

-
;
-
,

;
-

.
-

,

,

-report should be made according to format for


notification (Appendix 2) in English using where
possible the Standard Marine Navigational
Vocabulary, or alternatively the International Code of
Signals;
-report should contain distinctive letters and
characteristics of the ship, shipboard equipment and
means for oil spill clean up;


- :
-
( )

;
-

,
;
- ,
( )
;
- (
) ;
-
;
- ;
-

;
-

;
- , ,
,
;
-
;
-

;
-

Steps to control discharge


-Should an operation oil spill occur on deck:

-further up-date report should contain


information on any significant changes of the
situation;
-If necessary, a discharge of oil in foreign ports
should be reported through an agent to specialized
companies dealing with oil spill clean up and
rendering assistance to ships.

-inform the operator on shore or the master /


officer on duty of a bunkering vessel or oily bilges
collection vessel about the stoppage of oil operations;
-take all necessary measures to stop further
outflow of oil onto the deck and prevent it from
escaping overboard by shutting down oil operations,
by-passing the oil from the overfilled tank to an empty
or slack tank;
-advise the master, oil spill officer-chief officer
and chief engineer about the spill;
-have the oil spill officer-chief officer initiate this
Plan;
-ensure fire safety in the area of spi11;
-have the deckhands on duty perform thorough
visual inspection of the sea surface around the vessel;
-muster by order of the officer on duty the oil
pollution prevention team in the area of spill;
-have the Oil pollution prevention team start to
remove the oil spilled on deck by handy means into
portable containers;
-identify the source of spill, circumstances that led
to the discharge of oil onto the deck and type of oil;
-estimate the amount of oil lost and possible
consequences;
-drain the oil removed into oil trays and portable
containers, into one of the bunkers tanks through a
sounding or air pipe;
-collect oily sorbent materials (sawdust, sand, rags,

(, , . .)


;
-
,
;
-
.

etc.) into a separate container for subsequent burning


in shipboard incinerator or disposal ashore for
elimination;

:
;
-
;
- , ( )
;
- ( )
;
-

.3.1 ;
- 2 ;
- ( )

,
,
;
-
;
- ( "
", G).

If the discharged oil escapes overboard:


stop oil operation immediately;
-take all necessary measures to stop further
outflow of oil overside into the sea;
-advise the Master, oil spill officer-chief mate and
chief engineer about the discharge;

National and local co-ordination



.
-

,
, ,
.

Should an oil spill occur the Master must without


delay report to the local port authorities on the incident
through agent.
-The Master upon arrival of his vessel in a port of
bunkering shall obtain from the port authorities or the
vessel's agents information on the regulations existing
in this port regarding the procedure of reporting on oil
spill incidents and contact telephone numbers for
communication during oil spills, and existing port
rules for engaging specialists and port means for
dealing with oil spi11 clean up.
-Should an oil spill escape overboard the
specialized equipment and personnel for oil spill clean
up are to be ordered in accordance with the existing
port regulations.
-The Master must hand over to the local port
authorities, dealing with oil spi11 clean up, al I

- ,


.
- ,
, -

-decide, after the spill has been removed from the


deck, whether it is possible to renew and continue oil
operations interrupted during the spill of oil, and time
of same;
-make entry into the Ship's logbook concerning all
circumstances of the oil discharge;

-have the oil spi11 officer-chief mate initiate this


Plan;
-have the oil pollution prevention team clean up
the oil contained on deck in accordance with the
recommendations in p, 3.1 Of this Plan;
-inform about the oil discharge in accordance with
Section 2 of this Plan:
-oil spill officer-chief mate is to make entries on
the composition and number of technical means and
personnel employed during the spill clean up in the
port and the time they worked;
-make entries into the Ship's logbook regarding all
circumstances of the oil spill;
-make entries into the Oil record book (section
"Accidental or other exceptional discharges of oil,
code G) .



,


.
-
\
,

& I
,
.

necessary informations concerning to the investigation of il pollution incident and render any
requested assistance for carrying out the clean up
operations in case this does not violate the port
regulations and wi11 not aggravate the situation for
the vessel and its complement.
-During oil spill clean up operations the Master acts
as the shipowner's representative together with the
vessel's agent, surveyor or local P& I club
representative; supervises the actions on oil spill clean
up performed by specialized subcontractors.

3.10. ,

- .
()
()

-

,

... ()
,






, ()

()

...

... ,



, ...

...?

?



Distressed vessel/Disabled vessel


The salvage vessel. Salvor
The Accident (collision) was non-fatal
The Accident (collision) occurred through no fault of
the crew
Salvage operations
Dense traffic. Heavy traffic
The ship was heard to give the blast
Accident at sea
Your vessel ... struck the port side of my ship causing a
big hole
Your ship collided with my vessel and caused her
damage
The visibility deteriorated
To keep a good, sharp look-out
Close to...
In consequence of collision, our vessel sustained same
damage details of which are not ascertained at this
stage
In connection with the accident (collision) please invite
the official surveyor to my vessel tomorrow at.
In accordance with the law we request the Harbour
Master of your port to detain m/v ... unless the Owners
are willing to give the appropriate bank's letter of
guarantee
To post a look-out
Leaving the port a ship collided with ...
The leakage appeared in the engine room
Where did you collide with the ...?
Where, when was the engine of the vessel slowed or
stopped?
Last minute action
Other damage described in. details in the end survey
report
To order the engine a full astern


.

12

?

?

?



()









...


(, )

.


...



()
...
...
2


,


()

If the on-coming vessel had not turned to the port (left)


there would have been no collision.
She was constantly watched by radar
To make 12 knots through the water
What was your speed at the moment of collision?
What was the bearing of the other vessel when first
sighted?
Course of the other vessel when first observed?
International regulations for preventing collision at sea
The engine was disabled, the main engine failure . .
Disaster, distress area (a scene)
I had the radar constantly switched on
We stationed a seaman on the forecastle as a look-out
We spotted an oncoming vessel on the radar screen
We were keeping a sharp look-out
We, therefore, hold you responsible for the
consequences arising from the above collision
We think it expedient and prudent to refer our dispute
to arbitration
We need a diver to examing the propeller and rudder
We had the radar constantly switched on
The bulwark plating was partly torn away
The bulwark plating and the forecastle sheersrake were
set in over the entire length
Inspection of damage on the spot
The responsibility for the collision must be
charged on the...
General average
involve risk of a collision
To sustain (considerable, major, slight, minor) damage
Stricken vessel. Disabled vessel
To sustain a hole (an opening)
To stop the ship's headway
Why did not you reduce speed after...?
Assistance is no longer required
Suffer a breakdown
The Rules of the Road
To avert collision (To prevent accident)
On inspection ... turned out to be damaged
On inspection (during survey) of damage we found
out...
Enclosed please find two copies of arbitration
agreement for cases of collision
To pick up a distress massage/alert
To carry out a survey of the damage
Extent of damage
An area of restricted visibi1ity
The wheel was put hard-a-starboard (port)
Make a hole


Navigate with particular caution

, t give you notice holding you solely responsible for all


, losses sustained by us in consequence of the ...
...
-



()

(, )
()
,
()
... ( )
( )
()




,

The collision took place solely due to neglect and fault


on the part of your ship The ship was suddenly
disabled and dashed against berth

,


() -
,
(30 000 00 .
.)
,
, ...

1 hope that you will consider our claim and the amount
of the damage estimated by surveyor as quite
reasonable
1 intend to note a Sea Protest
1 deny any liability on the part of my ship in the col
1ision with your vessel...
1 offer you to settle this matter amicably by paying the
respective sum of US 30,000,00



45



()
?
()
,
?

Collided with an unknown vessel


Danger of capsizing (overturning)
The list attained 45 degrees
The list is gradual! increasing
The ship is sinking
The ship is taking water (is leaking )
The ship has a 1ist to port (starboard) side
Is there a danger of the vessel sinking?
The prope11er is 1ost (is damaged)
Does/do the vessel's pump, generators, and auxi1iary
machinery remain operable?

The ship sustained minor (slight) damage


The ship sustained considerable (major, extensive)
damage
The ship has been struck on port (starboard) side
Distressed vessel. Ship in distress
The vessel sustained a hole (a crack)
M, v. ... struck the breakwater (pier, quay)
To slacken speed. To reduce speed. To slow down
The bulwark proved to be buckled (damaged)
Particular average
Close-quarters situation
The crew abandoned the ship
1 have to hold you and your owners responsible for the
damage caused to my vessel

1 consider this accident has ensued from force majeure


1 also give you notice that a survey will be held on
board my vessel tomorrow morning at ... hours
Allision

3.11.




()


,
.




""

...
?



30. 45


. .

...
,

...
()

.




,
...(
) ...

Distressed vessel. Disabled vessel


Statement of termination of salvage assistance rendered
to the vessel in distress
Statement of termination of salvage operations
No cure no pay
The leakage appeared in the engine-room
Time and place of termination of salvage operation
You have been detected, assistance will be given
You are sighted. You are identified
For safety
To take sounding
To keep afloat
Salvage agreement
For the performance of the salvage operation, the
Salvor in case useful results are attained, shall receive
remuneration
What assistance is required?
The Captain enters into this Contract as the representative of the shipowners and Cargo-owners
Geographical location of accident
Brief summary of work performed
The ship's 1ist was as much as 30 degrees
A precautionary measure (a measure of precaution)
The engine was disabled (the engine break-down
(failure)
Leaking area. Hole. To be holed
My tow restricts my abi1ity to manoeuvre
We had to deviate from our course ... miles to render
assistance to the sinking vessel
We cannot launch lifeboats
We wi11 reach you in ... hours
We contacted the sinking (distressed) ship and found
out the details of the disaster
Aground. Afloat
We need a diver to examine the propeller and the
rudder
Description and quantity of cargo damaged and
jettisoned during salvage operation
1 need assistance and rescue (1 need help)
The extent of damage to the vessel, if any
To have recourse to...
Mayday Relay
Stricken ship. Crippled ship

()

.. . () ,

.
/
()
,
()
-


.
15.00

...

. .
- ()
.
/


...
, .

.


...




.

The Contractor (Salvor) agrees to use his best


endeavours to salve the m/v...and (or) her cargo,
bunkers and stores
Search for the missing. Search pattern
Sustained minor damage/major damage
Sustained minor/considerable damage
Having picked up the distress signal the ship broke off
her voyage and proceeded to the distress area
Search and rescue area
Please keep clear of me
Mayday message. Distress signal
Distress signals (calls). Distress cat I or message
Distress signals received (picked up) at 1500 UTC
The Salvor undertakes to perform salvage operations to
salve the m/v... her cargo and other property on board
Salvor. The salvage ship. To rescue
Rescue co-ordination centre (sub-centre)
Salvage operation/Salvage agreement
The vessel was thrown on the rocks/on the shoal
The ship is drifting with disabled engine
Vessel is aground. Stranded vessel
The vessel will have to be towed to...
A ship in distress. The ship is in distress
The ship moves under its (her) own power
Require assistance. Assistance no longer required
Require tug's assistance
Extinguishing fire on shipboard
To make/to establish contact with...
Technical means and appliances used
Number of lives lost
The crew abandoned the ship
I am in command of search and rescue
I am sinking. The ship is sinking

3.12.





, ...

Name of ship
Official number or nationality
Port of registry
Gross tonnage
Length overall
Iron, steel or wood...
Year of build
Speed
Number of crew
Number of passengers
Nature of employment
Name of master and number of his certificate

( )






, , , ,

(
)



()



,
( )



?

Name of pi lot (if any) and by whom licensed


Name of rank of officer in Charge at time of
casualty
Original port of departure and date of sailing
Port last sailed from and date of sailing
Port of destination
Name and address of owners
Name of place and of country or sea, latitude and
longitude, true bearing and distance of point of land or
1ight
Date and hour, stating whether UTC or local time

State of tide
State of weather and atmosphere
Direction and force of wind
State of sea and swell
Number of lives lost (crew)
Number of lives lost (passengers)
Numbers of lives saved and by what means
If salvage services rendered, by whom and whether
paid for at salvage or ordinary rates
Account of casualty, with remark as cause
Extent of damage to ship and cargo
Extent of damage to cargo
What was the vessel's draught of water forward and
aft?
, , ,
Title, number, date and publishers of the charts in use
,
at the time of the casualty and No. of last large and

small correction
. ?
Number of compasses. Were they in good order?
- Could any part of the cargo affect the compass?
?
Were the life-saving appliances on board in accordance
?
with the statutory requirements?
...
Number of watertight compartments...
?
Have they been used in this case?
- Were the fire appliances on board in accordance with
?
the statutory requirements?
?
Was the vessel wel1 found in al1 respects?
, If coal was carried as boiler fuel how was the bunker
?
ventilated?
() : Cargo and (or) ballast: what kind and quantity of cargo
, and/or ballast was carried? Were was it carried? Had
, ?
vessel a deck load?
- ,
If of timber, was it in accordance with the statutory
?
requirements?
?
Was she overladen?
?
Was the cargo properly stowed?
- ,
If vessel had a grain cargo, was it stowed in accordance
- with the statutory requirements?
?

- , ,
,


?
,

:
: ,
?

? , .

?
?
?

?
?
?

-
?
:
,

, ? ,
?

?
,
, -
?
?
?

?
?

?


?

If coal cargo, were all holds completely full, if not state


capacity of empty space left in each hold
State of weather at time of shipment
What navigational and communication aids were
carried and which were in use prior to the casualty?
State radar range scale in use prior to the casualty
In case of stranding there are:
What and at what time were marks, beacons, or buoys
the last visible? State whether UTC or local time
Were these marks observed directly or by radar?
Give visual bearing or radar ranges and bearings
Were bearings obtained from any beacon or direction
finding station? If so, state bearing obtained
How long before stranding were the bearings obtained?
Were soundings taken? How long before stranding?
What was the depth at first and last sounding?
Course steering when casualty happened
Speed at time of stranding
Direction of ship's head after stranding
Was the casualty due to an uncharted obstruction?
In the case of collision they are:
Course of own vessel when other was first
observed
Speed of own vessel when other was first observed
What was bearing of other vessel when first seen?
Bearing and range of other vessel when first observed
by radar?
Colour and light or lights of other vessel first seen,
how long before the collision
Course of other vessel when first observed. State, how
obtained: visually or by radar plot
Direction of own vessel's head at time of collision
Direction of other vessel's head at time of collision
Were the engines of own vessel slowed or stopped?
Own speed when collision took place?
Were lights properly fitted and shown and fog signals
made in accordance with regulations?
Did the other vessel give her name and stand by after
collision in accordance with the statutory
requirements?


, :
?

?
-
?



,

Cross the course


Particulars required for founderings:
Had the main engines broken down or become
inoperative before foundering?
Had the stearing gear broken down or become
inoperative before foundering?
Had any of ship's pumps broken down or become
inoperative before foundering?
Date and hour of springing leak or of vessel shipping
heavy seas
Course steered prior to vessel foundering
Circumstances of the voyage immediately preceding
the foundering
Details of measures taken to prevent the foundering .

3.13.
()

. .
()


( N...)

( )

()
()

,



?


. ().
( )
.

. .
-
( )

()


.

Heavy List to starboard (port)


The leakage appeared in the engine-room
Dent, indentation, set-in. To indent, to dent
Thrown on the shoal (rocks)
To run ashore
Sweep aground
We are taking water into engine-room (hold No...)
Under keel clearance; water under the keel
Deep drawing, Deep draft
Trim by the head (by the stern)
To stem (stop) a leak (dash)
Scuttling (flooding, foundering)
Sol id flooding (partial)
Swells tend to force ship farther up the beach
There is large hole on port side causing flooding in two
compartments
Take soundings
Ship holed in starboard side three feet above waterline
What was the depth at last sounding?
What was speed and course at time of stranding?
Captain tried to beach the ship
Touch the ground
Heel, list. Heavy list
Heel (list) to port (starboard)
Lighterage. Lighter
Shallow depth
Shoal. Shallow water. Shallow
Midship section
We cannot clear the bank, shoal (rocks)
Least water
Direction of Vessel's head after stranding
To strike on a rock
Afloat
Unable to free myself. Tow/towage required
To drain (wipe), to pump out
Removal of cargo and bunker

.
.


.

?



()
.


(
) ,


. .
1
(). ()


,
,



()
()
. .
.


,





( , )

Compartment. Bulkhead
Ebb (falling tide).Tide (rising tide), flood
To pump out. To discharge
Damage through grounding (stranding)
Hull damage
The crippled vessel sent a distress cal1
Is the vessel lively?
Submerged hull
Grounding, stranding
Was set in over the entire length
Sustained slight (major) damage
Be holed. Leakage
Be bilged
The grounding (stranding) of a ship off shore
Beaching takes place where the ship is run aground to
preserve her from a worse fate
Beaching
Hole. Holed. The hole is in hold No 1
Sag (sagging). Hog (hogging)
Hand lead sounding
Take hand lead soundings
Fracture. Crack
Leaking area. Leakage (leak)
Rudder jammed
Go aground. To get aground
To run aground. To go stranded. To get stranded
Stranded. Aground. Grounded
Heavy list to starboard (port)
To refloat. Refloating. Afloat
Heave off the vessel. To refloat
The vessel ran into rock (against a rock)
The ship is intentionally run ashore
Ship in distress
The vessel ran ashore. The vessel was beached
Vessel's bottom plating was set in
Need immediate help (assistance)
The crew managed to refloat the vessel
Imminent danger of sinking
We cannot clear of shoal (rock, stones)
Wind is making havoc of the vessel
The fore holds are filling with water

3.14.
.


.
, ,

Asbestos aluminized suit. Protective clothing


Roaring fires
Explosion and fire on board. Fire is gaining rapidly
The fire broke out
To ignite. Break out
To burn. Burning


.
()
,

,
.

High expansion foam generator


The access to source of fire. To batten down

()

1
.



()
(, )

()

. ,
.


. ,
() ,

.
(CO2)

.

Inflammable
The ship is on fire, the vessel caught fire
We cannot extinguish fire
Fire-extinguishers
The fire is gaining rapidly
Foam high expansion
Hold No 1 is on fire
Holds enveloped in flames. Exclusion of air

Breathing apparatus, self-contained breathing apparatus


To cash fire
To burn up. To ignite. Keep battened down
The crew did not manage to extinguish fire

The fire spread over to forecastle


Fire brigade
Fire cock (pump)
Fire hose (Nozzle, Hydrant)
Fire main pipeline
Spontaneous combustion
The vessel caught fire as a result of spontaneous
combustion of cargo
...has completely burnt down. To burn away
Ship still afire. Ship is on fire. The vessel is burning
Carbon dioxide extinction station
Flash-point temperature
Smouldering fire. Smoulder, smouldering
To extinguish, to put out fire. fire fighting
To extinguish fire by own means
I am on fire. Ship is on fire
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Carbon Dioxide fire extinguisher
Centrifugal pump. Pump went out of commission
A sharp wind fans the fire

3.15.



:
500 (); 2182
(); 156, 8 (16- ).
500
2182
.


,
.

A ship in distress should transmit a distress call and


message on distress frequencies:
500 kHz (radiotelegraphy); 2182 kHz (radiotelephony);
156, 8 MHz (VHF channel 16).
It is further urgently recommended that any distress
transmission on 500 kHz or 2182 kHz be preceded by
the appropriate alarm signal.
Should there be any doubt concerning the reception of
the distress message, it should also be transmitted on
any frequency available, on which attention might be
attracted.



(EPIRB) .
:
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The use of an emergency position-indicating radio


beacon (EPIRB) may be a further means of alerting
ships in the vicinity.
Important components of the distress message include:
identification of the ship; ;
position; nature of the distress and kind of assistance
required;
any other information which might facilitate the rescue
(e. g. course and speed if under way; the Master's
intention, including the number of persons, if any,
leaving the ship; type of cargo, if dangerous).
It wi11 also be important to furnish relevant
information such as:
weather in immediate vicinity, direction and force of
wind, sea and swell, visibility. presence of navigational
dangers;
time of abandoning ship;
number of crew remaining on board;
number of seriously injured;
number and type of survival craft launched;
emergency location aids in survival craft
or in the sea;
course and speed, and any alterations thereto (for the
casualties underway).

3.16.
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The following signals, used or exhibited either together


or separately, indicate distress and need of assistance:
a gun or other explosive signal fired at interval of about
a minute;
a continuous sounding with any fog-signaling
apparatus;
rockets or shells, throwing red stars fired one at a time
at short intervals;
a signal made by radiotelegraphy or any other
signalling method consisting of the group . . . - - - . . .
(SOS) in the Morse Code;
a signal sent by radiotelephony consisting of the
spoken word "MAYDAY";
the International Code Signal of Distress indicated by
NC ;
a signal consisting of a square flag having above or
below it a ball or anything resembling a ball;
flames on the vessel (as from a burning oil barrel, etc);
a rocket parachute flare or a hand flare showing a red
light;

-
;

, ;
;
;
,
;
,
.

,
;
,


,
,
:


( );
.

a smoke signal giving Off orange-coloured smoke;


slowly and repeatedly rising and lowering arms
outstretched to each side;
the radiotelegraph alarm signal;
the radiotelephone alarm signal;
signals transmitted by emergency position-indicating
radio beacons;
approved signals transmitted by radio communication
systems.
The use or exhibition of any of the foregoing signals
except for the purpose of indicating distress and need
of assistance and the use of other signals which may be
confused with any of the above-mentioned signals is
prohibited.
Attention must be drawn to the relevant sections of the
International Code of Signals, the Merchant Ship
Search and Rescue Manual and the following signals:
a piece of orange-coloured canvas with either a black
square and circle or other appropriate symbol (for
identification from air);
a dye marker.

3.17.
-


...
.,,
,
, /,
, ... ...








-





...

-

Search and Rescue Terms


Cancellation of distress message
Search unsuccessful
You should steer course ...
Carry out search pattern ...
Alter course as necessary to next leg of track
Position given with SOS/MAYDAY is wrong, the
correct position is 1 at ... long ...
Designation of on-scene commander (OSC)
Designation of coordinator surface search (CSS) or
establishment of the CSS
Initial course
Carry out radar search
Direction-finding and homing
Transmission of distress message
Planning the search
Radar search
Search and rescue region
Search areas
Person missing
Track spacing
Distress cal1 and message
Coordinated search pattern
Search speed ... knots
Rescue unit
Rescue co-ordination centre

-
...



...
()
...
...
()

Rescue Sub-centre
Ships proceeding in loose line abreast at interval
between ships of ... miles
Search pattern
Sector search pattern
Parallel track search pattern
Vessel indicated is allocated track number ...
Vessels indicated adjust interval between ships to ... mi
les
Adjust truck spacing to ... mi les

1 have located (found) wreckage from the vessel


(aircraft)
- ... 1 have an echo on my radar on bearing .... dist ... miles
...
( ) 1 am (or vessel indicated) Is in charge of coordinating

search

Search and Rescue -Abbreviations


CES
CRS
CS
CSP
CSS
D/F
ELT
EPIRB

MERSAR

Coast Earth Station


Coast Radio Station
Cal1 Sign
Commence Search Point
Coordinator Surface Search
Direction-Finding
Emergency Locator Transmitter
Emergency Position-indicating Radio
Beacon
Merchant Ship Search and Rescue Manual

OSC

RSC
RU
SAP
SITREP

On-Scene Commander
Rescue Coordinated Centre
Rescue Sub-Centre
Rescue Unit
Search and Rescue
Situation Report

SRR
UT
UTC

Search and Rescue Region


Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time



() - ()
- ,

-
. - ()

, -


- ()
-


Standard form for search and rescue situation


report (SITREP)
Transmission priority -Distress, urgency
From - Originating RCC

SFR SITREP NUMBER


Identity of casualty -Name (cal1 sign) flag
Position - latitude and longitude

. - (, ,
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.
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Situation - distress, collision, fire, medico

N. ()

Future plans

Number of person at risk


Assistance required
Coordinating RCC
Description of casualty -owner, charterer, cargo,
passage from (to), life saving appliances carried
Weather on scene - wind, sea/swel1 state, air (sea)
temperature, visibi1ity
Initial actions taken by casualty and RCC
Search area - as planned by RCC
OSC/CSS designated, units participating

Additional information (conclusion)

3.18.

Practice musters and dri1ls


Emergency training and drills

Fire drill
Abandon ship drills and fire drills were conducted for
the crew every month
Muster station
Embarkation station
Muster list
Emergency exit indicator
Emergency exit
The person in charge of the survival craft
The second in command in life boat
Training manual
Survival craft
Life saving appliances are in working order and ready
for immediate use
Partly enclosed lifeboat
Rescue boat
inflated rescue boat
Launching and recovering arrangement
Davit span fitted with two lifelines
Buoyant lifeline
Buoyant apparatus
Life raft
Inflatable 1iferaft
Immersion suit
Lifejacket
Lifebuoy
Thermal protective aids
Lifebuoys self-igniting 1ights
Embarkation ladder



( , )





Survival craft portable radio


Lower to the water the lifeboat - (the rescue boat, life
raft)
Fasten seat belts
Secure hatches
Start engine
Release falls
Release gripes
Release ropes

4.
4.1.
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"Weight, measure, quality, quantity, condition,


contents and value unknown, but said to be ...
Weight unknown, not weighed by the vessel
Weight as declared by shipper, Master being unable
check same
Weight shipped unknown
Weight as declared by shipper and carrier having no
adequate means for checking same not to be
responsible for weight as declared
Al1 marks (sizes) mixed
Unprotected cargo, ship is not responsible for losses or
damages by reason of this fact
The cargo is unpacked, the ship is not responsible for
breakage and bending
For and on behalf of ...
For account of ...
For shipper's (consignor's)/receiver's (consignee's)
account
For merchant's (buyer's) account
For charterer's (shipowner's) account
For account of carrier
At the expense of the transgressor
The marks are not clear
Subject to owner's approval
Subject to the shipowner's approval
Shipped on deck at shipper's risk
Shipped in condition
Loaded in wet weather/shipped wet
Said, to be ... tons
Content in good condition
Condition, quality unknown not to be braced
(defined)
Ship is not responsible for the leakage and
breakage
Three packages in dispute Force majeure circumstances under Sea Protest
Ship is not responsible for accidents and mortality of
1ive-stock
Freight prepaid

, , , , , ,

Measurement, weight, quantity, brand, condition,


quality, content and value as declared by shipper but
unknown to the carrier

4.2.


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,

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...
...

Unprotected
Unpacked
Used drums (barrels)
Buckled drums (barrels)
Coils loose and rusty
Second-hand .. ,
Used ..., partly mended
Top sheets rusty
Moist bags (sacks, cartons, boxes)
All marks mixed
All sizes mixed
Second-hand ...
The cargo is unpacked, the ship is not responsible for
breaking and bending
Unprotected cargo, ship is not responsible for losses or
damages by reason of that fact
Dirty bales (bags, cases)
The cargo damaged by sweat in hold
The cargo damaged through improper stowage
Used drums
... oi1-contaminated
Ends protected only
... oil-stained
Stained ...
Dented cans (drums)
Cartons partly dented
Deformation of bales
Bales not cross-hooped
Bales unprotected
Bales tied with ropes
Ends dirty
Ends rusty (bent, unprotected)
Bands missing
Bands partly missing
Marked on labels only
The marks are not clear
Cars dirty
The metal is covered with rust
Bags, traces of hooks
Patches bags
Bags dust-stained
Bags slightly shifting through seams
Wet before shipment
Cases renailed
Boxes with bands missing
Slight tearings and damages on the ends
Unboxed
Unprotected


...
...
()


( )
()

Drums (barrels) ullaged


Some ... dented
Several ,.. rusty
Several bundles bent (torn)
A few bags torn and re-sewn
Several weak cases
Paper- (polyethylene-) wrapped
Bareback bales
Hoops are somewhat shifted

,


...
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,









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The hoops are broken, missing


Paint surface scratched
Paint surface slightly scratched
Reconditioned ...
Battered drums (barrels, cases)
Damaged in lightering
Buckled drums
Shipped wet
Shipped in damaged condition
Loaded in rain
Loaded in wet weather
Loaded during rain .
Covers rusty
From outside in good condition
Oiled for protection
Safety bands rusty
... chafed and torn
Surface rust on metal envelopes
Rolls chafed and torn
Rolls Nos ... cut on edge inches /centimetres
Limp bags (sacks)
Loose or missing hoops
Slightly rusted ...
Traces of hooks
Content exposed
Old-dented drums
Covering rotten
The covering has wet spots
Covering shows signs of breaking up
Covering dented
Covering rusty
Goods in rusty condition
The pipes are dent
Snowy tubes (pipes)
Corners slightly broken
Re-used packages/Second-hand packages
Cover stained
The packing of cargo is insufficient
Cover old (repaired)
Cover damaged by sweat
Cover damaged through improper stowage
Tires deflated


...
...


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,

,
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Tires deflated due to damage to the tires


Cases with crushed sides
Tea chests Nos ... repaired
Case No ... open for custom examination
Cases discoloured before shipment
Cases with oil stains
Drums, barrels, bags, cases (is, are, has, have)':
second-hand
wet; moist
in bad condition
dirty
bottom crushed (broken)
damaged by oi1
stained
patched
bands missing
bands damaged, broken
bands rusted
broken
wet, moist
slight damage/tea rings
ullaged
unprotected
bareback
damaged
torn by use of hooks
damaged by oil
leaking
planks broken
dented
torn
empty (half contents)
repaired before shipment
chafed and torn
weak, slack, 1 imp, frai1
contents is scattering out
with sweepings
leaking
old
renailed
marked by sea water
repaired, mended
partly mended
Motor-cars:
paint surface slightly scratched
unprotected/unboxed
tires deflated
tires deflated, due to damage to the tires
used or second-hand

4.3. -
()
(, , )

,
()
,
-
-



..












,


( )

()


,

Average bond
Agent (ship's, 1iner, protecting)
Acceptance
Canceling
Arbitration
Lease
Arrest, detention
Outturn report
Barter
Without prejudice
Bareboat charter
Gang
Foreman
Broker
Brokerage
Act of war
To hold responsible/ liable for ..,
Reimburse; recompense expenses
Always afloat
In default of payment
Counteraction
Jettison
To disable
To clear up the mess
Hague Rules
Letter of guarantee (indemnity)
General cargo
Geographic rotation
Readiness
Backhaul cargo
Cargo capacity
Cargo-plane; stowage plan
Cargo dues
Shipper, consignor
Receiver, consignee
Consignment
To give evidence
Further developments
Deviation
Deadweight
Act of God
To exercise good seamanship
Demurrage
Disbursements
Disbursement account
Dispatch (money)
Average adjustment
Detention
Salvage contract
To agree on the price
To make an arrangement
make a deal


...

Lien
On account, at the expense of ...
To state a Sea Protest
Claim
To adjust an account
York-Antwerp Rules
Coastal, coastal trade
Canal dues

(&1)

( )



,





( )

..
(-)



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Canceling, cancel led


Flatly refuse
Quality
Quota
Protection and indemnity club
Merchant Shipping Code
Quantity
ill of Lading
Demurrage
Round voyage
Cubic capacity
Liner terms
Lighterage, lighter
Lash (1ighters aboard ship), seabee
Lumpsum
Manifest
Margin
Marking
Dead freight
Board of Trade
Seaworthiness, seaworthy
Maritime Arbitration Commission
Seaway bill
Sea transportation /carriage/shipping
Sea Protest
Bulk cargo
Surcharge of conjection
Surcharge for heavy packages
Waybill
Breach of regulation/ infringement of
To break the contract
Shortshipment
Unseaworthy
Through no fault .,.
Force-Majeure
Unserviceable
Incompatible cargo
To bear responsibili-ty/1iabi1ity
bear expenses (losses)
Notice
Net terms
General average
Custom of the port
Clause, remark
To limit responsibi1ity (ies)


,







,


...



,

,
,

,






,



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-







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...
...

( )

Homogeneous cargo
To render assistance
To prove to be damaged
Prepaid
To assess damage
Captain's option
To assume 1 iabi1ity (risk)
To abandon (give up) a claim
To reject (decline) an offer
To reject (repudiate) a claim
To charge account
To assert rights
To account for ...
To lodge a protest
Pallet(ized) cargo
Deck cargo
Lot
Carrier
Transshipment
Haulage
Endorsement
Shifting
Weather working day
Sweepings
Stowage factor
Shipping order
To submit an order
To loge (note) a Sea Protest
Wetting; wetted
To acknowledge the receipt of ...
To sustain damage
Port dues
Port of refuge (of cal 1)
To suffer a breakdown/ to be invo1ved in an accident
Broken stowage
Holidays
To convey information
To submit for approve t
allow a discount
submit al 1 supporting documents
To lodge (note) a counterclaim
To lodge a claim with ...
To bring (put) an action against ...
To put in a claim for...
To furnish a proof
Claim
To bear the blame (responsibi1ity)
To take steps
To reach a decision
To cause damage
To make payment
Receipt
Reversible days



...

- , ,





,

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-
( )
( )

( )






,



- -
-
-
-
-

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-
- ( )
-

Voyage charter
Range
Rotation
Detention
Certificate of origin
Free pratique
FOB-free on board
FOQ-free on quay
Fl (fi)-free in
FIOS-free in and out and stowed
FIO-free in and out
Fl AS-free in and stowed
To place an order...
To make an official statement
Dunnage
CIF-cost, insurance, freight
Through cargo
Perishable cargo
To draw up a statement of fact
To give notice
Laydays, laytime
Insurance, perils insured
Underwriter
Substitute
Shipowners
Ship's expenses
To hold responsible/ 1iable
Time charter
Timesheet
Tallyman
Customs declaration
Running days
To incur (sustain) losses
Chamber of commerce
Mercantile marine
To claim damages
Heavy 1 if t, heavy cargo
Stowage factor
To allow a claim
Lost profit
To settle the matter
To ascertain the extent of the damage
Free alongside elevator
FAC - fast as can
FAQ - fair average quality
FAS - free alongside ship
FIO - free in and out
FIOS - free in and out and stowed
FOB - free on board
Force majeur
FOW - first open water


( ,
)
- (
)

Affreightment, chartering
Charterer
Freight prepaid
Freight advance
FHEX - Fridays and holidays excluded
Charter-party
Clean i11 of Lading
Mate's receipt
Good seamanship
Forwarding agent, forwarder
Extra freight

4.4.

...

()
()
()
()


()

Advance
Letter of credit, L/C
Letter of credit valid for...
Assets
Acceptance
Shareholder, stockholder
Share, stock
Amortization, depreciation
Lease, rent(ing)
Leaseholder
Appropriation, a 11ocat i on
Auction, public sale
Balance/balance sheet
Bank
Bank joint (State)
Bank investment (Commercial)
Bank cooperative (private)
Bank loan (saving)
Bankrupt/defaulter
Bankruptcy
Exchange, market
Accountant
Budget
Stock market report
Currency
Currency convertible (hard)/inconvertible
Currency freely convertible
Bill
Deposit, investment
Saving deposit
Depositor, investor
Compensation for breakage
Recovery of losses (expenses)
Compensation for losses
Compensation for damage
Remuneration, reward
Payment of advance
Granting of a credit

()

()

...
...

()

( )

( , )

Delivery against payment


Payment
Payment of dividends (profits)
Fu1f i1ment of contractual obligations
Issue of shares (a loan)
Tax deductions
Guarantee/Warrant
Royalty/Fee
State Bank
Debit
Debit of an account
Devaluation
Money
Cash
Dividend
Warrant in the name of ...
Warrant for receipt of ...
Principal
Debt
Extra payment
Income/revenue/earning
Indebtedness
Loan
Change in the exchange
Investments
Capital, funds, stock
Capital investments
Cash department
Clearing
Commission
Compensation for damage (losses)
Competition
Quotation
Credit
Crediting
Creditor
Denomination
Share price
Currency/exchange rate
Leasing
Cash
Tax
Profit (income, sales) tax
Taxation
Extra charge
Non-payment
Insolvency
To incur (to sustain losses)
Failure to pay on time
Non-payment of taxes
Penalty
Security
Depreciation deduction
Share. Shareholder


()
( )

()
( )

, ,

()

,

,

()

Fine
Bank (mai1) transfer
Transfer of money
Revaluation, overvaluation
Overpayment
Overspending, overex-penditure, overdraft
Payment
Wage, salary
Payment
Payment in cash (by cheque)
Purchase on credit (installment purchasing)
Cash purchase
Duty, dues, tax
Price-list
Bonus, premium, prize, reward
Profit
Sale
Per cent, percentage. interest
Bank interest
Profit ratio
Receipt
Distribution of profit
Sale
Expenses, expenditures
Pricing
Rent
Profitabi1ity
Balance
Fee, dues, tax, duty
Dock, port, cargo dues
Custom duty
Transaction, deal
Cost, prime cost
Discount, rebate
Loan
Rate
Cost, value
Insurance
Sum, amount
Account, invoice, bill
Disbursement (settlement) account
Account current
Tariff
Loss (damage), losses
Lost profit (opportunity), missed profit
Financing, finances
Freight
Freight dead (through^
Price
Value
Cheque; check
Fine, penalty

4.5.




,




, ,



,




-

,










( ;

/
( )
,

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20-

Husbanding
One-way lease
Leasing
Round trip lease
Broker
Brokerage
Li-Lo (Lift-on/Lift-Off)
Interchange
Physical Distribution
RO-RO (Rol1-on/Roll-off)
Interchange Receipt
Repositioning
Stuffing, vanning
Cube cutting
Groupage
Container
Fluid container
Bulk container
Ful1 container load (FCL)
Less than container load (LCL)
Wheel operation
Pal let container
Collapsible/folding container
Ground operation
Container freight station
Container yard, rest point
Container terminal
Drop of charge
Pick-up free charge
Off-gauge cargo
Break-bulk
Door-to-door
Open (top) container )
Pier-to-pier
Transshipment
Half-height container
Stripping, empting a container
Higgy-back
Spreader
Spreader with twist lock
Damage protection plan
Inland transport
Freight All Kind FAX
Al1-aluminium container
Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit TEU
Forwarder, forwarding agent

4.6.
( 1922 1976 .
,
)
1. ""
1.
2.
3. /
4. /
5.
6. - ()/ ()
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12. (, ,
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13. (
)
(. 1).
14. (
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(. 4).
15. (
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16. -
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17. ( ) (. 6)
18. ( ) (. 7)
19. (. 10)
20.
(. 14)
21. ,
.
,

, .
1, 2.
. 1 . 2
.
() '
()

(AS revised 1922 and 1976) (To be used for trades for
which no approved form is in force).
Part I. "GENCON"
1. Shipbroker
2. Place and date
3. Owners/Place of business
4. Charterers/Place of business
5. Vessel's name
6. GRT/NRT
7. Deadweight cargo carrying capacity in tons
8. Present position
9, Expected ready to load (abt)
10. Loading port or place
11. Discharging port or place
12. Cargo (also state quantity and margin in Owner's
option, if agreed, if full and complete cargo not agreed
state part cargo")
13. Freight rate (also state if payable on delivered or
intaken quantity) (CI.1)
14. Freight payment (state currency and method of
payment; also beneficiary and bank account) (Cl.4)
15. Loading and discharging coast (state alternative (a)
or (b) of CI.5; also indicate if vessel is gear less)
16. Laytime (if separate laytime for load. and disch. is
agreed fill in a) and b) if total laytime for load. and
disch.. fill in c) only ) (CI.6):
a) Laytime for loading
b) Laytime for discharging
c) Laytime for loading and discharging
17. Shippers (state name and address) (CI.6)
18. Demurrage rate (load. and disch.) (Cl.7)
19. Canceling date (C1.10)
20. Brokerage commission and to whom payable
(C1.14)
21. Additional clauses covering special provisions, if
agreed
It is mutually agreed that this Contract shall be
performed subject to the conditions contained in this
Charter which shall include Part 1 as we 11 as Part 2.
In the event of a conflict of conditions, the provisions
of Part 1 shall prevail over those of Part 2. to the extent
of conflict.
Signature (Owners) Signature (Charterers)

2. ""

Part 2. "GENCON" CHARTER

1. ,
3 . 5, / , 6,

, 7,
,
8,
, 9, , 4. :

, 10.
, ,
,
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,
12 (
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,
,
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,
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, 11,
,
, ,
,

,
13, , 13.

1. It is agreed between the party mentioned in Box 3.as


Owner of the steamer or motor-vessel named in Box 5,
of the gross/net Register tons indicated in Box 6 and
carrying about the number tons of deadweight cargo
stated in Box 7, now in position as stated in Box 8 and
expected ready to load under this Charter about the
date indicated in Box 9, and party mentioned as
Charterers in box 4 that; The said vessel shall proceed
to the loading port or place stated in Box 10 or so near
thereto as she may safety get and lie always afloat, and
there load a full and complete cargo (if shipment of
deck cargo agreed same to be at Charterers risk) as
stated in Box 12 (Charterers to provide all mats and/or
wood for dunnage and any separations required, the
Owners a I lowing the use of any dunnage wood on
board if required) which the Charterers bind
themselves to ship and being loaded the vessel shall
proceed to the discharging port or place stated in Box
11, as ordered on signing Bills of Lading or so near
thereto as she may safety get and lie always afloat and
there deliver cargo on being freight on delivered or
intaken quantity as indicated in Box 13 at the rate
stated in Box 13.

2. .


, ,


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4. .
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.

2. Owners' Responsibility Clause. Owners


are to be responsible for loss of or damage to the goods
or for delay in delivery of the goods only in case the
loss damage or delay has been caused by the improper
or negligent stowage of the goods (unless stowage
performed by shippers/Charterers or their stevedores or
servants) or by personal want of due diligence on the
part of the Owners or their Manager to make the vessel
in all respects seaworthy and to secure that the she is
property manned, equipped and supplied or by personal
of the Owners or their Manager. And the Owners are
responsible for no loss or damage or delay arising from
any other cause whatsoever, even from the neglect or
default of the Captain or crew or some other person
employed by the Owners on board or ashore for i
whose acts they would, but for this clause, be
responsible, or from unseaworthiness of the vessel on
loading or commencement of the voyage or at any time
whatsoever.
Damage caused by contract with or leakage, smell or
evaporation from other goods or by the inflammable or
explosive nature or insufficient package of other goods
not to be considered as caused by improper or
negligent stowage, even if in fact so caused.

3. Deviation Clause. The Vessel has liberty to cal I at


any port or ports in any order, for any purpose, to sail
without pi lots, to tow and/or assist vessels in all
situations, and also to deviate for the purpose of saving
life and/or property.
4. Payment of Freight. The freight to be paid in the
manner prescribed in box 14 in cash without discount
on delivery of the cargo at mean rate of exchange
ruling on day or days of payment, the receivers of the
cargo being bound to pay freight on account during
delivery, if required by Captain or Owners.

5. / ) :

,
.


,
;
,
,
;
2 ,
;


. ) "
/":
, /

- ,
;

,
; ,

/ ,
( ,

15).
. "" "",
15.
6, . )
:

, 16,
.
, . ,

,
;

,
16, .
, .
, .
) : ,
16, . ,
.

5. Loading/Discharging Cost. a) Gross Terms: The


cargo to be brought alongside in such a manner as to
enable vessel to take the goods with her own tackle.
Charterers to procure and pay the necessary men on
shore or on board the lighters to the work there, vessel
only heaving the cargo on board. If the loading takes
place by elevator, cargo to be put free in vessel's holds.
Owners only paying trimming expenses.
Any pieces and/or packages of cargo over two tons,
weight shall be loaded, stowed and discharged by
Charterers at their risk and expense. The cargo to be
received by Merchants at their risk and expense
alongside the vessel not beyond the reach of her tackle.
b) FIO and free stowed/trimmed:
The cargo shall be brought into the holds, loaded,
stowed and/or trimmed and taken from the holds and
discharged by the Charterers or their Agents, free from
any risk, liability and expense whatsoever to the
Owners. The Owners shall provide winches, motive
power and winchmen from the crew if requested and
permitted; if not, the Charterers shall provide and pay
for winchmen from shore and/or cranes, if any. (This
provision shall not apply if vessel is gear lees and
stated as such in Box 15). Indicate alternative (a) or
(b), as agreed, in Box 15.

6. Laytime. a) Separate laytime for loading and discharging: The cargo shall be loaded within the number
of running hours as indicated in Box 16, weather
permitting, Sundays and holidays excepted, unless
used, in which event time actually used shall count.

The cargo shall be discharged within the number of


running hours as indicated in Box 16, weather
permitting. Sundays and holidays, excepted, unless
used, in which event time actually used shall count.

b) Total laytime for loading and discharging: The cargo


shall be loaded and discharged within the number of
total running hours as indicated in Box 16, weather
permitting. Sundays and holidays, excepted, unless
used.

) (
):
1 ,
, 6
,
.
,
17;

c) Commencement of laytime (load and discharging):


Laytime for loading and discharging shall commence at
1 p. m. if notice of readiness is given before noon, and
at 6 a. m. next working day if notice given during
office hours after noon. Notice of loading port to be
given to the Shippers named in Box 17.

Time actually used before commencement of laytime


shall count.

Time lost in waiting for berth to count as loading or


discharging time, as the case may be.

. "" "",
16.

Indicate alternative (a) or (b), as agreed, in Box 16.

7. .
, 18,


.

7. Demurrage. Ten running days on demurrage at the


rate stated in Box 18 per day or proportionately for part
of a day, payable day by day, to be allowed Merchants
altogether at port of loading and discharging.

8. .
,
, ,
.

( ,
), .

( ,
), ,
,

.

8. Lien Clause. Owners shall have alien on the cargo


for freight, deadfreight, demurrage and damages for
detention, Charterers shall remain responsible for
deadfreight and demurrage (including damages for
detention), incurred at port of loading. Charterers shall
also remain responsible for deadfreight and demurrage
(including damages for detention), incurred at port of
discharge, but only to such extent as the Owners have
been unable to obtain payment thereof by exercising
the lien on the cargo.

9. .
,
,
,

.

9. Bills of Lading. The Captain to sign Bill of Lading at


such rate of freight as presented without prejudice to
this Charterparty, but should the freight by Bi I! of
Lading amount to less than the total chartered freight
the difference to be paid to the Captain in cash on
signing Bill of Lading.

10. .
( ,
) , 19,

; ,
, 48
.
-
,
, ,
10 ,

,
,
.
11. .
-
1974 .
,

(. . 2).
12. .
.
13. .

, .
14. .
, 20,
, 20.
1/3



.
.

10, Canceling Clause. Should the vessel not be ready to


load (whether in berth or not) on or before the date
indicated in Box 19.
Charterers have the option of canceling this contract,
such option to be declared, if demanded at least 48
hours before vessel's expected arrival at port of
loading. Should the vessel be delayed on account of
average or otherwise Charterers to be informed as soon
as possible, and if the vessel is delayed for more, than
10 days after the day she is stated to be' expected ready
to load, Charterers have the option of canceling this
contract, unless a cancel ling date has been agreed
upon.
11. General Average. General average to be settled
according to York-Antwerp Rules, 1974. Proprietors of
cargo to pay the cargo's share in the general expenses
even if same have been necessitated through neglect or
default of the Owner's servants (sea Cl. 2).
12. Indemnity. Indemnity for non-performance of this
Charterparty, proved damages, not exceeding estimated
amount of freight.
13. Agency. In every cases the Owners shall appoint
his own Broker or Agent both at the port of loading and
the port of discharge.
14. Brokerage. A brokerage commission at the rate
stated in Box 20 on the earned freight is due to the
party mentioned in Box 20. In case of non-execution at
least 1/3 of the brokerage on the estimated amount of
freight and dead-freight to be paid by the Owners to the
Brokers as indemnity for the latter's expenses and
work. In case of more voyages the amount of
indemnity to be mutually agreed.

15. . ,

,

-
. (),
,
,
,

,
() .
( - )
24 .
,
(
),

.
(),

, ()
48 ,

(),
, ,
- ().
48
, ()
.

; ,

, ,
100 .
,
, .
16. (" 1950"). 1)
" "
,
,
-
, ,
, , ,
, ,
.

15. General Strike Clause. Neither Charterers nor


Owners shall be responsible for the consequences of
any strikes or lock-out preventing or delaying the
fulfilment of any obligations under this contract. . ' If
there is a strike or lock-out affecting the loading of the
cargo, or any part of it when vessel is ready to proceed
from her last port or at any time during the voyage to
the port or ports of loading or after arrival there, Captain or Owners may ask Charterers to declare, that they
agree to reckon the laydays as if there were no strike or
lock-out. Unless Charterers have given such
declaration in writing (by telegram, if necessary)
within 24 hours, Owners shall have the option of
cancel ling this contract.
If part of cargo has already been loaded, Owners
must proceed with same (freight payable on loaded
quantity only), having liberty to complete with other
cargo on the way for their own account.
If there is a strike or lock-out affecting the
discharge of the cargo on or after vessel's arrival at or
off port of discharge and same has not been settled
within 48 hours, Receivers shall have the opt ion of
keeping vessel waiting until such strike or lock-out is at
an end against paying half-demurrage after expiration
of the time provided for discharging, or of ordering the
vessel to a safe port where she can safety discharge
without risk of being detained by strike or lock-out.
Such orders to be given within 48 hours after Captain
or Owners have given notice to Charterers of the strike
or lock-out affecting the discharging.

16. War Risks ("Voywar 1950"). 1) In these clauses


"War Risks" shall include any blockade or any action
which is announced as a blockade by any Government
or by any belligerent or by organized body, sabotage,
piracy, and any actual or threatened war, hostilities,
warlike operations, civil war, civil commotion, or
revolution.

2)
,
, ,
,

. 3, 4,
5, a, b, 6 ,16 .
17. . : )
,
- ,
, -
,
,
,

,
. b, , , b,
. 17 .

2) If at any time before the vessel commences loading,


it appears that performance of the contract will subject
the Vessel or her Master and crew or her cargo to war
risks at any stage of the adventure, the Owners shall be
entitled by letter or telegram dispatched to the
Charterers, to cancel this Charter. Continuation (3), (4),
(5) () (), (6) of Cl. 16 are omitted.
17. General ice clause. Port of loading: a) In the event
of loading port being inaccessible by reason of ice
when vessel is ready to proceed from her last port or
any time during the voyage or on vessel's arrival or in
case frost sets in after vessel's arrival, the Captain for
fear of being frozen in is at liberty to leave without
cargo, and this Charter shall be null and void.
Continuation (b), (c), (d) of the loading port and (a),
(b), (c) of the discharging port of Cl. 17 are omitted.

4.7.



()

Advance
Agent at discharging
Arbitration
Hire
Seaworthy trim
Brokerage commission
Ventilation
Weighing
Moisture
War clause
Indemnity
Remuneration
Time lost in waiting for berth
Saturday P. M. and Monday A. M.
Time for loading
Always afloat
Hague Rules
Loss of vessel
Loader; cargo owner
Handling appliances
Shipper, consignor
Carrier
Receiver, consignee
Canceling date
Demurrage
Dispatch
Strike
Detention
Covering of hatch
Substitution; substitute
Protecting clauses
Immunity
Excluded port



,
()

,
,




()






( )






, ,

Exceptions
Time counting
Canceling, cancellation
Indemnity
Bill of Lading
Winches, winchman
Lighterage, lighter
Deadfreight
Vessel's name
Commencement of laytime
Act of God
Penalty
Nomination of port
Loading (discharging) rate
Notice of readiness
General ice clause
General strike clause
Charterer to provide
Both-to-Blame collision clause
Water Pollution clause
Expected ready to load
Waiting off port
Waiting for berth
Payment of freight
Rechartering, relet
Rechartering
Shifting
Loading
Dunnage
Destination
Subsequent ports
Time lost
Holiday
Advance notice
Cesser
Claim
Vessel's Eligibility
Night work
Grab discharging
Rotation
Dues, taxes, charges
Overtime
light
Redelivery
Separation
Disputes
Demurrage rate
Rate of freight
Laytime
Deviation clause
Responsibility clause
Stevedore
Loading/discharging cost

( )

-




( )

Insurance
Sublet
Shipowner/place of business
Shipbroker
Supercargo
Time-charter
Tallyman
Tallying
Loading rate
Force majeure
Charterers, place of business
Fumigation
Charterparty. charter party
Trimming
Extra insurance

4.8.

""
""
""

""
""
""
""
""
""

""
""
""
""
""
"-"

""
""
" "
""

""




""

""
""
""
""

General cargo
Uniform General Charter "Gencon"
Voyage Charter Party "Nuvoy"
Scandinavian Voyage Charter "Scancon"
Grain cargo
Australian Grain Charter "Austwheat"
River Plate Charter Party "Centrocon"
Grain Voyage Charter Party "Grainvoy"
Euromed Grain Charter Party
North American Grain Charter Party "Norgrain"
Continent Grain Charter Party "Synacomex"
Coal cargo
Soviet coal Charter "Sovcoal"
Coal Charter Party "Medcon"
Coal Voyage Charter "Polcoalvoy"
Coal Charter "Baltcon"
Coal Charter "Polcon"
German Coal Charter "Germancon-North"
Fertilizers
Appatite Charter "Murmapatite"
Phosphate Charter "Africanohos"
"Morphou bay" Charter Party
Ferti1izers Charter "Pert icon"
Sugar cargo
Charter Party for sugar from Cuba "Cubasugar"
Australia sugar Charter Party
Bulk Sugar Charter -USA
Mauritius Charter Party bulk/bagged sugar
Ores Cargo
General ore Charter Party "Generecon"
General ore Charter Party "Scanorecon"
Soviet ore Charter Party "Sovorecon"
Liberian ore Charter Party "Lamcon"
Japanese ore Charter Party "Nipponore"

""

""
""
""
""
""
"" \
""
""
""
-
- "-1939"
- ( )
-
""
- ""
-
""
" ()"

""
""
""
""
"-3"
""
"-76"
""
- "-3"

Salt Charter "Saltcon"


Wood cargo
Wood Charter Party "Ardason"
Wood Charter Party "Beizai"
Wood Charter Party "Benakon"
Soviet wood Charter Party "Sovietwood"
Soviet wood Charter Party "Sovconround"
Black Sea Timber Charter Party "Blackseawood"
Baltic Timber Charter Party "Nubaltwood"
Pulwood and pitprop Charter Canada "Canadawood"
Japan Timber Charter "Nanyzai"
Time-Charters
Uniform Time-Charter "Baltime-1939"
Time-Charter Government Form
Time-Charter Party "Supplytime"
Liner Time-Charter "Linertime"
Time-Charter for Carriage of refrigerated cargoes
"Reefertime"
Standard Bareboat Charter "Barecon A (B)"
Liquid cargo and gas
Tanker Voyage Charter Party "Vegoilvoy"
Tanker Voyage Charter Party "Asbatankvoy"
Gas Voyage Charter Party "Gasvoy"
Voyage Charter Party "Beepeevoy"
Voyage Charter Party "She Ilvoy-3"
Tanker Voyage Charter Party "Mobilvoy"
Tanker Voyage Charter Party "Intertankvoy-76"
Tanker Voyage Charter Party "Finavoy"
Time Charter Party "She Iltime-3"

4.9.


-


()









Name of vessel
Port of loading
Port of discharge
Charterers
Owner/shipowner
Shipper/consignor
Consignee/receiver
Carrier
Protective agent
Description of cargo
Quantity as per B/L
Rate of loading (discharging) as per Charter Party
Arrived at quarantine anchorage
Arrived at anchorage
Granted pratique
Free pratique
Notice of readiness tendered
Notice of readiness accepted
Laytime commenced
Laytime all owed
Laytime used
Laytime expired





...




()
()


()
()
()
(,
)
(/ )


(/)

()





() ...




()







(
)
(
)

,

Laytime saved
Waiting for berth
Entered at customs
Pi lot boarded
Berthed at No .../ Secured No... Berth
Moored alongside quay
Gangs boarded
Passed by port warden
Passed by NCB (National Cargo Bureau)
Passed by DA (Department of Agriculture)
Passed by Grain Inspect ion
Commence loading (discharging)
Commenced loading (discharging)
Commence (ing) securing
Completed securing
Commenced shifting
Completed shifting
Quantity loaded (discharged)
Bunker inward (F, 0/D. 0)
Bunker outward (F. 0/D. 0)
Fresh water inward ...
Fresh water outward ...
Draft inward (FWD/AFT)
Vessel idle
Delay loading (discharging)
Labour ordered
Tugs used
First line to pier
All secure
Pi lot and tugs released
Customs (pi lot) reordered for ...
Government officials on board
Customs grants port entry
Destination
ETA destination
Arrival (departure) draught
Air draught
Deballasting rate
Time allowed to deballast
Maximum initial loading rate
Number of loading runs
Number of loading spouts
Number of unloaders
Shiploader air draught
Ai draught for unloaders
Water density on berth
Maximum depth on berth

4.10.


()

-
-


?


Agent
Port of cal 1
Name of vessel
Owner
Arrived on (sailed on)
DWT
NRT
GRT
Master
Cargo loaded
Cargo discharged
Line
Voyage number
Kind of trade
Charterer
Group of currency
Control code
Rate of exchange
Port Charges
Tonnage dues
Dock dues
Light dues
Ice dues
Anchorage dues
Canal dues
Berth dues
Customs clearance
Custom, immigration overtime
Quarantine dues
Sanitary dues
Consular fees
Administration fees
Landing charges
Pilotage
Towage
Boatmen, mooringmen
Shifting
Signaling
Fire Guard
Mooring
Unmooring
Other charges
Cargo Handling Expenses
Stevedore
Stevedore overtime
llying
lling overtime
Extra Labour
Idle time for Labour
Idle time for transport
Supervisor
Winchmen






()

-







Crane hire
Grain elevator
Cargo delivery
Lighterage
Sling hire
Weighing and measuring
Separation materials
Shifting boards
Pressing of cargo
Dunnage
Clearing of holds
Securing of cargo
Sorting and marking
Shed rental
Cargo surveyor
Transshipment
Container loading
Other container expenses
Shifting cargo
Other charges
Agency
Agency fees
Transport
Forwarding commission
Booking commission
Vessel's expenses
Degassing (desinfection)
Medical attendance
Telegrams, telex, postage, phones
Laundry
Car/launch hi re
Bank charges
Noting sea protest
Damage surveyor
Passengers service
Deck and engine stores
Lubricants
Current ship repairs
Fuel/bunkers
Provisions
Cash to Master
Refund cash
Garbage disposal
Gangway watchman
Crew repatriation
Miscellaneous
Demurrage
Dispatch
Freight
Container rental
Container storage
Settlement of cargo claims
Settlement of damage claims
Advertising

Printing blank forms


Subscriptions
Total Dr
Total Cr
Balance

4.11.


()

:
,
,





:
,

()

Ampules
Aerosol dispensers
Tanks, cisterns
Cylinders, bottles
Cans, tins, jars
Drums
Metal drums
Plastics (plywood) drums
Cans, jars
Pigs. bi1 lets, ingots
Boxes, chests
Drums, barrels, casks
Metal drums:
head, end
bung
chime
reinforced chime
body (shell)
separate rolling hoops
pressed out rolling hoops
Wooden barrels:
stave
bung stave
bung
chime
chime hoops
hoops
croze
Tarpaulin, canvas
Bars, rods
Bottles
Carboys
Balloon-shaped glass carboys
Protected glass carboys
Earthenware carboy with wicker-work hamper
Metal pails with bale handle
Reseptacle
Closure
Jerricans
Meta (plastics) jerricans
Bales
Chests
Safety crates
Protective hoods
Containers
Crates







()

Wicker-work hampers
Cartons, cases
Sacks
Pockets
Trays
Bags
Multiwal1 paper bags
Jute bags
Bags of plastic film
Bags of woven plastic fabrics
Bags with pasted bottom
Bags with taped and sewn bottom
Textile bags
Packet, pack, stack, pile
Pallets
Canvas
Packs, packets
Labs
Trays, pal lets
Coating
Sides
Parcels, packages
Bunches
Packages, packs
Bundles
Ingots
Slings
81 ing-packets
Cartouches
Carcasses
Packages
Plywood boxes
Plywood box with metal edge
Plywood box with metal corners
Case, cover
Quarters
Cover
Pigs
Pieces
Cases
Wooden cases
Wooden cases with meta 1 corner support
Crates
Expanded plastic boxes
Plywood cases
Plywood cases with metal edge

4.12.

()

/

Protect from radiation


Protect from freezing (cold)
Keep dry
Protect from heat

... ...




...

,
... ...
!
!
He !
He !
He !

.,.

Fragile
Top, this side top
Weight gross ... net ...
Hermetically sealed (packing)
Manufacture date
Allowable stacking weight
Approved for transport under customs seal
Keep in a cold place
Liquid
Order No ...
Use no hooks
Fragile
Gross (weight) ... Net (weight) ...
Do not drop. Not to drop!
Do not put on top; not overstowed!
Do not turn over; not to be turned!
Use no hooks!
Keep upright!
Bottom
Identification No ...
Handle with care
Open here
Use rollers
Lift here; heave here
Perishable goods
Glass
Sling here
Use rollers
Keep cool
Keep dry
Centre of gravity

4.13.
!
!
! !
!

.







!
!
!

Beware of cars!
Keep clear of propellers!
Danger!
Attention!
No admittance
Entrance. Exit
Admission free, admittance free
High tension
Way out
No traffic
Keep to the right
Litter
Reserved
Closed
Taken
Emergency exit
Prohibited area (zone)
Don't cast anchor here!
No anchorage!
Not to drop, not to be dropped!

!
! !
!
!
!
!
!


!
!
!
!
! !
!


!
!


() !

!

! !

No landing!
Don't turn over!
No smoking!
Keep upright!
Do not touch!
No mooring!
Handle with care!
Detour
One way traffic
Danger!
Dangerous crossing!
Dangerous curve!
With care!
Caution!
Passengers are not allowed on the bridge!
Grade crossing
Subway
Fire emergency call!
Stand clear!
Sold out
Road closed
No entry!
No passage
Prosecuted, no passage!
Service entrance
Don't walk! Stop!
Parking
No parking
Go slow
Private property
Slow down
WC, Water Closet, Lavatory, Toilet

4.14.

Road vehicle
Road tank-vehicle
Safe stowage and securing of cargo
Safe location of cargo
Logs. Upright timber
Topmost layer
Flexible container
Cargo should be stowed level
Cargo unit (itero)
Wheel-based cargoes
Permissible loading
Sufficient securing devices
Clips
Each unit (item) should be stowed against its neighbour
Wedges should be used as stoppers
Code of safe practice for cargo stowage and securing
Timber shoring







25

Sling and lifting points


Securing points
Proper stowage and securing
Non-standardized securing
Cargo securing equipment
Tightening wire
The optimum lashing angle against sliding 25 deg
Dunnage
Retighten lashings
Roll-trailer
Suitabi1ity of cargo for transport
Shoring
Cargo distribution
Cargo Securing Manual
Battens
Turnbuckles
Vehicles
Wire lashings
Heavy cargo units (items)
Unit load
Cargo security arrangements
Excessive loading

4.15.
1.
2. ,

3.
4.1.

4.2. ,
4.3. ,
5.1.
5.2,
6.1. ()
6.2.
7,
8,
9. , , .
, ,
,
,

Class 1. Explosives
Class 2. Gases: compressed, liquefied or dissolved
under pressure
Class 3. Flammable Liquids
Class 4.1. Flammable slids
Class 4.2. Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Class 4.3. Substances which in contact with water, emit
flammable gases
Class 5.1. Oxidizing substances
lass 5.2. Organic peroxides
Class 6.1 Poisonous (toxic) substances
Class 6.2 Infectious substances
Class 7. Radioactive materials
Class 8. Corrosives
Class 9. Miscellaneous dangerous substances that is
any other substance which experience has shown, or
may show, to be of such a dangerous character that the
provisions of this part shall apply to it.

4.16.

Marine surveyors association

, . ,
,
... , " " 199 .
/ "..", ....
..., ,..
.., ,
,
..., .

(, , )
... ...


,
, ,
,
.



,
.

, ,

, ..


,

.
... ""199.,
... " " 199r.


,
.


.

This is to certify that we, the undersigned General


Marine Surveyors, did at the request of the Master of
the ship on behalf of ... Shipping Co., the owner, attend
on 199 and subsequent dates aboard the m/s ""
Master Captain ..... Gross Tonnage.... while she was
lying alongside the wharf of..... in the port of...... in
order to survey the loading, stowage and securing of
the cargo destined for .... and report as to I lows;
Shipment
B/L No Description Quantity Where stowed
Total ... packages ... metric tons
Space allotted
Prior to loading, we inspected the cargo spaces allotted
by the ship's officer responsible for the cargo work and
found them clean, dry and suitable for the safe
transportation of cargo.
Loading and Stowage
The cargo was brought alongside the ship by lorries
and every package was handled aboard the vessel by
shore cranes using suitable slings in the best possible
manner to prevent any risk or damage that was likely to
be sustained. In the ship's hold, the packages were
properly stowed with the use of fork-lifts as required,
being applied with sufficient dunnages where needed.
During the process of stowing, the even distribution
of the packages was always taken into account to
prevent free movement of the packages in voyage, as
we 11 as to avoid concentration of local stress among
the cargo stow and against the ship's structures.
Cargo works commenced ... hrs on199, completed ...
hrs on 199.
Securing of cargo
The cargo was fastened tightly with wooden wedges,
steel hoops and wire ropes and braced up with efficient
blocking of stout timbers to the satisfaction of the
master. For the pipes and plates, rubber pads were
applied to the places where lashing wires touches with
the cargo to protect the cargo from chafing damage.
Hatches
On completion of the loading and storage in the holds,
the hatches were well covered with steel hatch covers
and secured properly.



, ,

,
.
.

Conclusion
From what we have surveyed, we are of the opinion
that the loading and stowage of cargo at this port have
been carried out in the best way to ensure safe
transportation and delivery of the cargo in good order
and condition at the destination.
Signed

4.17.
... ...
... () ...
, ,
,

,
/ .


... ... .. ...

Vehicle No ... Place of loading .,. Date of loading ...


Commodity (ies) ... -1 hereby declare that the cargo on
the above-mentioned vehicle has been properly stowed
and secured for the transportation by sea, by taking into
account the IMO/ILO Guide-lines for Packing Cargo in
Freight Containers or Vehicles.
Status and name of Signatory
Signature on behalf of the packer.
Place ... Date ..Remarks ...

4.18. 0
, (
) / / " ... ...
()
, ...
... -.

This is to certify that during loading/ discharging


operations made on board m/v " from ... to ... there
were no Tally for the carrier's (ship's) account. The
usual Tally Tariff at the port of..... per ton or ...... per
men/hour.
Agent Date

4.19.
-


( / )

gar
Aluminium
Anthracite
Apatites
Dry orange peel
Arachis / ground nut (shelled, unshelled)
Asbestos
Asphalt
Barytes
Bacon
Petrol
Tar, bitumen
Beans
Bauxite
Bra nay
Paper
Borax
Iironstone

()





(/)

()




Vanadium ore
Vanille
Wine
Whisky
Mineral water
Vodka
Wolfram
Pebbles
Clove (s)
Gypsum
Clay
Alumina
Alumina si1ica
Peas
Mustard
Graphite
Walnut
Buckwheat
Mushrooms
Jam
Jin
Jute
Dolomite
Charcoal
Rice broken
Gelatine
Ironore
Scrap metal, iron swart
Iron ore pellets
Cattle
Grease (fat/lard)
Seed cake
Ground nuts
Grains
Gold
Limestone
Raisins
Caviar
Ilmenite sand
Ginger
Fige
Cable
Cocoa (beans)
Potassic nitrate, sodium n it rate
Soda ash
Salt rock
Coal
Steel rope in coils
Cardamon
Rubber
Quartz
Brick
Leather, skin, hide
Coke


(. )

(, , )

()

(, , )

()

()
(, )





()


(, , )
-

(, )

Coconuts
Cola
Colimanite
Mixed fat
Hempseed
Tinner (meat, fish)
Copper ore concentrate
Nickel ore concentrate
Brandy, cognac
Copra (meal, cake, pellets, expellers)
Cinnamon
Coffee (beans)
Crabs
Starch
Shrimps
Cereal (manna, maize, rice)
Maize, corn (USA)
Bay-leaf
Flax
Liqueur
Onion
Linseed (linseed oil)
Magnesite
Magnetite
Makaroni
Manganese ore
Margarine
Olives
Peanut oil (coconut oi1)
Maize (olive, sunflower oil)
Butter
Clarified butter
Copper granules
Chalcopy rite
Copper matte
Pig cupper
Scrap metal, steel scrap
Almond
Canned milk (dry milk)
Urea
Flour
Nutmeg
Fresh meat (beef, mutton, pork )
Corned beef
Tankage
Naphtalene (refined, crude)
Petroleum
Crude oil
Nickel
Ammonium nitrate
Barium nitrate
Kalium nitrate
Oats
Iron ore pellets


(, )


(, )

(. , )


()


(, )


(, )

(, , )

(, )

(, , , )

Wood pulp pellets


Tin
Bran pellets
Palm kernel
(cake, oil)
Treacke
Pumice
Hemp
Pepper
Periite rock
Biscuits
Beer
Pyrites
Sunflower seed
(cake, oil)
Feldspar lump
Polystyrol
Potash
Cork
Millet
Wheat
Rape seed (meal, cake. oi1)
Rhubarb
Chewing gum
Rice (broken)
Rice bran
Gunnies
Rye
Ores
Fish
Cod-1iver oi1
Fish meal
Fishcrap
Sago
Fat, tallow
Lard
Sugar (raw, refined)
Lead
Lead ore
Nitrate (patassic, sodium nitrate)
Herring (pickled )
Seed (sesame, sunflower, poppy)
Hay
Sulfur (lump, coarse grained)
Silver
Cigarettes, cigars
Sider
Sisal
Syrup
Turpentine
Cattle
Salt
Soya bean (meal, cake, expeller)
Spices






(, )

()


(, )

Steel
Steel plates, strips
Ammonium sulphate
Kalium sulphate, potassium sulphate
Natrium sulphate, salt cake
Superphosphate (triple, granular)
Talc
Tapioca
Tetraethyl lead
Caraway
Pipes
Coal
Fertilizers
Vinegar
Haricot beans
Phenol (sol id)
Ferrochrome
Dates
Pistachio-nuts
Diammonium phosphate
Monoammonium phosphate
Phosphates
Dried fruits
Cotton seed (cake, oil)
Cotton
Chrome ore
Chrome pellets
Cement
Chicory
Zinc
Zinc ore
Tea
Prunes
Garlic
Lentil
Pig iron
Stone chippings
Silk
Woodenips
Wool (gresse, tops)
Cooking coal
Hides, skins
Slag
Chocolate
Ethyl fluid
Eggs-powder
Barley

4.20.


Aviation oil
Aviation petrol, gasoline (USA)
Aviation turbine kerosene (ATK)
Asphalt

()





10

()




100
()






(0,98)



()

Petrol (Eng), gasoline (USA)


Clear petrol (UK), gasoline (USA)
Gasohol (USA)
Ethyl(ated) petrol, leaded gasoline
Bitumen
Asphalt solutions
Butane
Spindle oil
Multigrade oiI
High-\ulfur fuel
High-grade fuel
Thick oil
Viscosity
Gas oil
Gasoline
Gaseous fuel
Hydraulic oil
Graphite lubricant
Bipropellant fuel
Diesel oil, marine diesel oil
Marine Disel Oil 10 sSt
Liquid fuel
Benzine, rubber solvent
Castrol oil
Kerosene
Compressor oil
Grease
Thin fuel oil, boiler oil
Light diesel fuel (oil)
Thin fuel oil, residual oil
Low-sulfur fuel
Marine residual fuel oil
Low-sulfur fuel
Lubricating oil
Machine oil
Methane
Multicomponent propellant
Non-freezable oil
Motor oil
Fuel oil 100 sSt
Thin fuel oil
Motor spirit
Petroleum
Mineral oil
Low-grade fuel, .boiler oil
Burning kerosene
Residual fuel oil
Used (waste) oi1
Density (0,98)
Natural gas
Propane
Jet fuel
RefiItered oil
Centistokes (sSt)





/




() 180

-



Lubricant
Lubrication oi1
Cub grease
Diesel oi1
Solvent
Crude oi1
Flash-point temperature
Jet fuel, propellant
Furnace fuel oil
Marine residual (bunker) oil
Transmission (gear-box) oil
Transformer oil
Turbine oil
Thin fuel oil (Heavy oil)
Thin fuel oil 180 sSt
Heavy reduced fuel oil
White spirit
Hydrocarbon fuel
Specific gravity
Marine fuel oil
Cylinder oil
Ethane
Nuclear fuel

4.21.

Be

r
V
Vi
Bi
H
W
Gd
Ga

Ge
Dy
Eu
Fe
Au
Il
In
Ir
Yb
Y
I

Nitrogen
Actinium
Aluminium
Albumin
Argon
Barium
Bryllium
Boron
Bromine
Vanadium
Virginium
Bismuth
Hydrogen
Tungsten
Gadolinium
Gallurn
Helium
Germanium
Dysprosium
Europium
Iron
Gold
Illinium
Indium
Iridium
Ytterbium
Yttrium
Iodine

Cd

Ca
O
Co
Cb
Si
Kr
Xe
La
Li
Lu
Mg
Ma
Mn
Cu
Mo
As
Na
Ne
Nd
Ni
Sn
Os
Pd
Pt
Po
Pr
Pa
Ra
Rn
Re
Rh
Hg
Rb
Ru
Sm
Pb
Se
S
Sc
Sr
Sb

Tl

Tb
Ti
Th
Tm

U
P
F

Cadmium
Potassium
Calcium
Oxygen
Cobalt
Columbiurn
Si1icon
Krypton
Xenon
Lanthanum
Lithium
Lutecium
Magnesium
Masurium
Manganese
Cooper
Molybdenum
Arcenic
Sodium
Neon
Neodymium
Nickel
Tin
Osmium
Palladium
Platinum
Polonium
Praseodymium
Protactinium
Radium
Radon
Rhenium
Rhodium
Mercury
Rubidium
Ruthenium
Samarium
Lead
Selenium
Suphur, sulfur
Scandium
Strontium
Antimony
Tantalum
Thallium
Tellurium
Terbium
Titanium
Thorium
Thulium
Carbon
Uranium
Phosphorus
Fluorine

Cl
Ho
Cr
Cs
Ce
Zn
Zr
Er

Chlorine
Holmium
Chromium
Cedium
rium
Zinc
Zirconium
Erbium

5.
5.1.






()
, ()




Azimuth.
Rudder angle indicator
Safe speed
Security, safety
Large correction
Damage control
To be abeam, abreast
East, eastern, easterly
Before the beam/ forward of the beam
Universal Time (UT)
Elevation of an observer's eye
Geoid
Gyrocompass
Depth at chart datum
Deep water route
Horison
Horizontal parallax
Greenwich mean time (GMT)
Range finder
Distance of sea horizon
Sea endurance
Deviation
Tactical diameter
Longitude
Drift, adrift
Leeway, wind drift
Drift (away), go adrift
Great circle
Vitality
West, western
The Earth
Terrestrial equator
Notices to mariners
Course altering
Actual speed
True course
Actual track
Ice chart
Weather chart (meteorological)
Chart (nautical)
Route chart
Facsimile chart

()
()

Square
Wake
Compass
Compass course (CC)
Compass bearing (CB)
Coordinate Universal
Time (UTC)
Course
Heading marker
Relative bearing (RB)
Line
Horizon line
Position line (line of position)
Rhumb track
Loxodrome
Magnet
Magnetic variation
Magnetic compass
Magnetic course
Magnetic steering compass
Tactical ship's characteristics
Manoeuvring
Lighthouse
Meridian
Local mean time
Seaworthiness
Navigational dangers
Guides to navigation
Navigational warnings
Binnacle
Direction, heading
Navigational instruction
Abreast, abeam
Underway
Discrepancy
Observation
Observation position
Restricted visibility
Restricted in its (her) abi1ity to Manoeuvre
Circumference, circle
Describe circle
Identification
To fix the position
To fix the position by two distance range
To fix the position by cross bearings
To fix the position by running fix
Orthodromy
Take way off the ship
Relative mot ion
Departure
Parallel
Bearing
Intercept
Intersect, intersection


()


,






,
,


()






()


Cross the course


Sailing
Great circle sailing
Turning effect
Dead the ship's inert ion
Variable range marker
Submarine cable
Abaft the beam
Search and rescue
Hemisphere
Compass error
Zone time
Regulations for preventing collision
Distance run covered distance
Lay off a course,
plotting a course
Intermediate course
Waypoint
Track angle
Track, route
Leeway DR track
Radar
Radio bearing
Radio direction finder
Radio direction finding
Difference of longitude
Difference of latitude
Roundabout
Recommended course, track
North, northern, northerly
Variation (compass), declination
Speed by log
Speed by revolution of engine
Speed through the water
Speed over the ground
Speed of relative movement
Actual speed, speed made good
Satellite navigator
Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPA)
Aids to navigation
Leading marks
Board time
Dead reckoning
Ship's account
Reckoning position
Deviation table
Manoeuvring fact sheet
Table of shaft revolutions for representative speed
Blind sector
Retard
Increase speed, accelerate speed
Drift angle, angle of leeway

Reduce speed, retard speed


Adjusting of the magnetic compass
Steering quality
Account for current
Facsimile receiver
Steaming time
Time zone, zone description (ZD)
Latitude
South, southern, southerly

5.2.





,

()


,
...
...
.,.
...





.


20 .


23










...

In the opposite direction


Oncoming vessel
Reciprocal course
There were no oncoming vessels
In the same direction
You are getting closer to the vessel ahead
Kill the way, take way off the ship, deaden the
headway
Let us pass each other port to port (starboard to
starboard)
Reverse means of propulsion
Order the engine full astern
Make way, to be under way
Steer the course ..
Head on to ...
Chase the compass ...
To keep away from ...
Keep close into the shore
Keep an offing
Keep well clear of me
Leading vessel
Back running
To steam ahead. To go astern
Be crossing
Converge
Change course through: two-zero degrees
Make headway
Make way through the water
When vessels are approaching each other
Opposite/reciprocal course
Steer two three
Course per gyro compass
Course per standard compass
Course per steering compass
Converging course
Course corrected for a leeway
Course corrected for current
Target course
Relative bearing
Lay North
Sing by the desired course
To set course ,..








()



()




,




20












,

,
...
...
, ,








,

, ,

,

Reverse the course


Get on parallel course
Change the course
Way is off my vessel
I am operating astern
We must keep out of that ship's way
We can overtake that ship on our starboard (port) side
We have no right to cross her way ahead
We didn't overtake any vessel
Gather way
Direction, heading (bearing)
Have no way
Do not pass ahead of my course
Overtaken (leading) vessel
Overtaking vessel
Headway
Put the wheel hard a port
Cross the course
Cross ahead of vessel
Vessel crossing
Turn two zero degree to port
1 advise port-to-port
1 advise starboard-to-starboard
To avert collision
To progress, make steady headway
Continue on your present course
Keep her way, hold her headway
To pass by
To cross the bow
Shape the course
Please alter course to port
Please slow down to slow ahead
Pass on the port side
Ease down, reduce speed/ Slow down
Approach each other. meeting on reciprocal courses
To get closer
To swing to ...
Follow in the wake of ...
Get under way, get closer
To comply with traffic regulations
Advise you alter course to port
Keep under way
Both ships passed each other port-to-port
Vessels are meeting
The ship is not under way
Ship under way
The vessel shall keep her course and speed
The vessel inquires if we could let her pass ahead of us
Vessel intending to overtake another Give way vessel
Crossing vessel
Lose the way, slow down speed




()

Stear a steady course


keep out of the way of another vessel, to give way
I am altering my course to starboard
I intend to overtake you on your port (starboard) side
I am keeping my present course

5.3.
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
, !
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
()!
()!
5 .!
, 82 .!
, 182!
, 305!
, !

!

A hand to the helm!


Starboard!
Port!
Starboard the helm!
Port the helm!
More starboard!
More port!
Hard - a - starboard! All starboard!
Hard - a - port! All port!
Ease the helm!
Ease to starboard!
Ease to port!
Midships
Meet her
Steady! (steady so!); Steady as she goes!
Nothing to starboard!
Nothing to port!
Steer the course
Starboard ten (twenty)!
Port ten (twenty)!
Ease to five!
Starboard, steer zero eight two
Port, steer one eight two!
Port, steer three zero five!
Steer on buoy, on beacon!
Follow Icebreaker!
Watch you steering!


, 0. : , 82! - Starboard, steer zero eight two!
, , , 82, : " 82" Steady on zero eight two!"

5.4.



!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!

Stand by (the) engine!


Stand by both engines!
Try the engine!
Dead slow ahead!
Slow ahead!
Half ahead!
Full ahead!
Stop engine!
Dead slow astern!
Slow astern!
Half astern!

!
!
!
!
, !
!

Full astern!
Finished with the engine!
Full ahead both (engines)!
Slow astern both (engines)!
Full ahead starboard. half astern port!
Stop all I engines!

5.5.
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!

Bow thrust full to port!


Bow thrust full to starboard!
Bow thrust half to port!
Bow thrust hall to starboard!
Stern thrust full to starboard!
Stern thrust full to port!
Stern thrust half to starboard!
Stern thrust half to port!
Bow thrust stop!
Stern thrust stop!

5.6.
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
() !
() !
() !
... !
, ...!
...!
...!
...!
...!
... !
...!
() ...!
() !

Stand by for mooring!


Give the heaving I me!
Catch the heaving line!
Give the head line ashore!
Give the forward breast line!
Give the forward spring! Give the stern line (rope)!
Give the aft breast, line (rope)!
Give the aft spring!
Slack away the head (stern) line!
Slack away the forward (aft) spring!
Slack away the forward (aft) breast line!
Slack away the ... a little bit!
Slacken, slack away ...!
A fast (stop) slacking ...!
Check, keep the ...!
Haul in the slack ...!
Heave in the slack ..!
Heave tight (Tighten up, haul taught)!
A fast hauling .... hold on !
Heave in the forward (aft) ... !
Make fast the head (stern) line!

() ()!
() !
... !
() !
,
!

() !

Make fast the forward (stern) spring '" (breast)!


Make (all) fast!
The ... rope is fixed (made fast)!
The head (stern) line a fast
Single up!
Singled up for and aft
Let go head (stern) line!

() !
() !
!
!
?
!
!

Let go forward (aft) spring!


The head (stern) 1ine gone!
Let go fore and aft!
All gone fore and aft!
Is it clear astern?
Aft is clear (it is clear astern)!
Have/get the fenders ready!

5.7.
?
( )
?
?
()

?
()
! !
()


( )
,





,
()

...
()

()
()
()
( )

Where shall we get moored?


Stearway
Which side alongside?
Which side shall we go alongside?
We shal1 go port (starboard) side alongside
We must make fast stern to
How does the ship answer the helm?
Ship answers the helm well (badly)
Forward station! Aft station!
The head (aft) is passing clear
To get moored (berthed, tied up)
To get moored alongside
Headway
To shift berth, shifting berth
Stop the ship's headway
Stand by for mooring
To bring the ship alongside berth
Heave the bow alongside with a breast line
To take line, rope
Berth, quay
To swing around
The ship has too much headway
To berth, to moor
To make fast stern to ...
To get alongside port (starboard) side to
Mooring (can) buoy
Head / Stern line
Forward (aft) spring
Forward (aft) breast line
Heaving line

5.8.
!
!
() !
() !
() !
( )!
!
?
!
?
?

Get the anchor ready!


Get both anchors ready!
Get the port (starboard) anchor ready!
Stand by the starboard (port) anchor ready!
Let go the starboard (port) anchor!
Slack (pay) away the chain!
Keep the chain slacked!
How many checkles under water?
Slack away 2 checkles into water!
How does the chain look?
How is the chain leading (grows)?

( )


!
!
!
()


()!
!
!
!

"'"


?
?

!
() !
!
!

The chain is ahead (abeam)


The chain is leading astern
The chain is leading starboard
Hold on the chain!
Stop slackening the chain!
Make fast the chain!
The anchor is bitten
The anchor drags, comes home
Anchor never holds
Heave up the anchor (chain)!
Be ready to heave in!
Heave in the port anchor chain!
Heave short the cable!
The anchor is a trip
The anchor is up and down
Anchor is awash
Clear anchor, the anchor is clear
Is the anchor clear?
How is anchor?
Foul anchor
Veer out the anchor, to the water edge!
Put the wind I as in gear!
Disengage the windlass, wildcat
Secure the anchor for sea

5.9.

( )






?
,
?
?

?





()

bring the ship to anchor


anchor
lie at anchor, to ride at anchor
come to anchor, to anchor
Anchoring
drop an anchor, to let go an anchor
weigh anchor, to raise anchor
get under way ()
May we anchor here?
No, the anchorage is prohibited here
Shall we drop anchor?
Which anchor must be ready to let go?
We shall drop the port anchor
How much of the chain shall be needed?
You will have to lay, Stay in the roadstead
Vessels are requested not to anchor
Anchorage inadvisable
Anchorage prohibited
Convenient anchorage
Fair (safe) anchorage

Quarantine anchorage
Temporary anchorage
Anchorage () Road, roadstead
Sea anchorage
Anchor light

5.10.
!
!
!

!
?

?

!

!
!
!
!
()!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!

!
!



1 !
!
()

Take in tow!
Give the tow line to the tug boat!
Slack away the tow line!
The tow rope slacked off
Make fast the towline!
Is the tow line fast?
The towline a fast, made fast
Are you ready for towing?
Everything is ready for towing
Commence towing!
I am commencing to tow
Shorten in the tow-line!
Let go the tow line!
Heave in the towline!
Tow right ahead!
Tow to left (right)! Port/starboard
Tow with the full power!
Increase the speed!
Reduce (decrease, slacken speed)!
Stop moving immediately!
Swing round to starboard!
The towline has parted!
Stop heaving in!
rig the bridle!
Please order 2 tugs for mooring
Give two ropes to the tug!
Give the towline from central fairlead!
Give the towline from starboard bow!
Take the heaving line from the tug!
Take the tug rope from the tug!
Slack away the tug rope one metre to the water!
Haul in the slack!
The bow (stern) tug r gone/heaved in

5.11.
()


-

Tug (tugboat)
Towing vessel
Tow, towed vessel
Pusher tug
Towing (towage, tugging)
Tow on the towing bridle
Tow on the towing hook
Tow on the towing bitt
Tow on the towing winch
Alongside towing
Push towing
Emergency towing
tow
give pass the tow-line (rope)
make fast the tow- line
heave in the towline
rig the bridle
take in tow

?

?
?
()










...

Are you ready for towing?


Everything is ready for towing
What is the power of the tugs?
How many tugs must be taken by the ship?
Towing (towline) rope (hawser)
Tow line
Towing bridle
Towing winch
Tow hook
Towing chock
Tow hoop
Towing arch / beam
Towing rail
Towing chackle
Wire stopper
The ship will be towed to ...

5.12.






-

()








-
-
-


Pilots; sailing direction-book


Nautical chart
Navigational chart
General chart
Track chart
Coast chart
Plotting (lattice) chart
Index chart
Large-(small-)scale chart
Routings chart
Time zone chart
Great circle sailing chart
Meteorological chart
Oceanographical chart
Instructional chart
Notices for mariners
Ocean passages for the world
D chart
Loran-C chart
Omega chart
Consol chart
Catalogue of Admirally charts
Other hydrographic publications

Catalog of Nautical charts and Related Publications

Adm. list of lights and fog signals


Adm. list of radio signals
Route and track chart
World climatic chart
British Admiralty charts
U. S. Naval Oceanographical Office charts
Guide to port entry
Lloyd's Maritime Atlas
Nautical Almanac
Nautical Tables

5.13.
/

Bank - , shoal - Sh

( )




*


, ,


/
,

()

()

()

Battery - Bat
Tower - Tr
Swamp
Hospital
Breakwater
Windmi11
Eddies
Water tower
Hill
Height above datum
Harbour - r
Depth (At chart datum)
Doubtful sounding
Sounding in fathoms and feet
International boundary
Ice barrier
Limit of fishing zone
Limit of dumping or spoil ground
Limit of light sector
Anchorage limit,
Shrine
Villa
Dock. dry dock, floating dock
House
Road
Railway
Shimmies /chimney
Bay - . Gulf
Prohibited area
Wreck
Depth contours
Tidal information
Quarrier
Bushes
Lunitidal intervals
Magnetic variation - d
Small correction
Scale ,
Mast, flagstaff
Lighthouse - Lth
Shoal - Sh
Measured distance
Mosque
Mariners are warned
Bridge - Br
Swing bridge (ponton) bridge
Point -Pt (Cape - C)
Embankment
Bearings
Natural scale
Unexamined
Oil tanks
Lake
Island, islet
Pagoda
Palm trees

()

Ferry
Pier
Floating dock
Light-vessel - Lt. v
Oil Rig
Obstruction
Submarine cable
Port - P
Caution
Reduced to the level of ...
Conspicuous objects
Quay, berth, wharf
Radio masts
Radio beacon
Swing bridge
Cable area
River
Recommended track
Reef - Rf
Fishing stakes
Fishing traps
Index chart
Rock - Rk
Well
Warehouse
Cathedral, cath
Abbreviations
Station - stn
Leading line
Vessels are warned
Dry dock
Triangular station
Chimney - Chy
Tunnel
Datum to which
soundings are reduced
Symbols
Farm
Flagstaff - F.S.
Fiord
Fort
Temple
Church, cathedral
Chapel - Ch
Bollard, dolphin
School
Lock
Anchorage prohibited
Anchoring and fishing are prohibited
Anchorage

5.14.
() International Association Lighthouse Authorities
(IALA)

Lateral marks

Cardinal marks


Mid-Channel (safe water marks)

Special marks
,
Isolated danger marks

New dangers

Light beacon

Light buoy
(, , , )
(northern, southern, western, eastern)

Bell buoy

Spindle buoy

Pillar buoy

Mooring buoy
(, , , )
Spar buoy (northern, southern, western, eastern)

Broom

Two brooms based apart (point to p. )

Two brooms based together (base to base)
,
A spar buoy surmounted with up-turned broom (cone point
downwards)
,
A spar buoy surmounted with down-turned broom (cone
point upwards)
, ()
A spar buoy surmounted with two downturned (up-turned) brooms

Beacon

Fixed beacon

Floating beacon

Radio beacon (RBN)


- ( - )
Radar responder beacon (racon)
-
Radar reflector (Ra ret I.)
-
Remark radar beacon

Lighthouse

Light vessel (float)



Fishing lights

Vertically placed Lights

Can buoy

Conical buoy

Lighted bell buoy (LBB)

Lighted whistle buoy (LWB)

Wreck buoy

Spherical buoy

Leading

Shape

Mooring buoy

Perch

Bell

be passed on the port side/left hand

be passed on the starboard side/right hand

be passed on either side

Horizontal stripes

Vertical stripes

Radar reflector

5.15.
-
-
- (2)
- (1+2)

Fixed - F
Occulting -
Group occulting (2)
Composite Gr. occulting (1 + 2)

-
Isophase - I so
-
Flashing -Fl
- - .
Long flashing - LFI
- Group long flashing - LFI (2)
() -
Quick-Q

Gr. Quick by long flash Q (6)LFI
- .
Interrupted quick - IQ

Very quick - VQ

Interrupted very quick - IVO
-
Ultra quick - DO
- .
Interrupted ultra quick - IUQ
- .
Fixed and occulting - FOC
- .
Fixed and flashing - FFI
- .Kp .,
Alternating - Al. WRG
- , Kp, . . Alternating occulting - alOcWR
- .
Alternating flashing - alFIWRG
- - , Kp, . ,(2) Alternating group flashing - alFI (2)WP

Leading lights

Unwatched (U)

Extinguished

Destroyed

Provisional (temporary)

Elevation

Visible

Arc of visibility.

Unwatched

Reflector

Radar responder beacon; racon

Radar beacon; ramark

5.16.

Gunnery exercises

Firing practice will take place

Buoy is not in its proper posit ion

Buoy has broken adrift

Salvage operations underway

Explosive device

Relight

Reestablish, reset

Resume operation

Temporary

Gas blow on
,
be unl it
,
Operate, function

Dredging operations

Drifting, adrift
..
Drifting mine reported ...

Replace by, substitute


()
Sighted

Wreck

Notify

Trials
(, )
Navigators should transit westward
(eastward, southward)
... Mariners requested to remain clear ...



He

... ( )



,



,

Mariners are cautioned, warned


Charted
be inoperative/out of action
Light renewed functioning
Light of ....is out of action
Dangerous to navigation
Hazardous/dangerous area
Cancel following warnings
Absent, reported off station
Extinguished
Underwater obstruction
Exercise area
Caution, warn
Take precautions
Mine sweeping exercised
Warship exercising in area
Caution advised
Two ships reported mined
Nothing to report
Anchorage inadvisable
Firing
Derelict
Withdrawn from station
Discontinue
Establish, exhibit, put
Gunnery exercises
Firing practice, exercises
Anchorage prohibited

5.17. ()


, .
24 ,
...



10 .

.

Pilotage
Pilotage is compulsory for all vessel entering,
navigating within or leaving the port.
Pilotage is arranged 24 h advance through agent. Pi lot
normally boards in the vicinity of the buoy No ... Pi lot
may be transferred by helicopter

,

.
.

Tugs are compulsory for docking and undocking and


for all manoeuvres in port, except when shifting
alongside the quay. The vessel shall provide towing
lines in good condition and strong enough for towing
the vessel.

Port traffic control


The traffic control area is that area of water within arc
of 10 nautical miles of the signal station. No vessel is
allowed to move in the port area without prior contact
with and the approval of the Port Traffic Control.
Tugs



,

,
.

Navigate with care


All vessels within harbour area shall navigate with care
and caution and at a speed which will not create
dange \or cause damage to other vessels, moorings or
other property.

Moorings



.
, .

, ,

, .


,
.
,
.

- , ,

.
.

.


.


, ,

.

,
,
,
.

- 1
,
600 . .
.

,
,
, /
.

When berthed at or while alongside any quay the ship's


moorings must be kept taut and adjusted from time to
time. , The moorings must also be so arranged that
they can be quickly and easily released:
Rat guards
All vessels secured alongside any quay or pier must fix
efficient rat guards along every line and wire connected
to or reaching to shore.
Gangways
Every vessel in the port shall have suitable gangway
and safety net beneath gangway to prevent persons
from falling into the water. The gangway shall be
attended at all times by a watch man and have a
suitable lifebuoy with heaving line conveniently
located.
Pollution and garbage
The discharge of any oil, oil mixture, rubbish and
garbage is strictly forbidden within the port Limits.
Outlets and scuppers shall be guarded. All sightings of
significant patches of oil pollution should be reported
to port control.
Smoke from funnels
Excessive smoke from funnels or exhaust gas lines of
vessels is prohibited. ,
Sound signals
No siren or whistle shall be sounded within a port
except for the purpose of navigation or the giving of an
alarm and / or distress signal.
Engine repairs
The Master of any vessel wishing to carry out engine
repairs or adjustments which may
affect the mobility of the vessel must obtain the
permission of the Port Management.
Vacate berth
Should any vessel fail to vacate its berth one hour after
completion of loading or unloading, a dockage of $600
per each hour as sassed the vessel.
Vessel not ready
Vessel not ready to load or unload her cargo if
requested by port, yield turn for berth to vessel ready to
load / unload.


, ,
,
.


.

Free Pratique and Permission


All vessels arriving from foreign ports will be boarded
by Quarantine, Customs and Immigration Officers.
Vessel's personnel are not allowed ashore until Free
Pratique and Permission is granted by these officers.

5.18.
1.
, - .

.
2.
,
,
.
3.
.
,
. :

,
,
;

;
;
,

;
;
, .
4.
, :

;

, ,
,
;

, ;

;

.
5.
:

1. The officer of the watch is the Master's


representative, and his primary responsibility at all
times is the safety of the ship. He is responsible for
ensuring that the planned passage is properly carried
out during his watch.
2. The officer of the watch should keep his watch on
bridge, in no circumstances should he leave the bridge
until properly relieved.
3. The officer of the watch is responsible for the
maintenance of a continuous and alert watch. This is
the most important considerations in the avoidance of
collision, stranding and other casualties. In order to
keep an efficient watch the officer of the watch should
ensure the to I lowing:
an alert all-round visual and aural lookout to allow a
full rasp of the current situation, including the presence
of ships and landmarks in the vicinity;
close observation of the movement and bearing of
approaching vessels;
identification ship and shore lights; close monitoring
that the course is being steered accurately and that
wheel orders are correctly executed;
observation of the radar and echo sounder displays;
observation of changes in the weather, especially the
visibility.
4. The officer on the watch should make regular checks
to ensure that:
the helmsman or the automatic pilots steering the
correct course;
the standard magnetic compass error is established at
least once a watch and also is possible after major
alternation of course;
the standard magnetic and gyro compasses are
compared frequently and repeaters synchronized;
the automatic pi lot is tested in the manual mode at
least once a watch;
the navigation and signal lights and other navigational
equipment are functioning properly.
5. The officer on the watch should notify the Master
immediately under any of the following circumstances;


;
;
-
-
;

;


;
,
; ,
.
6. ,
.
:
,
,
;
;
,

;


;
,
,
;
, ;

.

if visibility deteriorates to the level laid down in the


Master's standing instructions;
if the movement of other vessels are causing concern;
if difficulty is experienced in maintaining course due to
heavy traffic or to meteorological or sea conditions;
on failure to sight land or navigation mark;
if either land or a navigation mark is sighted
unexpectedly, or if an unexpected reduction of sounded
depth occurs;
on the breakdown of the engines, steering gear or any
essential navigational equipment; in any other situation
about which he is in doubt.
6, When ship at anchor, on the bridge a continuous
watch should be maintained. The officer on the watch
should:
ensure that the vessel exhibits the appropriate lights or
shapes and that in restricted visibility the appropriate
sound signals are made;
ensure that an efficient lookout is maintained;
ensure that the state of readiness of the main engines is
in accordance with the Master's instructions;
determine and plot ship's position, and at sufficiently
frequent intervals check this position by taking
bearings of fixed navigational marks or identifiable
shore objects;
notify the Master if the vessel drags its anchor and
undertakes all necessary remedial measures;
notify the Master if visibility deteriorates;
in appropriate circumstances maintain anti-piracy
precautions.

5.19.


. , ,
.
1.
, ,
.
2. ()
;
() ;
;
(), . .
.

In addition to the ordinary Navigation Entries the


attention of the Master and Mate is specially called to
the following instructions: All logs must contain the
following careful, full and correct entries.
1. Accidents to crew or vessel, damage and all unusual
circumstances.
2. The time each day of commencing to load and
discharge. Details and duration of any delays on
account of weather, or otherwise. Time of finishing
work each day. Quantity of cargo loaded or discharged
each day. Names of each day tallymen. By whom
winches have been run, i. . crew or shoreman.

3. ;
()

, .
4.

.

.
5. , ,
,
.
6.
,
() .
7.


, .
.


.
,

.
:
10.00, , ,
.
, ,
,
,
.
3 ,
.

3. Receipts and duplicates of receipts for cargo


discharged or loaded to be carefully filed on board,
that same may be forwarded to Owners if called for.
4. One page in each Log Book is reserved for List of
Crew on board, and must contain date of joining, and
in case of men leaving the ship abroad, the date for
their leaving, and cause.
5, Sluices, steering gear and windlass to be kept in
good order, and a weekly entry to be made.
6. The regulation lights to be kept burning brightly
from sunset to sunrise, and a daily entry made to that
effect.
7. At sea the deck is always to be in charge of a
Certificate officer, and all courses steered to be
entered, as per standard compass.
Note: All entries in the Log Book to be examined by
Master, and each day to be signed by him and the
Mate; Log Book to be forwarded to owners on
completion of the voyage, if Instruction to the contrary
have not previously been received.
Example of entry of every Monday inspection:
10.00. Master, ch. officer and ch. engineer carried out
inspection of crew accommodations, all comply with
the Regulations. Inspection of emergency fire pump,
emergency generator, all survival craft were visually
inspected, found ready for use. Engine of port lifeboat
has been run ahead and astern 3 min.

5.20.
/



,




...


... ( )

Vessel encountered adverse current / weather


Vessel in all respects ready for sailing in congested
water
Crew rigging (riged) accommodation and pilot ladder
All steering gear modes tested satisfactory
One hour notice to engine-room
Helm to Master's orders
Pi lot boards
To Master's orders and pi lot's advice,..
Commence manual steering
Crew on station
... fast FWD (AFT tug)
Approach turning area
Commence swinging starboard



...
,

()
, ...
()




,
()
(, )

...
... ()
, ... ()
- 21 - 11.1
282
3 . ()
...
... .
...
, ,
,

23.00.
,

10.15. ... ...

,

,

" "

* 1 2
,


" "

(
5)
,


- (, )

,
( )

Complete swing
Ropes ashore F and A
Completed mooring portside to berth No ...
Pilot disembarked and tug dismissed
Free Pratique granted
Commence (finish) draft survey
Completed loading, quantity lifted ... t
Resume loading (discharging) by shore cranes
Commence pumping out isolated ballast
Commence pick up (weigh) anchor
Anchor is clear of bottom
Anchor is clear
Drop port (starboard) anchor
At starboard (port, both) anchor
Engine one hour readiness
Under keel clearance ... m
SN fix ... N (S), ... E (W)
Cape of Good Hope Br 21. Or 11.1; altered course to
282
Allowing 3 deg leeway. Reduce (increase) leeway... '
Rolling period ... , Hm ... m
Bilges, wells, tanks and cofferdams Sounded
Master's inspection of accommodation a 11 clean and
tidy
23.00. fire and security round made
Fire rounds maintained, gangway and moorings
frequently checked
10.15. ... N, ... E the valves of ship's bilge system were
sealed up
Manual, secondary and emergency steering gear tested
Bridge-steering compartment communication tested
and found to be in good order
"Abandon ship" signal sounded
Crew mustered at lifeboat stations, wearing lifejackets
No 1 & No 2 lifeboats lowered into water
Lifeboat equipment inspected and all found in good
working order
Lifeboat restowed and secured
"Fire alarm" sounded
Crew mustered at fire station
Fire drill in forward pain store (in hold No 5)
Hydrants and hoses tested. All in good conditions
Visibility moderate to poor
Moderate visibility due to fog (mist. rain)
Weather increased to severe gale
Vessel, rudder and engine suffer
Vessel navigate hardly

,

(,
)

,

, , , ,
()
( /
)




10

High seas (sea water) burst on the main deck covering


hatch covers and vents
Overcast (cloudy with rain, shower, downfall)
Snow-fall commenced
Sea precipitous
Sea confused
Hurricane, tornado, cyclone, squall, lighting
Weather improves (gets worse)
Wind swinging W (veering, backing)
Clear weather
Rough sea
Heavy sea
High sea
Gale force 10

5.21.

? ,

I require a pilot
Do you require a pilot? No, 1 don't require a
pilot
?
Where can I take pilot?
... ...
You can take pi lot at point .... near ...

Pilot is coming to you
?
Which side do you want the pi lot ladder?
You must rig pilot ladder on port (starboard) side
()
()
Pilot ladder is rigged on port (starboard) side
You must rig gangway combined with pi lot ladder

2
A pi lot will be sent to you in two hours
It is heavy swel1 and pi lot cannot board you

Lie broadside on the seas and make shelter for pi lot

boat

Make lee for pilot boat

?
What scheme of mooring do you propose (offer)?
?
Is there sufficient depth there?
(, )?
What is the depth on the bar (here, alongside the
berth)?
?
Can we anchor here?
? How is the buoy to be passed? Leave the buoy on the
port side
?
At what berth shell we get moored?
?
Which side alongside?
()
Port (starboard) side (alongside)
...
We must make fast stern to ...
( )
Steer between the buoys (steer for that buoy)
?
Have you a thruster?
?
Shal1 we drop an anchor?
()
We shal1 drop the port (starboard) anchor

The ship has too much headway

( ,
)
. .
? ?
235
?
()
( , )
2
?

?

Way is off the ship (way is on the ship, vessel under


way)
Kill the way. Stop ship's headway. The ship lost her
headway
How is her head now?
The ship's head is two three five now
How does the ship answer the helm?
She answers the helm we 11 (badly)
Sound two short (one long, prolonged, blast) sounds
We must get under way in two hours
What is your ful1 sea speed?
How much time do you need to reduce sea speed to a
Manoeuvring one? I need one hour notice

5.22.




90
/

()

Venus
Upper limb of the Sun
Sun's Upper Meridian Passage
Sunrise/Moonrise
Galaxy
Greenwich Hour Angle (GHA)
Greenwich apparent time (GAT)
Greenwich Mean time
Coded ination
Sunset/Moonset
Star
Star chart, globe
Starlit night
Sidereal time
Starry
Sidereal hour angle
Earth
The Earth
Zenith
Zenith distance
Space (Outer space)
Position circle
Position line (line of position)
Moon
Moonlit night
Lunar
Mars
Meridian altitude
Mercury
Local hour angle
Nautical twilight
Dip of horizon
Celestial sphere
Celestial body
Celestial equator
Neptune

()

()


()



Lower limb of the Sun


Zone description (ZD)
Aries
Parallax
Prime vertical
Planet
Pluton
Semi-diameter of the Sun
Hemisphere
Celestial pole
Pole star
Zone time (ZT)
Right ...
Saturn
Sun's (Star's) declination
Constellation
Solar, sunny
Sun
Solstice
Board time
Twilight
Computed altitude
First point of Aries
Equation of time
Uranus
Phase of Moon
Zone description (ZD)
Hour angle (HA)
Vernal equinox (Hour . angle of first point of Aries)
Ecliptic
Jupiter

5.23.

Chained Lady
Twins
Great Bear
Greater Dog
Scales
Water Bearer
Charioteer
Wolf
Bear Driver, or Kite
Crow
Kneeler
Water Monster
Dove
Hunting Dogs
Virgin
Dolphin
Dragon
Unicorn
Altar
Painter

Giraffe
Crane
Hare
Serpent Bearer
Serpent
Dorado
Lady in the Chair
Keel
Whale
Horned Goat
Mariner's
Stern
Swan
Lion
Flying Fish
Lyre
Little Fox
Smaller Bear
Colt
Smaller Lion
Lesser Dog
Microscope
Fly
Ram
Octant
Eagle
Hunter
Sails
Winged Horse
Rescuer
Crab
Graving Tool
Fishes
Northern Crown
Sextant
Scorpion
Arrow
Archer
Telescope
Bull
Triangle
Toucan
Phoenix
Chameleon
Centaur
Monarch
Compasses
Shield
River Po
Water Snake
Southern Crown
Southern Cross ,
Southern Fish
Southern Triangle

Lizard

5.24. (
)

AN

BB
BR
BV

EB
CJ

CV
O
DV
DX

ED
EF
F
FE
FF
G

GM
GN
GO
GZ

HF

HL
HP

,



(),




""



?
( )
( )
( ) ()

;





/
;

;

/ ...
( )

. ,
,

, : " "






... , ... ( ... ... )
... , ...
( .... ... )

AN

BR
BV

CJ

CV
D
DV
DX

ED
EF
F
FE
FF

I have a diver down; keep wel1 clear at low


speed
I am abandoning my vessel
I need a doctor
I am taking in, or discharging, or carrying
dangerous cargo
You may a light on my deck
I require a helicopter urgently
I cannot sent a helicopter
Yes (affirmative), or "The significance of the
previous group should be read in the
affirmative. "
I require immediate assistance
Do you require assistance?
Assistance is not (or is no longer) required by
me (or vessel indicated)
I am (or vessel indicated is) proceeding to your
assistance
I am unable to give assistance
Keep clear of me; I am Manoeuvring with difficulty
I am drifting
I am sinking
I am altering my course to starboard
Your distress signals are understood
80S / MAYDAY has been cancel led
I am disabled; communicate with me
I am proceeding to the position of accident at
full speed. Expect to arrive at time indicated
I have intercepted 80S / MAYDAY from vessel
(name or identity signal) in position lat ...
long ... at time indicated
I require a pilot. When made by fishing vessel
operating in close proximity on the fishing
grounds it means "1 am hauling nets"

GM
GN
GO
GZ

HF

I cannot save my vessel


You should take off persons
I cannot take off persons
Al1 persons saved
I have a pi lot on board
I have located survivors in water lat ... long ...
(o bearing ... from place indicated, distance ...)

I have located bodies in lat ... long ... (or


bearing ... from place indicated, distance ...)
Survivors not yet located
Survivors have not yet been picked up

HL
HP

HX
HY
I
I
I
IT
IX
IZ
J
JE
J
JD
JH
JL
JU

KA

KQ
KR
L
LA
LG
M
MG
MH
N
NA
NB
NC
ND
NG
NO
O
OO
OR
OW

-
?
( ),
,


?



.
,



,
,





() () ()







..
... (
)
"" "

"

(
)
,

( ).


"" "

"




.

Have you received any damage in collision?

HY

The vessel (name or identity signal) with which


I have been in collision has sunk
I am altering my course to port
I have receive damage to stem
What damage have you received?
I am on fire
Fire is gaining
Fire has been extinguished
Keep well clear of me. I am on fire and have
dangerous cargo on board, or I am leaking
dangerous cargo
There is danger of explosion
There is no danger of explosion
I am aground, I am in dangerous situation
I am aground, I am not in danger
You are running the risk of going aground/,
I cannot be refloated by any means now
available
I wish to communicated with you
I urgently require collision mat
My hold(s) (is) are flooded
Prepare to be taken in tow
All is ready for towing
You should stop your vessel instantly
Towing hawser (cable) has parted
You should prepare to cast off towing hawser
My vessel is stopped and making no way
through the water
You should steer course ...
You shou1d a 1ter course to ...

I
I
I
IT
IX
IZ
J
JB
JC
JO
JH
JL
JU

KA

KQ
KR
L
LA
LG

MG
MH
N

NO (Negative or "the significance of the


previous group should be read in the negative")

NA
NB

Navigation is Closed
There is fishing gear in the direction you are
heading (or in direction indicated)
I am in distress and require immediate
assistance
Tsunami (Phenomenal wave) is expected. You
should take appropriate precautions
You are in dangerous position

NC
ND
NG
N

Negative - "No" or the "significance of the


previous group should be read in the negative"

O
OO

Man overboard
I am calibrating radio direction finder or
adjusting compasses
1 have struck a mine
There is a minefield ahead of' you. You should
stop your vessel and wait for
instructions

OR
OW

PD
PS
Q
QU
RL
RM
RN
RS
S
SB
SO
T
TO
TR
U
DM
UW
UY
V
VE
W
X
Y
YG
Z

: ,
:

: "
"
" "
() () ()
()

,





,

()




,




.
,
, " "

PD

In harbour. All persons should report on board


as vessel is about to proceed to sea At sea. It
may be used by fishing vessels to mean "My
nets have come fast upon an obstruction". It
may also be used as a sound signal to mean "1
require a pi lot"
Your navigation light (s) is (are) not visible

PS
Q

You should not came any closer


My vessel is Wealthy and request Free Pratique

QU
RL

Anchoring is prohibited
You should stop, your engines immediately

RM
RN
RS

My engines are stopped


My engines are out of action
None is allowed on board

S
SB
SO

I am operating astern propulsion


I am proceeding to the position of accident
You should stop your vessel instantly
clear of me; I am engaged in pair trawling

U
DM
UW
UY

I have mine in my sweep (or net)


Fishing gear has foule my propeller
You are running into danger
The harbour (port) is closed to traffic
I wish you a pleasant voyage
I am carrying out exercises, please keep clear of
me
I require assistance
I am fumigating my vessel
I require medical assistance
Stop carrying out your intentions and watch for
my signals

V
VE
W

Y
YG
Z

I am dragging my anchor
You appear not to be complying with the, traffic
separation scheme
I require a tug. When made by fishing vessel
operating in close proximity on the fishing
grounds it means: "I am shooting nets".

6.
6.1.

Automatic target acquisition


Automatic suppression of rain and snow clutter (auto
FTC)
Automatic suppression of sea clutter (auto STC)
Gyropilot
Auto tracking
Duplexer
Input of gyro value, set gyro
Video Plotter



/





-

()

.
,






( ),


,



,
/

()

() ,


()



()



()

()

Display Modes
Operate and use the radar
Effect of change in own ship's course / speed
The effect on radar detection of the sea state
Time and distance of closest approach
Time to closest point of approach
Trail time
Identification of critical echoes
Moving targets are displayed with true (relative) course
and speed
Moving targets show afterglow trails
Range. Range of target
If own ship is at the centre the bearings of targets can
be read from the bearing scale
Sea returns
Acquisition of target for automatic tracking
Reflection Plotter
Radarscope display
The orientation of the radar display can be either headup, north-up or course-up
Simulation of a course change
Display unit, display
The display unit requires hardly any maintenance
Displaying the data of tracked target
Data area
Distortions radial, azimuthal
Using of the numeric keys
Correction of the route planning
True motion (TM)
True course and speed of the target must be determined
by plotting
Reference point, target
Klystron
Cursor, position mark
Correcting the limit line
Range ring
Circular sweep
Cursor
Radar decay
False echo-displays
Magnetron
Heading marker
Heading line
Past position mark (track, history markers)
Fixed target
Detecting course and speed change of other ship
To detect echoes as early as possible
Limit line fixed
Limit line relative






() , ()
,


()

















()
-
()




, ,

()








/



, ,

Limitation of the guard zones


Ending the automatic target tracking
Ending the trial manoeuvre
Dangerous target
Radar operator
Cancel ling point, reference point, turn point
Relative Motion (RM)
Reflections from the surface
Guard zone (guard ring)
Own ship data
Target data
Bearing of the target
Data overflow
Target overflow
Suppression of clutter due to rain (FTC)
Suppression of sea clutter (STC)
Acknowledgement and canceling of alarm
Interferences from other radars
Lost target
Transmitter-receiver (transceiver)
The employed range scales are changed at sufficiently
frequent intervals.
Trial manoeuvre
Plotting and systematic analysis is commenced in the
ample time
Keyboard
Radar sighting
Radar tracking
Radar beacon
Racon
Radar check point (Radar search)
Positioning the route plan on the radar display
Manual tuning
Manual control
Manual target acquisition
Cancel
The lost target alarm
Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPA)
System malfunctions
Collision avoidance system
Afterglow trail
Off-centering
The tracking of al1 targets is ended
Tracking of the target
Radar confusion device
Closest point of approach
Bearing / Range-Ring accuracy
Setting a route with turn points
Setting the guard ring sector
Rejection of interference from other radars
A target is on collision course if its bearing is constant
and its range is decreasing
Centre of the display


()

-

Tracker capacity
Roll ball
Range scale
The cathode ray tube (CRT)

6.2.

ACQUIRE AUTO
ACQUIRE
MANUAL
ACOUI REF
TARGET
ACQUI TARGET
ANTI CLUTTER
SEA
ANTI CLUTTER
RAIN
AUTO FTC
AUTO STC
BCR / BCT
BRG or BEARING
BRILL or
Brilliance
CANCL ALARM
CANCL/MOOIF
CANCL NAV
LINE
CENT
CENTDISP
CD ON
CLEAN SWEEP
CLEAR
CLR
CONT, END
COURSE
CPA
CRSE STAB
CRT
CRTBRIL
DA
OAT
DELAY
DISPL DATA
DRIFT

Alarm area
Automatic acquisition ON/OF
Manual target acquisition

Selection of reference target with roll ball


()
Acquisition of target for automatic tracking
Sea clutter suppression
()
Rain clutter suppression

Automatic fast time control


Automatic sensitivity time control
Bow cross range / Bow cross time
Bearing of the target
Brilliance adjustment

Cancellation of the acoustic alarm


Cancellation of a point on the route map
Cancellation of nav. line

Bearing marker is centered on own ship


Center display
Center display on
Rejection of interference from other radars
Erasure of plot mark
Clearing
Continue, end
Course of target
Closest point of approach
The orientation of radar display with course
up and compass stabilized
Cathod ray tube
Cathod ray tube brilliance adjustment
Data area
Data entry
Delay of automatic display-resetting until
0,75 rad
Display of the data of a tracked target

( )




, ,
,




-




0,75

Compensation for own ship's speed errors


due to current and drift
EBL
Electronic bearing 1ine
EBM
Electronic bearing marker
ENTER/DELETE Construction and deletion of barrier or
fairway lines
FIX ABS
EBM is fixed relative to the bottom

FIX REL

EBM moves with own ship at constant


distance
FTC
Fast Time Control
GAIN
Gain
HEAD UP
The orientation of radar display with Head
Up not compass stabilized
INTF REJCT; IR Rejection of interference from other radars.
Radar interference rejection
LIMIT LINE REL Limitation of the guard zones rel. to own
ship
LIMIT LINE FIX Limitation of the guard zones with , respect
to the bottom
LOG
Transfer of own ship's speed from log
MAN ACQUI
MAN ACQU1
SELECT
MAN ACQUI
CANCL
MAN ACQUI
MAN PLOT
MAN PLOT
MAN SPEED

Manual target acquisition

Selection of target which is to be cancel led


or manually supported
Cancellation of the target selected with
"SELECT"
Supporting the automatic target tracking
with the rollbal1 marker
Manual plotting
Input of own ship's speed using numeric
keyboard
MANUAL SPEED Manual entry of own ship's speed
MAP ADJUST
Map adjusting
MAP ADJUST
Positioning the route map on the radar
REFER
display while key is pressed
MAP/CLEAR
Clearing the route map on the radar screen
MAP/READ
Reading and display of the stored route
map
MIN.CPA
Setting of minimum closest point of
approach
MIN.TCPA
Setting of time to closest point of approach

,

,
"SELECT"






,



MODE/NAV LINE Setting of nav. lines on the route map




MODE/REF
Setting of reference points on the route map '
POINT
MODIF/PICK UP Inserting another point in a planned string
of lines

MOD IF/SET
Setting a reference point, fixing of turn
,
point or nav. lines/course line
,
/
MSS
Map storage system

NAV LINE
Navigation line

NORTH UP
The orientation of radar display with north
up

OFF CENT SET
Manual off-centering of own SET ship's

position to a display position selected with ,
the marker
OFF CENT
Resetting of own ship's position to centre of
RESET
display
;
PAD
Predicted area of danger

PCB
PLOT
POWER ON
PPC
PRF
PROG
PROG/MAP
RANGE or RNG
-RAMGE+
...0...
READ
REFER/CONT/
END
REF POINT
SELECT
REF TARGET

Printed circuit board


Display of plot mark
Power on(off switch)
Point of possible collision
Pulse repetition frequency
Program
Storage of constructed route map
Range of the target Switch-over Of range
setting

()


()
/
...
Range rings ON/OFF
/
Reading out the route map

Ending the setting of turn point or nav lines

Selection of a reference point

Take-over of the data from the reference
target
Relative display of the past plot or past
track
Manual resetting of radar display to 0,5
radius
Switching the guard ring on and off



REL


RESET

0,5
RING

RM
Relative motion

RNG
Range
" ()
RP
Reflection plotter

SECTR START
Setting the sector start

SECTR STOP
Setting the sector end with the aid of FBM

SEL DISP
Selection of dangerous targets

SET NAV LINE
Setting of nav line with VRM and EBM


SPD or SPEED
Speed of target

STEP
Step

STC
Sensitivity time control

SUPPRESSION A- Setting of lines for exclusion sector in auto-
LINE / B-LINE
acquisition mode

TCPA
Input of time to closest point of approach
(alarm)
()
TM
True motion

TRACK
Track
,
TRACK
Track history markers

HISTORY
MARKERS
TRAIL TIME
Change of afterglow time using keys +/
+/TRACK ON/OFF Switching the past plots (past track) on and
off
()
TRACK TIME
Switch-over of the track time: 1.5 or 3 min 1,5-3

TRIAL

Switching the trial manoeuvre on and off

TRIAL / STEP

Switching the trial step manoeuvre after


every pressing of the key
True display of the past plot or of vectors
and of past track
Tuning
Setting of turning points

TRUE
TUNE
TURN POINT
MODE
VECTR ON/OFF
VECTR TIME
VDA
VRM

Vectors of the plotted targets on / off


Selection of vector length using numeric
keyboard or +/- keys
Variable data area
Variable range marker





,

. /


+/

6.3.
GP-1500 (GPS GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM)
Abnormal
ACQ (ACQUISITION)
ALM (ALARM)
ALARM SETTING
ALERT
Future satellites
HDOP
SV Condition
Almanac date and time
ALMANAC
ARV (ARRIVAL)
AZM (AZIMUTH)
BDR (BORDER)
BRG (BEARING)
C.ER (COURSE ERROR)
CLR (CLEAR)
DIM
2-D
ELV (ELEVATION)
ENT (ENTER)
EVT (EVENT)
FROM
HDG (HEADING)
HDOP

,
.
.

MON (MONITOR)
:
;
;
;

.

. .


. , , ,

.

.

( )


. -

,
,

(HORIZONTAL DEBUT ION OF


POZITION)
ID (IDENTIFICATION)
I.GPS (INTERNAL GPS)
LVL (LEVEL)
L/L (LAT/LONG MARK)
MC (MEMORY CARD)
MEMO (MEMORY)
MENU
MODE
MON (MONITOR)
NAV
NAVAID
NO (NO GOOD)
NM (NAUTICAL MILE)
NO (NUMBER)
NORMAL
NOW
OK (O'KEY)
PPS (Precise Positioning Signal)
PWR (POWER)
PLOT
RAM (Random Access Memory)
RAM - card
R/B (RANGE/ BEARING)
RNG (RANGE)
ROM (READ ONLY MEMORY)
ROM - card
ROUTE
SHFT (SHIFT)
SPD (SPEED)
S/C (SPEED/ COURSE)
SPS (Standard Positioning Signal)
SV (Space Vehicle)
THRHLD (THRESHOLD)
TD (TIME DIFFERENCE)
TO
TO/FR (TO/FROM)

.
HDOP,
, , Route ID=ABC ,
- )
,
( )
,
/ Plot

RAM
()-
PLOT




-

GPS
.

()
.


, .

,
.

. 10


/
,

.
HDOP,

TRK (TRACKING)

,


,
,

TTG (TIME TOGO)


VD (Velocity to Destination)
WPT (WAYPOINT)
WPTO (WAYPOINT TO)
(CROSS TRACK ERROR)


,
. ,

MENU
[1] INITIAL LAT & ON SETTING

[2] DATE, TIME & LOCAL ZONE
,
TIME
[3] PLOT INTERVAL PRESET


[4] DISPLAY WPT MARKS &

COURSE
[5] ALARM SETTING;
:

Arrival Alarm

Border Alarm

Alarm
[6] GPS CORRECTIONS

[7] INTERFACE PORT. BACKUP


NAVIGATION
[8] COLD START
[9] SELFTEST, CLEAR DATA,
BATTERY

,
,



6.4.
" 53 G"

LOP
HYP L/L
GPS L/L
Raw-LOP
Drms
Dwf
TRACK
C/SHG
B/D-WAYPT

"".
""
""
""

.

ROUTE
STER-SEQ
SPD/HDG
DR
STEER-BY
LOP
LOPAWP
L/L
L/LAWP
B/D
AWP-WP
System
Alerts
GPS
MOB-Posn
MOB-Time
LOP
TRUE
COMPASS
DATUM
HEIGHT
ANCH-ORFT
XTRACK
WPT-APPR
FILTER
D/TIME
TIME-ALMS
LAST-P/B
CMPS
LOG
NMEA
PRINT
DUP
CVP
ARPA
HYP-SIGS
HYP-FREQ
GPS-SIGS
GPS-FREQ


""


.
()
( )
,




.




, "
"
" ",

""



.


.

""

( )
.

Clr-Mem
Clr-Decca
Clr-GPS
Syst-Tst
KEY-LOCK
ALERT-BLEEP
SIGNAL-BLEEP
Receiver
Display
Nav-Prog
GPS
COMPASS
LOG
SELECT
PRINT
CVP
DGPS


,
,
, , .

6.5.
" -70"
( "")
-Satellite signal

ALM - Alarm (Low-High)

ANT HEIGHT -Antenna height
ARV - Arrival alarm
AUTO DRIFT CORRECT ION
AUX-Auxiliary (L/L direct)
AVR FUEL -Average fuel count
CAL - Calculating satellite fix
CHECK - Check switch
CLEAR - Key cancels the numbers in
the input line
COMMENT
COURSE PLOT DISPLAY
CRS MADE GOOD -Average course
between the fixes
CUR FUEL - Current fuel count
BRIL - Brilliance
DATA
DATE (D/M/Y)
DATUM L/L CORR
OEV - Dopier deviation
DFT - Drift; speed of current
DOP - Doppler count
DOP DATA
DR - Dead reckoning
DRIFT




,









.
(, , )

,

.
,

DRT - Dead reckoning time


D-RUN - Distance run
D-RUN PRESET=...- Distance run
preset
ELV - Max elevation angle
ERR - Error found during test,
ETA-Estimated time of arrival
EVENT
EVENT MEMORY.
EV NO - Event number
EVT - Present position memorized by
event key
FIX
FIX-1 - Latest fix
FIX-2 - Second latest
FUEL COUNT -Remaining count
FUEL DATA
FUTURE SAT -Future satellite
display/ description
GC - Great-circle range and bearing
GEOID HEIGHT
GYRO RATIO
HOG (Auto:-)-Present heading
I NIT DATA -Initial data
INIT DATA INPUT
ITR - Number of iterations
KEY LOCK
LAMP LAPSE - Time elapsed
between the fixes
LAT - Latitude
LATEST FIX=...Time of latest
satellite fix
LEG - Range and bearing between
TO and FROM waypoints
L/L=... Memorized position
LOCATION=
LOG PULSE
MES - Message synch completed
NAVIGATION MONITOR
NEXT
NG - No good, rejected
NO - Satellite number
OFF -COURSE
OK - Good, updated
OMG - Omega
PAST FIX=...Time of past good
satellite fix
PAST FIX DISPLAY
PLOT CLEAR





,




EVENT
.






:

- 360 ... ,
.() , . (). -




,


,


,

,
""


PLOT INTERVAL PRINT-...

R/B - Range and bearing from present


posit to TO waypoint
RL - Rhumb-line range and bearing
RCV DATA -Received data
,
SAT DATA=

SCAN TIME=.. SET=... Set; direction
of current
SET/DFT - Set and drift

SIGNAL=...

SI STEM DATA

SPD (A) - Present speed (A) auto
() - ()
(log)
SPD () - Present speed () manual ()
SPD MADE GOOD -Average speed
between the fixes

7.
7.1.
ADFGIJLMNQRSTUVWXYZ01234567-

Alfa
Bravo
Charlie
Delta
Echo
Foxtrot
Golf
Hotel
India
Juliet
Kilo
Lima
Mike
November
Oscar
Papa
Quebec
Romeo
Sierra
Tango
Uniform
Victor
Whiskey
X-ray
Yankee
Zulu
Nadazero
Unaone
Bissotwo
Terra-three
Karte-four
Panta-five
Soxi-six
Sette-seven

&

89Decimal point
Decimal Full stop

Okto-eight
Novenine

Stop

7.2.

?

...

...
...

...
...?
...
?
?
?
( )
...
?
?

.

...




...
... ()
!
,


...

...
, ...
...


Understood
What is your call sign?
Choosing a channel
Calling
This is (m/v)... calling
Station calling
You may...
This is (m/v).. ,
Please speak slowly
Stand by on channel...
Do you have...?
Calling channel...
What is your name?
What is your call sign?
How do you read me?
Out
My position ...
Can you?
On which channel?
Watch keeping
Stay on
Message not understood
Stand by on channel ...
Respond to call
Respond to message
Spell ship's name
Message transmission
Switch to VHF channel ...
Agree channel ...
Say again!
Please use standard marine vocabulary
Stand by
Over
Please spell ...
Spelling
Listening
Request immediate assistance
Channel ... unable
Working channel
Talking
Advise try channel ...
Advise
Stand by on channel ...
Advise you pass astern of me
MAYDAY; distress message
Search and rescue





( 30 300
)
...
...
...
...




....
5


1
2
3
4

Navigation
Stat priority
Securite
Pan-Pan
Service communication VHF (Very high frequency)
I do not have channel ...
I will...
I have ...
I can ...
I do not have
I cannot
I cannot understand you
I cannot read you
I do not wish to ...
I read you excel lent five)
I've got you
I will pass astern of you
I read you bad (one)
I read you poor (two)
I read you fair (three)
I read you good (four)

7.3.


, () ...
... port control, this is (nationality) ... bulk carrier ...
... () ... N1 ...
call sign ... buoy No 1 is ... Local time, I require a
, ...
pilot to
... . ... , ... ...
Ship's length is ... metres, draught ... feet, cargo ... ...
, .... ...,
tons, agent .... last port ..., over


... (pilot station, this is (nationality) , , ship ... (call sign) ...
) ... / ... () ....
pilot boarding Position (point) is ... local time,
... ,
bound for.,., I require a pilot, over
.... ...,

()...
... Traffic / VTS (vessel traffic services), this is ....
, /, .... ...,
I am at reporting point No ...,

reporting point No ... is ... universal time (UT),
N .. . ... ,
over

... . ....
Port control, this is ... . I am anchored in position ...
... ... ...,
degrees, ... miles from light-house ..., over

( ), .... ... Port control (Traffic / VTS, This is) .... I am berthed
, ... - at harbour quay .... bound for the roads, via south
, ,
channel, I request clearance, over.

, , -, . / "", "",
MAYDAY, MAYDAY. MAYDAY, this is "A", "A".
"", ... ... "A", call sign .... my position is ... degrees ... miles
..., , .
from ..., I am sinking, I require immediate assistance,
: / "", "', "". over Answer: MAYDAY, m/v "A", "A", "A". This is
/ "" () ... . m/v "B" (call sign) .... Received MAYDAY. My po - ... ...,
sition latitude .... longitude .... speed .... ...
..., ...
UTC,over
,
-
-. -. -, , / "", "", PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN, this is m/v "A",
"", ... ... "A", "A", call-sign..., my position is ... degrees miles
..., / "",
from ..., I have been in collision with m/v "B". I am in
, ' No immediate danger, over
-
, , , , /
SECURITE. SECURITE, SECURITE, this is "A", "A",
"", "", "", ,..
"A", call-sign.... my position is ... degrees ... miles ...
... , , from .... my engine is broken down and I am anchoring
in the northbound traffic lane. Request ships keep
. ,
clear, over

7.4.
()
.







.
.
.
,
?






.,.

Let us pass each other port to port/starboard to


starboard
I advise port to port (red to red). Please confirm
I advise starboard to starboard (green to green). Please
confirm
Please alter course to starboard
You should steer more, to starboard . . .
I am steering more to, starboard.
I am altering my course to starboard
I am keeping my present course
You should maintain your present course
Continue on your present course. I will keep out of the
way.
I will turn to starboard. I will reduce speed
What are your intentions as the give-way vessel?
You should give way to me
Advise you pass astern of me
I will pass astern of you
I intend to operate propulsion astern
I intend to overtake you on your port side
Do not overtake me
You may overtake me ...
Advise you to stop engine
I will stop engine

7.5.
"...", / "..."

?
?
?
()



?
?
... ()


. ,

;


()

( )

?
?


"..." Pilot station, this is "..."


I require a pilot
What is the position of the pi lot vessel?
Where can 1 take pi lot?
Which side do you want the pi lot ladder?
Rig the pi lot ladder on port (starboard) side
Rig the pi lot ladder combined with gangway
At what time will the pi lot arrive?
At what time will the pi lot be available?
The pi lot wi11 board you in ... minutes (hours)
Pilot is coming to you
Pilot boat is approaching your vessel
Stop where you are and wait for the pilot
Sea is too rough; pi lot boat cannot come to you
Make a lee on the port (starboard) side
Stop the engine until pi lot boat is clear
Lower (lift up) the pi lot ladder
Is radar pilotage effected in your port?
Can you lead me into port?
You should follow pi lot boat
You should follow in wake of pi lot boat
You should steer in my wake

7.6. ( ,
)
( ) . / "..."
() ... - ... ...
?
?
?
...
... ...
?
...
?
() ...
...
?
...
...
?
...



Port Control (Traffic, VTS) this is "..." (call sign) ... my


ETA at ... is ... hours
Where do you come from?
What was your last port?
From what direction are you approaching?
What is your ETA at ...
My ETA at ... is... hours
What are my berthing instructions
You will berth at ...
What is the anchoring position for me?
You may (must) anchor in... pos i t i on
1 will anchor at ... position
May I enter
You must wait at ...
You may enter at ... hours
May I proceed?
You may proceed at ... hours
I intend to leave port
Please permit me to proceed
I am stopping
I have stopped




...
?


I am reducing speed
I am increasing speed
I am altering course to port
I have altered course to ...
Are you underway?
I am underway
I am ready to get underway
I am making way through the water

7.7.
,

:








( )
( ,
)
... ...
, ... ,

?
?
?
?
?
(,
)

?

.
,


,


?
.

I am in distress and require immediate assistance


I require immediate assistance:
I have a dangerous list
I have damaged steering gear
I have serious breakdown on board
I am aground
I am drifting
I am on fire
I have sprung a leak
propeller
(propeller shaft is broken)
I am on fire in the hold (living spaces, engine room)
I am in distress in latitude ... longitude ...
Vessel in latitude ... longitude ... requires assistance
Do you require assistance?
May I assist you?
Do you require any further assistance?
What assistance do you require?
I require medical assistance
I require a 1ifeboat (helicopter, tug)
I require fire-fighting assistance
Can you assist me?
Assistance is not required
Assistance is no longer required. You may proceed
I offered assistance but it was declined
I am unable to give assistance
I am proceeding to your assistance
I shal1 abandon my vessel unless you remain by me
I can not get the fire under control without assistance
I can get the fire under control without assistance
Can you proceed without assistance?
I have placed the collision mat.
I can proceed without assistance

7.8.

() ...,
..., ...

Your distress signals are understood


I have intercepted S0S (MAYDAY) from vessel ... in
position latitude ... longitude ...

,
?



?



?



...
...

.... ...

...


?
?

?


?


What is the position of vessel in distress?

1 am proceeding to the distress position/ scene of


accident at ful1 speed

You should indicate your position by rockets or flares


I cannot save my vessel
You should take off persons
Can you take off persons?
I cannot take off persons
1 wi11 endeavour to connect with 1ine-throwing
apparatus
Have you a line-throwing apparatus?
Man overboard
All persons saved
All persons lost
I have rescued ... survivors
I have picked up ... bodies
I have located survivors in water in position latitude ...
longitude ...
I have located survivors in survival craft
I have located bodies
Survivors not yet located
Survivors have not yet been picked up
Have survivors been picked up?
Can I transfer rescued persons to you?
Transfer survivors to my vessel
Have you any survivors / rescued persons on board
I abandon my vessel
I must abandon my vessel
Do you intend to abandon your vessel?
I do not intend to abandon my vessel
You should abandon your vessel as quickly as possible
You should not abandon your vessel

7.9.
, ,
, ,

,
? - / ...
() ,
?
:



Vessel which collided with me, please inform your


ship's name, cal1 sign, port of registry and owner's
name
What is the name and cal1 sign of vessel which
collided with me? My name is ...
What is the name of vessel with which you collided?
1 have collided with:
unknown vessel
submarine
underwater object
floating ice
iceberg
buoy

, ,

..., ,
?
-
?




()

()
()

?
?

?

.


The vessel with which 1 have been in collision has


resumed her voyage
The vessel with which 1 have been in collision has
sunk
What damage have you sustained?
Have you sustained any damage in collision?
I have minor damage
My vessel is seriously damaged
The extent of the damage is sti11 unknown
I have sustained damage to side plate above (below)
water
1 have sustained damage to stem
1 have sustained serious damage below (above) the
water-line
Do you require assistance?
What assistance do you require?
How long will it take you to repair damage?
I urgently require a collision mat
I have placed the collision mat, 1 can proceed without
assistance
I am unable to proceed under my own power
I must abandon my vessel
I will try to proceed by my own means

7.10.

:




() ...




:





( ) ... /

()
...
...
.

(,
)

You are steering a dangerous course


You are running into danger:
shallow water ahead of you
submerged wreck ahead of you
risk of collision imminent
bridge wi11 not be opened
navigation is closed (prohibited) in area ...
You are running aground
It is dangerous to remain in the present position
You are in dangerous position
Your navigation lights are not visible
Keep clear
you are crossing my nets
you are heading towards a towing 1ine
you are heading towards my tow
I have a long tow
Vessels must navigate with caution
Route/traffic lane ... has been suspended/ discontinued
There are pipe-laying (cable-laying) opera-t ions in
position...
Vessels must keep, clear of ... . .
Tsunami is expected.
Your should take appropriate precautions
Tropical cyclone (hurricane, typhoon is approaching)

()

There is an uncharted obstruction in the fairway


(channel)

,
()
...
...
... ; ...

... ()
...

Radiation danger, the radio-active materials are


airborne (waterborne)
Derelict is drifting near latitude ... longitude ...
There is a wreck in latitude ... longitude...
Navigation is prohibited within ... , miles (metres)
of ....
Your actions are dangerous to navigation

7.11.
!
, No ...
, ...
, ...
.
...
.
...
.
.

Attention all vessels!


Attention, No ... listening
Attention, vessel ...
Attention, vessel ... listening
Ice-breaker assistance is now coming. It will arrive
in ... hours
Okay. Ice-breaker assistance is now coining
You will arrive in ..., hours
Ice-breaker assistance is now coming.
Okay. Ice-breaker assistance is now commencing
Keep a continuous radiotelephone listening watch
I am keeping a continuous radiotelephone 1istening
watch
...
Your place in the convoy is No...
N ...
My pl in the convoy is No ...
...
You wi11 be followed by vessel ...
...
I will be fo11 owed by vessel ...... ,,
,
Go ahead, follow me
,
I am going ahead. 1 am following you

Proceed along the ice channel
,
I am proceeding along the ice channel
.
Do not follow me. Stop
.
I will not follow you. I am stopping
.
Do not follow me.

Proceed along the ice channel
. I will not follow you, I will proceed along the ice

channel

Slow down

I am slowing down

Increase your speed

I am increasing my speed
(, , )
Reverse your engine slow (half, ful1 astern)
(, , )
I am reversing my engine slow (half, full astern)
" "
Full ahead immediately
" "
I am going full ahead immediately

Stop your vessel immediately

I am stopping my vessel immediately
... Keep a distance of ... cables between vessels

...

...

...
...

...

()
()
()
()
()

()

.

, \
,
()
()
...
,
...
( ).

...

I will keep a distance of ... cables between vessels


Shorten the distance between vessels to ... cables
I am shortening the distance to ... cables
Increase the distance between vessels to ... cables
I am increasing the distance between vessels to ...
cables
Prepare to receive (cast) off towline
I will prepare to receive (cast) off tow-line
Be ready to receive (cast) off towline
I am ready to receive (cast) off towline
Stop vessel to receive (cast) off towline
I will stop and receive (cast) off towline
Ice-breaker assistance is suspended
Okay. Ice-breaker assistance is suspended
Stay where you are
I wi11 stay where I am
Switch on bow (stern) search-light
I will switch on bow (stern) search-1ight
Ice-breaker ... assistance is finished
Thank you. okay
Ice-breaker .,. assistance is finished
There is open water (light ice condition ahead).
Proceed by yourself to an area .,.
Ice-breaker ... will meet and escort you

7.12.
...
..,,
...


()
()

?





,
,
,
()

( )

,

Vessel is ready for helicopter


Vessel ... helicopter now proceeding to you Identify
yourself by ... signal
I am now making identification signal
You are identified
Keep the wind on starboard ( bow)
Keep the wind on starboard (port) quarter
Indicate landing point
May I land on deck?
Request permission to land on deck
You may land on deck
I am landing (alighting)
Do not land on deck
I am forced to alight near you
I am alighting to pick up crew of vessel
I can not land (alight) but I can lift crew
1 can not land (alight) but I can lift injured (sick
person)
Operation wi11 be carried out using hoist
Do not make fast hoist
Helicopter should endeavour to land where flag is
waved or 1ight is shown

(, )

,
.... ...

I am ready to receive you forward (a midship. aft)


I will land (alight) on your deck, you should steer
course .... speed ... knots
I am commencing operation

7.13.
... , ... ,
/ ...
() ....
..., ... .
,
?

( 5), ( 4),
( 3). ( 2)

:
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ...
...
...


()
?
... ,
...
. ... .
?
.
,..

?

?
?
,
10
. ?
.

. ?


,
,
, ...
?

?

... radio, ... radio.


This is ... call sign
.... over
Call sign .... this is... radio. Spell your name, please,
over
How do you read me?
I read you excellent
(5), good (4), fair
(3), poor (2)
Give me a test for adjustment, (long count for the
turning)
Giving you a test
(a count): 1, 2 ...
Go up to ...
Change to channel ...
What working
(Listening) frequency
shall I use
On which channel?
I will be on ... kHz, I
will listen to you on... kHz
Roger. Your working frequency is ... kHz.
Is that correct?
Read back is correct. Going up
I listen to you on... kHz
I'll change the antenna (aerial)
Do you have any traffic for me? What have you got for
me?
I want to book a cal I to Ukraine, Odessa
Can you receive my order?
Do you want to book (to place) a cal I now?
I'd like to book one call now and other one to place for
10 a. m.
Trying to connect you. Your number (calI), please?
Party on the line. Go ahead
The line is busy (en gaged). Can you hold on?
Your party doesn't answer
Nobody answers. No reply
Please, repeat the call in an hour
Cancel my order, please
Please, dial number...
Who will pay for cal I?
Is this a collect call or you will pay?

?
.
,
5 ,
8
?
...
- ?
. .

,

,

Please, make collect call


What is the time and the charge for the call?
I didn't catch you.
Repeat, please
The call lasted (duration) 5 minutes, the charges are 8
dollars
What extension, please?
Extension .... please
Have you any thing else for me?
Thank you. Nothing more. Out
Caller
Party
Collect call

7.14.
( ,
)
! ...
() ...
?
,
...
.

,

... ...


, ()
, ()
, , ...
()?
?
, , ...
?

?
...
?
...







()

How do I call to my agent (this number,


city information)?
He)10. This is ...
May I speak to Mr. (Mrs., Miss) ...
Who is speaking, please?
Would you please repeat that
This is ... speaking
Please speak more loudly. I cannot hear you well
You have the wrong number
Please hang up and call again
I'll cal1 back later
Ask Mr ... to cal1 me ...
Please write down my number
Telephone call for you
Just a moment, please. I'll put him (her) on
I am sorry, he (she) is not here just now
Please call back at ... o'clock
Where can I find a phone (booth)?
May I use your phone?
Please call this number ...
What is your phone number?
We were disconnected
Is this the trunk-call (long distance) station?
1 would like to order a cal1 to Moscow for ...
How much does one minute cost?
The number in Moscow is ...
I would like to cancel my order
I reached the wrong number
The line is busy (engaged)
Order a telephone conversation
Talk on the telephone
Dial a number
Telephone
Information service
Call
Collect call

Trunk call
International, long distance (USA) call
Call on credit, credit card call

8.
8.1.


.
.

High. Anticyclone
Trough
Upper front
Secondary front
Eye of storm
Sleet
Hail
Ridge
Ridge of high pressure
Thunderstorm (TSTM)
Thunder
Depression
Rain
Long-range forecast
Mist. Haze
Isobars. Isotherms
Short-range forecas
Shower
Sleet
Damp
Frost, freezing
Drizzle
Monsoons
Cloud
Widely-scattered TSTMS
Occlusion
Precipitation
Sea subsiding
Overcast
Polar front
Hurricane warning
Discontinuance
Forecast
Clearing up
Dew
Col
Strong
Occasional
Snow. Sleet
Blizzard
Snow pellets
Stratosphere
Dry
Typhoon
Dew point
Tropical cyclone

. /

Troposphere
Fog. Haze
Moderate
Hurricane
Front. Cold/warm
Thunderhead
Frontal wave
Low. Cyclone
Squall
Storm warning

8.2.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
.





()
?
- 10

Beaufort scale
Calm, less than 1 knot
Light air, 1-3 knots
Light breeze, 4-5 knots
Gentle breeze, 7-8 knots
Moderate breeze, 11-16 knots
Fresh breeze, 17-21 knots
Strong breeze, 22-27 knots
Near (hard) gale, 22-33 knots
Gale, 34-40 knots
Strong gale, 41-47 knots
Storm, 48-55 knots
Violent storm, 56-63 knots
Hurricane, 64 and over knots
Gust. Gusty wind
Squall
Sea breeze
Land breeze
Prevailing wind
Trade-wind
Bora
Sirocco
Northern
Whirlwind, water-spout
Dust storm
Sandstorm
Shift of wind veer
Shift of wind back
Typhoon
Low
The wind is blowing ; from S
The weather is improving
The weather was bad
The weather will be fine ,
The wind has fallen
What is the w. f. for tomorrow?
SE wind near 10 kt
Monsoon
Tornado
Wind ahead (adverse wind, foul wind, head)
Wind aft (to I lowing)


()


Side wind
Relative wind
Wind-force
Becalmed wind
Choppy wind

8.3.

-
, , 1
, 2 , 0,2-0,3
, 3 , 0,5- 1,25
, 4 , 1,25- 2,5
5 , 2,5-4,0
6 , 4-6
7 , 6-9
8 . 9-12
9 , 12
5




Wave
Calm (glassy)
Calm (rippled)
Smooth (wave less)
Slight
Moderate
Rough
Very rough
High
Very high
Phenomenal
Seas less than 5 fts
Heavy sea
Surge
Wave lent
Hollow sea
Surging sea (angry)
Ground sea

8.4.

2
2-4
4

100
100-200
200

No swell
Low swell
Moderate swell
Heavy swell
Confused swell
Surge
Surf
Tsunamis
Breaker
Short swell waves 0-100 m
Average swell w. 100-200 m
Long swell w. over 200 m
Chopping (choppy)

8.5.




,

8.6. ( )

Head sea, meeting wave


Bow-sea, quarter head wave
Astern sea, following wave
Ouarter(ing) sea
Sea abeam, athwart sea

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Pancake 0
Brash 1
Ice cakes 2
Small floe 3
Medium floe 4
Big floe 5
Vast floe6
Giant floe 7
Fast ice 8
Iceberg 9
No form x

8.7. ( )

2
4
- -5.
/ - 7;


- 7

New Ice - 1 - 1
Nilas - 2
Grey ice - 4
Grey-white ice - 5
Thin first-year/White ice - 7 Medium first-year - 1 ice - 1
Thick first-year - 4 ice - 4
Old ice - 7

8.8.

Iceberg
Bare ice
Friendly ice
Pancake ice
Ice-bound
Big floe
Large fracture
Large ice field
Fracturing
Giant floe
Glacier ice
Rotten ice
Sleet
Concentration boundary
Fast-ice boundary
Ridge
Ridge ice
Ridging
Second-year ice
Anchor ice
Pack ice
Beset
Bight
Flaw polynya
Snow covered ice
Sastrugi
Flooded ice
Flaw lead
Fracture zone






,


,










( )


Finger rafting
Finger-rafted ice
Lead
Ice limit
Ice edge
Fast-ice edge
Small floes
Glowler
Easy area, slight ice
Ice of land origin
Stranded ice
Grounded ice
Glacier
Ice. boundary
Ice cover
Ice blink
Brash ice, slab ice
Ice wall
Floe
Grease ice
Ice front
Ice island
Young costal ice
Ice jam
Ice keel
Ice massif
Ice canopy
Small fracture
Small ice field
Ice cake
Multi-year ice
New ice
Consolidated ridge
Frost smoke
Sea ice
Rafting
Rafted ice
Hostile ice
Floeberg
Nilas
Medium floe
Bergy bit
Vast floes
First-year ice
Medium first-year ice
Lake ice
Sky light
Open water
Very close pack ice
Calving
Floating ice
Shearing
Ice foot
Bummick

Belt
Ridged ice zone
Strip
Flaw
Polynya
Shore polynya
Shore lead
Tide crack
Fast ice
Thaw hole
Ice patch
Fracture
Diffuse ice edge
Open pack ice
Glacier berg
Very open pack ice
River ice
Level ice
Standing floe
New ridge
Light Nilas
Grey-white ice
Grey ice
Nip
Ice under pressure
Ice field
Consolidated pack ice
Ice breccio
Puddle
Snowdrift
Slush
Compacting
Compacted ice edge
Concentration
Compacted pack ice
Close floating ice
Medium fracture
Medium ice field
Mean ice edge
Grounded hummock
Aged ridge
Old ice
Recurring polynya
Tabular berg
Ram
Dark Nilas
Smal1 ice cake
Thick first-year ice
Thin first-year ice
Hummock
Hummocked ice
Hum mocking
Crack
Difficult area

Very smal1 fracture?


Firn
Ice-free / open water
Ice port
Ice shelf
Shuga
Iceberg tongue
Glacier tongue
Tongue

8.9.
()










()
()









,


(, )





(MB)




()
()

Tidal amplitude
Anomalous tides
Coastal line
Great diurnal range
Bore
Range of tide
Night water
Age of tide
Time of low water
Duration of fall
Time of high water
Duration of rise
Stand of tide
Higher low water (HLW)
Higher High water (HHW)
Height of low water
Height of high water
Height (rise) of tide
Spring rise
Height of mean level (ML)
Harmonic constants
Depth at any moment
Depth at low water
Depth at high water
Depth at chart datum
The depth at any moment
Sea level at any moment
Secondary point
Slacken
Slack water
Low water neaps (LWN)
High water neaps (HWN)
Neap tide
Ration of (tide) ranges
Lunar (Lunitidal) interval
Low water (LW)
Low water neaps
Low water springs
Shallow tide
Mixed tide
Lower Low water (LLW)
Lower high water (LHW)




()
()






2 20


()

()





()



()
(, )






Datum; datum of soundings


Chart datum
Datum level
Standard port
Ebb; falling water
Ebb current; ebb tide stream
Period
Rise
Rise (height) above datum of sounding
High water (HW)
High water neaps
High water springs
Semi-diurnal tide
Allowance
Time difference
Height difference
Correction for high water ful1 and change
High water full and change
It is high water full and change at port at 2 h 20 m
Low water full and change
Tide; flood; raising water
Tidal wave
Interval from high water/low water
Dead tide
High (low-water) spring
Spring
Mixed tide
Fall of tide
Mean sea level
Mean high water spring (Neaps)
Mean tide level
Mean range of tide
Mean higher high water
High (low water) stand
Slack water
Diurnal inequality
Diurnal tide
Tidal current tables
Tide tables
Height of tide
Morning water
Quarter-diurnal tide

8.10.

Broken (bn)
Boulders ()
Weeds (Wd)
Volcanic (V)
Sticky (Sy)
Shingle (Sn)
Gips
Clay(Cy)

Loamy mud
Globigerina
Boulders (B)
Pebbles (P)
Gravel (G)
Ground (Gr)
Sponge (Sp)
Diatom mud
Carcareous (Ca)
Mud (M)
Silty sand
Stones (St)
Quarts (Or)
Shingle (Sn)
Corals (Co)
Lava (Lv)
Glacial (Gl)
Manganese (Mg)
Chalk (Ck)
Fine (f)
Marl (Ml)
Soft (so)
Pumice (Pm)
Sand (S)
Sandy mud
Hard ground
Radiolaria
Shells (Sh)
Light (Lt)
Rock (R)
Sehist
Stiff (sf)
Dark (d)
Tufa (T)
Oysters (Oy)
Scoria (Sc)
Grus (Gr)

8.11.

( 3
)

()

Characteristic of barometric tendency (3-hours


pressure change)

bi

Ice of land origin (icebergs)

Ch

Type of high cloud (cirrocumulus, cirrostratus

Cl
Cm



(
)

ci
Di
Ds

Type of low cloud (stratocumulus stratus, cumulus)


Type of medium cloud (altocumulus, altostratus,
nimb)
Concentration of sea ice
Bearing of principal ice edge
Direction towards which ship is moving (Course)


()


UTC

()






()



3





( )







()









,

dd

Direction in tens of degrees, from which wind is


blowing
dw1 (dw2) Direction from which first swell waves are coming
Direction from which (second) swell waves are
coming
Es Es
Thickness of ice accretion in cm
ff

Wind speed in knots or metres (second)

GG
HwHw
Hw1
(Hw2)
h
LaLaLa

Hour of observation in whole hours UTC


Height of sea waves in half metres
Height of first swell waves in half metres Height of
(second) swell waves in half metres
Height of the lowest cloud
Latitude in degrees and tenths

LoLoLo

Longitude in degrees and tenths

N
Nh
PwPw
Pw1 (Pw2)

Total amount of cloud; total cloud cover


Lowest cloud cover
Period of sea waves in seconds
Period of first swell waves in seconds Period of
(second) swell waves in seconds
Pressure in millibars and tenths

pppp
ppp

TdTdTd

Amount of barom. tendency during 3 hrs preceding


the time of observation
Rate of ice accretion
Stage of development of sea ice
Sign of temperature in code
Air temperature in whole degrees and tenths (dry bulb
temperature)
Dew-point temperature in whole degrees and tenths

TwTwTw

Sea-surface temperature in degrees and tenths

W
Vs
W1W2
WW
II
MM
YY
Zi
UUU
CoCoCo
zz
RRR
Is
iw
iR
ix
Qc ,

Horizontal visibility
Speed of ship, ship's average speed
Past weather (1-primary, 2-secondary)
Present Weather
Year
Month
Day of the month
Ice situation and trend
Humidity of the air in per cent
Speed of the current
Hundreds of metres of depth
Amount of precipitation
Ice accretion cause
Wind indicator
Precipitations data indicator
Weather data indicator
Quadrant

RS
Si
Sn
TTT

8.12.


,
()

,

)
,
,

,

,

ABV
ACPY
ACRS
ADVN
AFTN
AMS
ARND
AT
AVG

BCMG
BGF
BGN
BHND
BLO
BRKN
CHG
CLD
CLR
CLRG
CMNC
CN
CND
CNTR
CONTN

CSTL
BSH
DCR
DCRG
OMSH
DNS
DFT
DRZL
OSIPT
DSNT
DST
OWLP
DWPNT
ENDG
ENTR
FCST
FLD
FLG
FLW
FQT
FQT SHWRS
FRMG
FRST
FRZ

about
above
accompany
across
advance
afternoon
air mass
around
attitude
average
become
becoming
big floe
begin
behind
below
broken
change
cloud
clear
clearing
commence
concentration
condition
centre
continue
close pack ice
costal
brash ice
decrease
decreasing
developing low
diminish
dense
drift
drizzle
disperse
distant
destroy
development
dew point
ending
entirely
forecast
field
falling
follow
frequent
frequent shower
forming
frost
freeze


,
,

(33-43 )

(12-15 )

,
,
()

FRZN
GENLY
GND
GNDFG
GROL
GRP
GW
HIGH
SEAS
HRZN
HURCN
HUREP
HZY
ICE FREE
ICG
I NCR
INDFT
I NTS
INVIC
IPV
LCL
LCLY
LGT
LEAD
LKLY
LTL
LVL
LWR
LYR
MBS
MDF
MDT
MID
MIDN
MIN
MOV
MRNG
MSL
NRN
OCFNT
OCLN
OCN
OPEN WATER
OPWR
OVC
PCPN
PRD
PRTG
PSBL
PSN
PRLY
PVL
QS
ROG

frozen
generally
ground
ground fog
gradual
group
gale wind
horizon
hurricane
hazy
icing
increase
indefinite
intensive
in vicinity
improve
local
locally
light
likely
little
level
lower
layer
millibars
medium floe
moderate
middle
midnight
minimum
movement
morning
mean sea level
northern
occlusion front
occlusion
occasion
open water
overcast
precipitation
period
protracting
possible
position
partly
prevail
quasi-stationary
ridge

, ,

( 48 )

(10 )

RMN
RPDLY
SCTD
SHWRS
SFC
SHFT
SHLW
SHWR
SL
SLGTLY
SLOWLY
SLT
SMF
SMK
SNW
SQLL
STA
STM
STNY
STNRY
SVRL
SW
SYN
TD

THN
TROG
TS
TSNWR
TSTM
TWD
TY
UNK
VAF
VAR
VCPK
VEL
VOPK
VSB
VSBY
WD
WK
WKN
WLY
WND
WRM
WRN
WWD

9.
9.1.

Forecastle
Windlass

remain
rapidly
scattered
showers
surface
shift
shallow
shower
slush
slightly
sleet
small floes
smoke
snow
squall
stationary
storm
stationary
stationary
several
storm wind
synopsis
tropical depression
thaw hole
thin
through
tropical storm
thundershower
thunderstorm
toward(s)
typhoon
unknown
vast floes
variable
very close pack ice
velocity
very open pack ice
visible
visibility
wide
weak
weaken
westerly
wind
warm
western
westward


()



()

( )

()


()



Upper bridge deck


Upper deck (tweendeck)
Double bottom
Main deck
Cargo handling gear
Cargo crane (derrick)
Rescue boat
Bottom
Piping system
Stern
Port quarter
Starboard quarter
Hull
Boiler room
Hatch
Hatch cover
Mast
Engine-room
Bridge
Freeboard
Superstructure
Shell plating
Double bottom plating
Lower deck
Bow
Port bow
Starboard bow
Compartment
Deck superstructure
Bulkhead
Boottop (area)
Catwalk
Transverse bulkhead
Steering gear
Wheel house
Steering compartment
Signal mast
Lifeboat
Midship superstructure; center-castle
Standard
Double bottom tank
Tweendeck
Funnel; chimney
Hold
Shaft tunnel / alley
Bulwark
Foremast
Bow stem
Navigating bridge
Central control room (CCR)
Chain locker
Mooring winch
Mooring gear
Boat deck

()

Boat gear
Capstan
Chart room
Poop
Anchor chain
Anchor gear
Anchor

9.2.

Battery room
Wing cargo compartment
Pantry
Bathroom
Fan room
Wet provision
W. C./ water closet
Cargo space
Shower room
Accommodation spaces
Crew accommodation (spaces)
Closed trunk
Galley
Veg. room
Apprentice's accommodation
Officer's mess room
Motion picture projection room
Store room
Linen room
Film store room
Corridor
Smoking (smoker) room
Sickbay, ship's hospital
Lift
Paint room
Workshop
Engine workshop
Stairways
Vegetable room
Deck stores
Barber shop
Bake shop
Swimming pool
Carpenter's shop
Under-deck tunnel
Bosn's store
Forecastle
Emerg, fire pomp room
Garbage room
Control room / station
Laundry
Provision store
Radio room
Work clothes



()

Switchboard room
Wheel house
Saloon
Captain's day room
Officer's saloon
Crew dayroom
Engine-room casing
Bedroom
Gymnasium
Foam station
Bunkering station
CO-2 room
Crew mess room
Drying room
Tally room
Sale shop
Stairway
Rope store
Hold
Shaft alley / tunnel
Sewage plant
Lamp room
Refrigerated chamber
Chain locker
Central control room (CCR)
Pipe and cable trunk
Chart room
SWBD (switchboard) room
Electrician's store

9.3.

- ()


()




Afterpeak
Ballast-distribution duct (BDD)
Cofferdam
Ballast tank oi1 residues tank
wing tank
dirty oil tank
diesel fuel tank
lubrication oil storage tank
boiler feed water tank
light fuel oil tank
lubricating oil tank
double bottom tank
washing water tank
head tank
tank for sludge
sludge/slop/ settling tank
service-settling tank
miscellaneous tanks
fuel oil overflow tank
Service / feeder tank
Daily service tank
Holding tank

Oily water collecting tank. Oil residues tank


Domestic water collecting tank
Purified luboil tank
Fuel tank
Fuel-ballast tank
Heavy fuel oil tank
Segregated ballast tank
Setting tank
Drain tank
Sewage tank
Drinking water tank
Reception facilities
Forepeak

9.4.
- ()

Ballast distribution duct


Beam
Bilge keel; side keel
Side girder
Wing tank
Gutter / waterway
Ventilation trunk (duct)
Centre girder
Upper Tweendeck
Watertight bulkhead
Watertight floor
Double bottom
Dead rise
Plate keel
Bottom, bottom plating
Bottom girder
Carling
Keel
Kingston, sea cock, outboard valve
Sea chest
Slide valve recess
Knee
ilge well
Coaming
Coaming station
Bulwark station
Hull
Guardrail, railings
Midsection. midship section
Framing
Hull, shell plating
Outside hull
Tank top plating
Ship's, shell plating
Bracket floor
Deck plating
Boottop (area)
Pillar

Ceiling
Under deck tunnel
Transverse bulkhead
Shelf-piece
Longitudinal bulkhead
Web beam
Battens
Bilge bracket
Bilge radius
Bilge angle
Stringer
Deck stringer angle
Collision bulkhead
Bulwark
Flagstaff
Bracket floor
Solid floor
Stem
Ventilation trunk
Sheer-strake
Frame
Frame spacing
Scupper pipe
Freeing port

9.5.

(, )











Rung
Ventilator
Ventilator (downcast, exhaust)
Ventilator duct, trunk
Upper tweendeck
Air pipe
Echo sounder recess
Mashroom vent / Head
Swan neck, gooseneck
Sea valves
Sounding pipe
Scupper valve
Sounding pipe
Sea chest
Hatch coaming
Manhole
Bolge
Hatch
Hatch cover
Hull, shell plating
Bilge suction pine
Compartment
Bottom floor ceiling
Pillar, deckstantion
Ceiling
Sill
Handrails


()

\ ()

Bilge strum
Protector
Cowl, cowl head
Drainage / bilge well grating
Cargo pattens
Step Ladder, ladder steps
Uprights
Drainage well
Ladder way
Tweendeck
Horn cleat
Sounding rod
Shifting boards/ shifting boards
Scupper, scupper pipe
Scupper grating

9.6.



()





,
()




()



()





Balancing roller
Buffer
Quick-acting cleat
Watertight covers
Drainage (pipe) box
Hydrautorque hinge
Hydraulic hatch cover
Hydraulic cylinder
Mac-Gregor hatch cover
Locking device in joint
Cross joint cleat
Wedges
Coaming; hatchway coaming
End wheel
Pontoon covers
Security of hatch covers
Hatch cover
Ram-Nek marine tape
Hatch / Hatchway cover
Hatch cover Jack
Sloping track
Guide wheel
Running wheel (roller)
Carriers or sockets
Lifting wheel
Intermediate hinge
Rubber packing
Hatch-folding cover
Coaming cleats
Stopper
Portable beam
Tightening strip
Rubber packing
Fitting for jack
Hatch trunk
Battens

Cross joint cleat


Hydraulic cylinder rod
Eccentric wheel

9.7.

Door
Watertight doors
with wedge dogs
with wedge dogs and pull rode
with central securing
emergency
side
external
gastight
gas-protected
two-folding
cabin
watertight sliding
stern
shell
hinged
glazed (glass)
fire proof, resisting
with escape panel
with air grid
with vent panel
with kick-out panel
sliding
folding
steel watertight
Portlights, portholes
Ear nut, thumb, wing nut
Sidelight, side scuttle
Dead-light
Bolt bar
Hardened glass
Darkening shield
Wind scoop
Toggle fastener, dog and nut
Pivoted bolt, dog
Decklight
Glass holder, rim
Rubber sealing ring .
Stopper hook handle
Glass, screen
Stopper hook
Portlight cover, deadlight

9.8.

Hall's anchor
Fluke pintle, fluke palm

Shank, shaft
Chain pipe, hole
Palm, fluke
Anchor ring
Trend
Anchor shackle
Anchor bell
Windlass
Driven gear
Pinion
Wildcat, chain lifter
Band brake
Wildcat locking hand wheel
Wildcat lock. glutch
Reductor
Hand brake
Windlass bitt
Devil claw stopper
Brake ribbon
Chain pipe
Warping head, gypsy head
Windlass foundation
Chain stopper
Chain locker

9.9.

Bitts
Windlass
Heaving line
Rope fender
Reel
Wooden fender
Plain closed chock
Fairlead; chock
Roller fairlead
Open chock with center pillar
Open roller chock
Bitts, bollard
Aft breast line
Stern line
Aft spring
Fender
Rubbing / pudding fender
Fairleader
Bow chock, hawsehole
Forward breast line
Head line
Forward spring
Plain open chock
Deck chock
Fender guard, rubbing strake
Breast line

Bollard, bollard column


Deck cleat
Mooring buoy
Mooring winch
Mooring pipe / hole
Capstan
Spring
Central hawsehole, Mooring pipe

9.10.

9.11.

Winch head
Gooseneck bearing
Block
Shroud
Swivel
Hook swivel
Derrick pivot, heel gooseneck
Jaws of the derrick
Built sheave
Swing the derrick boom outboard
Out reach
Hook
Samson post
Derrick, cargo boom
Lifting capacity
Allowable, permissible working load
Test with a proof load
Winch
Topping rope
Slewing guy pendant
Heel block
Eye fitting
Guy eye
Mast head span eye
Rig; rigging
Guy. slewing guy
Rig
Shackle, rigging shackle
Derrick slewing guy tackles
Span, span rope
Span tackles
Triangular plate
Jumbo derrick, heavy-lift boom
Span chain
Step bearing
Pendant, cargo runner
Heel, foot
Stag
Pin
Derrick heel pin


Ton

-

Aerial mast, antenna mast


Lattice, trellis mast
Shrouds
Gaff
Main mast
King, Samson post
Bipod mast
Acorn, acorn-buttom
Light mast
Twin, goal-port mast
Radio mast
Yard
Signal mast
Masthead
Heavy, jumbo derrick
Foremast
Mast heel

9.12.

()

Hydraulic (electric)
crane
Grab
Cargo crane
Lifting cable
Crane cab
Lifting gear
Crane slewing gear
Hoisting gear
Base column
Rotary platform
Crane undercarriage
Standard
Jib
Span rope
Brake
Dumb sheave

9.13.






()

Grab
Hydraulic grab
Claw grab
Dual-scoop grab
Multi-jaw grab
Single-rope, self-dumping grab
Lifting (supporting) rope
Jaw, scoop
Electric grab

9.14.

Ramp
side

()














()
(-)
" "
- ( )
-

,

stern
bow
angled
slewing
portable
fixed hydraulically-operated
wire-operated internal ramp platform
Clear height
Ramp cover
Stern gate
Clear opening
Weather deck
Roadway
Trailer lift
Clear width
Loading facilities
Fork lift truck
Loading pallet
Platform
rolling
moving, travelling
Pallet
roller
wheeled
fork
Chassis
Semi-trailer
Piggy-back
Roll-trailer
Ro-Ro truck
Container spreader
Trailer
Truck
Towing vehicle, tractor
Power truck
Electric truck

9.15.

Container
aluminium
steel
standard
isothermal
refrigerated
Lover corner fitting
Upper corner fitting
Left-hand fitting
Air inlet
Roof
Roof panel
Lateral hinge
End door
Door locking gear

Latch bar, locking rod


Seal, label
Fork-lift pocket
Side wal1, lateral wall
End wall
Floor
Metal frame
Corner post
Roof-cross members
Base-cross members
Lower frame
Roof rail
Bottom rail

9.16.

Bushing
Cylinder liner
Exhaust valve
Exhaust gas manifold
Piston crown
Crankcase
Valve chest
Crankshaft
Expanse joint
Compressor
Cylinder cover
Cam shaft for exhaust Valve
Crank
Duck
Piston
Piston rod
Starting air valve
Cam shaft for fuel pump
Piston rod stuffing box
Nozzle
Entablature
Fuel injection pump
Turbocharger
Waste heat boiler
Injector; fuel injector
Cylinder
Connection rod

9.17.

Emergency steering gear


Gyropilot
Rudder angle indicator
Balanced rudder
Rudder stock
Auxiliary-steering gear
Bush
Rudder hole

()

Rudder trunk
Hydraulic-steering gear
Main-steering gear
Remote-steering gear
Valve chest
Mechanical (power) Steering gear
Rudder plating
Bearing shaft
Rudder blade (plate)
Ram
Retaining ring
Rudder carrier
Semi balanced rudder
Neck bearing
Heel brace
Steering column
Steering engine
Steering gear
Steering control
Rudder, helm
Rudder tackle
Tiller
Steering-gear compartment
Hand steering gear
Manual steering
Telemotor
Four / two-ram steering Engine (gear)
Steering wheel, hand wheel
Steering tiller rope (chain)
Electro-hydraulic steering Gear

9.18.

,

()
,





()

Stern frame
Shaft
Shafting
Left-hand(ed) propeller
Controllable pitch propeller
Bush, bushing
Propeller shaft nut
Stern tube nut
Propeller shaft
Propeller, screw
Dueled propeller
Deadwood, stern tube
Stern gland
Stern tube (bush)
Tail shaft
Blade
Seal ring
Kort nozzle
Fairing
Steady bearing

Intermediate shaft
Reversible propeller
Gland seal ,
Split gland seal
Propeller hub (boss)
Three-bladed propeller
Seal
Seal ring
Thrust shaft
Thrust bearing
Shaft coupling
Shaft stool
Four-bladed propeller

10.
10.1.
___________199 . ,
"", ,
___________
"", , .
1.
1. ,
/"_________ ",
"".
,
,

,
1 .
11.
2.
,
N 1 .
3.
________
III.
4.


.
:
) ,
, , ,
- ,
;

Port of ___________199 . Shipowner , hereinafter referred to as "the Owner" on the part and Messers
___________hereinafter referred to as "the Contractor"
on the other part have concluded the to I lowing
Contract.
1. Subject of the Contract
1. The Owner has place and the Contractor accepts an
order for the repair of the m/v "_________",
hereinafter referred to as "the Vessel". The Contractor
undertakes to carry out this order using his own
manpower, own subcontractors, materials and facilities
in full compliance with the repair specification
stipulated in Enclosure 1 of this Contract which is an
integral part of this Contract.
11. Technical Condition of Contract
2. Repair of the Vessel are to be carried out in
accordance with the technical documentation and with
the requirements given in Enclosure No 1 of this
Contract.
3. Repair of the Vessel are to be carried out in
accordance with regulations and under the supervision
of surveyor(s) of the ___________Register of
Shipping.
III. Pricing
4. The price of carrying out Repair to the Vessel shall
be: which shall be taken to the cost of Repairing the
Vessel in accordance with the Repair Specification
attached to this Contract.
The Repair price shall include:
a) costs associated with the Vessel stay in the port and
repair yard, towage, dry-docking, delivery trials,
including port dues and fees;

) ,
,
,


.
,
,


.

, .

,
, ,
10 %

3 .
IV.
5.
.

, ,


().
6.
,
.

_____________199_ .
7.

- ,


.
V.
8.

:
) ,
3- ;
) 3- ;
) - ,
3-
;
)
3-
;
) .
VI.

b) costs associated with maintaining the security of the


Vessel with the provision of export or other licences
and also the cost of supervision of the overhaul and
acceptance of the Vessel by the _______Register.
The price shall be firm and not subject to modification.
Where the Owner requires additional work not
provided for in the Repair Specification, the cost of the
such additional work shall be mutually agreed and
sha11 be made the subject of an appropriate
supplement to the Contract before completion of the
Repair. The supplement to the Contract shall be
accompanied by a schedule of work no longer required
as well as any additional work. The Contractor has
right to claim additional time necessary for completion
of the Repair only if the cost of the additional work
exceeds 10 % of the original contract price or is the
subject specified in par. 3 of the Addendum to the
Contract.
IV. Duration of Repair
5. The duration for the completion of the Repair is
fixed running days from the date of commencement of
repair work. By the above deadline all work shall have
been completed in respect of repairs, testing,
elimination of all defects and deficiencies, discovered
during the testing in equipment and components
repaired by the Contractor.
6, Acceptance of the Vessel for repair shall be agreed
by protocol and the date of this protocol shall be taken
to be date of the commencement of the Repair work.
The Owner shall undertake to deliver the Vessel to the
Contractor's repair yard ___________199_ .
7. The completion date for the repairs of the Vessel
shall be taken to be the date of signature by authorized
representatives from each side of an acceptance
protocol which will be accompanied by the Repair
Specification of actual work completed and giving an
itemized breakdown of prices.
V. Condition of Payment
8. Payment under the terms of this Contract will be
made by the Owner in within days following receipt by
the Owner in port of the following documents:
a) Contractor's invoice accepted by the Owner's
representative in 3 copies;
b) Acceptance Protocol in 3 copies;
c) Re-delivery protocol, signed by the Owner's and
Contractor's representatives in 3 copies;
d) Specification of Actual Works Completed with
itemized prices in 3 copies.
e) Contractor's Certificate of Guarantee.
VI. Penalty

9. , . IV
,
, .
_________
.
10 %
. ,
, .
10.
.
11.


- .

.
VII.
12.
,
,


-.
13.
,
,
.

9. In the event of failure to meet the dead line for


completion of the overhaul as laid down in section IV
of this Contract, excluding cases of the force-majeure,
the Contractor shall be obliged to pay to the Owner
penalty amounting per each day detaining Vessel in
repair in sum ___________. The total amount of the
penalty shall not exceed 10 % of the final repair price
for Vessel.

14.



,
,

.
15. , ,
,
.

14. The Contractor shall be obliged at his own cost and


without extension or delivery deadlines for the repairs
to carry out request by the Owner's representatives for
the elimination of any defects or deficiencies arising
from poor workmanship or poor quality materials not
in accordance with Contract conditions.


, 3

16. ,

,

,
,
.
VIII.

10, The penalty shall not be subject to increase or


reduction through arbitration procedures.
11. App I i cat ion of the penalty for delay in carrying
out the repairs shall not confer upon the Contractor the
right to cancel this Contract or to refuse to comply with
any of its provisions. The amount of the penalty will be
automatically withheld from the payment for the repair
to the Vessel.
VII. Supervision of Work
12. In order to deal promptly with any technical
problem, to observe and monitor the progress and
quality of the repair work, and also to participate in
testing procedures the Owner has the right to send his
Representatives to the Contractor's repair yard.
13. The Owner's representatives shall have the right to
refuse acceptance of any parts, materials and work not
provided in accordance with the contractual conditions
or Register's regulation and requirements.

15. The contractor shall inform the Owner's


representative in good time, but not later than one day
in advance of the time fixed for commencement of
final testing.
Test results and measurement data shall be recorded on
test certificates, and 3 copies of which shall be supplied
to the Vessel.
16.Should any difference of opinion arise between the
Owner's and Contractor's representatives on technical
matters a dispute protocol signed by both parties shall
be drawn up for each individual case, which shall be
submitted for appraisal by the Register whose decision
shall be bending on both parties.
VIII. Modification of Volume of Work

17.
,
. npoecce
,
,


,


.
18.

,
10 % ,


.

.

10 %, ,



.
IX.
19. ,

,



.
20,
,

,
, /

21.

, .
X. -
22. -
,

- .
23. - 6
3 .
XI.
24.

- .

17. The Owner has the right to cancel some items on


the specification, also to decrease or increase the
extend of work during repair. If during the repair
period the Owner shall .request modifications of
technical conditions, such modifications, where they do
not entail alterations to work already completed or an
increase in cost and where the Contractor is able to
complete the work within Contract deadlines then such
work shall be carried out by the Contractor without
increasing the Contract price and without extending
Contract deadline.
18. Where necessary, for additional payment at the
Owner's request, the Contractor may carry out
additional work not exceeding 10 % of the Contract
price, only after a considering of such works has been
made and the possibility investigated of effecting its
completion within contractual deadline. Such work
shall be made the subject of an appropriate addendum
to the Contract prior to the expire of the Contract dead
lines.
Should the volume of additional work exceeding 10 %,
then the corresponding contractual deadlines, prices
and conditions shall be mutually agreed by the Owner
and Contractor and shall be made the subject of an
addendum to the Contract prior to the expire of the
Contract deadline.
IX. Testing
19. In order to verify the quality of workmanship of
newly installed equipment, materials and systems and
also in order to receive the necessary Register
documents, the Contractor shall at his own cost, using
his own manpower and materials, and in the presence
of the Owner's and Register representatives, carry out
test and checking operations in accordance with
mutually agreed programme.
20. If during test and checking operations any defects
are discovered, the Contractor
shall without extension of agreed deadline and at his
own cost make good such defects and shall, where
necessary, carry out repeat tests at his own cost.
21. In the event of disputes between the Contractor and
the Owner on technical ground, such disputes shall be
decided by Register.
X. Acceptance
22. On Completion of acceptance testing and when all
defects in repaired or newly-installed equipment have
been duly make good, the Owner's and Contractor's
representatives shall draw up the redelivery protocol.
23. The redelivery protocol shall be made 6 copies, 3
copies for each party.
XI. Guarantee
24. The guarantee period for the completed repairs
shall be 5 months from the date of signature of the
redelivery protocol.

25.
, ,
.
26.
,

,
,

,
,
.
27.

.

.
XII.
28.

,

.
XIII.
29.

.


.
30.

.

,
,
.
31.,
,

25. The Contractor shall be responsible throughout the


guarantee period for the quality of repair and the
materials using in the repairs.
26. If any defects (malfunctions, deficiencies, etc.) are
revealed provided that operation conditions are normal
and causes of them are poor workmanship and quality
of materials used the Contractor to eliminate himself
the said defects on his own account or to indemnify
Owners expenses arised due that reason up Contractor's
cost or rectifying the defects.
27, According regulations of the shipyard, ship's galley
using is prohibited. Any dropping of ship-flowings as
well as removing of this flowings from ship is
prohibited during all period of repairing.
XII. Arbitration
28. All disputes and discords which may arise on the
matter and / or in connection with this Contract are to
be filed and settled by Arbitration in London and
English Law shall govern these conditions.
XIII. General conditions
29. The Contractor does not have the right to hand the
execution of this Contract to third party without written
consent to that effect from Owner. Failure to comply
with condition shall confer upon the Owner the right to
cancel the Contract with all costs being attributed to the
Contractor.
30. The Contractor may hire subcontractors in the
execution of this Contract. However, sole
responsibility for the quality of the work carried out by
such subcontractors and equipment supplied by them,
in addition to observance of all other Contract
Conditions, shall be borne by the Contractor, , ...

31. On signing this Contract, all previous


correspondence and negotiation on the matter shall
supersede.
32. 32. In the event of discrepancies between the Contract
and the Enclosure to the Contract. the text of the
.
Contract shall take precedence.
33. 33. All modifications and additions to the Contract
, shall be valid only provided that they are drawn up in
writing and signed by duly authorized persons from

both parties.
.
34. , , , 34, All duties, taxes and other costs associated with the

conclusion and execution of this Contract incurred in

the Contractor's country shall be borne by the
, , Contractor, and in the Owner's country, by the Owner.
- .

35.

,
.
36.

.
.
10 %
.
37.

, ,
, ,
,

___________ .
___________
___________

35. The Contract is made in 2 copies in Russian and


English, one copy for each party, and both have equal
validity.
36. Penalty for each day to be paid for delay in repair
over agreed in the "Work specification". The day of
delay to be counted from the _____ day after
completion of contracted period and total penalty
amount shall not exceed 10 % of final repair price.
37. The Contractor responsibility for the vessel during
the repair and the guarantee period for any losses or
damages to the Vessel, her equipment, stores,
personnel or crew and cargo arising from any
negligence or default of the Contractor shall be limited
to a maximum of _______________ per occurrence.
The Owner _________
The Contractor _________

10.2.







... ...
... 4- ... ,
...
... , ... , ...
,.. , ...
, .... ... ,
... 2


: ,
50 , 380 , 200


, 10 /2

, .
-2,0, ... 2
...
2

Main Particulars
Built in
Type
Deadweight
Length overall
Breadth
Depth moulded
Freeboard
Loaded draught
Loaded displacement
Light ship draft
Power Plant
Main engine .., power ... . . P.
Propeller 4-blades, dia ... mm, weight ... tons
Tail shaft length ... m, weight ... kg, dia ... mm
Intermediate shaft length ... m, dia ... mm
Rudder stream-lined, semi-balanced ... kg, blade area ...
m2
Docking specification
Vessel
To dock the vessel To undock the vessel.
To provide shore power: A/C. 50 Hz. 380 V. 200 KW.
ground the vessel connect yard fire line,
pressure 10 kg/cm2
Boot top area
To hydro jet by fresh water, to sandblast, standard 8A2.0, area ... sq. m.
To apply / paint 3 coatings ... m2

- ...
2

, -2,0,
, ... 2
...
-
... 2

To apply antifouling paint 3 coatings ... m2

, ,
-2,0, ... 2
...
2
... 2

, ,
-2,0, .... ...
.. ... 2
...
2
..,
2 ... .

...
..., .... ,
...

...
... ,
...
...
...

...

...
, ,

... .

... .
...

. ,
... . , ...
,

.


"".
...

To sandblast and to flush with fresh water, standard


SA-2,0 area ... m2
To apply anticorrosive (A/C) paint 2 coatings ... m2

Underwater part
To sandblast, standard SA-2.0. to flush with water ...
m2
To submit for inspection to Register ...
To apply self-polishing paints as per approved
scheme ... m2
Freeboard

To apply black paint 2 coatings ... m2


Sea chests
To remove the grids, to sandblast, standard SA-2.0 side
of the grids ... x ... mm, ... pcs,
To apply anticorrosive paint 2 coatings ... m2
To apply anti fouling paint 3 coat ings ... m2 To
reinstall the grids ... pcs
Shell plating
To renew she 11 plates in three locations ... x ... each
i. w. o. (inside width of) frame Nos .... steel th ... mm
Shell plates in underwater part to be renewed in way of
indents with a deflection as far as ... mm
To faire up frame ... stb, to weld to shell plating
Deformed frames Nos ... to be renewed
Bilge keel on both sides to be faired up
Welded seams of underwater part of hull to be grinded
and rewelded ... r. m.
Sea valves to be repaired, cleaned, adjusted and tested
for tightness ... pcs ... mm
Zinc anodes of cathodic protection to be renewed ...
pcs total weight ... kg
Crack in hull to be welded ... mm
Propeller
To provide staging ... m To remove protection cover
dia ... mm To remove the fairing cap dia ... mm
unbolt and to remove the propeller
To grind and polish the propeller
To fit the propel ler on to the shaft, to install and to
secure the nut
To reinstall the fairwater cap and protection cover
Simplex stern tube gland, dia ... mm

, ,

, ... ,
...
,
, ,

To open the fore and aft glands, to bring to workshop.


To grind the bushes and to reinstall on board

() ...

, ,

30 %,
-2,0, .... 2
... 2

.......2
()
...

... .
.... ...

Bulwark to be faired ... mm


Three bits and deck plating under them to be renewed
Cargo derrick to be removed and straightened, refitted
and tested
Main deck to sandblast 30 %, standard SA-2.0, then to
flush with fresh water ... m2
To apply primer 2 coatings ... m2
l red deck paint 2 coatings ... m2

To check the alignment of the stern tube gland after


reassernbling
Steering gear, rubber stock ... mm, length ... mm

To check the jump clearanee of rudder blade, to


disconnect rudder blade, to withdraw the rudder stock,
to submit for inspection to register (surveyor)
,
To reassemble the steering gear, to check clearance in
,
bearings, to check jump clearance of rudder stock
... ... -
Anchor chain ... mm and anchors .. . tons each

Both anchors to remove and refit
, . . Anchor chain to remove and chackies to be
.
disconnected

Anchor chain to wash and hydrojet

To apply black a/c paint



The chackies to be marked out

To restow the anchor chain in chain locker

Chain locker
...
To remove mud ... t
... 2
To flush with fresh water ... m2

To appl / paint 2 coat ings ... m2
... 2

Hull specification

Ha in deck

Two deckbeams to be scropped and partly renewed ...
...
m

Five deckbeam brackets to be renewed

Two mooring pipes to be removed and refitted

Two airpipes to be renewed
...
Bulwark to be cropped and partly renewed ... mm
()
Three bulwark stations to be removed and refitted
...

Winch / windlass brake band to be replaced


Cargo holds Nos ...
To renew the bent steps for all ladders in holds ... pcs
To weld up the crack in hold No ....... mm

50
%, -2,0, ... 2
...
2
...
2
...
, ..... .
...
40 %,
-2,0, ... 2
... 2
.... 2
...
, ...
.

... .

20 %
., .2
... 2
... 2
... .
...



...

, ... .
... ., ...
.
, ,


... .

The surfaces of cargo holds to be sandblasted standard


SA-2,0, ... m2
To apply primer on al1 surfaces of the holds ... m2


...
... .
... .


... .

...
...


... .

Main engine
To remove the cylinder cover Nos ...
To extract cyl inder liners ... pcs
To carry out the inspection of beads for defects ... pcs
To submit for inspection to Register Surveyor
calibrate the liners before extraction and after
reassembling
To check centering
Block bearings of cylinders Nos ...
To unbolt the block bearings ... sets

To l all holds food-grade paint ... m2


Hatch covers Nos . . .
To remove the cover to the shore ... pcs
Hatch cover No ... to be faired
To sandblast 40%, standard SA-2.0, ... m2
To apply primer 2 coatings ... m2
To apply all hatch covers food-grade paint ... m2
To renew rubber gasket (packing) ... m
To reinstall the covers ... pcs
To hose test the covers as per the register requirements
Superstructure
To be mechanicall chipped 20 % ... m2
The chipped areas to apply primer 2 coatings ... m2 .
To apply white paint 2 coatings ... m2
Porthole glass holder with glass to be replaced
Two windows to be renewed
Steel watertight door to be faired and waterproof tested
Overhead ceiling to be removed and then reritted ... m2
Accomodation Ladder
To remove to workshop ... pcs
To fabricate and renew stanchions ... pcs, steps .., pcs
To reassemble the accomodation ladders, to install on
board ... pcs
To test accomodation ladder together with davits under
proof load ... pcs
Mechanical part

To remove the upper and lower parts of bearings ... sets


To fabricate gaskets ... pcs

...
...
, ...

..
- . .. ...






, ,







... .
,


,





""

... .

, ,

... .
, ,

To reassemble, to paint-fit and to establish


clearances ...
Crank bearing of cylinder Mos ...
To open the bearing ... sets
To reassemble the bearings, to establish clearances ...
sets
To polish the pins if necessary ... sets
Diesel-generator...power... KW
To disconnect piping and fittings
To remove cylinder cover
To take out piston
To extract cylinder liners
To take out main bearings
To open the turbocharger
After dismantling all parts to be inspected for defects,
to take readings
To renew the defective parts
To submit for inspection to Register Surveyor
To reassemble and commission the engine
Steam condenser
To remove covers
To clean the tubes from steam side and sea water side
To renew protectors, gaskets, bolts and nuts
To clean the covers and to apply epoxy composition
coating
Condenser to be reassembled and to pressure
To submit for inspection to Register Surveyor
Electric Part
Cable way
To repack the cable glands i. w. o, to upper deck
Fire alarm station "Crystal"
To carry out trouble-shooting of defective detectors in
cargo holds and to replace them by new ones ... pcs
To renew the protection pipes i. w. o. cargo hold.
Coamings total length ... m. ... pcs
To commission the station
Electric motor
To open the motor, to clean, to dry winding, to varnish
them
To renew bearings ... pcs
To reassemble, to install, to commission

10.3.
/ "_____", For repair work to m/v "_________" carried
________ N ... out at the Contractor's yard in accordance with the
________199_ .
Contract No ... dated ____________199_.

_____________
"", ,
, :
1.
,
, .
2.


, .
3. ,
,
...,
.

The Company_______ herein after referred to as "The


Contractor", hereby guarantee BLASCO, Odessa, that:

1. The repairs carried out on the Vessel comply fully


with the final documentation as agreed with the
Contractor, Owner and ... Register of Shipping.
2. Reliable and trouble free operation of the vessel are
guaranteed in normal operation conditions only for
those parts and equipment which where the subject of
repairs.
3. All materials and items used for the repair and/or
refitting of the vessel comply fully with... Register of
Shipping Requirements in respect of their technical
characteristics, and their installation and assembly are
to procure normal operational conditions of the vessel.
4.
4. The contractor is liable for all defects and
,
deficiencies which may arise due to poor
, workmanship, defective machinery and equipment,
newly installed, incorrect installation or use of
,
defective materials up to the limit of liability specified

in the Contract.
.

Such revealed defects and deficiencies are to be
,
eliminated by the Contractor free of charge, and
, defective parts, materials and devices are to be replaced
.
by new ones.

The guarantee is not to be applied to normally short .
time service components.
5. ,
5. If defective parts are required to be replaced, such

replacement shall to be done or They are to be supplied
-,
to the Owner on C.I.F. terms port, in that case
, installation of the said parts shall be carried out at the
Contractor's cost and the guarantee period for replaced
.
devices and equipment is to be counted from the time
of their installation.
6. ,
6. The place where defects discovered during operation
, of the Vessel and which are subjected to elimination to
.
be repaired is to be mutually agreed between the two
parties.
, ,
In urgent cases, the Owner has the right to eliminate

defects or deficiencies on the Contractor's account at a
, , place which the Owner considers more convenient,
, having advised the Contractor to this effect by telex.
.
7.
7. The cost of work carried out to eliminate defects and
deficiencies is to be calculated in accordance with
26 .
Paragraph No 26 of this Contract.
8. 8. The guarantee period for the repair to the vessel is
6 , fixed at 6 months, counting from the date of signing of
, . . _________ 199_ , the Redelivery protocol, and for newly-instal led
- 12
equipment and new materials -12 months from the date
- , . .
of signing of the Redelivery protocol, i. . th,
___________199_ .
__________199_.

9. ,

10 ,

.
10.
.

, 30

, . .
_________199_ .
11.
...
.
_________
_________
_______________

9. In a 11 cases when, for the purposes of repairs under


the terms of the guarantee, the vessel puts out of
operations for more than 10 days, the period of overall
guarantee provided by the Contractor shall be extended
for the equivalent period spent been out of operation.
10. All claims must be produced in writing. The Owner
has the right to make claims against the Contractor
throughout the full guarantee period, but not later than
30 days after its expiration, provided that any defects
are discovered within the guarantee period, i. . before
th, ___________199_ .
11, The causes and time of occurence of the defect
must be certified by the ... Register of Shipping or
other Classification Society.
For the Owner ________
For the Contractor _________
Date _________ th. 199 .

10.4. ...
, . ,
"", , ________________ ,
"",
,
... / "_____________ "
_____________199_ :
1.
()
1

____________________
2. ,
() __________
_____________
3. ____________________

() _________ .
4. 1, 2. ...
.
,
,

,
.
: 1 __________ 2
__________ ___________
________________
____________199_ .

Place: ________________ Blasco, Odessa, hereinafter


referred to as "the Owner", on the one part, and
___________ on the other part, hereinafter referred as
"the Contractor", have agreed the following Addendum
to Contract for ship repair No ... dated _____ th. 199 as
fol lows:
1. Scope of Addendum The Contractor and the Owner
have agreed to cancel / increase the work on the Vessel
in the quantity and the amount indicated in Appendix
No 1 of this Addendum on the amount of_________
2. Price The cost of the repairs to the vessel is thereby
reduced/increased by __________ and the new price
becomes _______________
3. In connection with the to be reduced / increased the
duration of work from __________ days to
__________ days.
4. Enclosures No 1, 2 ... forms an of integral part of
this Contract. In all other respects which are not
provided in this Addendum the Conditions of Contract
No to be applied.
This Addendum is made in 2 copies in English /
Russian and both are the equal validity.
Enclosure: Appendix No 1 on ____ page (s) Appendix
No 2 on ________ page (s) For the Owner
For the Contractor____________
Date_______ th. 199_.

10.5.

________ _____________
Place __________Date_____________
, , , . We, the undersigned, being the representatives of
, /
BLASCO, the Master and Chief Engineer of the
____________",
Vessel "________ " hereinafter referred to as "the
"", ,
Owner", on the one part and the representatives of the
____________, , Shipyard ________hereinafter referred to as "the
, :
Contractor", on the other part, have drawn up this
___________________
Protocol to certify that in accordance with the
Contract No________ the Owner delivers and
Contractor accepts the Vessel for repair on this date
,
th, 199 . For the Owner:
_______________ 199_ .
For the Contractor:
:
Ship's Master _________
: / "_____________
Ship's Chief Engineer ____________
/ "___________

10.6. -
__________ _________

... ______199 _. ,
, ,
/ "_____________ ",
"",

"", ,
,
,
... ,
,
... ....

____________199_ .
1

2
; :
________ _________

Place _______Date _________th, 199_ .


For repair work carried out in accordance with
Contract No ... dated ________ th, 199_. We, the
undersigned, being representatives of BLASCO, the
Master and Chief Engineer of the Vessel "________ "
hereinafter referred to as "the Owner, on the one part,
and the representatives of the Shipyard hereinafter
referred to as "the Contractor", on the other part, have
drawn up this Protocol to certify that in accordance
with the Specification of Actual Work, being
Addendum No _________ of this Protocol, all of the
work provided for by Contract No ... and Addenda Nos
has been carried out by the Contractor and has been
accepted by the Owner ____________ th, 199_ .
Addendum No 1 Specification of Actual Work
Addendum No 2 Guarantee Certificate For the Owner:
For the Contractor:
Ship's Master ___________
Ship's Chief Engineer ________

10.7.
,

Propeller to be removed, tail end shaft to be


dismantled
To restore the anode screens
brick lining
chrome coat ing
Everything to be assembled and put into operation
To open the manholes
To remove residues
To take out main bearings
To withdraw winch hatting, to polish tail shaft to be
withdrawn





( )

...


...
...

( )





()










, -2.0


, ,


...



,






()

to take out pistons


To perform magnaflax inspection
to carry out ultrasound control
... to be chemically leaner
To extract liners / cylinder liners
To remove the-crossheads
To reassemble and to remove to workshop ...
Deformed frames ... to be renewed
To ring on board
To weld up the crack in hold No ...
To apply primer ...
To renew the anode unit
Propeller (propeller blades) to be replaced
To renew the defective parts
water tube of economizer (evaporator)
echosounder vibrator
tuds
boat-davit falls
the lip seals of sterntube gland
Bearing to be replaced
Safety valve to be replaced
To renew gaskets
Winch / Windlass band to be replaced
Pipes to be renewed and pressure tested
To renew rubber seal (packing)
To renew sections of pipelines
Cyl inder lines to be replaced
To renew zinc anodes
safety valve to be replaced
To check the bearing clearance
To measure wear down of crank shaft
To check the jumpclearance of rudder blade
To measure crank web clearance of crank shaft
To sandblast, standard SA-2,0
... to be mechanically chipped
The chipped areas to apply primer 2 coatings
To fabricate and to renew securing arrangement (bolts,
nuts), stations, the strainer of sea valve
To pressure test
To test under the proof load ... tons
To be water-pressure tested
Hatch cover to be hose tested
To test as per ... Register Requirements
To repaint load line marks To repaint the draft marks i.
w. o. fore and aft stems
To apply A/C (anticorrosive) paint
A/F (anti-foul ing) paint
self-polishing paint
food-grade paint
food-grade epoxy paint
white finishing paint (enamel) two coatings
Bilge water separator to be repaired
Life boat to be repai red

( ,

)
,

, (,
)




""



...
...

-





,









,
, ,


, -2,0

,
-

Oily water discharge monitoring and control system to


be repaired
To adjust automations. To reset the safety valves.
To fair up the side keels. To fair up frame No ...
(railings, bulwark)
To hydro jet by fresh water
To remove oily residues and sludge
To hand-chip
To sandblast
clean the tubes from steam side and sea-water side
To connect yard fire line
To apply protection prepparation "Magnacout"
To dock the vessel
To submit for inspection to Register Surveyor
To check the jump clearance of rudder blade
To check centering ...
The tank No ... to be gas-freed
Boiler to be completly cleaned, water tubes to be
renewed
The air starting control system to be maintained
Fuel and luboil separator to be repaired
The winding to be dried
Injectors to be overhauled
To carry out dye-check
Shaft line to be aligned
To grind and to reweld the seams
Shaft to be turned
To grind and to polish the propeller
To superfinish the crosshead pins
Vent heads to be dismantled
To open the fore and aft stern tube gland
Open the bearing
To dismantle vent-licking gear
To dismantle separator
To strip the motor
Intrmediate and propeller SHAFT to be disconnected
To flush with fresh water
Sea chest grids to be taken off
To remove cylinder cover
To reassemble the engine
To reassemble the bearing, to check clearance
To reinstall on board, to test under the proof load
To undock the vessel
Bulwark to be cropped and partly renewed
Sandblast cleaning grade standard SA-2,0
To remove wasted anodes
To reinstall, to tighten
To fit the non-returned stop valves
To provide staging

10.8.
,

,
()
,

()

,
,
,

()

Assembly, set, unit


Anticorrosive, anti rust
Fitting, accessories
Balancing
Bolt
Waster
Screw
Dent. set in, hoi low
Renew
Open up
Camber, hog
Remove, take out
Effect (execute, make) repairs
Fair, straighten
Extract
Cut out. crop
Oxy-welding
Hydraulics
Bend
Dismantle, disassemble
Part, detail
Deform, destort (buckle)
Docking, dockage
Reject, condemn
Weld, up, weld
Apply primer
Fin, scoring
Bind in, foul, seize, grio (bearing seizes, grips the
shaft)
Clearance, gap
Glue up, stick up (down)
Key on, wedge, seize, jam
Fasten, fix, secure, lash down
Renewal
Renew
Measure
Tighten
Toothed, cogged
Bending, flexure
Fabricate, produce, manufacture
Measure, gauge
Wear
Bend
Isolate, insulate
Isolation, insulation
Tool(s)
In (good) order
Trial, test
Try, test
To be waterproof tested
Sea valve, sea cock, sea inlet
Valve exhaust, discharge, safety

()
,

()


(, )
(, )
.

()


,
,

,
.

Wrench
Forge
Casing, case
Caulk
Paint
Cover
Varnish
Brass
Handrail, rail
Sheet (plate)
Casting
Flange
Lubricating plug, oil cap, oiler
Workshop, shop
Metal, metallic
Gear
Assemble, install, mount
Coupler
Packing (gland)
Framing
Sand paper, emery paper
Pump (drain, manuals.)
Plating (metal line, wooden)
Adjust., tune .
Malfunction, trouble, failure
Faulty, defective, out of order
Stainless, rustless
Coi1, winding
Equipment
Sea growth, shells
Plating
Fireproof
Paint, painting
Survey (annual)
inspection, examination
Disconnect
fair (to be faired)
Polish, grind
Sandblast
Rewind, rewinding
Reconstruct, refit
Submit an order
Bearing
Paint, painting
Polish
Pulley tackle
Break-down
Submit for inspection Surveyor
Weld on
Grinding
Bore, skim, turn
Unbolt
Disassembly
Disassemble, dismantle, open


(, , )

, ,

,
,

,
,
,
,

,
,

Expand, flare
Crank web clearance
Overhaul
Repair (major, running, minor)
Repair
Scaffolding, staging
Self-polishing paint
Assembly, assembling
Weld up, welding,
welder
Bore, drill
Lubricate, grease, smear
Remove
Assemble (reassemble)
Connect, joint
Accessory works
Depth of dent, deflection
Shipping yard
Ship repair
Surveyor
Knotting and splicing
Tackle
Technology
Leakage, leak
Grind
Crack, fracture
Pipe, tube, piping, pipeline
Remove
Packing
Install, fit
Remove, eliminate
Arrangement, device, appliance
Flange
Coupling
Injector, atomizer. burner, nozzle
Centre, align, alignment
Cylinder
Drawing
Grind
Seam, joint
Screw

10.9.

Floating dock
Ballast compartment
Tower
Side wall, wing wall
Dewatering pump
Dock center line
Keel-track ram
Keel track
Keel line
Keel block

-


-
-
()





()

Safety deck
Pontoon
Suction-discharging sluice valve
Control house
Bilge block
Pontoon deck
Top-deck
Central control station
Centralizer
Dry Dock
Pontoon dock-gate caisson
Gate, Watergate
Dock entrance
Dock floor
Dock gate
Dock chamber
Dock sole
Sill, apron
Longetudinal
Drain well, drainage well
Width of entrance

11.
11.1.



-




-

Anemometer
Barograph
Aneroid-barometer
Binocular
Celestial globe
Dopier speed log
Star finder
Flashing lamp
Parallel rule
Loran navigator
Hand lead
Magnifier
Magnetic compass
Psychrometer
Radar
Radi direction-finder
VHF radio set
Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPA)
Sextant
Stop-watch
Satellite navigator
Navigator protractor
Protractor triangle
Plastic triangle
Facsimile receiver
International code flags
Chronometer marine
Divider

Compasses
Clock marine
Digital speed log
Digital depth sounder

11.2.


()



()

Boat hook
Tread, rung
Boatswain's seat. chair
Tarpaulin
Heaving line
Paint roller
Garbage pail
Galvanized bucklet
Oars
Funnel
Sail maker's palm
Cargo cluster lights
Chisel
Fid spike
Drill
Padlock
Door lock
Sail needle
Polypropylene rope
Snatch-block
Snap
Helmet
Chipping hammer
Brush
Mallet
Tong
Wedges
Spanner wrench
Thimbles
Fenders
Line-throwing appliance
Crowbars
Shovels
Cluster lights
Wattled mat
Thrum mat
Jute bags
Hammer
Mousetraps
Rigger's mallet
File
Thread
Scissors
Hacksaw
Hacksaw blades
Stretches
Fire extinguisher


8-

, ,

Screwy-river
Chipping goggles
Canvas
Pressure abrasive blast cleaning machine
Ice crowbar
Saw
Collision mat
Toliers
Stage (boatswains chair)
Tray
Safety belt
Rasp
Respirator
Mittens; gauntlets
Measure tape
Spike
Shackle
Scraper
Scraper-triangular
Life-buoy
Life-jacket
Chisel
Glass cutter
Slings
Cargo net
Ladder protective net
Step-ladder
Screw clamp
Basin
Tackles
Turnbuckle
Broad axe
Cross-piece, cross-bar
Nylon double braided rope
8-strand plaited polypropylene rope
Wire rope
Rowlocks
Baler
Awl
Spattle, trowel
Canvas, rubber hose
Brush
Wire-brush, wire-broom
Rat Guard
Sea anchor

11.3.

Aceton
White spirit
Rags
Graphite
Prime paint
Paint

Varnish
Packing
Wiping, rubbing cloths
Linseed oi1
Oakum
Canvas
Solvent
Thinner
Turpentine
Iron minium, red oxide
Read lead
Chloride of lime
Spungarn
Enamel paint
Enamel

11.4.

Note-book, memo, writing-pad


Paper
Set of drawing tools
Paper perforator
Paper correction liquid. fluid
Pencil
Glue
Ruler
dispenser
Pen
Notebook
Felt-point p6n
Colour pencils

11.5.

Whisk
Kneader
Cook's fork
Funnel
Colander
Loading pin
Pot
Casserole
Saucepan
Watter dipper
Cooking pot
Measuring cup
Draw-plate
Confectionary plate, bake pan
Garnish spoon
Soup ladle
Steak turner
Culinary shovel
Cutlet spatula
Utility turner

Knife-sharpener
Meat grinder, meat-chopper
Meat slicer
Bread knife
Tin opener
Spatula knife
Cook's knifes
Pastry cutter
Cake cutter
Cleaver
Rolling pin
Frying pan
Portion frying pan
Mortal with pestle
Grater
Meat axe
Bread-pin
Tea-kettle
Confectionary pincers

11.6.

()


,
(, )

Dish
Saucer
Goblet
Confectionary bowl
Fork
Mustard-pot
Decanter
Coffee-pot
Mug, stein
Spoon
Butter-dish
Milk-pot
Knife
Cutlery
Dinner set
Ashtray
Pepper-box
Tray
Glass holder
Cutlery
Ladle
Short glass
Salad-disk
Sugar-basin
Herring disk
Coffee service
Salt-cellar
Sause-boat
Glass
Cruet-stand
Soup tureen
Plate flax, deep, snack

Wineglass
Teaspoon
Tea-kettle
Teapot
Tea service
Cup
Corkscrew
Pincers for ice
Sugar tongs

11.7.
,

Curtain
Carpet runner
Cook's jacket
Mattress
Pillowcase, pillowslip
Woollen blanket
Blanket cover envelope
Pillow
Counterpane, coverlet, bedspread
Towel
Waffle towel
Bath towel, rough towel
Tea-cloth
Hanging
Bedclothes
Bedding
Bedsheet (sheet)
Napkin, sarviette
Table-cloth linen
Lace curtain
Steward's apron
Cook's apron
Doctor's smock
Overall
Divan's cover
Armchair's cover
lined

11.8.

Linen, clothes
Beret
Blouse
Boots
Pants (US), trousers (UK)
Brassiere
Felt boots
Coller
Tie, necktie
Knee socks
Lingerie

()

-.

():

( )
()


(/ )

Juniper
Jeans
Raincoat (waterproof)
Waistcoat
Drawers, pants
Mufler
Cap
Pantyhose, tights
Combination, slip
Overall, rompers
Suit
Single-breasted suit
Double-breasted suit
Kerchief
Swimsuit
Coat, jacket
Vest, sport shirt
Cuffs
Fur jacket
Fur cap
Fur collar
Underclothes; underwear
Undershirt, vest
Waistslip, petticoat
Socks
Handkerchief
Nightgown
Clothes
Overcoat
Panties, tights
Gloves,
Pajamas, pyjamas
Coat
A single / doubie-oreasted jacket
Trunks
Dress
Cloak, raincoat (waterproof)
Shoulder-straps
Suspenders (OS) / braces (UK)
Shoes
Buttons
Puillover
Dustcoat, duster (US)
Belt, strap
Shirt
Sleeve
Boots (high)
Sweater
Straw hat
Shirt (short / long sleeve)
Shorts; trunks
Shoes
Cap
Bathrobe

Dressing-gown
Overalls
Stockings
Cap
Scarf
Hat, felt, velour
Shorts
Fur-coat
Skirt short, long

11.9.

First-aid outfit
Boat hook
Thwart
Cans of water, per person
Fall block
Bucket galvanized
Swivel
Oars
Waterproof electric torch
Air tank
Boat-detaching hook
Gravity davit
Luffing davit
Keell rails
Boat compass
Tin-opener
Drinking cup
Boat winch
Heaving line buoyant
Oil (Storm)
Mast for lifeboat
Foot rope knots, diamont knots
inflated lifeboat
Lashing
Gripe
Bottom boards
Reserve
Rustproof dipper with lanyard
Lower block of the boatfall
Fire-protected
Lifeboat
Fire extinguisher
Desalting kit
Draining hole
Food ration
Floating block
Sea anchor
Gunhole capping
Radial davit
Frapping line
ilge pump
Tricing pendant










- -

Rudder
Foot1ings
Scates
Spikes
Signalling mirror
Pigging knife, jack-knife
Footing
Lifeboat with a selfcontained air support system
Life jacket
Knotted lifeline
Matches in watertight container
First aid kit
Tool kit
Fishing kit
Axe
Davit span
Hatchet
Ladder
Rowlocks
Painter
Flashlight
Lantern, kerosene
Drinking cup graduated
Bailer, drain car
Boat davit
Protective cover for lifeboat
Lifeboat mast and sail
Sling hook
Sail for lifeboat
Boat's falls
Personal life-saving appliances
Immersion suit
Ring buoy holder
Marine overall
Rescue light
Self-igniting light
Life jacket lights
Life-and-smoke buoy
Life buoy
Quick release ring buoy bracket
Survival suit
Lifejacket
Automatic inflatable life jacket
Life suit, bayleysuit
Life ring buoy: lifebuoy
Life preserver
Buoyant lifeline
Life belt
Thermal protective aid
Inflatable life raft
Canopy arc
Ballast bags
Hull CO2 bottle


()


,



()
















-

-






, -

Gas bottle, cylinder


Towing bridle (line)
Paddles
Outside (Recognition) flashing light
Internal ladder
Watertight receptacle
Rain collector
Water-stabilizing pocket
Entrance
Bording ladder (handles)
Hydrostatic release
Graduated drinking vessel
Water cans
Leak stoppers
Pump
Floating sheath knife
Sea anchor
Radar reflector
Repair kit
Hand signals
Fishing tackles
Whistle
Signal mirror
Rocket propeller signals
Jack-knife
First aid kit
Fishing kit (gear)
Antiseasickness tablets
Flashlight
Drinking cups
Bailer
Buoyancy chamber (tubes)
Liferaft container
Equipment container
Righting line (strap)
Paddle bag
Equipment bag
Inflatable arch
Inflatable floor
Sea anchor, drogue
Operating paint lanyard
Pressure relief valves
Thwart
Rain catcher (raincatchment)
Rescue signal 1ight (recognition)
External lifeline
Inner canopy
Exterior canopy
Double-walled canopy
Boarding curtain, canopy closure
Rigid liferaft
Davit-launched rigid liferaft
Carrying capacity of rigid liferaft
Rigid liferaft fitting

Painter
A manually-controlled lamp
Canopy
Emergency pack
Launching instruction

11.10.





5-
15-

Light and smoke signal


Lifebuoy
Cartridge case
Sobnd signal rocket
Sound distress signal
cartridge
Ring
Red hand-held rocketpropelled parashute flare (signal)
Red hand flare
Line throwing
appliance
One-star rocket
Parachute rocket
Buoyant smoke signal
floating orange smoke signal
5-minute floating orange smoke signal
15-minute floating orange smoke signal
Operating line
Rocket socket, shooting tube
Rocket
Signal pistol
Light and smoke buoy
Blue pilot hand held flare
Signal rocket
Signal pistol
Flare, hand flare
Distress signal hand flare
Hand flare white
Distress, parachute, six-star rocket

11.11.









ll-round white light


Sidelight
Side lanterns
Towing lantern
Towing 1ight
Range of visibility
Luminous range
Two all-round red lights
After masthead 1ight
Acorn flashing lantern
Cone
Sternlight

--








All-round light
Manoeuvring light
Forward masthead light
Flashing light
Search light
Signal flashing lantern
Signal mirror
Luminous intensity
Masthead light
After masthead lantern
Forward masthead lantern
Three all-round red lights
Kiel-canal lantern
Anchor lantern
Screens for sidelights

11.12.

Gong
Hooter
Bell
Combined whistle system
Bell crank
Howler
Horn
Whistle
Air whistle
Steam whistle
Siren
Tyfon
Foghorn
Electro-tyfon
Bell clapper

11.13.

(, )

()

Buoy
Apex (point) upward (together, downward)
Spar, spar-buoy
Broom
Up-turned(down-turned broom)
The after end
Shape
Cone
Conical shape
Aftermost extremity
The forward end
In the vertical line
Diamond
Diamond shape
Signal ball
Cylinder, drum
Storm drum
Ball

Anchor ball

11.14.







Emergency screw cramp


Emergency wedges
Emergency pine bars
Emergency pine planks
Emergency pine plugs
Emergency radio beacon
Butterfly mut
Hooked bolt
Bulge
Early-strength cement
Dent set in
Drain pipe
Corrugation
Snatch-block
Control layard
Thimble
Leech rope
Emergency thrummed mat
Soft collision mat
Inflatable collision mat
Salvage pump
Guy
Collision mat
Collision mat rigid, thrummed
Hogging line
Clamp bolt
Emergency plug
Hole
Puncture
Joining (connecting shackle)
Deflection
Tackle
Turn buckle
Crack
Packing pad
Tightening arrangement
Telescope stop, extensible spreader

11.15.









Automatic sprinkler system


Asbestos aluminized suit
Water - spraying fire-extinguishing system
Hose reel
High expansion foam generator
Flexible foam nozzle
Smoke detector
Breathing apparatus
Fire extinguisher recharges
Shut-off valve

-

(, )
(, )
()
(, )
-

()














(^)





Aluminized asbestos suit


Shovel
Extinguisher
Foam air-mechanical
Foam high expansion
Foam nozzle
Foam generator
Foam maxer
Portable air-foam nozzle
Fire main pipeline
Fire bucket (scoop, sand)
Fi re hook (cramber, axe)
Fire detector (pump)
Fire hydrant (nozzle, hose)
CO2 room
Dry powder fire-extinguisher
Suction connection (strainer)
Fire-fighting foam liquid
Starting cylinder
Expansion valve
Manual-operated fi re call point
Foam fire-extinguishing system
Fi re alarm system
Halogenated hydrocarbon system
Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing system
Hose connection (coupling)
Standard foam nozzle
Foam extinction station
Dry powder release station
Carbon dioxide extinction station
Fire (hose) nozzle
Heat detector
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Carbon dioxide cylinder
Carbon-dioxide fire-extinguisher
Centrifugal pump
Hose rack
Fire hose
Fire-fighting outfit board

11.16.










-

Ladders variety
Twin-flight accommodation ladder
Accommodation ladder
Marine ladder
Pilot hoist
Pilot ladder
Pier stand
Hold stand-ladder
Portable ladder
Bulwark ladder
Ladder steps

...

Stepladder (step-ladder)
Companion ladder
Gangway, gangboard
Bridge ladder
Hold ladder
Storm ladder
Accommodation ladder gangway
Tread, rung
ridel
Top platform
Rotation platform
Gangway port
Balance beam. rocker
Way platform
Rail
Rail stanchion
Railing
Lower platform
Banisters
Gangway safety net
Dock roller
Hoisting-launching device
Handrail, banister, handhold
Guard net
Detachable stanchion
Corbel
Bulwark
Storm ladder, pilot ladder
Oblong tread (rung)
Wooden boosh
Thimble
Cross lashing
Eye splice
Hoister
Lift rope
Spreder
Connecting shackle
Splice
Knotted rope

12.
12.1.

Watermelons
Egg plants
Beet
Mushrooms
Melons
Capers
Cabbage
Sauerkraut
Potatoes
Spring (green onion)

Leek
Onion
Olives
Carrot
Cucumbers
Pepper
Sweet pepper
Parsley
Tomatoes
Radish
Turnips
Salad
Beetroot
Celery
Pumpkin
Dill, fennel
Cauliflower
Garlic
Spinach

12.2.

Apricots
Ouince
Pineapples
Oranges
Bananas
Red blueberry
Grapes
Cherries
Pomegranates
Grape-fruits
Pears
Blackberry
Wild strawberry
Raisin(s)
Figs
Chestnuts
Strawberry
Lemon
Raspberry
Mango
Tangerines
Sea-buckthorn
Nuts
Walnuts
Nutmegs
Peaches
Plums
Currant
Dry fruits
Dates
Prune
Saffron

Sweet-brier, dog-rose
Apples

12.3.

()

Mutton
Flank
Sides
Ham
Ox
Striplion
Beef
Bacon
Goose (geese)
Fat meat
Rumps
Tail
Turkey cock
Sausage
Rabbit
Partridge
Brains
Chilled meat
Minced meat
Meat
Leg
Trotters
Rump
Liver
Sucking pig
Kidney
Pouitry
Tripe
Lains
Fat
Suet
Lard
Chain-sausage
Pork
Heart
Hot dogs. frankfurters
Duck
Pheasant
Minced meat, stuffing
Minced meat
Loin
Chicken
Lamb
Tongue

12.4.

Shark
Flounder

Caviar in grain
Salmons caviar
Pressed caviar
Calimars
Plaice, bril, flat-fish
Carp
Grey mullet
Smelt
Bream
Salmon
Whiting
Sea lamprey
Perch
Sturgeon
Octopus
Turbot
Fish
Dried fish
Fried fish
Canned fish
Smoked fish
Salt fish
Wild carp
Sardines
Herrings
Smoked herrings, kippers
Salmon
Mackerel
Sheat fish
Horse-mackerel
Rine perch, zender
Cod
Tuna
Oysters
Trout
Sprats
Pike

12.5. ,

Yoghurt
Margarine
Maize (corn) oil
sunflower
olive
butter
clarified
Milk
Tinned (canned milk)
Sour milk
Whole milk
Ice-cream
Sour milk
Cream

Sour cream
Cheese
Processed cheese
Curds, cottage cheese
Eggs

12.6.

Sponge-cake
Jam
Wafer, wafer-cake
Jam
Caramel
Candy, sweets {.)
Fruit jellies
Fruit fudge, pastila
Biscuits, cookies {USA)
Jam
Chocolate
Chocolates

12.7.

Sponge-cake
Bun
Roll
Vermicelli
Yeast
Noodle
Macaroni
Flour
Biscuit
Pie
Fancy cake, pastry
Puff
Rusks
Cake

12.8.

Peas
Speit peas
Buckwheat
Grain
Groats, cereals
Maize, corn (USA)
Cornflakes
Semolina
Oatsmeal
Pearl-barley
Wheat
Millet
Rice
Soya

Beans
Lentil
Barley
Fine-barley

12.9.


Fanta
Orange juice
Soft drinks
Vermuth
Wine
Sweet wine
Dry wine
Whisky
Vodka
Gin
Cocoa
Kvass
Coca
Coca-cola
Cocktail
Cognac, brandy
Coffee
Instant coffee
Strong drinks
Lemonade, Seven-up
Liqueur
Mineral water
Milk
Ice cream
Pepsi
Pepsi-cola
Beer
Jam
Portwine
Rum
Seven-up
Soda-water
Spirit
Tonic-water
Tea
Champagne
Chocolate

12.10.

Vanilla
Mustard
Ginger
Cinnamon
Laurel (bay leaves)
Nutmeg
Pepper

Sugar
Salt
Souce
Soya souce
Vinegar
Vinegar acid
Horse-radish

12.11.

Entrecote
Beefsteak
Hot dog
Sandwich
Ham
Beef
Bacon
Roast meat
Caviar
Porridge
Cutlet
Shrimp
Rabbit
Brains
Ice cream
Hot-pot
Oatmeal porridge
Omelet(te)
Chop
Pie; pate; paste
Liver
Pastry
Kidneys
Pudding
Stew, ragout
Paris (small sausages)
Frankfurters
Sauce
Soup
Veal
Meat-balls
Sels
Chicken
Schnitzel, cutlet
Escalope, pork chop
Tongue
Fried eggs (omelet)
Special dish
First course
Second course
Hot dish
Cold hors d'oeuvre (snacks)
Cold dish
Sweet dish

Meat dish
Fish dish

12.12.

()

Insipid, tasty less


iled
Delicious, tasty
Dried
Glazed
Bitter
Roasted
roiled
Grilled
Fried
Tough
Leavened
Acid
Sour
Tinned, canned
Smoked
Underdone
Stale, tainted, not fresh
Spicy, hot
Boiled
Overdone
Baked
Nourishing
A la carte
Insipid
Cloying, too sweet
Fresh
Sweet
Salted
Raw
Braised (stewed)
Sparkling
Stuffed

13.
13.1.
? ?
?
? ?
?
?
.
.
?
?

What do you complain of? What troubles you?


What's the matter with you?
What ails you? Where does it hurt?
Where do you feel a pain? Where's the pain?
Have you been vomiting?
I am not well. I feel unwell / ill
I am very ill. I have a chill
What is your diagnosis?
Is it catching?
Urgent operation is imperative
The doctor must be sent for

, , ( )
, ,
?
?
2




()
.
()
-
()
()
()
(, )

()

()

Please call a doctor / an ambulance


Please give me a prescription
What diet should I1 follow?
How should this medicine be taken?
Take this medicine twice a day after meal
Stop bleeding
Ease pain
Irrigate the stomach
Take medicine
Measure blood pressure (take temperature)
Pull a tooth. Fill a tooth
I have a broken tooth (crown)
Something has got into my eye
I have broken my arm (leg)
I have hurt my arm (leg)
I have dislocated my arm (foot, leg)
I have scalded (burnt) my arm, leg, body
My eye aches
I have got a headache
My throat is sore
My stomach aches
I have a stomach-ache
It hurts me here
I have a toothache
I've got a toothache
I've a sore foot (leg)
a pain in the liver
a pain in the kidneys
a sore arm (My arm aches)
a pain in the heart
My ear aches
I have appendicitis
bronchitis
a dislocation
a pneumonia (nephritis)
a constipation (I am constipated)
a cough
a boil (abscess) (swelling)
a head cold
I feel unwell (ill)
I have a fit of shivering
a swelling
a food poisoning
a diarrhea
a radiculitis
a vomiting
I am having a heart attack
I have sunstroke
a temperature

13.2.

We had an accident on board


I require medical assistance



(, )
, ()
,


()



()
()
...
...
()
... ()
()

?
() ?





, , ( )
( .)

I require medical advice


I need a doctor immediately
A men fell and broke his hand (arm, leg)
I think it is a (n) closed (open) fracture
I think we have a case of myocardial infarction
We have a case of acute appendicitis on board
An urgent operation is necessary
There is a case of (food) poisoning on board
We require a doctor immediately
The second engineer has a bad heart attack
The severe pain in the heart began two days ago
He has a high temperature. / He has lack of breath
The pulse is faint (accelerated)
The patient complains of a bad (severe pain) in...
Give an injection ...
Give the painkller (sedative)
Apply a splint to / over (bandage)
Take (give) this medicine twice a day after meal
What medicines do you recommend?
How should this medicine be taken (given)?
Infection disease
Stop bleeding
Irrigate the stomach
Ease pain
Measure blood pressure
Please call a doctor (an ambulance)
Please call a physician (surgeon, gynaecologist)

13.3.
, ,
()







, ,


, ,
, ,
, ,


()

Please check my teeth


I have a tooth (a gum ache)
I have a swollen gum
I have bleeding gums
I have a broken tooth
A filling has fallen out
I have a hole in my tooth
A crown has broken
I have a loose tooth
Please fill a tooth (put in a filling)
I need a tooth filled
I have (need) a tooth out
Please pull a tooth
Please do something for the pain
Please crown a tooth
I need a false tooth
This tooth will have to be filled
I have a false (natural) teeth

13.4.

llergy
Analysis


()

Tonsilitis, quins
Apoplexy (stroke)
Appendicitis
Acute appendicitis Chemist's shop {UK) Drugstore
(US), pharmacy
Asthma
Illness, disease
Pain
Hospital
Bronchitis
Typhoid fever
Inflammation
Pneumonia
Doctor
Dislocation
Get well
Gangrene
Gastritis
Hepatitis
Gynecologist
Dizziness
Influenza, flue. flu
Hernia
Dermatologist
Diabetes
Dysentery
Breathing
Fever
Yellow fever
Fall ill
Splinter
Constipation
Catching disease
Health
Vision
Dentist
Itch
Heartburn
Myocardial infarction
Infectious disease
Drops
Cough
Colic
Colitis
Bleeding
Blood pressure
Medicine, drug
Treatment, treat
Fever
Ointment
Malaria
Nurse
Abscess
Head cold

Neurologist
Fainting, faint
Burn
Fit of shivering. the shivers
Oculist
Operation
Swelling
Complication
Small pox
Ear, nose and throat special ist
Poisoning
Patient
Podiatrist
First aid
Dressing, bandage
Fracture
Food-poisoning
Pneumonia
Inoculation
Injury
Policlinic. clinic
Diarrhea
Loss of consciousness
take X-ray
Cold
Psychiatrist
Pulse
Cancer
Wound
Injured (wounded)
To injure
Strained ligaments
Vomiting
Rheumatism
X-ray
Heart attack
Syphilis
Ambulance
Hearing
Sunstroke
Spasm
Concussion of the brain
Tetanus
Typhus
Heat stroke
Physician, therapeutist
Nausea
Injury, trauma
Tuberculosis
Injection
Urologist
Bruise
Furuncle, boil
Surgeon

Cholera
Scurvy
Cystitis
Plague
Shock
Epidemic disease
Ulcer
Sore
Bleeding ulcer

13.5.

Artery
Thigh, hip
Ring-finger
Side
Thumb
Brow, eyebrow
Bosom
Eye lid
Vena
Temple
Hair
Eye
Shin
Head
Throat, larynx
Bosom
Chest, thorax
Chest, breast
Lip
Gum
Gland
Stomach
Gall-bladder
Gall, bile
Abdomen, belly
Anal orifice
Wrist
Nape, back of the neck
Pupil (of the eye)
Tooth {pl. teeth)
Calf
Adam's apple
Hand
Intestine, bowels
Collar-bone, clavicle
Skin, citis
Knee
Bone
Blood
Palm
Lung
Face

()

()

Forehead, brow
Ankle
Elbow
Shoulder blade
Uterus
Little finger
Brain
Urine
Biader
Scrotum
Muscle
Nerve
Leg
Nail
Nostril
Nose
Toe
Finger
Groin
Liver
Shoulder
Chin
Pancreas
Armpit
Backbone, spinal column
Kidney
Small of the back
Bridge, bridge of nose
Forearm
Prostate, prostate gland
Navel
Heel
Rib
Eyelash(es)
Mouth
Arm, hand
Behind, backside
Spleen
Heart
Back
Middle finger
Foot (sole)
Joint
Sinew
Pelvis
Waist
Trunk
Forefinger, index-finger
Ear
Jaw
Penis
Skull
Neck
Cheek

Ankle
Thyroid gland (body)
Buttocks
Tongue
Testicles
Ovary

13.6.
()

( )


Bandages (gauze)
Urine test paper
Eye sput
Eye bath
Eye loop
Hot water bottles
Disinfectants
Stomach tube
Insecticide sprayer (liquid)
Injection needles
Catheters
Waterproof sheeting
Closure skin adhesive
Urine testing sticks. albumin (sugar)
Burn and wind dressing
Gloves surgical
Insecticide powder
Scalpel
Sterilizer
Thermometer clinical
Sutures and needles
Syringe and needles in pre-sterilized pack
Syringe with needle
Tongue depressor

13.7.

()

( )





()
()
()

Adrenaline
Chlorpromazine
Antiseptic cream (mixture)
Aspirin
Seasickness tablets
Water for injection
Eye drops
Antibiotic skin ointment
Zinc ointment
Anticough mixture
Diarrhea mixture
Morphine
Tincture of jodine (IOD)
Nikethamid / Coramin
Penicillin
Sedative tablets (butobarbiton)
Senna laxative tablets
Heart tablets (drops)


()


(, )

Purgatives
Surgical spirit
Sulphadimidine
Sulphamethoxypyridine
Magnesium Sulphate
(Epsom salts)
Tetracycline ,Beatacycline
Ear-drops
Chloroquine (phospliat)
Sulphaguanidine
Ephedrine

14.

14.1.














,

American Bureau of Shipping


Lloyd's Register of Shipping
Bulgarian Register of Shipping
Germanischer Lloyd
Hellenic Register of Shipping
Registro Ital iano Navale (Registro Navale Italiano)
Register of Shipping of the Peoples Republic of China
Norske Veritas
Polish Register of Shipping
Maritime Register of Shipping of CIS
Rumania Register of Shipping
Bureau Veritas
Czechoslovak Register of Shipping
Svenska Lloyd
Nippon Kaiji Kyokai

14.2.

Russia
Baltic Shipping Company
Far-Eastern Shipping Company
Kamchatka Shipping Company
Murmansk Shipping Company
Novorossiysk Shipping Company
Primorsk Shipping Company
Northern Shipping Company
Sakha1in Shipping Company
Ukraine
Azov Shipping Company
Black Sea Shipping Company
Danube Shipping Company

14.3.

President










-
-




()

Vice-President
General Technical Manager
General Manager
Operational Department
Navigational Department
Legal Department
Financial Department
Commercial Department
Operational Officer
Captain-Instructor
Captain-Inspector (Port officer)
Harbour Master
Director General
Operational Manager
Operational Officer
Customs Officer (Inspector)
Quarantine Doctor
Immigration Officer

14.4.




()



()

,
,

Port Manager
Harbour Master
Port Officer
Port Warden
Port Controller (Operational Officer)
National Cargo Bureau NCB
National (Federal) Grain Inspection Service NGIS
Vessel Traffic Service VTS
Coast Guard CG
Quarantine (Health) Medical Officer (Inspector)
Immigration Officer
Customs Officer
Pilot station
Pilot
Surveyor
Tallyman
Stevedoring company
Chief stevedore, foreman

15. -
15.1.

Aircraft carrier
Multi-purpose aircraft carrier

CVA
CV


()

Nuclear-powered submarine
Nuclear-powered ballistic submarine

8SN
SSBN

Nuclear-powered guided missile submarine

SSGN



-
-
-





(),




()


()


,

Nuclear-powered attack submarine


Nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser

SSN
CGN

Nuclear-powered attack aircraft carrier


Fighting ship, combatant
Landing craft personnel, large
Large Infantry landing ship
Large tank landing ship
Helicopter cruiser
Helicopter carrier
Warship, naval ship, warfare ship
Surveying, auxiliary ship
Amphibious assault ship, helicopter
Landing craft air-cushion
Landing craft
Landing ship
Amphibious transport
Amphibious assault ship, general purpose
Look-out ship
Minehunter
Coast guard cutter
Escort ship
Convoying ship
Anti-submarine ship, submarine hunter
Communication re lay ship
Cruiser - CC, guided missile cruiser
Gun cruiser
Guided missile light cruiser
Battle cruiser
Battleship
Mine-layer
Minesweeper
Multi-purpose ship
Patrol submarine
Patrol ship (warship) cutter
Tender, depot ship
Submarine tender
Submarine, conventionaly-powered
Ballisti, guided missile submarine

CVAN

Anti-aircraft
Anti-submarine (warfare)
ASW aircraft carrier
Ballistic, guided missile
Fast attack craft-missile
MissiIe ship
Guided missiIe cruiser
Fast attack craft-missile hydrofoi1

AA
A/S, A8W
CVS

Salvage and rescue ship


Frigate
Strategic missile submarine
Air-cushioned vehicle
Hydrofoil1 ship

ATS
FF
SSBN
ACV

LCPL
LSI
LST

CV
AG
LPH
LCAC
LCL
LC
LPA
LHA
MHE

AGR
CG
CA
CLG
BB
ML
MS
SS
AS
SS

FAC (M)
CG


- ()

Degaussing ship
Refuel 1ing ship, replenishment oilier

ADG
AOR

-


()
-
,




-

Tank landing ship


Fast attack craft torpedo
Ammunition, combat stores ship
Minesweeper
Minesweeper-hunter
Fleet replenishment ship
Attack aircraft carrier
Command ship
Staff ship
Destroyer
Destroyer, helicopter
Guided missile destroyer

LST
FAC (T)
AE/ AFS
ML
MSH
AEFS
CVA




...








,

...

Ship formations
Fighting formation, 1ine of battle
(Single) 1ine ahead, column
Line of ... columns
Single-line formation
Line abeam (abrest)
Line of bearing
Quarter line, bow-and quarter line
Wedge formation
Dispersed formation
Close formation, close knife 1ine
Open formation (order)
In formation
Keep in the line
Forming-up
Form in .., -C
Weapon
Cerm, bacteriological
Space
Laser
W. of mass destruction
Mine
Orbiting
Missile
Nuclear-missile
Thermonuclear
Guided
Chemical
Nuclear
Missiles
Warhead
Ballisti
Long-range
Two-stage
Cruise
Intercontinental
Multistage
Neutron warhead

DO
DDG

Homing
Neutron
Strategical
Nuclear
Tactical
Guided
Nuclear warhead

15.2. -
-

-
-

?
-?

-
-
-


1-
2-
3-

()
-

-
-

-
-
()



-

Navy
Fleet Admiral (FAdm)
Admiral (Adm)
Vice-Admiral (VAdm)
Rear-Admiral (RAdm)
Commandore (Commo)
Catain (Capt)
Commander (Cdr)
Lieutenant-Commander (LCdr)
Lieutenant (Lt)
Lieutenant Junior Grade (LtJG)
Ensign
Chief Warrant Officer
Warrant Officer (WO)
Master Chief Petty
Officer
Senior Chief Petty
Officer
Chief Petty Officer (CPO)
Petty Officer, 1st class
Petty Officer, 2nd class
Petty Officer, 3rd class
Seaman
Apprentice Seaman
Seaman Recruit
Marine Corps
General of the Army
General
Lieutenant General
Major General
Brigadier General
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
First Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant
Chief Warrant Officer
Warrant Officer
Sergeant Major
First Segeant
Master Sergeant
Technical Sergeant
Staff Sergeant


()
1-
()

Sergeant
Corporal
Private, 1st class
Private

15.3. -
()

-
-

-
-

1-
2-
3-

1-
2-

Admiral of the Fleet


Admiral
Vice-Admiral
Rear-Admiral
Commodore
Captain
Commander
Lieutenant-Commander
Lieutenant
Sub-Lieutenant
Acting Sub-Lieutenant
Chief Petty Officer
Petty Officer, class 1
Petty Officer, class 1
Petty Officer, class III
Leading Seaman
Able Seaman
Ordinary Seaman
Officer's Orderly
Officer's Servant

15.4. -

-
-
1-
2-
3-
-



1-
2-

()

Admiral of the Fleet


Admiral
Vice-Admiral
Rear-Admiral
Commodore
Captain
Commander
Lieutenant-Commander
Senior Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Junior Lieutenant
Warrant Officer
Ensign
Chief Ship Petty Officer
Chief Petty Officer
Petty Officer, 1st class
Petty Officer, 2nd class
Leading Sailor
Sailor

15.5. -





. -


-
-
-
-
-
-
-



(, )



,

(),
()

Ministry of Defense
The Head Department of Navigation and
Oceanography
Navy Department (ND)
Admiralty
Naval Command
United Kingdom Navy (UKN)
United States Navy (USN)
Naval Force(s)
Naval Base
Naval Air Arm
Naval Air Force
Naval Intelligence
Naval Infantry
United States Marine Corps (USMC)
United States Coast Guard (USCG)
Task Force (group, unit)
Naval Force, Far East
Naval Self-Defense Force
Naval Staff
Allied Command, Atlantic
Fleet
Squadron
Division
Brigade
Regiment
Battalion
Squadron
Platoon
Squad
Grouping
Escort
Convoy
Battle outposts
Protection on the move
Convoy Screen

15.6. -


()








Watch officer
Officer on the deck
Commander (commanding officer)
Navigating officer
Gunnery officer
Engineer commander, Chief engineer, eng. officer
Captain
Division commander
Naval force commander
Officer in tactical command
Convoy commander
Convoy screen commander

Flag captain
Squadron commander
Fleet commander
Naval district commander
Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet
Commander, Allied Naval Forces
Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet
Commander-in-Chief, United States Navy

15.7.

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Radiation detection team, radiation team


Radiation dosage status
Radiation dosage (dose)
Radiac, radiation dosimeter (set)
Radiation control, dose count
Radiac, radiation instrument, sensitive device
Radiation tolerance
Radiation safety level
Radiation resistance
Radiation-safe, radiation-proof
Radiation attenuation
Radiation sickness, morbidity
Radiation injury, casualties, damage
Radiation drug (pill)
Radiation-protective compaund
Radiation contamination
Radiation hazard
Radio-active (Radiation) materials (isotopes)
Radiation clouds (fall-out)
Radiation explosure
Radiation situation
Radiation
Radiac detector
Radiac survey meter
Radiation exposure category
Radiation slide rule
Radiation intensity (power) strength
Radiation seeded area (radiation zone)

16.
16.1. ()

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Port Date 199


Messrs
Dear Sirs!
I
Please be advised that m/v "________" under my
command arrived in the roads of the port of on the at
hours, received free pratique on the at
hours, berthed on the at hours, and on the from hours,


() ( )
199 .
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__________
__________
__________
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__________199_

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is in every respect ready to load / discharge her cargo


of tons through hatches Nos. in accordance with all
terms and conditions of the Charter Party dated 199 .
Yours faithfully, Master of the m/v " Handed: on
the at hours
Accepted: on the at hours
Shipper __________
Receiver __________
(Signature) __________
II
Dear Sirs! Please be advised that m/v __________"
arrived at the inner roads of the port of at
__________hrs on the 199_ and is hereby tendered to
you as being ready to commence loading / discharging
cargo of as per your instructions and according to the
Terms Exceptions and Conditions of the covering
Charter Party dated.
Yours faithfully,

III
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(, ) 199.
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199 .
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(.) 199 .
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__________199
__________.
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III
Dear Sirs! Please be advised of the arrival of the
m/v__________ "in the port of at hours, (Mon. Tu.
We.) (Month, Date) 199 . The vessel is in every respect
ready to commence the loading / discharging of the full
cargo of tons.
Vessel completed immigrations and customs
formalities at hours, 199.
Yours faithfully.
IV
To whom it may concern. Please be advised that my
vessel " arrived at the anchorage of the port at hours
199 and having been passed by the Canadian (USA)
Department of Agriculture and by the port Warden is
now ready in all respects to commence the loading of
her grain cargo in according with all terms, conditions,
provisions and exceptions of the governing Charter
Party. Estimated quantity of cargo to be lifted tons.
Passed by Can. (USA) Dep. of Agric. (Month, date)
199 at hours.
Passed by Port Warden _____ th, 199_ at ________
hours.
Yours very truly,
Received at_______ hours________ th, 199_ . Time to
count as per governing / p. For and on behalf of
Charterers.

16.2.
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Dear Sirs!
In cornpliance with my Owner's instructions and in
, order to achieve the payment of all accounts within

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shortest limits of time and also for our files you are
kindly requested to hand me over the vouchers
covering all expences sustained by my vessel in your
port for the acceptance prior to ship's sailing. A copy of
each such document should be attached for my per sual
as well. Should your goodselves be unable for any
reason fully to comply with the above please inform
me in writing what the additional expenses and
amounts are.
Thanking you in advance.
Yours faithfully,
Master of the m/v "

16.3. 0 OB
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Dear Sirs! In compliance with the established custom


in your port I would kindly request you to employ for
our account tallymen of local Company to keep the
tally.
Your faithfully___________

16.4. 0 CBE
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Dear Sirs! Please make arrangements with stevedoring


Company for overtime works from ... till mid-night ...
th and ... th i nst. in hoIds Nos ...
Extra cost of stevedores and extra expenses to be for
ship's account (to be equally shared between
Consignees and Shipowner).
Yours faithful Iy

16.5. ()
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Dear Sirs! I wish to bring to your attention the fact that


the rate at which the cargo is being discharged (loaded)
is very slow and my vessel is a I ready on demurrage.
Please make necessary arrangements for a quicker
discharging (loading) and inform all concerned.
Yours faithfully

16.6.
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Dear Sirs! This is to bring to your notice that lay-days


for loading (discharging) my vessel expired yesterday
the th. 199, and from that time the ship has been on
demurrage. Please maw necessary arrangements for a
quicker loading (discharging).
Yours faithfully

16.7. 0 C
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Dear Sirs! Further to my letter of the th inst., I herewith


inform you that laydays for loading (discharging) the
cargo under Charter Party dated the th, 199 , have
expired today and that my ship is now on demurrage
for which you and all concerned will be held liable.
Yours faithfully

16.8. - ,

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Dear Sirs! You, as my agent, are hereby authorized to


enter into and do all things necessary for the proper
execution and signing, on my behalf, of all Bills of
Lading for the carriage of goods for this voyage.
All Bills of Lading are to be signed in accordance with
the Mate's receipt(s) and all terms and conditions of,
and exeptions to, the governing Charter Party are to
apply and be fully incorporated therein.
Yours faithfully..

16.9. 0
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Dear Sirs!
Please note that the covers of packed steel sheets
loaded in No lower hold aft part are rusted and most of
the bands broken.
The Mate's receipt for this particular lot will be claused
accordingly. The cover of steel package No is very
badly damaged and the contents exposed.
Kindly have the cover renewed and inform the
authorities concerned.
Yours faithfully

16.10. 0

__________
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199 . ()
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Date __________
Port __________
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that m/v "__________" belonging to
the Black Sea Shipping Company has arrived on in the
port of for loading of (cargo) in the quantity of tons
belonging to (name of cargo owner or shipper)
In fact, breaking "The Rules of Sea Carriage of Cargo"
in force, the shipper produced the cargo in
untransportable tare (packing, wrapping) with unclear,
wrong marking and did not ensure its normal condition
on Master's Request in time providing duly loading,
therefore the cargo could not be considered as
produced.
Master of m/v __________ Ship's agent
Representative of shipper

16.11.
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Dear Sirs! I have to draw your attention to the fact that


owing to the negligent and careless handling of cargo
by stevedores much damage has been caused to the
goods, Due to improper slinging several boxes dropped
from the slings and were totally broken. As a result of
inadmissible use of hooks a number of bags of cargo
were badly torn and considerable leakage and loss
ensured.


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In the circumstances I have to make an official


statement to the effect that my m/v has brought the
cargo in good order and condition and that I shall bear
no responsibility for any claims in connection with the
above mentioned damage which was caused to the
goods in the course of such inefficient discharging. At
the same time I hold the Stevedoring Company
responsible for the damage caused and for all the
consequences which may arise there from, of which I
kindly request you to advise the said Stevedoring
Company, Consignees and all concerned.
Yours faithfully

16.12. -
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Dear Sirs! I have to draw your attention to the fact that


as a result of negligent and careless handling of the
cargo by stevedores some damage was caused to the
cargo during discharging. Contrary to the correct
practice of discharging cargo from corners of a hold,
bags had been stowed on slings, in corners and then

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dragged along the floor all the way through until lifted.
Most bags turned out to be considerably torn and
dirtied, their contents partly spilled. In view of the
above I have to attribute all losses incurred hereupon to
the stevedoring company of which please take due
note.
Yours faithfully

16.13.
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Dear Sirs! On inspecting hold No today it was noticed


that one case under No had been broached and part of
the contents missing. This is apparently a case of
pilferage by stevedores as before the commencement of
discharging the contents of all the hold had been
submitted to the Damage Surveyor (Inspector) and
chief stevedore for inspection and the goods had been
found to be in proper condition and in intact packing.
Under the circumstances I have to request you to
investigate this matter and to compensate the owners
for the loss incurred.
Yours faithfully

16.14. 0 ,

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Dear Sirs! The following damage has been caused to


my ship by the stevedores (crane operators) for which I
hold them fully responsible.
1. Hold No 2. Lower hold after part ladder platform

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3. 4. ( 2 ).
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damaged, three ladder rungs bent.


2. Hold No 3. Lower hold 2 pipe guards damaged.
3. Hold No 4. Hand railings bent 2 metres.
4. On the main deck, railings in way of hold No 1
damaged for a length of about 3 metres. Kindly have
the damage repaired before completion discharging
(loading).
Yours faithfully

16.15. 0
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Dear Sirs! As you probably know, the consignees have


refused to take delivery of the cargo without its being
fumigated.
In this connection I would kindly request you to make
necessary arrangements for fumigating holds Nos. in
which the cargo of wheat has been stowed and inform
us in due time of the date fixed for fumigation.
Yours faithfully

16.16. 0
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Dear Sirs!
Please be advised that on completion of discharging
m/v __________the shortage of sets of under / L N
has been found.
This is to declare that the cargo was delivered in full
compliance with the quantity shown in the / L and
shortage take place owing to miscalculation of your
tallymen.
Under present circumstances please arrange rechecking
of the said cargo inside the warehouse (lighter) and
also during delivery of it to the consignees.
Please inform me and shipowner of the result of
rechecking and accordingly rectify the outturn-report.
Yours faithfully

16.17.

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Dear Sirs! Please be informed that damage caused to


my ship during discharging has been repaired and I
have no claims to the port authorities (stevedoring
Co.).
Yours faithfully

16.18.
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Dear Sirs! In accordance with the agreement of tatty


service I request you to execute the following
procedure:
1. Port and agency tallymen should check the data of
tally sheet after each sling and sign the tally sheets
after 10 slings. Discrepancies, if any, in quantity of
cargo packages in each sling, which may rise between
the tallymen should be settled before delivery of cargo
to Port warehouses.
2. At the end of each shift first copy Port and agency


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tally sheets should be handed to the ship.


3.Tallymen of agency should immediately notify
Watch / Cargo Officer about any discrepancies
between the marks on packages and the marks
indicated in Hatch Lists. Such cargo packages should
not be delivered at the Port warehouses without
Master's permission.
4.Tallymen of agency should immediately notify
Watch / Cargo Officer about mixing of cargo packages.
Any excess of cargo packages under the corresponding
/ L proves the mixing of packages. This excess, also,
should not be discharged from ship to the Port
warehouse without Master's permission.
Yours faithfully

16.19. 0 - ()

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() 199 .
- 199 .
__________199_ .
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Dear Sirs! Please be advised that full discharging of


cargo on my ship was completed on 199. The date of
issuing of the Outturn Report wi11 be completed on
__________199_ . I request you on the same day on
199 , to inform Shipping Company by telex of the data
of the Out-torn Report or its non-readiness.
Total quantity of cargo packages according to the
Manifest is Total quantity of cargo packages, discharged from my ship as per tally sheets is
Thus the total quantity of cargo packages noted in
shortage .with due regard for over-landed (excess)
cargo packages should not be more than cargo
packages.
Please inform me about the results of discharging after
the receipt by you of the Out-torn Report.
Yours faithfully

16.20.
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/ __________199 .
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__________199 . ""
__________199 . ( ),
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Port of__________
To Notary/Consul " __________199.
I (name and surname) Master of the (ship's type and
name) of Register, Official No and Gross Register
Tons, which sailed from on the __________199_
bound for and arrived at (port) on the day of and
fearing that notwithstanding all measures of good seamanship taken by me and my crew some loss or
damage might be caused to the said ship or her
appurtence or cargo of some other property on board
by reason of
I hereby note my protest against any claims by all persons or person whom it shall or may concern, and
declare that all and every damage and loss sustained by
the said ship and / or cargo, or some other property on
board in consequence of the accident aforesaid, are and
shall be borne by those who, according to the laws and
customs of the sea shall bear the consequences thereof,
the same having occurred as above-stated not by or

, through the want of care of myself or my crew. I


,
reserve the right to extend the same at time and place
, , convenient.
Master of the __________
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Signed __________
, - Witnesses:
. 1. Second Mate __________

2. First Assistant Engineer __________
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3. Able Seaman__________
/ __________

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3.

16.21.


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199 .


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III. ".. " 199.. .
9 / 10 , 20
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Heavy (boisterous) weather


I. During the voyage we encountered very heavy
weather with winds of whole gale force and high sea,
the ship suffered rolling and pitching heavily shipping
water fore and aft spraying overall, hatches and vents
being continual I awash. During the aforementioned
heavy weather the vessel was obliged to reduce the
engine speed and to change her courses to avoid
damage to the ship and to the cargo. The air and water
temperatures were changing considerable falling and
rising from.199..
to C 199...
In consequence of the aforesaid weather conditions and
temperature changes I anticipate possible damage to
the cargo. I, the Master, and the Crew have appi ied alI
means of safeguarding the vessel and the cargo. I state
the present Sea Protest and.
II. During the voyage the vessel met with stormy
weather and heavy seas, the ship suffered rolling and
pitching heavily shipping water fore and aft and
spraying overall. The vessel was obliged to reduce the
engine speed and to change her courses. All
precautions were taken to save the cargo and the ship,
but, nevertheless, fearing damage to the cargo during
the bad weather, I state the present Sea Protest and

III. On 199.. the vessel encountered Nly


winds of forces 9/10 that caused her to pith and roll
heavily up to 20C on either side in High seas (of force
7) and Confused (20 foot) swel Is and take water
overall.
".." 199.. .
On .199.. the vessel encountered rolling up
25
25C on either side as wet I as High swelIs that caused
.
her to take water overal I. During the aforementioned
heavy weather the vessel was obiiged to reduce engine
.
speed.

During the voyage the air and water temperatures
. .199 .
varied from ..199.. to ..199 ...

. 199 .

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II. " " 199.. ,
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All precautions were taken to save the cargo but


fearing damage to the cargo during the said bad
weather, I state the present Sea Protest and.
Collision
I. During the voyage, on the th of . 199.. my
vessel collided in fog with Greek m/v ".. ",
no serious damage being caused to both vessels.
Owing to the above-mentioned collision I anticipate
possible damage to the cargo which may have ensued
from loosening or deformation of bulkheads and
resultant leakage, I state the present Sea Protest and ...
II. During the voyage, on the .199.. at .hours
UTC while the ship was in position: Latitude.,
Longitude , the Spanish ship m/v ".. " struck
the starboard (port) side of the m/v "" in way of
hold No slid along the side of the vessel to the
accommodation in way of the bridge where she made a
deep indentation.
Fearing damage to the cargo from loosing or
deformation of hull's plating and resultant leakage. I
state present Sea Protest and
Stranding
During the voyage, on the . 199, the ship
entered the area of thick fog while passing strait in
position Latitude.. and Longitude got
stranded on a bank,
The ship refloated without any assistance by
pumping out the ballast water and proceeded on her
voyage, no evident damage to the hull or machinery
and no leakage being found but fearing possible
damage to the cargo I state the present Sea Protest and
Fire
During the voyage on the 199... spontaneous
combustion of cotton in hold No. took place.
The fire was extinguished by the ship's fire-fighting
equipment. Several bales of cotton were damaged by
fire, while some more cargo may have been damaged
through possible wetting.



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(Owing to above-mentioned fire on board my ship I
) , , anticipate damage to the cargo and ship and state the
, - Sea Protest and

16.22. 0 MOCKOM
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On this (date). day of (month) year personally appeared and presented himself before me
Notary Public, duly authorized, admitted and sworn
and practicing in (town) in the Republic of (country)
Master of the vessel "..", owned and operated
by Messrs (shipowner), registered at (port of reg.)
official number , which sailed from on the day of One
Thousand Nine Hundred and Ninety bound for

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(destination) and arrived at (port of protest) on the day


of (month) one thousand nine hundred and ninety at
hours laden with cargo of fearing loss or damage owing
to - - during the voyage he hereby notes his protest
against all losses, damages, and reserving the right to
extend the same at time and place convenient.
Signed before me Master Notary Public
I certify the foregoing to be true and correct copy of
the original Note of Protest, entered in the Acts of this
Notary Publ ic and copied therefrom.
Notary Public

16.23.
_____________
Port

__________
Arrival

___________
Date

T/x _____________
M/v

_________
Departure

___________
Bulk cargo

Arrival draught

FWD
Port
Starb.
Mean

MID

AFT





-Surveyor
- Captain

___________
Voyage

Departure draught

MEAN

FWD

Port
Starb.
Mean

Corrected mean draught


S. W. displacement
Trim correction
Hog or Sag correction
Density correct ion ...
Arrival displacement
Departure displacement
Less ship's components
Light ship
Fuel
Diesel
Lube
F/W
C/S
Ballast
Other
Total
Arrival displacement
Departure displacement
Total L.
Total Cargo

MID

AFT

MEAN

16.24.
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(3), / "..." 199.. ,
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Having taken into account your signing without


reserves the / L No.. dated . for cargo tons
shipped on board the m/s and also taking into
consideration that Mate's Cargo Receipts contain
following remarks:
1)
2)
We as shippers therefore pledge to guarantee you
against all the consequences including customs fines in
port of destination which may arise through your not
including above-said reserves in.the / L No.. ..
Besides we pledge to repay all sums which you
wi11 have to pay on account of any claim or demands
if receipt or receipts will be produced within 18 months
after this Letter of Guarantee has been signed.
As shipper

16.25.
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T/v "" Official No ..Port of registry


BRT..
It is agreed between the Master and the undersigned
seaman of the m/v ". " of which
(master's name) is at present Master, or whoever shall
became Master, now bound from the port
..of to and such other ports and places in
any part of the world as the Master may direct, for a
term (of) (not exceeding) calendar months, that:
1. Seamen shall conduct themselves in an orderly,
faithful, honest and sober manner. and shall at all times
be diligent in their respective duties and obedient to the
lawful commands of the Master, or of any person who
shall lawful I succeed him, and their superior officers.
in everything relating to the vessel, its stores and cargo,
whether on board, in boats or on shore. In
consideration of this service, to be duly performed, the
Master agrees to pay the undersigned seamen the
wages expressed herein and/or set forth in
supplemental provision and/or agreements.
2. Wages shall commence not later than on the day
specified in these Articles or at a time of presence on
board for the purpose of commencing work, whichever
first occurs, and shall terminate on the day of
discharge.

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3. Seamen are entitled to receive on request, in local


currency, from the Master one half of the balance of
base wages actually earned and payable at every
intermediate port where the vessel shall load or
discharge cargo before the end of the voyage, but not
more than once in any ten-day period.
4. If the Master and a seaman agree, a portion of such
seaman's earnings may be allotted to such seaman's
spouse, children, grandchildren, parents, grandparents,
brothers or sisters, or to a bank account in the name of
the seaman.
5. Any seaman who is put ashore at a port other than
the one where he signed on these Articles and who is
put ashore for reason for which he is not responsible,
shall be returned as a seaman or otherwise, but without
expense to him (a) at the Shipowner's option, to the
port at which he was engaged or where the voyage
commenced or to a port in such seaman's own country;
or (b) to another port agreed upon between the seaman
and the Shipowner or Master. However, in the event
such seaman's contract period of service has not
expired the Shipowner shall have the right to transfer
him to another of the Shipowner's vessels, to serve
thereon for the balance of the contract period of
service, unless otherwise provided for herein.
6. Any seaman whose period of employment is
terminated by reason of completion of the voyage for
which he was engaged or of expiration of his contract
period of employment, shall be entitled to repatriation
at no expense to him to the port at which he was
engaged or to such other port as may be agreed upon.
7. If any person enters himself as qualified for a duty
which he is incompetent to perform, his rank or rating
may be reduced in accordance with his in competency
or he may be discharged.
8. Any seaman may request his immediate discharge on
grounds of injury or illness, and such discharge may be
granted in the Master's reasonable discretion at the next
appropriate port.
9. The Master shall give to a seaman discharged from
his vessel either on his discharge or on payment of his
wages, the Seaman's Identification and Record Book as
issued by the Commissioner or a Deputy
Commissioner of Maritime Affairs, with an entry
specifying the period of his service and the time and
place of his discharge.
10. Eight hours per day shall constitute a working day
while in port and at sea. Work performed over and
above an eight hour shall be considered overtime and
be compensated for at overtime rates.

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11. Work performed in excess of eight hours per day


shall not be compensated for when necessary for the
safety of the vessel, its passengers, crew, cargo or for
the saving of other vessel, lives or cargo, or for the
performance of fire, lifeboat or other emergency drills.
12. Seamen shall keep their respective quarters clean
and in order,
13. No dangerous weapons, narcotics or contraband
articles, and no alcoholic beverages except as provided
by the Shipowner as part of the vessel's provisions,
shall be brought on board the vessel nor allowed in the
possession of the crew, and any crew member bringing
the same on board or having the same in his possession
on board, shall be subject to discharge and / or shall be
liable for such fines as the Master may direct, and all
such articles shall be confiscated. The amount of any
fine levied against the vessel by the proper authority of
the port wherein the vessel is then located, for
possession of narcotics and/or contraband cargo shall
be made good to the Shipowner out of the wages of the
crew member or crew members guilty of such
possession.
14. No seaman shall go ashore in any foreign port
except by permission of the Master. However, the
Master shall not refuse the reasonable request of any
seaman for shore leave for the purpose of presenting a
complaint against the vessel or Master to a Consul or
other proper Official.
15. The Shipowner and Master may issue such rules
and regulation as may be necessary for the safe and
proper operation of the vessel; provided nothing
contained shall be contrary to law.
16. If any seaman considers himself aggrieved by break
of these Articles, he shall represent the same to the
Master or officer in charge of the vessel, in a quiet and
orderly manner, who shall thereupon take such corrective action as the case may require.
17. All rights and obligations of the parties to these
Articles shall be subject to the Maritime Laws and
Regulations of the Republic.
It is also agreed that additional provisions may be
included or referenced herein or attached hereto.

___________________
___________________
_______

Port ___________________
on ____________________
Signature of Master ______

17. - , ,

17.1.
!
, 100

08.00 .

Dear Sirs!
Please, arrange for about 100 tons of fresh water to be
supplied to my ship on Monday next from 08.00 a. m.
Yours faithfully

17.2.
!
,
500 () 180 100 () , . .

Dear Sirs!
Please, make arrangements for supplying my vessel
with 500 tons Thin Fuel Oil 180 CST and 100 tons
Marine Diesel Oil (Gas oil) to be delivered during the
th inst.
Yours faithfully

17.3.
!
,
.

Dear Sirs!
Please, kindly order an ash boat to take refuse and
rubbish from our ship at time convenient.
Yours faithfully

17.4.
!
, 20

25-
26- .
09.00 14.00 ,
13.30 18.30
.

Dear Sirs!
Please, hire a motor-launch for twenty
persons to carry our ship's crew from the roadstead to
the port custom pear and back twice a day on the 25th
and 26th inst, The motor-launch come alongside our
vessel at 09.00 a. m. and 14.00 p. m. and to take crew
ashore and leave custom pear at 13.30 p. m. and 18.30
p. m. to take them back.
Yours faithfully

17.5.
!
,
,
.

Dear Sirs!
Please, send a diver to examine the rudder, screw and
underwater part of my ship's hul1.
Yours faithfull

17.6.
!


10.00
, .

Dear Sirs!
We would kindly request you to make arrangements
for an ambulance boat and motor-car to carry a sick
sailor of ours to the local hospital tomorrow at about 10
a.m. Our ship's doctor will accompany him.
Yours faithfully

17.7.
!

.

Dear Sirs!
We would kindly request to order for our ship
Admiralty Charts of port of Nos and Admiralty List of
Radio Signals all six volumes.
Yours faithfully

17.8.
!

Dear Sirs!
I would kindly request you to send a specialist aboard
my vessel for repairing the
Yours faithfully

17.9.

( )
!

3
() .

Dear Sirs!
I would kindly request you to obtain permission
from the Port Authorities for immobilisation of our
vessel for 3 days in connection with urgent overhauling
of and repairs to the main engine.
Your faithfully

17.10. 0
!
, ,
19


, ( ).

Dear Sirs!
Please, arrange for a Surveyor to visit my ship on
Monday 19 at hours to carry out an appropriate survey
and estimate the extent and amount of the damage
caused in connection with a collision (accident)
occurred.
Yours faithfully

17.11.
!
, (
) .
, , .
()

Dear Sirs!
Please arrange for the under mentioned crew member
for medical treatment, all expenses of which (including
transportation charges) are to be debited to shipowner's
account. Patient's Name , rank ., age , sickness
(diagnosis)
Yours faithfully

17.12.
!
,
-
.

Dear Sirs!
This is to bring to your notice that the pollution was
caused by the lack of care in refueling (bunkering
operation on the part of your personnel.
Yours faithfully

17.13.

!

,
. , -,
- .
.....

Dear Sirs!
In reply to your accusation of water pollution we
should 1ike to state that our ship is in no way
responsible for the above. The pollution has been
probably caused recently by the discharge of ballast
into the sea by some vessels.
Yours faithfully

17.14. ()

!

,

,
( ),
, ,

, ,

.

Dear Sirs!
We kindly ask you to inform the Harbour Master
and al1 concerned that by the present I positively
protest against detention of my ship in connection with
the collision (accident) as my vessel is a state-owned
ship and consequently has a priviledge of immunity,
being exempt from 1iens.
Please take the necessary measures to have my ship
immediately released from detention.
Yours faithfully

17.15. -


!
(, ,
. .) / " ",
,


1982 .

,
.
()
,
, ,
() .
- ,

, . .
. ,
,



, ()
"
1982 ." ,
, / ",
, ,
.
, , ,


.
, / "

Dear Mr.
As it comes from your order (act. document) the
m/v " " which is under my command has been detained
in the port and found allegedly incompliant with
requirements of the "Memorandum of Understanding
on Port State Control 1982". Under the circumstances I
have to make an official statement that living and
working conditions are ensured on board my ship.
These conditions are in conformity with Russian
(Ukrainian) legislation, terms of collective bargain,
provisions of international agreement to which Russia
(Ukraine) is party. The inspection has not detected any
deficiencies which are clearly hazardous to safety,
health or the environment, so the detention of my ship
is quite groundless. Moreover. I would like to draw
your attention to the fact that according to universally
recognized norm of international laws multilateral
treaties are obligatory to be observed and followed by
their parties only, while Russia (Ukraine) is not party
to the "Memorandum of Understanding of Port State
Control 1982".
In view of the above I, the Master of the m/v " consider
the detention of my ship in the Port of inspection as
illegal so I am lodging this protest demanding to
disaffirm your decision.

I have to consider you fully responsible for the


losses caused or which will be caused afterwards by the
detention of the ship in the port.
With all due respects to you,
Master of the m/v ""

17.16. 0

, / ".. ",

.


/ "

I, Master of m/v ".", designate my , Mr as


person in charge of oi1 transfer operations on this
vessel.
Master The designated person in charge of oil transfer
operation nas a license issued by the government of
The license number is
Master of the m/v ""

18.

18.1. ,

/ "" !

,

/ ".",
19.. .

the Master and Owners of m/v "."


Gentlemen!
On behalf of my owners and their underwriters I
give you formal notice holding you and your owners
solely responsible for all loss or damages sustained by
us in consequence of the collision between my ship and
your m/s "..." which occurred on 199
at..hours.
,
I also give you notice that a survey will be held on
".." 19 board my vessel on. 199 at . hours, you
.
are invited to send a representative.
.
/ "
Signed Master of m/v ".."

18.2. ,

/ " .."
!
, 199... .
/ ".. "
/ ".. "
.
-

,
, .
.

To the Master of m/v


Dear Sir!
Please note that on the 199 ..at hours your ship
m/v " " collided with my ship m/v "" and
caused her serious damage.
The collision took place solely due to neglect and fault
on the part of your ship, I therefore hold you fully and
entirely responsible for the damage and all
consequences arising from the above-mentioned
collision. Kindly acknowledge receipt of this letter.
Your faithfully Master of the m/v ""

18.3. I

/ ." !

.199..., -

/ ".",
-
.

,
. ,

"." 199 . .

the Master of m/v ." Dear Sir!


Acknowledging receipt of your letter of .199 I
deny any liability on the part of my ship into collision
with your ship m/v ." inasmuch as the collision
took place solely due to neglect and fault on the part of
your ship.
At the same time I must hold you and your owners
responsible for the damages caused to my ship. I also
give you notice that a survey will be held onboard my
vessel tomorrow on .199.. at hours.
Yours faithfully

18.4. O

/. "
!
.199.

,
.
,


3000 . .
,
,
,

3000 . .
, .
.

the Master of m/v ."


Dear Sir!
Further to my letter of .199.. I enclose herewith a
copy of the Surveyor Report in connection with the
damage caused by your vessel to my ship. From the
above-mentioned Report you will see that the Surveyor
on thorough survey and careful consideration of all the
circumstances, estimates the amount of damage at $
3000.00.
I hope that you will consider our claim and amount of
damage estimated by the Surveyor as quite reasonable
and justified, and I suggest we should settle this matter
amicably by paying the respective sum of $ 3000 to our
Agent here, Messrs.
I should be very glad to have your reply to this by
return.
Yours faithfully Master of the m/v ""

18.5.
()

/ / .
!
"" 199.,
,
3000 . .,
,


.

,
.

To the Master and/or Owners of the m/s "."


Dear Sirs!
In reply to your letter of the th inst, from which we
learn that you are not willing to admit our claim for
damage at $ 3000, as estimated by the Official
Surveyor, we think it expedient and refer our dispute to
arbitration in Moscow by Maritime Arbitration
Commission.
Enclosed please find copies of Arbitration
Agreement for cases of Collision one of which we
would ask you to sign and return.
Yours faithfully

18.6.
() ,

!
,

/ ". "
, /.
.199.. .

()
,
,

.

Dear Sirs!
Further to my radiogram I wish you to make an official
protest on my behalf and inform the Harbour Master
that in consequence of the collision 1 hold the Master
and Owners of the French m/s " ." responsible for
the damage caused to my vessel m/s " ." on the
.199
In accordance with law I, therefore, request the
Harbour Master of your port to detain that ship unless
her Owners are willing to give the respective Bank's
Letter of Guarantee in favour of the Black Sea
Shipping Co., Odessa, for the amount sufficient to
cover the damage caused and expenses incurred.
Yours faithfully

18.7. 0

!
,
." 199 ,
/ ." - - -
9
, ,

. ,
.

10,00 .
,

,
.

Dear Sirs.
Please be advised that today on the .199.. while
the m/s ." was being shifted from berth No to
berth No owing to sudden squal of force up to 9 the
ship suddenly was bled and dashed against berth No
and damaged the same in spite of al I measures taken to
avoid the impact. As a result of this impact some
damage was caused both to the pier and to the ship.
In connection with this accident I would kindly ask you
to invite an Official Surveyor to my ship, tomorrow at
10.00 a.m. to carry out an appropriate survey and
estimate the extent and amount of the damage caused.
Under the circumstances I consider this accident as
ensued from force majeure and I intend to note a Sea
Protest.
Yours faithfully.

18.8. ,

/.
.
, , / .,
, ,
"

To the owners of the m/v .


Port of .
I undersigned, Master of the m/s ., by the present
state that the damage caused by the m/s . on the

.199,

.
/ .

.199 has been completely repaired to my entire


satisfaction and that I have no claims of whatsoever in
respect to the quality of repairs.
Signed Master of the m/s .

19.
19.1.
"CABLE",
.
, .
. ,
- "ASWAN SUEZ".
"".
""
, .

19.2.
() . , ,
, .
, , -, ,
- to. , .
,
, - ing.
()
.

19.3.
- (,
2 0302, - 0203),
: 1st, 2nd,
3rd, 4th, 21st . ., - : JAN - , FEB - . .
.
, ,
. - ,
- -. 24- .
, 25 15 30 : 251530.
. , 12/251530 25 15 30 .
, .
- , - , - (). . 930215 93.02.15
15 1993 .
, , .
- LT (Local Time), - UT (Universal Time)
- UTC (Coordinated Universal Time), - (Central
European Time).
, - GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) 1995 .
- UT
- UTC, Z (Zulu),
Z, , .
, , ,
- .

, - GMT,
- UT, - British Standard Time British Summer Time - BST (UT+1).
- , UT+1, UT+2,
, ,
- UT.
.
:
(UT-4) - Atlantic Standard Time = AST;
(UT-3) - Atlantic Daylight (Saving) Time = ADST or ACT;

(UT-5) - Eastern Standard Time =EST;

(UT-4) - Eastern' Daylight (Saving) Time = EDST or EDT;

(UT-6) - Central Standard Time = CST;

(UT-5) - Central Daylight (Saving) Time = CDST or CDT;

(UT-7) - Western Standard Time = WST;

(UT-6) - Western Daylight (Saving) Time = WDST or WOT;
(UT-8) - Pacific Standard Time = PST;
(UT-7) - Pacific Daylight (Saving) Time = PDST or PDT.

19.4.
"stop",
"comma", "colon", "semicolon".
, "quote",
, , "unquote" - .
"inverted commas". "bracets".

19.5.
Abt

Ans
/
B/D
Bgs
B/L
Bis
Bss
Bxs
CancI
Cont
C/P
C/R
Cbft
D/A
Oest
Disch
Dft
Dirs
1
ETA
ETD
Ft
FTW

About
Accepted
Answer
Bulk cargo
Bar draught
Bags
Bill of Lading
Bales
Basis
Boxes
Cancel led, cancel 1 ing
Continent
Charter Party
Charterer
Cubic feet
Disbursement account
Destination
Discharging
Draught
Dollars
Delivery
Estimated time of arriva1
Estimated time of departure
Foot. feet
Fresh tropical water

,
,

, ,


,
(0,995)

FW
Fresh water

Ldg
Loading

Medit
Mediterranean

No
Number

Pel
Parcel
,
Pkgs
Packages
,
Pis
Please

Ppd
Prepaid

Qtty
Quantity

Re
Regarding

RYC
Referring to your cable

RYM
Referring to your massage

RYT
Reference your telex

SF
Stowage factor

Spd
Speed

SW
Salt water
( )
Tlx
Telex

Vsl
Vessel

WP
Weather permitting

YC
Your cable

YR
Your

,
.26.

19.6.
ABS
ADD
ANUL

CFM
Cl
COL
CRV
DER
DF
EXM
FMT
GA
IAB
IMA
INF
ITD
ITL
JFE
LDE
MNS
MOM
MUT
NA
NC
NCH

( )
, ,

( )
" ",
( )
( )
( )
( ?)
( )

-

( )



()

- ()

NDN
N1
NP
NR

R
RAP
RDI
RPT
RSBA
SSSS
SVP

TAX
TEST MSG
THRU
TMA
TPR
TTX
VAL
W
WHU
xxxxx


()
()
( ...)

( ?)



( )
()
( )


( ...)
()


,
()

20.
20.1.
21107 ) ... / ... /
() ... -
() ... () ... MB
(-
)
) ... / ... / () ... -
() ... () ... MB
^

BLASCO ISTANBUL t Ix 21107 BUS TR ) ...


M/V ... / (call sign) ... CAVAC PILOT (date) ...
(time) ... LT TRANSIT FROM MARMARA SEA PLS
ARRANGE PILOTAGE MASTER
b) ... M/V ... / (call sign) ... HAREM PILOT(date)
... (time) ...LT TRANSIT FROM MARMARA SEA
PLS ARRANGE PILOTAGE REGARDS MASTER

20.2.

21107
) ... / ... / () ...
... () .,. () MB
) ... / ... / () ... -
... () ... () MB

BLASCO ISTANBUL tlx 21107 BLIS TR


a) ... M/V ... / (call sign) ... BOSPORUS FROM
BLACK SEA (date) ... (time) ... LT TRANSIT TO
AEGEAN SEA MASTER
b) ... M/V.. / (call sign) ... DARDANELLES
FROM AEGEAN SEA (date) ... (time) ... LT
TRANSIT TO BLACK SEA MASTER

20.3.
) (
) ... / ... ... ()
... () ...
... ...
-

) (
) ... / ... ... () ...
() ... ... ...
... ...
(- =
UT-Universa! Time)

a) SKAWPILOT SKAGEN ... M/V ... SKAGEN


REV (date and time) ...UT DEST ... MAXDFT ...
SPD ... REQUIRED PILOTAGE SKAGEN - MOEN
THROUGH BELT ROUTE T REGARDS MASTER

b) SOUND PILOT DANMARK ... M/V ...


HAMMERODE (date time) ...UT MAXDFT ... SPD ...
REQUIRED PILOTAGE FROM ... TILL ...
THROUGH BELT ROUTE T DEST ... REGARDS
MASTER

20.4.
() ...

SWANA PORTSA1D (SUEZ) ... CARGOSH1P ...

. .. . . . ... OWNER ... SUEZ GRT ... NET ... ISSUED ...
... ... ... ...

COMMON GRT ... NRT ... LAST TRANSIT (date) ...

() ...

PARTICULARS NO CHANGE CARGO ... TOMS

NO DANGEROUS CARGO SUEZ SEARCHLIGHT

... ...

AVAILABLE SHIPS LENGTH ... M DFT . . . M (ft)

PORTSA1D (SUEZ) (date) ... (time) ... UT PLS


. .. .. . ()

ARRANGE TRANSIT SOUTHWARD

() () ...

(NORTHWARD) REGARDS MASTER

() ...

20.5.
)

) If from south

... / ...

PILOTAGEOSTEND ... M/V ... PI LOT

... WANDELAAR . .. UT DE8T ANTWERPEN


...

REQUIRED PILOT DFT ...

M MASTER
b) If from north

... / ...

PILOTAGE FLUSHING ... M/V ... PI LOT

...

STEENBANK . . . UT OEST ANTWERPEN

. . REQUIRED PILOT DFT ... M MASTER


20.6.


520135
420440 ... ...
() ...
...

FREIGHTMARINE SHIPPING SALDANHA BAY


TLX 520135 ORE Co IOHANNESBURG TLX
420440 ... BULKCARRIER ... / (call sign) ...
SALDANHA BAY(date) ... LOADING IRON ORE ...
T FOR BULGARIA
REGARDS
MASTER

20.7.


. .. ... / ...
/ () ... ...
... ... () ...
() ...
,..

UNISERV NEW ORLEANS ... M/V ... / (call sign) ...


INTERNUMBER ... OWNER ... CAPTAIN NAME ...
NEW ORLEANS (date) ... IN BALLAST
LOADING (cargo) . . . LAST PORT ... PLS
ARRANGE COAST GUARD PERMISSION
REGARDS
MASTER.

20.8.
... / ... / () ...
... (
) ... ... ... ...
( ) ...
1 .. .
() ... ( ) ...
... .. . ...




. . .

ECAREG CANADA ... M/V ... / (calI sign) ...


MASTER ... POSITION (date and time) ...UT ...
N ...W SPD ... CABOTA STRAIT (date and
time) ... UT WP 1 ... UT DEST(port) ...
(date and time) ...UT LAST PORT ... DRAFT ... FT
CARGO ... POLLUTANTS OR DANGEROUS
MATERIALS NIL NAVEQUIPMENTS AND
MACHINERY IN GOOD CONDITION
MANEOUVRABILITY GOOD AGENT ... PLS
GRANT TRAF-FIC CLEARANCE MASTER

20.9.

... / ... / () ...
( ) ...
... ... ... .,.
...

ICE HALIFAX ... M/V ... / (call sign) ... POSITION


(date and time) ... UT (lat) ... N (long) ,..W
COURSE ... SPEED ... DEST ... SHIP IN BALLAST
ICE CLASS L3 OF RUSSIAN REGISTER DFT ... FT
DISPL . .. TONS DIESEL ENGINE ... SHP PLS

... ...
...



( ) ...
( ) ...
( - = UT-Universal
Time)

PROVIDE ICEBREAKER ASSISTANCE AND


ROUTE ING INFORMATION IN CABOT STRAIT
STOP ICE EDGE IN LAURENTIAN
CHANNEL (date time) ... UT CAPE RAY (date
time) ... UT REGARDS MASTER

20.10.
() ... ... / ... () ... (
) ...
...

6
30 ...
() ... ... () ...
-
, ,

QUARANTINE (port) ... ... M/V ... (port) ... (date


time) ... LT AL CREW ... PERSONS GOOD
HEALTHY PASSENGERS NIL MY MARITIME
DECLARATION OF HEALTH HAS NEGATIVE
ANSWERS TO ALL 6 HEALTH QUESTIONS
DURING LAST 30 DAYS SHIP SAILED FROM
PORT ... (date) ... FROM PORT ... (date) ... WE
HAVE NOT MONKEY ON BOARD AND HAVE
NOT ANY PERSON EMBARKED AT ADEN
DJIBOUTI OR YEMEN REQUEST RADIO
PRATIQUE REGARDS MASTER

20.11.
... / ...
. . . ... ,
, .
...

MEDICAL OFFICER ADEN ... M/V ... ADEN ...


CREW ... GOOD HEALTHY VACCINATED
PASSENGERS NIL LAST PORT . .. PLS GRANT
FREE PRATIQUE REGARDS MASTER

20.12. ,

/ ... ... / ... () ... (
) ... ...
...

...



Uklfi 1/nUTDAl/T 1/

MASTER OF M/V ... ... M/V ... / (call sign) ...


(date, time) ... UT POSN ... N... E PICKED UP YOUR
DISTRESS CALL COMING TO YOUR
ASSISTANCE EXPECT REACH YOU AT ... UT PLS
INFORM NATURE DISTRESS EXTENT OF
DANGER WHAT ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED
ALSO WHETHER W 1 LL 1 NG TO S 1 GN
SALVAGE CONTRACT MASTER

21. ,

21.1.
- 199 .
..
(, , )
- - , ( )
"",
"", .
1.

,

-
.
2.
, ,
.
3. ,
1 ,
,
,

.

, , ,
,

.

.
4,
,


.


.
5.

30



.

No cure - pay 199


It is hereby agreed between the Captain of the vessel
(name of Captain) --.-.- - -- - owned by (ship's name
and port of registry) (full name and address) hereinafter
called the Captain" and the Salvor in the person of
hereinafter called the Salvor on the followings:
1. The Salvor undertakes to perform salvage operations
to salve the above named vessel, her cargo and any
other property on board and to take the vessel into or
any other place to be agreed upon later with the
Captain.
2. For the purpose of the performance of the salvage
operations, the salvor may take reasonable use, free of
cost, of the gear, chains, anchors and other
appurtenances of the vessel being salved.
3. For the performance of the operations, provided for
in clause 1 of this Contract, the Salvor, in case useful
results are attained, shall receive remuneration to the
amount of or to the amount to be fixed by the Maritime
Arbitration Commission, if the parties fail to agree on
amount of remuneration.
If a certain amount of salvage remuneration is provided
for by the parties in the Contract, this amount may,
nevertheless, be disputed before the Maritime
Arbitration Commission by either party as well as by
any other person interested. Any other disputes arising
between the parties of this Contract shall also be settled
by the Maritime Arbitration Commission.
4. Should the Salvor desire to secure his claim under
this Contract, he shall, immediately after the
termination of the salvage operations, notify the
Maritime Arbitration Commission of same and state
the amount which he requires as security.
The amount and form of the security for the Salvor's
claim shall be determined by the President of the
Maritime Arbitration Commission.
5. When submitting a dispute out of this Contract to the
Maritime Arbitration Commission, each party must,
within 30 days after termination of the salvage
operations, communicate to the President of the
Maritime Arbitration Commission the name of the
arbitrator chosen from among the members of the
Maritime Arbitration Commission.


,


.


.

,
.
6.

.
7.



.
8.
(
) .

If one of the parties fails to nominate an arbitrator


within the above time limit, the President of the
Maritime Arbitration Commission shall at the request
of the other party, appoint an arbitrator at his
discretion. The parties may, by mutual consent, leave
the choice of arbitrators to the Maritime Arbitration
Commission. In this case the President of the Maritime
Arbitration Commission may, at his own discretion
entrust the settlement of the dispute to a sole arbitrator
appointed from among the members of the Maritime
Arbitration Commission.
6. The arbitration procedure is governed by the Rules
of Procedure of the Maritime Arbitration Commission.
7. Upon the Salvor's motion the Maritime Arbitration
Commission may, before making the Award on the
dispute as a whole, order that the Salvor be paid his
expenses actually incurred in connection with the
salvage out of the amount provided as security.
8. The Captain enters into this Contract as the
representative of the ship-owners and the cargo-owners
and binds each (and not one for the other or the Captain
personally) to the due performance thereof.

21.2.
,
STATEMENT OF TERMINATION OF SALVAGE ASSISTANCE RENDERED TO THE VESSEL IN
DISTRESS
( ),__________ (, , )
(type and name of ship)___________ owned by (State, Ministry, Company or private firm)
1. (, , , , . .)
Geographical location of accident at sea and of the place where assistance has been (ocean, sea, latitude, port,
etc.)
.
2. (, , ) ,
Time of accident (date, hour, minutes) by the disabled ship's Log Book
.
3. (, , )
.
Time of arrival of salvors (date, hour, minutes)
.
4. , ,
(, , )
.
Time when the disabled vessel consented to accept salvage assistance or when the Salvage Agreement has
been signed (date, hour, minutes)
.
5.
.
Time and place of termination of salvage operations
.
6. , (, ,
, )
.
Time of termination of towage of the disabled vessel, and place where to the wrecked vessel has been taken
(bay, roads, port, berth)
.
7. , ,
.
Condition of the wrecked vessel as the beginning of salvage operation
.
8. , :
Main data of the wrecked vessel:

displacement
length
beam
freeboard depth
mean draft
type and name
Type and number of main engines,
kind of fuel used

9. , ,
Condition of the wrecked vessel at the time of termination of operation
10.
Vessels which took part in the operation

.
.

11. ;
Technical means and appliances used

12.
Names of Divers who participated in salvaging

13.
Boatswains crews taking part in salvaging

14. ( , )
Materials and stores consumed (others then owned by the wrecked vessel)

15. ( , ):
Fuel and lubricants consumed (other than owned by the wrecked vessel):

16.
( ):
Description and quantity of cargo damaged and jettisoned during salvage operations:

17. Brief summary of work performed


18.
Date and place of signing the Statement

,
Master of the Salvor
Master of the Wrecked Vessel

21.3.
, .
( )
......
( )
.
( ) ( )
...
( )
,
,
, ,
/ /,

:
1. .
2.
.

. 199_ r.
.. .
.

Whereas the Ship or Vessel called the . whereof


(name of the Ship or vessel)
.. is Master, on a voyage
(name of the Master)
of the ..from
(date of the voyage)
to ......
(port of the shipment) (port of destination) ,
as is a Ileged by the Carrier sustained damage or loss
and incurred expenditure which may be allowed as
General Average, We, the Undersigned Consignees of
Goods (or their Agents on their behalf) HEREBY
UNDERTAKE in respect of the Goods as per Bi I Is of
Lading enumerated hereunder:
1. to declare the value of Goods;
2. to pay General Average Contribution due according
to the Average Statement.

City of .day of .199..


Signature of Consignees.
Legal Address of Consignees .

21.4.

.199

.199

(, , )

(date, month, year)

Vessel.

( )

(type and name)

Voyage from .to

( )

(port of departure and port of destination)


( )


(
)

Nature and date of Accident


(short description of Accident and its date)

17. Brief summary of work performed


18.
Date and place of signing the Statement

, Master of the Salvor
Master of the Wrecked Vessel

21.3.
,
( )

( )
( )
( ) .
( )
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2.
.

Whereas the Ship or Vessel called the. (name


of the Ship or vessel) whereof ..is Master(name of
the Master), on a voyage of the from .. (date of the
voyage) (port of the shipment) to .. (port of
destination) , as is calleged by the Carrier sustained
damage or loss and incurred expenditure which may be
allowed as General Average, We, the Undersigned
Consignees of Goods (or their Agents on their behalf)
HEREBY UNDERTAKE in respect of the Goods as
per ills of Lading enumerated hereunder:
1. to declare the value of Goods;
2. to pay General Average Contribution due according
to the Average Statement.

199 . .

City of " " day of 199 Signature of Consignees


Legal Address of Consignees

21.4.

.199 (, , )
. ( )
-... (
)
. (
)

(
)

.199 (date, month, year)


Vessel . (type and name)
Voyage from
.to (port of departure and port of destination)
Nature and date of Accident
(short description of Accident and its date)

( )
, ( )
. .
.


(
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)
.

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.
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.

This Receipt is issued to


(name and address of General Average Contributor or
Depositor) in witness that the G.A. cash payment in advance, deposit (delete unnecessary) in the amount of
has been received from . (from him or them)
being per cent of the amount .provisionally
adopted as the net arrived value of the following goods
on the last day of discharge at the port of destination
(description and quantity of goods and marks) under
the Bill of Lading No. dated (date of issue of
B/L) The said amount .shall be held as security
on the part of the owners of the above mentioned cargo
for the payment of General Average and/or Salvage
and/or additional extraordinary expenses. if, on
completion of the General Average Adjustment, it may
appear that a partial refund of the amount so deposited
is due to the depositor them such refund shall be made
to the legal holder of this Receipt.

21.5.
(LOF 1990)1
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No cure - no pay
On board .the Dated.
It is hereby agreed between Captain for and on behalf
of the Owners of the " her cargo freight bunkers stores
and any other property thereon (hereinafter collectively
called "the Owners" and. for and on behalf of
(hereinafter called "the Contractor"):

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1.(a) The Contractor shal I use his best endeavours: (i)


to salve the ". " and/or her cargo freight bunkers
stores and any other property thereon and take them to
or to such other place as may hereafter be agreed either
place to be deemed a place of safety or if no such place
is named or agreed to a place of safety and (ii) while
performing the salvage services to prevent or minimize
damage to the environment.
Insert name of person signing on behalf of Owners of
property to be salved. The Master should sign wherever
possible. The Contractor's name should always be
inserted in I ine 4 and whenever the Agreement is
signed by the Master of the Salving vessel or other
person on behalf of the Contractor the name of the
Master or other person must a I so be inserted in I ine 4
before the words "for and on behalf of". The words "for
and on behalf of" should be deleted where a Contractor
sign personal ly. Insert place if agreed in clause 1 (a)
(i) and currency if agreed in clause 1 (e).

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(b) Subject to clause 2 incorporating Convention


Article 14 the services shall be rendered and accepted
as salvage services upon the principle of "no cure - no
pay".
(c) The Contractor's remuneration shall be fixed by
Arbitration in London in manner hereinafter prescribed
and other difference arising out of this Agreement or
the operation there under shall be referred to
Arbitration in the same way.
(d) In the event of the services referred to this
Agreement or any part of such services having been
already rendered at the date of this Agreement by
Contractor to the said vessel,. and/or her cargo freight
bunkers stores and any, other property thereon the
provision of this Agreement shall apply to such
services.
() The security to be provided to the Council of
Lloyd's (hereinafter called "the Council") the Salved
Value(s) the Award and/or any Interim Award(s)
and/or any Award on Appeal shall be in currency.
(f) If clause 1 () is not completed then the security to
be provided and the Salved Value(s) the Award and/or
Interim Award(s) and/or Award on Appeal shall be in
Pounds Starlings.

(g) This Agreement and Arbitration there under shall


except as otherwise expressly provided be governed by
the law of England, including the English law of
salvage.

Provisions as to the services
2. 1 ( - ), 8, 13.1, 13.2,
2. Articles 1 (a) to (), 8. 13.1. 13.2
, 13,3 14 first sentence, 13.3 and 14 of the International
1989 ( ), - Convention on Salvage 1989 ("the Convention
, Articles") set out hereafter are hereby incorporated into
. "" ()
this Agreement. The terms "Contractor" and "services"/
" ( )" "salvage services in this Agreement shall have the
,
same meaning as the terms "salvor(s) and "salvage
" ()" " ()"
operation(s) in the Conv. Articles.
.
3. ,
3. The Owners, their Servants and Agents shall co
operate fully with the Contractor in and about the
,
salvage including obtaining entry to the place named or
the place of safety as defined in l. 1
, 1
The contractor may make reasonable use of the vessel's
, , machinery, gear equipment, anchors, chains, stores and
, , ,
other appurtenances during and for purpose of the

salvage services free of expense but shall not
, unnecessarily damage abandon or sacrifice the same or
,
any property the subject of this Agreement.
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Provisions as to security
4. (a) The Contractor shall immediately after the
termination of the services or sooner notify the Council
and where practicable the Owner of the amount for
which he demands security (inclusive of costs expenses
and interest) from each of the respective Owners.

(b) Where the exception to the principle of "no cure no pay" under Convention Article 14 becomes likely to
be applicable the owners of the vessel shall on the
demand of the Contractor provide security for
Contractor's special compensation.
(c) The amount of such security shall be reasonable in
the light of the knowledge to the Contractor at the time
when the demand is made.
Unless otherwise agreed such security shall be
provided (i) to the Council (ii) in a form approved by
the Council and (i i i) by persons, firms or corporations
either acceptable to the Contractor or resident in the
United Kingdom and acceptable to the Council. The
Council shall not be responsible for the sufficiency
(whether in amount or otherwise) of any security which
shall be provided nor for the default or insolvency of
any person, firm or corporation providing the same.

(d) The owners of the vessel, their Servants and agents


shall use their best endeavors to ensure that the cargo
owners provide their proportion of security before the
cargo released.
5. (a) Until security has been provided as aforesaid the
Contractor shall have a maritime lien on the property
salved for his remuneration. The property salved shall
not without the consent in writing of the Contractor
(which shall not be unreasonably with held) be
removed from the place to which it has been taken by
the Contractor under clause 1 (a).
(b) The Contractor shall not arrest or detain the
property salved unless:
security is provided within 14 days (exclusive of
Saturdays and Sundays or other days observed as
general holidays at Lloyd's) after the date of
termination of the services or;
he has reason to believe that removal of the property
salved is contemplated contrary to clause 5 (a) or;
any attempt is made to remove the property salved
contrary to clause 5 (a).

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(c) The Arbitrator appointed under clause 6 or the


Appeal Arbitrators) appointed under clause 11 (d) shall
have power in their absolute discretion to include in the
amount awarded to the Contractor the whole or part of
any expenses reasonably incurred by the Contractor in:
ascertaining, demanding and obtaining the amount of
security reasonably required in accordance with clause
4;
enforcing and/or protecting by insurance or otherwise
or taking reasonable steps to enforce and/or protect his
.
Provisions as to arbitration
6. (a) Where security is provided to the Council in the
whole or in part the Council shall appoint an Arbitrator
in respect of the property covered by such security.

(b) Whether security has been provided or not the


Council shall appoint an Arbitrator upon receipt of a
written request made by that any party requesting such
appointment shall if required by the Council undertake
to pay the reasonable fees and expenses of the Council
and/or any Arbitrator or Appeal Arbitrator(s).

(c) Where an Arbitrator has been appointed and the


parties do not proceed to arbitration the Council may
recover any fees costs and/or expenses which are
outstanding and thereupon terminate the appointment
of such Arbitrator.
7. The Contractor's remuneration shall be fixed by the
Arbitrator appointed under clause 6. Such remuneration
sha11 not be diminished by reason of the exception to
the principle of " no cure - no pay " under Convention
article 14.
Representation
8. Any party of this Agreement who wishes to be heard
or to adduce evidence shall nominate a person in the
United Kingdom to represent him failing which the
Arbitrator or Appeal Arbitrator(s) may proceed as if
such party had renounced his right to be heard or
adduce evidence.

Conduct of the arbitration


9. (a) The Arbitrator shall have power to; admit such
oral or documentary evidence or information as he may
think fit;


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conduct the Arbitration in such manner in all respects


as he may think fit subject to such procedural rules as
the Council may approve;
condemn the Contractor in his absolute discretion in
the whole or part of the expense of providing excessive
security and deduct the amount in which the Contractor
is so condemned from the salvage remuneration and/or
special compensation;
make Interim Award(s) on such. terms as may be fair
and just;
make such orders as to cost fees and expenses those of
the Council charged under clauses 9 (b) and 12 (b) as
may be fair and just.:

(6) The Arbitrator and the Council may charge


reasonable fees and expenses for their services whether
the Arbitration proceeds to a hearing or not and all
such fees and expenses shall be treated as part of the
cost of the Arbitration.
(c) Any Award shall (subject to appeal as provided in
this Agreement) be final and binding on all the parties
concerning whether they were represented at the
Arbitration or not.

Interest
10. Interest at rates per annum to be fixed by the
Arbitrator shall (subject to appeal as provided in this
Agreement) be payable on any sum awarded taking
into account any sums already paid:
from the date of termination of the services unless the
Arbitrator shall in his absolute discretion otherwise
decide until the date of publication by the Council of
the Award and/or Interim Award(s) and
from the expiration of 21 days (exclusive of Saturdays
and Sundays or other days observed as general
holidays at Lloyd's) after the date of publication by the
Council of the Award and/ or Interim Award(sJ until
the date payment is received by the Contractor or the
Council both dates inclusive.
Provision as to appeal
11. (a) Notice of Appeal if any shall be given to the
Council within 14 days (exclusive of Saturdays and
Sundays or other days observed as general holidays at
Lloyds) after the date of the publication by the Council
of the Award and/or Interim Award(s).

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(b) Notice of Cross-Appeal if any shall be given to the


Council within 14 days (exclusive of Saturdays and
Sundays or other days observed as general holidays at
Lloyd's) after notification by the Council to the parties
of any Notice of Appeal. Such notification if sent by
post shall be deemed received on the working day
following the day of posting.

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12. ()
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(f) Any Award on Appeal shall be final and binding on


all the parties to that appeal arbitration whether they
were represented either at the Arbitration or at the
Appeal Arbitration or not.

(c) Notice of Appeal or Cross-Appeal shall be given to


the Council by the letter, telex, facsimile or in any
other permanent form.
(d) Upon receipt of Notice of Appeal the Council shall
refer the Appeal to the hearing and determination of the
Appeal Arbitrator(s) selected by it.
() If any Notice of Appeal or Cross-Appeal is
withdrawn the Appeal hearing shall nevertheless
proceed in respect of such notice of appeal or CrossAppeal as may remain.

Conduct of the appeal


12. (a) The Appeal Arbitrators) in addition to the
powers of the Arbitrator under clauses 9 (a) and 10
shall have power to:
, (i) admit the evidence which was before the Arbitrator

together with the Arbitrator's notes and reasons for his
/ , Award and/or Interim Award(s) and any transcript of

evidence and such additional evidence as he or they
, may think fit;
;
, ,
(ii) confirm increase or reduce the sum awarded by
,
the Arbitrator and to make such or-> der as to the
, ,
payment of interest on such sum as , he or they may
,
think fit;
;
, , (iii).confirm, revoke or vary any order and/or
/ , Declaratory Award made by the Arbitrator.
.
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(b) The Appeal Arbitrators) and the Council may
charge reasonable fees expenses for their services in

connection with the Appeal Arbitration whether it
, proceeds to a hearing or not, al1 such fees and
, expenses shal1 be treated as part of the costs of the
Appeal Arbitration.
.

Provisions as to payment

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13. (a) In case of arbitration if no Notice of Appeal be


received by the Council in accordance with clause 11
(a) the Council shall call upon the party or parties
concerned to pay the amount awarded and in the event
of non-payment shall subject to the Contractor first
providing to the Council a satisfactory Undertaking to
pay a 11 the costs thereof realize or enforce the
security and pay there from to the Contractor whose
receipt shall be a good discharge to it) the amount
awarded to him together with interest if any. The
Contractor shall reimburse the parties concerned to
such extent as the Award is less than any sum paid on
account or in respect of Interim Award(s).
(b) If notice of Appeal be received by the Council in
accordance with clause 11 it shall as soon as the Award
on Appeal has been published by it call upon the party
or parties , concerned to pay the amount awarded and
in the event of non-payment shall subject to the Contractor first providing to the Council a satisfactory
Undertaking to pay all the costs thereof realize or
enforce the security and pay there from to the
Contractor (whose receipt shall be a good discharge to
it) the amount awarded to him together with interest if
any. The Contractor shall reimburse the parties
concerned to such extent as the Award on Appeal is
less than any sums paid on account or in respect of the
Award or Interim Award(s).
(c) If any sum shall become payable to the Contractor
as remuneration for his services and/ or costs as the
result of an agreement between the Contractor and the
Owners or any of them the Council in the event of nonpayment shall subject to the Contractor first providing
to the Council a satisfactory Undertaking to pay all the
costs thereof realize or enforce the security and pay
there from to the Contractor (whose receipt shall be a
good discharge to it) the said sum.
(d) If the Award and/or Interim Award(s) and/or
Award on Appeal provides or provide that the cost of
the Arbitration and/or of the Appeal Arbitration or any
part of such cost shall be borne by the Contractor such
cost may be reduced from the amount awarded or
agreed before payment is made to Contractor unless
satisfactory security is provided by the Contractor for
the payment of such costs.
(e) Without prejudice to the provisions of clause 4 ()
the liability of the Council! shall be limited in any
event to the amount of security provided to ;';.
General provision

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14. The master and other person signing this


Agreement on behalf of the property to be salved enters
into this Agreement as agent for the vessel, her cargo,
freight, bunkers, stores and any other property theron
and the respective Owners thereof and binds each (but
not the one for the other or himself personally) to the
due performance thereof.
15. In considering what sums of money have been
expanded by the Contractor in rendering the services
and/or in fixing the amount of the Award and/or
Interim Award(s) and/or Award on Appeal the
Arbitrator or Appeal Arbitrators shall to such an extent
and in so far it may be fair and just in all the
circumstances, give effect to the consequences of any
change or changes in the relevant rates of exchange
which may have occurred between the date of termination of the services and the date on which the award
and/or Interim Award(s) and/or Award on Appeal is
made.
16. Any Award, notice, authority order or other
document signed by the Chairman of Lloyd's or any
person authorized by the Council for the purpose shall
be deemed to have been duly made or given by the
Council and shall have the same force and effect in all
respects if had been signed by every member of the
Council.

17. The Contractor may claim salvage and enforce any


Award or agreement made between the Contractor and
the owners against security provided under clause 4 if
any in the name and on behalf of any Sub-Contractors
Servants or Agents including Masters and members of
the crews of vessels employed by him or by Sub-Contractors in the services provided that he first provides a
reasonably satisfactory indemnity to the owners against
all Claims by or liabilities to the said persons.

18. When there is no longer any reasonable prospect of


a useful result leading to a salvage reward in
accordance with Convention Article 13 the owners of
the vessel shall be entitled to terminate the services of
the Contractor by giving notice to the Contractor in
writing.
19. No person signing this Agreement or any party on
whose behalf it is signed shall at any time or in any
manner whatsoever offer, provide make give or
promise to provide, demand or take any form of
inducement for entering into this Agreement.
The convention articles

1.
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13.

Article 1. Definitions
(a) Salvage operation means any act or activity
undertaken to assist a vessel or any other property in
danger in navigable waters or in any other waters
whatsoever.
(b) Vessel means any ship or craft, or any structure
capable of navigation.
(c) Property means any property not permanently and
intentionally attached to the shoreline and includes
freight at risk.
(d) Damage to the environment means substantial
physical damage to human health, or to marine life, or
resources in coastal, or inland waters, or areas adjacent
thereto, caused by pollution, contamination, fire,
explosion or similar major incidents.
(e) Payment means any reward, remuneration or
compensation due under this Convention.
Article 8. Duties of the Salvor and of the Owner and
Master
1. The salvor shall owe a duty to the owner of the
vessel or other property in danger:
(a) to carry out the salvage operations with due care;
(b) in performing the duty specified in subparagraph
(a), to exercise due care to prevent or minimize damage
to the environment;
(c) whenever circumstances reasonably require, to seek
assistance from other salvors;
(d) to accept the intervention of other salvors when
reasonably requested to do so by the owner or master
of the vessel or other property in danger; provided,
however, that the amount of his reward shall not be
prejudiced should it be found that such a request was
unreasonable;
2, The owner and master of the vessel or the owner of
the property in danger stial I owe a duty to the salvor:
(a) to cooperate fully with him during the course of the
salvage operations;
(b) in so doing, to exercise due care to prevent or
minimize damage to the environment;
(c) when the vessel or other property has been brought
to a place of safety, to accept re-delivery when
reasonably requested by the salvor to do so.
Article 13.Criteria for fixing the reward

1.

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14.
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1. The reward shall be fixed with a view to


encouraging salvage operations, taking into account the
following criteria without regard to the order in which
they are presented below:
(a) the salved value of the vessel and other property;
(b) the ski 11 and efforts of the salvors in preventing or
minimizing damage to the environment; ;
(c) the measure of success obtained by the salvor;
(d) the nature and degree of the danger,;
(e) the ski 11 and efforts of the salvors in salving the
vessel, other property and life;
(f) the time used and expenses and losses incurred by
the salvors;
(g) the risk of liability and other risks run by the
salvors or their equipment;
(h) the promptness of the services rendered;
(i) the availability and use of vessels or other
equipment intended for salvage operations;
(j) the state of readiness and efficiency of the salvor's
equipment and value thereof.
2. Payment of a reward fixed according to paragraph 1
shall be made by all of the vessel and other property
interests in proportion to their respective salved values.

3, The rewards, exclusive of any interest and


recoverable legal costs that may be payable thereon,
shall not exceed the salved value of the vessel and
other property.
Article 14. Special compensation
1. If the salvor has carried out salvage operations in
respect of a vessel which by itself or its cargo
threatened damage to the environment and has failed to
earn a reward under Article 13 at least equivalent to the
special compensation accessible in accordance with
this Article, he shall be entitled to special
compensation from the owner of that vessel equivalent
to his expenses as herein defined.
2. , 1, 2. If the circumstances set out in paragraph 1, the

salvor by his salvage operations has prevented or

minimized damage to the environment, the special
, ,
compensation payable by the owner to the salvor under
1,
paragraph 1 may be increased up to a maximum of 30
30 %
% of the expenses incurred by the salvor. However, the
, . ,
Tribunal if it deems it fair and just to do so and bearing
, in mind the relevant criteria set out in Article 13,
13, 1
paragraph 1, may increase such special compensation
,
further, but in no event shall the total increase be more
, than 100 % of the' expenses incurred by the salvor.
100 % ,
.

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5.

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3. Salvor's expenses for the purpose of paragraph 1 and


2 means the out of pocket expenses reasonably
incurred by the salvor in the salvage operation and a
fair rate for equipment and personnel actually and
reasonably used in the salvage operation, taking into
consideration the criteria set out in Article 13, paragraph 1 (h), (i) and (j).
4. The total special compensation under this Article
shall be paid only if and to the extent that such
compensation is greater than any reward recoverable
by the salvor under Article 13.
5. If the salvor has been negligent and has thereby
failed to prevent or minimize damage to the
environment, he may be deprived of the whole or part
of any special compensation due under this Article.

For and on behalf of the


Contractor




,

1-
,
4-

6. Nothing in this Article shall affect any right or


recourse on the part of the owner of the vessel.

For and on behalf Of the


Owners of property to be
salved
To be signed either by the To be signed by the
Contractor personally or by Master or other person
the Master of the salving
whose name is inserted in
vessel or other person
line 1 of this Agreement.
whose name is inserted in
line 4 of this Agreement

22. ,

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Acceleration; ampere; area; auxiliary

;
AAR.; . . r.

Always afloat (chartering)


Against all rises (marine insurance)

. .
B INITIO
ABS

ABV
;
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Ad
Add.

Able-boadied seaman
From the beginning
American Bureau of Shipping
About
Above
Alternating current
Account current; appeal court
Accepted; according
Air-cushioned vehicle
After date; alternate days
Addressed, address

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addn
Adj.
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adv
A. F.
Affr.
AFAA
agt.
A. G. W,
A/H
a. m.
a/m
AMVER

Automatic direction finding


Addition
Adjustment of the average
Atlantic day light saving time
Advice
Advanced freight
Affreightment
As far as applicable
Agent; agreement
Actual gross weight
Range Antwerp-Hamburg range
Ante meridiem; air mail
Above-mentioned
Automatic mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue
System

a/n
ans.

Above-named
Answer

a/o
A. P.
App.; approx.
App.; app.
Apr.
. .; A/R; a/r
Arb.
Arr.
arrgt
A. S.
a. s.
A/S; a/s
A. (s.) A.; a (a) a
asap
ASL
AST
AT

Account of ...
Additional premium
Approximately
Appendix
April
All risks
Arbitration
Arrival
Arrangement
Amicable settlement
After sight
Alongside
Always (safety) afloat.
As soon as possible
Above sea level
Atlantic Standard Time
American terms (grain trade)

ATA
ATD
atm
ATS
ATDN
Aug.
Austwheat
Av.; av

Actual time of arrival


Actual time of departure
Atmosphere(s)
All time saved
All time day and night
August
Australian Grain Charter
average; average; avenue

AVG
A/V
AW(L)
A/W; a. w.
a. w. t. s.

Average
According to value
Water line area
Above water; actual weight
All working time saved
Breadth; center of buoyancy; board; bay;
black; bag; bale; buyer

Bags/Bulk

Part in bags; part in bulk




;

-
;

..,

,
,
()
( )
;
()



(
)


()


, ; ;




;

; ; ,
; ; ; ;
;
;

Bal.
Bale
Ball
Baltcon
Baltime
Baltpulp

Balance
Bale capacity
Ballast
The Baltic and White Sea Counci1 Coal
Charter
Uniform Time-Charter
Baltic Pulp and Paper Charter

,

,
""

Baltwood
Bar.
B. B.
Barecon
B. C.; b/c
B. D.; /; b. d.
Bd.
B. d. i.
bdl; bdls
Bdth
BE
B/E; . .
Bends

Bg.; Bgs.
b/g
B/H; BH

Baltic Wood Charter


Barrel
Ballast Bonus
Bare-Boat Charter Party
Bulk cargo
Bar (bank) draught
Bonded
Both days inclusive (insurance)
Bundle(s)
Breadth
Breadth extreme
Bill of Entry
At both ends
Extreme breadth
Bag, bags
Bale / grain capacity
Bill of Health Bordeux / Hamburg range

Bkge, bkge
bl
B/L; B. L.
B/L (cl)
B/L (t)
Blasco
bik.
Bis.
bist
BM
Bmid
B/N
Bn
bnd
/

B/r
brg
BRKN; brk
BrI; brl
B. R. T.
B. S.
bs

Brokerage
Bale
Bill of Lading
Clean Bill of Lading
Through Bill of Lading
Black Sea Shipping Company
Bulk
Bales, Barrels
Ballast
Transverse Metacentric radius
Breadth molded
Booking note
Beacon
Bound for ...
Buyer's option
Board of Trade
Broken and repaired
Bearing
Broken
Barrel
Brutto Register tonnage
British Standard
Boxes

- ""

""
""
;

-

,

()
(),





,
/
;


,




, ,
,


()

();
..


,
,
-

b. s.
Bsc
BSC
Bsh
BSS

Both sides
Basic
Baltic Shipping Company
Bushel
Basis (ETA Basis ...)

B. T.: b. t.
; B/T
B. V.
B. W.
bwk
bx, bxs
C., C.

Berth terms
Board of Trade
Bureau Veritas
Bonded warehouse
Bulwark
Box, boxes
Cape; contract; court; capacity; centigrade

c.
CA
Cab.
CAC
CAD
C. A. F.; CAP
. .
C. A. I.
can.
canc.; Canclg
cap.; capy
capt
CAS
c. b. d.
Cbft; cbf
cbm
C. C.
c.c.; c/c
c. c.
CCL
c. c. t.
c. d.

Cent; cubic
Current account
Cable
Cost and charges
Cash against documents
Cost and freight
Continent Antwerp-Hamburg range
Cost and Insurance
Cancelled
Cancellation; cancelling
Capacity
Captain
Collision Avoidance system
Cash before delivery
Cubic feet
Cubic metre
Cargo capacity
Current cost
Carbon copy
Customs clearance
Cubic capacity tonnage
Consecutive days; cash against documents

C/D
Cert.; certif.
CET
c. f. i.
c. ft.
CG
Cge
Cgo
Ch
C. .
CHABE

Customs declaration
Certificate
Central European Time
Cost, freight, insurance
Cubic foot (feet)
Coast guard
Carriage
Cargo
Charterer; channel
Custom house
Charterer's agent both ends

CHADI
CHALO
Ch. Ag(s)
Ch. fwd
Chgs
Ch. ppd.
Ch. opt; CHOPT
Chrs.; chs
Ch. stev.
CIF; cif
CIFCI

Charterer's agent at discharge port


Charterer's agent at load. port
Charterer's agent(s)
Charges forward
Charges
Charges prepaid
Charterer's option
Charterers
Charterer's stevedores
Cost, insurance, freight
Cost, insurance, freight, commission and
interest

,
; ; ; ;



;


,

, ,
() ()

,
;



()


, ,
, , ,

CL
cl.
cld.
Clean B/L
clg
clkw
Cm
Cm
cm/sec
. m.
cms
cml
cmpt
CN; C/N
cnmt
cntr.
CO; /; /
Co.
COA
. . .
COFC
. 0. D.: . 0. d.
Coltainer
Com(m)
Combiconbill
COG
Compt
Con.
Cons.
Consecs
Consgr
Cont; cont
Contcoal
Contwood
Co-op
Cop. dis
Cop. Idg
Corp(n)
C. P.; c/p
C. P. D.; c. p. d.
CPT; cpt
C. q. d.
C. R.; C/R
c. r. d.
CRS
crs
Crude
C/S
c/s

Center line
Clause
Cleared
Clean Bill of lading
Canceling
Clockwise
Mid length section coefficient


,
,



Centimeter (centimeter)
()
Centimeter/second

Cubic metre

Cubic metre per second

Commercial
,
Compartment

Credit note; consignment note; cover note


;
;

Consignment
,
Container

Certificate of origin

Company; captain option
;
Contract of affreightment

Chamber of Commerce

Container on flatcar

Cash on delivery

Collapsible container

Commission

Combined transport Bill of lading

Center of gravity

Compartment
,
Consignee; contract
,
Consignees

Consecutive voyages

Consigner, consignor

Continent (of Europe)


()
Continental Coal Charter

Continental Wood Charter

Co-operative

Discharge according to the custom of the port


Loading according to the custom of the port
Corporation

Charter party; customs of the port; carriage ; ;


paid
Charterers pay dues

Captain

Customary quick dispatch



Current rate

Current rate for discharge

Coast radio station

Cars

Crude oil

Continent or Scandinavia

Cases

CST

Central standard time (USA); container


service tariff; centistokes (bunker)

. .; /T; . t.

Conference terms; cable transfer

Coasting trade; container terminal

CTB/L

Combined transport B/L

. T. L; . t. 1.
Ctl
cts
cu.; cub.
cu. ft.
cu. m.
cur.
cus. Ho
custmy
c. v.
CWT
CY
D

Constructive total loss


Cental
Cents
Cubic
Cubic feet
Cubic metres
Currency; current
Custom house
Customary
Consecutive voyages
Hundredweight
Container yard
Dangerous; delivered, delivery; diameter

d
D; d

Penny, pence
Draught, draft; datum; displacement; depth

D/A

Disbursement account; documents against


acceptance; documents attached
Vessel must discharge afloat
14 days all purposes
Delivered alongside ship
Decibel
Double bottom; deals and battens; donkey
boiler
Deals, battens and boards
Direct current
Deviation clause
Dangerous cargo manifest
Dock dues; delayed delivery
Dated; delivered
Dock dues and shipping
December
Declaration; decimetre
Degree
Degree Centigrade
Degree Fahrenheit
Degree Kelvin
Delivery / redelivery
Delivery
Demurrage
Demurrage/dispatch
Density
Depart, departure, the departure
Destination
Detent ion

B/Af
14 DAPS
D. A. S.; d. a. s.
db.
D/B
D. .
DC; dc
D. C.
DCM
DD
dd; d/d
DD and Shpg
Dec
dec
deg
deg C
deg F
deg
Dely/re-dely
dely.
dem
dem/d i s
dens
Dep.; dept.
Dest
det.

;
; ()
()
;

;



(. 50,8 )

; , , ;

,
; ; ;

;
;

14

: ;

,



;
; ,




/ -
, ,

, ,

Dev., dev.
DF
D. F.; d. f,
Dft.; dft
DG
D. G.
DHDATS
dim
dis
disbs.
displ
Dk; dk
D. Lat.
D. Long.
D. L. 0.; d. l. .
dm
do
D. 0.
D/0
doc(s)
dos
DP .
D/P. d/p
dpt
D. R.
drict
D. S. 0.
DST
dstn.
dup
DW; dw
DWC; dwc
DWT; D. W. T.
d. w. l. .
dz
E; e
EAT
ECSA
E. C.
e. g,
EDST
ECU
eff
EHF
EHP
encl.
e. o. d.
e. o. m.
E. P.
EST
ETA; eta

Deviation
Direction-finding
Dead freight
Draft, draught
Degaussing
Dangerous goods
Dispatch half demurrage for all time saved




Dimention
,
Discount; discharge
;
Disbursments

Displacement

Dock; deck
, ;
Difference of latitude

Difference of longitude

Dispatch, loading only

Decimetre

Ditto

Diesel oil

Delivery order

Document(s)
()
Dollars

Dew point; duty paid


;
Documents against payment

Departure
, ,
Dead reckoning

Derelict

Deck stowage only

Daylight saving time

Destination

Duplicate
,
Deadweight

Deadweight capacity

Deadweight tonnage

Dead weight loading capacity

Dozen

East, eastern
,
Earliest arriving time

East Coast South America

East Coast

For example (exernpli gratia)

Eastern daylight saving time (USA, Canada) (,


)
European Currency Unit
-
Efficiency
()
Extremely height frequency
(30000-300000
)
Effective horsepower

Enclosed, enclosure
,
Every other day

End of the month/ Every other month
/
Estimated position

Eastern Standard Time
(. )
Expected (estimated) time of arrival
()

ETB; etb
ETC; etc
etc.
ETC; etd

Expected (estimated) time of berthing


Expected (estimated) time of completion
Et cetera
Expected (estimated) time of departure

S. ets
E. u.
Ex; ex
exc.
excl.
ex. gr.
exp.
expn.
exps.
F

Expected (estimated) time of sailing


Each unit
Examined; example; excluding, exclude:
excepted; executed
Except
Excluding, exclusive
Exempli gratia = for example
Expected; export
Expiration
Expenses
Fahrenheit; fathom; farad; froude coeff

F. A.; f. a.
F. A. A.
f. a. c.; fascan

Free alongside
Free of all averages
Fast as can (loading, discharging)

f. a. d.
F.& D.
f. a. q.
F. A. S; f. a. s.
fastcan

Full and down


Freight and demurrage
Free alongside quay
Free alongside ship
As fast as the vessel can receive, deliver

fastcancop
fath; fm..
F. .; f. b.
Fbd.; fbd.
F. C. L.
F.C.& S.
FCR; F. C. R.
Fcst
F. C. T.
f. d.

As fast as the vessel can receive, deliver but


according to the custom of the port
Fathom
Freight bill
Freeboard
Full container load
Free of capture and seizure
Forwarding agent's certificate of receipt
Forecast
Forwarding agent's Certificate of transport
Free discharge; free delivery

F/dp; f/dp
F. E.; FE
Feb.
Fesco
P. F. A; f. f. a.
f. f. d.
f. f.
F. G. A.
FGIS
Fgt; fgt
F. H. Ex.
f. i.
F. I. A. S.

Free of dispatch
Far East (ern)
February
Far East Shipping Company
Free from alongside
Free from delivery
Following
Free of general average
Federal Grain Inspection Service
Freight
Fridays and holidays excepted
Free in
Free in and stowed

f. I. b.

Free into bunker or barge

()
()

() ,

()

; ; ,
; ;

;
,

; ; ;

()

, (,
)




,
()
,
(),



e;


()

FI

Flexible intermediate container

F.I.C.; f.i.c.
F. I. H.; f. i. h.
F. I. 0.; fio

Freight, insurance, carriage


Free in harbour
Free in and out

F. I. 0. extrim

Free in and out excluding trimming

F. I. 0. S.

Free in and out and stowed

F. I. 0. T.

Free in and out and trimmed

f. i. t.
f. i. w.
f. l.
f. L.; F./L.
Floatainer
fl. pt.
fm; fth
F.0.; f. o.

Free of income tax


Free into wagon
Free loading
Full load
Floating container
Flash point
Fathom
For order; free out; free overside

F. 0.; FO; f, o.
f. . .
F. 0. .; f. o. b.
F. 0. . F. T
F. 0. . ex stowage

Fuel oil
Free of average
Free on board
Free on board and free trimmed
Free on board except (excluding) stowage

F. 0. . ex-trim

Free on board excluding trimming

F. 0. . . T

Free on board, owners trimming

F. 0. . stowed

Free on board and free stowed

F. 0. . trim
F. 0. .; f. . .
F. O. . f. . .
F. O.O. f. o. q.
F. 0. R. f. . .
F. 0. S. f. o. s.
F. 0. T.; f. o. t.
f. o. t.
f. o. t.
f. o. w.
F. 0. W
F. P.; FP
F. P.; f. p.

Free on board and free trimmed


Free of cost; free of claim
Free of damage
Free on quay
Free on rai1
Free on ship
Free on train (track)
Free of tax
Free of turn
Free on wagon
First open water
Flash point; freezing point
Free port; freight prepaid; fully paid

F. P. A.; f. p. a.
f. . .
F. p. i. 1.
F/R; f. r.

Free of particular average


For private circulation
Ful1 premium if lost
Freight release

free in
Frt; frgt
Frt. fwd.

Free of charge into vessel's holds


Freight
Freight forward



, ,



,
,
,

,






;
;
,

()


;




()




;
; ;




?

Frt. ppd
f. s/t

Freight prepaid
Free stowed (trimmed)

ft
FTC
ft. ps
FW
FWC

Foot, feet
Fast time control
Feet per second
Fresh water
Fully loaded weight and capacity

FY
FYI, fyi
FX
G; g
G. A.; G/A; g. a.
G. A. A.
G/A con.
G/A dep.
gal (l)
G. C.; g. c.
GC
gds.
GDTU
G. F.

Ferry
For your information
Frequency
Gram, gramme; gauge
General average
General average agreement (bond)
General average contribution
General average deposit
Gallon(s)
General cargo
Great Circle
Goods
Good day to you
Government form

GHA
GM
GML
gm
GMT
GPS

Greenwich Hour Angle


Transverse Metacentric height
Longitudinal Metacentric height
Gram(me)
Greenwich Mean Time
Global Positioning System

gr.
GRT; grt

Grade; gramme; gross


Gross register(ed) tonnage

gr. wt.
G. T.; g. t.
GTD; gtd
Gulf
GW; g. w.
GZ
H
H.; H; h
Harb.
Hd
HE
HF

Gross weight
Gross terms; gross ton(nage)
Guaranteed
U.S.A. ports in the Gulf of Mexico
Gross weight
Righting arm/lever
Height; draught; meridian altitude
Harbour; hour
Harbour
Head
Height of eye
High Frequency

HFO; hfo
HHW
HL; H-Lift
HLW
HP; hp

Heavy fuel oil


Higher high water
Heavy lift
Higher low water
High pressure; horsepower

Hr
Hrs; hrs

Harbour
Hours

,
()


;

()


()


(), ()

, ; ;
- ,


; -




; ;
, ;
,
,

,
(3000-30000 )
,


;
()
,

Hr Mr
H. T.
HV
HW
HWD
hwt
Hz; hz
HWF&Ch
I
IAO; i. a. o.
IBC

Harbour Master
Home trade
High voltage
High water
Heavy weather damage
Hundredweight
Hertz
High water full and change
Island
In accordance with ..
Intermediate bulk container

i. e.
i. gal.
IFO
IHP; Ihp
IMMY
IMO
imp, gal.
in.
Inc
inc
INCE
Incoterms

That is
Imperial gallon
Fuel oil
Indicated horsepower
Immediately
International Maritime Organization
Imperial gal Ion
Inch(es); interest
Incorporated
Including
Insurance
International commercial term

INMARSAT

International Maritime Satellite Organization

Inoperative

Insurance

Instant
()
International; interest; internal
; ;

Invoice
, ,
In and/or over, i. e. shipment on or under
/ , . e.
deck

Including particular average



Invoice value

Joule

Joint account
()
January

Japan

Jet-propelled (propulsion)

Junior

Joint
,
Joint
, , ,
July

June

Height of the centre of buoyancy above the


keel or above the molded base of a ship

Inop
ins
inst
int,
Inv; inv
i/o
I. P. A.; i. p, a
I. V.: i. v.
J
J/A
Jan
Jap
Jet-p.
Jnr; jnr
jnt.
Jt
Jul
Jun
KB

KG
kg(s)
kHz

Height of the centre of gravity above the keel


or above the molded base of a ship
Kilogram(s)
Kilohertz






(50,8 )
()

..





()


()
();



()
()

KM
km
km ph; kms/hr
kn; kts
KV
KW
Kwh; Kw/h
KZ
L
L/A; I/a
t. &d.
Lakes
LASH
Lat.; lat
l. & u.
lb
lbs
lbp
lb/sq in
L/C; L. C.; l.e.
L; D.
l. d.
ld
L/D; L. D.
L-dg; ldg
L. D. 0.
ld(s); ld(s)
LF
Lg. tn.
LHA
Lit.
Lkg & bkg
LLW
lm
LNG
Loa; loa
Lol
Long.
long (l)
LOP
L
lps
L, R.
LS
LT
L. .; L/T
l. t.
Lt
Ltd
ltg.; Itge
It Ho
Ltr; Itr
LV

Height of the Metacenter above the keel or


above the molded base
Kilometer, kilometre
Kilometers per hour
Knots
Kilovolt
Kilowatt
Kilowatt-hour(s)
Righting arm
Length
Letter of authority
Loss and damage
The Great Lakes
Lighter aboard ship
Latitude
Loading and unloading
Libra pound
Pounds
Length between perpendiculars
Pounds per square inch
Letter of credit
Load draft; load displacement
Light displacement; loaded draft
Limited
Lay days
Loading; leading
Light diesel oil
Load(s)
Low frequency
Long ton
Local hour angle
Liter, litre
Leakage and breakage
Lower low water
Lumen
Liquefied natural gas
Length overall
Letter of indemnity
Longitude
Longitudinal
Line of position
Low pressure
Lumpsum
Lloyd's Register
Lightship
Local time; low tension
Liner terms; laytime
Long ton
Light
Limited
Lighterage
Lighthouse
Lighter
Light vessel; lowvoltage



()
(/)

- (/)


( )
()

;
;


;
'
()
(30-300 )
( )

()


()




;
;
( )
,

LW
Ix.
m
ma
MAC
mag
mar
marg

Low water
Lux
Metre(s); minute(s); mile(s); month
Milliampere
Maritime Arbitration Commission
Magnetic
Maritime
Margin

Mar. Ad.
max
max. wt.
mb
M. B.
m/b
mcht
MD
m. d.; m/d
M. Dk
mdse
meg
megw
Medit
MERSAR
MF
MFN

Maritime Administration
Maximum
Maximum weight
Millibar
Molded breadth
Motor boat
Merchant
Molded depth
... month's after date
Main deck
Merchandise
Megohm
Megawatt
Mediterranean
Merchant Ship Search and Rescue
Manual
Medium frequency
Most favoured nation

mg
M. H.; m. h.
MHz
Mid
min
MINS

Milligramme
Main hatch
Megahertz
Midship
Minute(s); minimum
Marine integrated navigation system

H. I. P.
Mk
mkt
Ml
m/l
MM; M. M.
mm
MOLOO

Marine insurance police


Mark
Market
Longitudinal metacenter
More/less
Merchant (mercantile) marine
Millimeter
More or less in owner's option

Mon
M. O. T
mos
MPP
mps
mr
MR; M/R
MRCC

Monday
Ministry of transport
Months
Most probable position
Metres per second
Mister
Mate's receipt
Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre

MS; ms
M. S.

Midship section; motor ship


Merchant shipping


()
(); (); ();
()
()

(-
)


...

,
()
()



(300-3000 )
,

()
()


/

()



,

-

-;

M/sec; ins
M. S. C.
M. sh.
mt.
M/V; m/v
mv
Mw
nxd
N; n
N.
N. A.; n. a.
n. a.
n. a. a.
n. a. a. b. s. a.

Microsecond
Merchant Shipping Code
Merchant ship
Metric ton
Motor vessel
Merchant vessel
Megawatt
Mixed
North, northern
Number
Nautical almanac
Not above; no account; not applicable; not
available
Not always afloat
Not always afloat but safe aground

naut. m. (ml)
Nav; nav
Navicert
NB
N. B.
Nb.
n. b.
NCB
N. C. V.
N. D.
NDB
Nola
n. d. w.
n. e.; n/e
n. e. t.
NHP; nhp
NIS
n. 1. t.
NM; nmile
NM
N/M; N. M.; n. m.
n/n

Nautical mile
Navigable
Navigation certificate
Naval base
Nota bene
Number
North-bound
National Cargo Bureau
No commercial value
Non-delivery; no discount
Non-directional beacon
New Orleans
Net deadweight
Not exceeding
Not earlier than ...
Nominal horsepower
Not in stock
Not later than ...
Nautical mile
Notice to mariners
No marks, no marked
Non-negotiable

nn /
non. rev
NOP
NOR
Norgrain

Non over age


Non-reversible
Not otherwise provided for
Notice of readiness
North America Grain Charter

NOS; N. 0. S.
Nos.
Nov.
NP
NPL
N/R

Not otherwise specified/stated


Numbers
November
Notary Public
Non personal liability
Notice of readiness; not responsible for ...

Nrn
N. R. ports
NRT

Northern
Northern Range port of USA Atlantic
Net register(ed) ton(nage)

()
()


()

,
,

; ; ,
;

,




, ;



,
...


...


,
,

15
()



""

,


;
... ,


-() /

N. T.
n. t.
Nt.; nt
Nuvoy
nt. wt; n. wt
/; /; . .
o/a
O. .; . .

O. .
O/b
Occas
Oct
O/D; o/d
OF
Off
O. .

OO
O/O
/
opt
OR
O. R.; O/R; . r.
ORB
ord
ORECON
orig
OS
OSD
O/T; o. t.
O. T. R.
o. w. h.
Ows
oz.
P.
PA
p. a.
P. A.; P/A; p/a
P. A. D
PAL
P& I
P& I club
P. C.
P. Chargs
Pcl
pcs.
PD; P. D.

Net tonnage
Net terms
Net weight
Voyage Charter Party (Polish)
Net weight
On account of
Overaged
Overall
Overall dimensions
Outboard
On board
Occasional
October
On deck; on demand
Oil fuel
Offer
All correct
Overturning moment
Order of ...
Ore/oil carrier
By the order of ..
Option
On request
Owner's risk
Oil record book
Ordinary
Ore Charter
Origin
Ordinary seaman
Open shelterdeck
Overtime; on truck
Outturn report
Ordinary working hours
Owners
Ounce
Port; power; perishable
Position approximate
Per annum
Particular average; personal account
Payment against documents
Particular average loss
Protection and indemnity
Protection and indemnity club
Per cent; post card
Particular charges
Parcel
Pieces; packages
Port dues; polar distance; position doubtful

P/E
Per pro
Pg
P. G.
PH

Port of embarkation
Per procurationem
Packages
Persia Gulf
Per hatch

-

( )
"" ()
( )

(, )
,


,
,



...
, -
..

""



;
/

(28,35 )
; , ;

,
;




;

,
; ()
; ;



,

P. H. A.
p. h, d.; phd
phpwwd
pkge; pkg(s)
Pltg
pmt
p. m.
P. M. O.
P. O.
p. o.
P. O. .; . . .
P. O. D.; . . d.
P. O. D.
P. O. E.
P. O. R.; p. o. r.
Posn
P. P.
PPA; ppa
Ppd; ppd
ppm
ppt
P. R.; P/r
pr
Prog
Press
prox.
P. S.
ps.
p. s. c.
PST
Pt
pt/dest
pt/disch
P. t. o.
p. w. h.; pwh
p. w. h. d.; pwhd
pwr
PV
Q
q
q. c. o.
qlity; quity
qts.
qtty.; quty
R.
r.
rc(v)d
r. d.
Rdly

Port Health authority


Per hatch per day
Per hatch per weather working day
Package(s)
Plating
Prompt
Post meridiem
Postal money order
Postal order; post office
Post-office box
Port of call
Payment on delivery, paid on delivery
Port of delivery
Port of embarkation
Port of refuge
Position
Piched ports; per procurationem
Percentum per annum
Prepaid
Parts per million
Prompt
Parcel receipt
Price
Prognose
Pressure
Proxima
Post scriptum
Pieces
Pre-slung cargo
Pacific Standard Time
Point
Port of destination
Port of discharge
Please turn over
For workable hatch
Per workable hatch per day
Power
Pilot vessel
Quantity; quarter
Quarta; quantity
Quantity at captain's option
Quality
Quarts
Quantity
Ruble(s); rupee(s): range
Receipt; received
Received
Running days
Rede livery (timecharter)

Re.: re
rec; rct
REC.
reed; rcvd

Regarding
Receipt
Receiver
Received



;


,
,

-
,
;

()

; ,
;

; ;
, ;


,
-
,
,

RED
ref.
reg.
reg. tn
Repd
Rep.
rev
Rgd.
rgn
RH
r. h.; r. hrs
R/i; r/I
RL
RIy stn
R. M.
RNG
r. o. b.
ROC
R. O. P.
R. O. G.; r. o. g.
ROT
RPM; rpm
RPS; rps
RT
R. T.
r. t. b. a.
rtd
r. w. d.
RYC
RYL
RYT
Rw; ry.
S.; S
s.
SA
s. a.
SB
SAD
S & FA
S & h, e.; S&he
S & H/exct
S &H/E, even if
used
S &H/E, unless
used
sap
SAR
Sat
s. b.
SBM
SBT
SD

Rate extra demurrage


Refer; reference
Register, registry
Register ton
Reported
Representative
Reversible (laytime)
Registered
Region
Right-hand
Running hours
Re-insurance
Regular line
Railway station
Registered mail
Range (Nav.)
Remaining on board
Reference our cable
Rate of freight
Receipt of goods
Reference our telex
Revolution per minute
Revolution per second
Register ton; radio telephony
Round trip
Rate to be arranged
Returned
Running working days
Reference your cable
Reference your letter
Reference your telex (telegram)
Railway "
South, southern; shipping; ship; street
Second(s); section
Sail area; section area


, ; ,
,

,

( )

,
,




()

. ; ; ;
(); ,
;

Subject to approval

Segregated ballast

Single administrative document
(
8 )
Shipping and forwarding agent

Sundays and Holidays excepted


Sundays and Holidays excepted



Sundays and Holidays excepted even if used ,

Sundays and Holidays excepted unless used ,

As soon as possible

Search and rescue

Saturday

Safe berth

Single buoy mooring

Segregated ballast tanks

Same day

S. D.; s. d.
Sec
Sept
SF; sf
SFC; sfc
SG; s. g.
sg,
sgd
SHEX u. u.
S. H. INC; shinc
S. H. F.
shl
SHP; shp
Shpt.; shpt
Shs
Shtg
Sh. tn.
Sig
Sin
SITREP
S. L. &C.; sl&c
SL/NL
S. N.; S/N; s. n.
S. N. R.
S/O; s/o
S. O. L.; S. o. 1.
SOLAS
SOS
S. .
S. P. A.; s. p. a.
SPBM
Spd
S. P. D.; s. p. d.
Spec.
SPM
Sq. ft.
Sq. m.
S/R; s. r.
S/S; s/s; ss
S. S. a. c; ssc
SSB
ST
s. t.
St
St.
stvdr
Stn

Short delivery; sea damaged;


sailing date
Second; secant; section
September
Stowage factor
Surface; specific fuel consumption
Specific gravity; salutes gratia (Latin)
Signature
Signed
Sundays and Holidays excepted unless used

, ;
;
(); ;


;
;

()
,

Sundays and Holidays included

Superhigh frequency
(3000-30000 )
Shoal
, ,
Shaft horsepower
,
Shipment
, ,
Shippers

Shortage
,
Short ton
()
Signature; signal
;
Sine

Situation report


Shipper's load and count

Ship lost or not lost


.

Shipping note

Ship not responsible
...
Ship's option; shipowner; shipping order
; ;

Shipowner's liability

International Convention for Safety of Life at
Sea
()
Distress signal

Save port

Subject to particular average

Single point buoy mooring

Special delivery

Ship pays dues

Specification
,
Single point mooring

Square foot (feet)
() ()
Square metre (meter)(s); square mile(s)
(); ()
Shipping receipt

Steamship

Same sea and country (coast)


,
()
Single sideband (radio)

Standard time; short ton
;
Short ton

Stoke
()
Street; station
;
Stevedores

Station
,

sub appro
suppl; supp
surv; sy
Sun
S. V.; s. v.; s/v

Subject to approval
Supplement (ary)
Survey
Sunday
Sailing vessel; specifi volume

SW; sw
S/w; s/w
S. W.
swad
S. W. D.
SWL
T
t
T. A.
T/A
tan

TBA. t. b. a.

Salt (Sea) water


Seaworthy
Shipper's weight; south-west
Salt water average draft
Salt water draft
Safe working load
Time; draft; natural period oscillatory ship
motion
Hour angle; ton; temperature
Telegraphic address
Transatlantic
Tangent
Thrust block
To be agreed (upon); to be announced

TBL
T/C; t/c
TCT
TD
T. Dks
tel.
temp
term
TEU
tgm
Th.
Thro B/L
thro'freight
thro'rate
Thurs.
tk
T. I. R.

Through Bill of Lading


Time charter
Timecharter trip
Time of departure
Tweendecks
Telephone; telegram
Temperature
Terminal
20-feet equivalent unit (container)
Telegram
Thursday
Through Bill of Lading
Through freight
Through rate
Thursday
Tank
Transport International Routier (vehicle)

T. L; T/L; t. 1.
T. L. 0.
tlr
tlx
T. M. O.
tn
tnge
TO
T. O. A.
T. O. D.
TOFC
tons d. w. c.
T. O. R.; TOR
tot.

Totalloss
Totalloss only
Trailer
lex
Telegraph money order
Ton
Tonnage
Turn over
Time of arrival
Time of dispatch
Trailer-on-fletcar
Tons deadweight capacity
Time of receipt, reception
Total


,
,

()

; -



; ;

; ;


1 ;


-
-

20-

,


(
, ,

TPC
TPI; tpi
T. O.
Tr
Tr.; tr; tran
tr.; trans
trf
trim
Ts; ts
T. S.
T/S; T/s
TSS
T. T.
ttl
Tu; Tues
T. W.
tx
U
u.
U/A: UA; ua
u. c.
u. c b.
U. D.; U/D.
U. Dk
U. D. T.; udt
UFN
U. K.; UK
U. K. C.
ULCC
Ult.
U/m
unsure
Up.
urgt
urlet
US
USA
U. S. S.
U. S.
USCG
USG
usu.
u. t.
UT
UTC
UTO
U. W.; U/W
V: v

Tons per centimetres


Tons per inch
Tale quale
Tower
Transit
Transport
Tariff
Trimming
Timesheet
Tramp shipping
Tranship, transhipment
Traffic separation scheme
Telegraphic transfer
Total
Tuesday
Total weight
Taxe(s)
Universal
Unit
Underwriting account
Usual condition
Unless caused by (stranding, etc.)




, ,


()
,



( .
.)
Under deck

Upper deck

Under deck tonnage

Until further notice

United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom or Continent


Ultra large crude carrier
-, (
350000 )
Ultimo

Undermentioned; unmanitested; usual margin ; ;

Unsurveyed

Upper

Urgent

Your letter
()
United States

United States of America

United States Standard

Under seal; ut supra
, ;

United States Coast Guard

United States, Gulf of Mexico

Usual (ly)
,
Usual terms

Universal Time

Coordinated Universal Time

Uncorrected Universal Time

Underwriter

Speed of vessel; vessel; volts; volume
; ; ; ,

v/c
VHF

Voyage chartering
Very high frequency

VLCC
VLF
vol.
vou
voy.
V. P.
vsl
V. S. Q,
VTS; vts
VTSS
V. v.
W; W.
w
W/A; W. A.
war.
W. .; w. b.

Very large crude carrier


Very low frequency
Volume
Voucher
Voyage
Vice president
Vessel
Very special quality
Vessel traffic service
Vessel Traffic service system
Vice versa
West, western; displacement weight
Watt; west(ern); weight
With average
Warrant
Way bill; water ballast

W. B. S.
WC
W. C.
WCSA
WCCON

Without benefit of salvage


Water closet
West Coast
West Coast South America
Whether cleared custom or not

W. C. U. K.

West Coast of the U. K.

w/d; w. d.
WDV
Wed
w. e. f.
westmed
W/F
w. f. n.
w. g.
Whf; whf
whfg
whs(e)
WIBON

Working day(s)
Written-down value
Wednesday
With effect from ..
Western Mediteranean
Weather forecast
Without further notice
Weight guaranted
Wharf, wharves
Wharfage
Warehouse
Whether in berth or not

WIFPON

Whether in free pratique or not

WIPON

Whether in port or not

WIRON

Whether in road or not

wkds
wkg
wkly
WL; W. L.
Wm; wm
W. M.; w/m
W/P; W. P.; wp

Weekdays
Working
Weekly
Water line
Watermark
Weight and/or measurement
Weather permitting; waterproof


(, 30-300
)
( 175000 )
( 30 )
,

, ;
; ();

,
;


,


,



()

...




,

,
,

,

,

,


(, . .)


/
;

W. P.; W. p.
WPA; W. P. A.
W. P. D.
wppm
WPT; wpt
W. R.; W/R
w. r.
wrfg
wt.
W. T.; w. t.
Wtd
W. T. S.
WUD
W/V
W. W. D.; w. w. d.
W/W days
X.; x.
X. h.; X. hvy
X. L.
X-mas
X-rays
Y
Y/A; Y. A. R.
Y/C; YC
Yest.
Y/L; Yrlet
Yrly
Y/O
YRLET; Yrlet
Yrs
Yrtel
Z.; z. d.
zen.
Z. T.; ZTime
Zulu Time

Without prejudice
With particular average
(Per) Weather permitting day
Weight part per million
Waypoint
Warehouse receipt
War risks
Wharfage
Weight; warrant
Watertight
Warranted
Working time saved
Would
Weight, volume
(Per) Weather working day
Weather working days
Without
Extra heavy
Extra large
Christmas
Very short wavelength
Year; yard
York-Antwerp Rules
Your cable
Yesterday
Your letter
Yearly
Your order
Your letter
Yours
Your telex, telegram, telephone
Zenith distance
Zenith
Zone Time
Greenwich or Universal Time

-

()

()



; ,


,


, .-..
,
,


;
-
()



(. , )
() ()

23.

23. 1.

. i ( ) ei, ai, kei, wai.

23.2.

23.3.
.
- , : a man, a book, a ship.

- : water, sand, ink : love, courage . .



"s" , s, ss, , sh, ch, tch, -
"es".
, ""
, "es", ""
"i": sity - sities, army - armies.
"" , "s": day - days, buoy -buoys, key - keys.
, "f" "fe",
"f" "v" "es":
wolf - wolves - s: wife - wives, knife -knives, Iife - I ives.
:
man - men, gentleman - gentlemen, woman - women, child - children, foot - feet, tooth - teeth, mouse - mice,
ox - oxen, goose - geese.
: damage - ,
damages - ; quarter - , quarters - .
, : people, cattle, public, advice,
knowledge, information, progres, money. hair.
, : scales, trousers, potatoes, onions,
countents, goods (), spectacles.
:,
sheep, deer, fish, means.

The Article
the "", " ", "" ,
, , ,
(The USA), , , , , , ..: the Black Sea,
the Volga, the m/v "Pobeda".
"" "an" "", "", "", "-",
, , , .
.: is a seaman. - --, ,
- one, a
minute, a number.
se
: - the common case -the
possessive case.
. ,
of , by with -,
to - .

-
"s" ('s) (our teacher's lecture -
) (') (the students' books).

23.4.
, .

"", - "est".
: big - bigger - biggest.
"", . "i": dry - drier - the driest.
, ,
"more", "the most". :
difficult - more difficult - the most difficult, beautiful - more beautiful - the most beautiful.

Positive
Comparative
Superlative

good

better

the best

bad

worse

the worst

small, little

smalIe less

the smallest the least

much, many

more

the most

big

bigger

the bigest

far
farther

the farthest

far
further

the furthest

easy

easier

the easiest

late
later (latter)

the latest (the last)

near
nearer

the nearest (next)
out

outer (outter.)

the outermost

in

inner

the inmost

23.5. The Numera

1 one
2 two
3 three
4 four
5 five
6- six
7- seven
8 eight
9- nine
10 ten
11 eleven
12 twelve
13 thirteen
14 fourteen
15 fifteen
16 sixteen
17 seventeen

the first
the second
the third
the fourth
the fifth
the sixth
the seventh
the eighth
the ninth
the tenth
the eleventh
the twelfth
the thi rteenth
the fourteenth
the fifteenth
the sixteenth
the seventeenth


1/2 - a half, (a) one half
1/3 - (a) one-third
1/4 - (a) one quarter (fourth)
1/5 - (a) one-fifth (a fifth)
1/6 - (a) one-sixth
2/3 - two-thirds
3/4 - three quarters (fourths)
2/5 - two-fifths
5/7 - five-sevenths
5/16 - five-sixteenths
1/100 - a (one) hundredth
1/1000 - a (one) thousandth
1 1/2 - one and a half
4 2/5 - four and two-fifths

18 eighteen

the eighteenth

19 nineteen
20 twenty

the nineteenth
the twentieth

21 - twenty-one
22 - twenty-two

the twenty-first
the twenty-second

23 - twenty-three
24 - twenty-four
25 - twenty-five
30 thirty
40 forty
50 fifty
60 sixty
70 seventy
80 eighty
90 - ninety 100 - one hundred
200 - two hundred
300 - three hundred
305 - three hundred and five
325 - three hundred and twentyfive
1000 - one thousand
2000 - two thousand
2227 - two thousand two
hundred and twenty-seven
1, 000, 000 - (a) one mi I-l ion
1. 000, 000, 000 - (a) one
milliard ( ) () one
bi11 ion ( )

the twenty-third
the twenty-fourth
the twenty-fi fth
the thirtieth
the fortieth
the fiftieth
the sixtieth
the seventieth
the eightieth
the ninetieth the hundredth
the two hundredth
the three hundredth
the three hundred and fifth
the three hundred and twenty-fifth

0.1 - zero point (nought) one or point one


or one tenth
0,2 - zero point (nought) two or point two
or two tenths
0.01 - zero point (nought) zero one or one
hundred
2.35 - two point three five

1% - one per cent


2% - two per cent
3.5% - three and a half per cent

the thousandth
the two thousandth
the two thousand two hundred and
twenty-seventh

-(): twenty-one, forty-seven.


and.
, , and.
Hundred, thousand, million (billion), dozen, per cent - "s"
, two, three, four ...
: 5, 723; 3, 718, 125.

: the 801st - the eight hundred and first.
"" -ty -ie: the 20th -the twentieth.
, - : 1/3 - one-third. , "s" :
2/3 - two-thirds. , , ,
"of": 2/3 mile - two-thirds of a mile. ,
, : 12 2/3 miles - twelve and twothirds miles.
( , )
"point". "zero" "nought" .
: 3.025 -three point zero (nought) two five.
, :
0.25 - point two five.
the 12th "ve" "f": 12 twelve
- the twelfth. 40

- forty, the fortieth four - "". the 9th the ninth "" , "i" - ai,
, ,
, "" : 1905 - nineteen hundred and
five nineteen (ou) five. - forties. ,
:
July 10. 1993 July 10th, 1993 July the tenth, nineteen ninety-three; 10th July, 1993 the
tenth of July, nineteen ninety-three.
: , ,
, , . . : 325 - Course three five two.
27- - Please change to channel two seven. 24-05 - (le) phone two four ou
five, "" (ou).
, , , , , . .
, ,
; - Room (number) ten; - Page
twenty.

23.6.
- : - , . - , . it.


me
,

mine

myself
,
you ,
you
.
your

yours

yourself
,
he

him
.
his

his

himse1f
,
she
her
,
her

hers

herself
,
it
(. it
, ,
its
, its
,
itself
, ,
)
,
()
we
you
they

us
you
them

,
,
,

our
your
their

ours
yours
theirs

ourselves
yourselves
themselves

,
,
,

- ( )
.
- ( )
: My cap is old, yours is new. - . .

This
These
That
Those
Both
Either
Such
Neither
Each
Each other
Other
Another

, ,

, ,


,
,
,

()
()

Other - (),
.
Another - (),
.
:
?
who?
?
what?
?
what?
? which?
?
whose?
?
whom?
?
to whom?
?
by whom?
some ;
, , , -, -.
any - ,
"-".
"". " ".
none
"", "".

;
-
-
-, -, -
,
,

- somebody, someone;
- something;
- somewhere;
- everybody, everyone;
- everywhere.

:
-, -?
- anybody, anyone?
-, -?
-anything?
-, -, -?
- anywhere?
- ?
- Does anybody want to see me?
:

- nobody, no one;

-nothing;
, - nowhere;
:- Nobody knows this man.
- knows nothing.

23.7.
:
() - (the infinitive);
(past indefinite);
(participle II).
.
(past indefinite)
(participle II) (infinitive) ed.
-ed :
[t] - - asked, passed, helped;
[d] -opened, studied;
[id]- "d" "t - loaded, lasted.

(
).
.
, , , ,
.
- , - , ,
. .
, .
,
:

- indefinite;

- continuous;

- perfect;
- perfect continuous.

Indefinite

to ...
to be ... ing
Infinitive

... (s) (3- .


I am ... ing (.)
Present
-s) is ... ing (.)
are ... ing (.)

... ed .
was ... ing (.)
Past
were ... ing (.)

I, we shall ...
I, we shall be ... ing
Future
will...

will be ... ing



I, we should ...
should be ... ing

to have... ed

Perfect
Continuous
to have been ... ing

have ... ed, has ... ed


(3- .. has)

have been ... ing,


has been ... ing

had ... ed

had been ... ing

shall have ed
will have ... ed

shall have been ... ing


will have been ... ing

should have ... ed

should have been ...


ing

Future-in-thePast

would have ... ed

would have been ...


ing

would...

Continuous

would be ... ing

Perfect

perfect , ago,
yesterday, last week (month, year) what?, when? . . - past indefinite.
- past perfect .
-love, like, want, know, remember, understand, forget, belive,
possess, contain, consist - -tinuous.
never, ever. just, already - "have". : I have never been there.

23.8.

can ,
I can do ...
able to ...
I am able to do ..,
may ,
I may do ...
allowed to ...
I am allowed to do ...

could -
I could do ...
was (were) able to ...
I was able to do ...
might -
I might do ...
was (were) allowed to ...
I was allowed to do ...

shall (will) be able to ...


I shall be able to do ...
shall (will) be allowed to ...
I shall be allowed to do ...

must - ,
I must do ...
have to ...
I have to do ...
am (is. are) to ...
I am to do ...

had to ...
I had to do ...
was(were) to ...
I was to do ...

shal1 (will) have to ...


I shall have to do ...

can, may, must , ,


, . . , ,
to,
.
not.
, .
, , ,
.

23.9.
, .
- perfect continuous, - future continuous
- future continuous in the past.

Indefinite

Continuous Perfect

Present

I am
is
are

I am
is
are

Past

Future
Future-in-thePast

... ed

wast
... ed
were
(. . )
I, we shall
be ... ed
(. will)
I, we should be ... ed
( would)

wast
were

being
... ed
being
... ed

have
been ... ed
has
(3-. . .)
had been ... ed
1, we shall have
been ... ed
(oct. will)
I, we should have been ... ed
( . would)

-
by, , with,
.
:
I was told that ... - , ...
I was given the book - .
He was offered the job - .
The Boatswain was ordered by Captain to come on the bridge. -
.
:
It is said - , It is known - . It is reported - , It is expected - , It was
broadcast - .

23.10.

,
.
(past indefinite
tense), 1 -
(future-in--the-past). :
- ,
(past indefinite)
(past continuous);
- , ,
, (past
perfect) (past perfect continuous);
-
, (future-in-the-past).

, ,
:
, - said that the Earth moves round the Sun.
,
:
, - said that he get up at seven o'clock every morning.
1. "" (
"?". , " , - (?), ).

I am = I'm
he is = he's
she is = she's
it is = it's
we are = we' re
you are = you' re
they are = they' re
I am not = I 'm not
is not = isn't
are not = aren't
was not = wasn't
were not = weren't
cannot = can't

I shall = I'll
he will = he'll
she will = she'll
it will = it'll
we shall = we'll
you will = you'll
they will = they'll
shall not = shan't
will not = won't
should not=shouldn't
would not= wouldn't
could not= couldn't

I have = I' ve
he has = he's
she has = she's
it has = it's
we have = we've
you have = you've
they have = they've
have not = haven't
has not = hasn't
had not = hadn't
he had = he'd
need not = needn't

23.11. "THERE IS (ARE)"


(, there is(are) ...)
there is , .
there is -
, - ; some, any, many, two . .
: There is a lamp on the table. .
There are some lamps on the table - .
to be "there is(are)" : there is, there are,
there was (were), there have(has) been, there had been, there will be.

"there is" :
Is there a telephone in room? - Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
Was there a meeting at the Club? - Yes, there was. No, there wasn't.
Will there be a meeting tonight? - Yes, there will. No, there won't,
"there is" . "not":
There isn't a telephone in this room. There wasn't any water in the bottle. There won't be any meeting tonight.
"no":
There is no telephone in this room. There was no water in the bottle. There wi11 be no meeting tonight.

23.12.
() (Objective with the infinitive)
:
to know - ,
to report - ,
to expect - ,
to conside - , ,
to think - ,
to declare - .:
I want him to help me. - , .
, ,
"to":
I saw her enter the house. - , .
I heard him sing. - , . :
We noticed the captain appear on the bridge. - , .
, :
to expect - ,
to believe - , ,
to consider - , to know - .
"to be":
I know them to be right. - , .
I suppose him to be fifty. - , 50 ,
I consider him to be a clever. - , .
:
to order - ,
to command - ,
to allow - , ,
to ask - ()
.
The Captain ordered the cases to be loaded. - .
The Customs allowed the goods to be discharged. - .
I expect the cargo to be loaded at once. - , .
:
- :
to say - ,
to report - ,
to announce - ,
to consider - ,
to believe - , ,
to suppose - ,
to expect - ,
to know - ,
to see - ,

to hear - .
He is said to live in Odessa. (It is said that he lives in Odessa).- , .
The ship is reported to have left Odessa (It is reported that the ship has left Odessa). - ,
;
- :
to seem,
to appear - ,
to prove - ,
to happen, to chance - ,
:
seems to know English well (It seems that he know English well) - ,
;
- :
likely - ,
unlikely - ,
certain - ,
sure - ,
-:
They are likely to come soon (It is likely that they will come soon). - , .
They are certain to come to Odessa (It is certain that they will come to Odessa). - , ,
.
.
Indefinite:
He is said to live in Odessa. -, .
was said to live in Odessa. - , .
Continuous:
He is said to be writing a new book. - , .
Perfect: He is said to have lived in Odessa, - , .
Perfect Continuous:
The goods are reported to have been awaiting shipment for several days. - ,
.

23.13.

should would, could might + .
if :
If he were here. he would help us. - , .
I should go there if I had time. - . .
I wish he were with us. - , .
If he should refuse, they would be disappointed. - , .

23.14.
:
must, should, ought, to be, to have, need.
, ,
.
1. Must, have(to), have got(to) (Infinitive) to:
I must go there. I have to go there. I have got to go there - ,
2. be - am, is, are (to) to.

They are to pay. - .


Freight is to be paid. - .
My ship is to arrive tomorrow. - .
3. Should, ought (to), .
should help them. He ought to help them. - ( , ) .
4. Shall . The goods shall be loaded. -
. You shall go there! ! (),
to have : will have to go
there. - ( ) .
5. be obliged to :
We are obliged to complete loading today. - .
, ,
.
1. have - had (to) Infinitive:
I had to go there yesterday. - () .
2. be - was (to). were (to) Indefinite Infinitive Perfect Infinitive:
I was to sent him a letter, but I forgot. - , .
We were to call on him at 8 o'clock. - 8 .
3. Should, ought (to) Perfect Infinitive :
You should have help him. You ought to have help him.- ( ) .
must,
have(to), have got (to), need, shall:
Must you go there? Do you have to go there? Have you got to go there? Need you gou there? Shall you go
there? - ( ) ?
Shall I read? (translate)? - ? ()?
: don't have (to), haven't
got(to), needn't Infinitive shouldn't, oughtn't, needn't Perfect Infinitive.
You don't have to go there. You haven't got to go there. You needn't go there. You shan't go there. -
( ) .
You shouldn't have told him about it. You oughtn't to have told him about it. - (
) .

23.15.
, .
, ,
:
welding - , building - , fighting - , burning - . .

Indefinite
Perfect

Act i ve
playing
having played

Passive
being played
having been played

He began by explaining, - .
left without saying anything. - , .
is very fond of reading, - .
, ;
- Reading is her favourite occupation;
- Her greatest pleasure is reading;
- finished reading the book;
- I remember reading it;

- I am fond of reading;
- I had the pleasure of reading in the newspaper of your success;
- After reading the letter I put it into the drawer.

23.16.
- ,
, .

(Present) arriving - ,
(Past) arrived -
(Perfect) having arrived -

Active
Passive

answering
,
being answered

having answered -

having been answered

... - Having written the letter ...


... - Whi Ie discharging the ship ...
... - Knowing English ...
... - Having fulfilled the terms ...

23.17.
, .
, :
works at a large ship.
:
What are you looking at? - ?
Where did you come from? - ?
,
.
.
about
- ,
before
- ,
above
- ,
behind
- ,
across
below
along

- ,
-.
-

beside
around
at
between
beyond
over
round
by
since

- , ,
-
- ., .
-
- , ,
- ,
-
- , ( )
- ,

through
for
from
till
from ... ti11
to
from ... till
in front of

- , , -
-
-, ,
-
- ...
- ,
- ... ( )
-

towards
instead of
inside
under
in to
until
into
with

-
-
-
- , ,
-
-
- , ()
- ,

of
within
on
out of
without

-
- ,
- ,
- ,
- ()

:
. . - The book of my friend.
. . - I write to my friend.
T. . - The work is done by my friend.
. - I write with pen.
. . - I think about (of) my friend.

23.18.
, .
here, there, soon.
, - l:
quick - quickly.
,
- - l more
most : easil - , more easil, most easil.

.

- always, often, seldom, ever, never, just, already, usually, sometimes
. :
always comes early. - .
to be: He is never late. - .
,
:
I shall never forget it. - .
.
has just been asked. - .

: I can always prove it to be true.


tomorrow, today, yesterday .
yet "" not , -
.
quickly, slowly, fast, well ., .
.
too, either (, ) .

23.19.
4 : , ,
.
"" "" .
, to have
to be.
Have you a book? - ? Are you busy now? - ?
, :
Can you give me book? - ?
Have you seen him? - ? ,
Has she been working here? - ?
(present,
past indefinite), do (does) did:
Does he study at the ...? - ...?
Did you see him ...? - ?
:
Do you play chess? - Yes, I do; no, I don't.
Did you see him? - Yes, I did; no. I didn't.
- , :
who? - ?, whom? - ?, whose? - ?, what? - ? ?, which? - , ?, when? - ?,
where? - , ?, why? - ?, how? - , ?, how many, how much? - ?
What does he do? - ? What did he do? - ? What he wi 11 do? -
? What i s he? - ? Who(m) has he seen? - ? Why hasn'he come? -
?
,
or - :
Do you worker (do you) study? - ?
When wi 11 you come, in the evening or in the morning? - , ?
: You can do it, can't you? - ,
?
, : You could not do it, could you?
:
You are tired, aren't you? Yes, I am. No, I am not. - , ? . .

23.20.
not, .
not ;
: I don't remember when he was here. -
.
: I can't live in this town. -
.
to be : was not at home. - .
to have: haven't, hasn't, hadn't have no, has no, :
I haven't got the book. I have no book. - .

A liquid hasn't a shape; a liquid has no shape.- .


,
(no - , ; nobody, nn, none - , ; nothing-, )
(never - ; nowhere - , ; neither ... nor
- ... ):
I never saw anything I ike that. - .
Nobody tells me anything. - .
Neither the war nor peace. - , .

23.21.
,
it, :
. - It is cold.
. - It is two o'clock.
. - It is not far to the port.
it
.
- .
... It is said ...
...It is expected ...
... It is reported ...
... It was broadcasted ...,
to take, to rain, to snow, to freeze
: . It takes one hour to get there.
, . - It took me one hour to translate the
letter.
- :
, ... - I was told that ...
... - He was ordered ...
... - The captain was informed ...
, ... The vessel is reported to have arrived in ...

23.22.
, - - .
, .
, , , , .
.

:
, , , .
;
,
;
that - "", :
to say - , ;
to know -;
to think - ;
,
:
;
;
(shall will) (should would).

:

this - that
these - those
here - there
now - then
ago - before
today - that day


tomorrow - the next day
yesterday - the day before, the previous day
last year(week) the previous year (week)
next year - the next year


said, "I am learnins Russian." - : " ".

said that he was learning Russian. - , .
said, "I have learned Russian." - : " ".
said, "I shall learn Russian." - : " ".
said that he had learned Russian. - , .
said that he would learn Russian. - , .

23.23.

1. , , .
, - .
If the weather is fine tomorrow, we shall go to the country, - .
.
If he comes
If he should come
Should he come

I shal I be glad. - , .

2. , ,
. ,
- should would .
If my brother had time now, he would help them. - ,
.
If he came
If he should come
I should be glad. - , .
Should he come
3. , , .
- . should, would,
could, might + (perfect infinitive) to, -
(past perfect subjunctive).
If I had seen him yesterday, I should have asked him about it. - ,
.
If your instruction had been received ten days ago, the cargo would have been shipped yesterday, -
10 , .

23.24. "Y" ""

"" -

"" -

Body - bodies
City - cities

Day - days
Boy - boys

Try - tried
Supply - suppiled
Delay - delayed

Play - played
Stay - stayed
3-

Carry - carries
Supply - supplies

Delay - delays
Stay - stays
Survey - surveys
... ing

Flay-flay ing
Carry - carrying
Supply - supplying

Play-playing
Survey - surveying

Busy - busier - busiest


Easy - easier - easinest
Dirty - dirtier - dirtiest

Gay - gayer
Dry - dryer

Pay-paid
Say - said
Lay - laid
Lie - lying
Die - dying

""
Cargo - cargoes, tomato - tomatoes.

23.25.

()

the comma
the full stop, the period, point (. )
the semicolon
the colon
the note of interrogation
the note of exclamation
the inverted commas
the apostrophe
the hyphen

,
.
- The comma
:
, ,
.
:
,
, , , ;
, .

The apostrophe

:
The student's book. - .
The students' book. - . :
Don't = do not; it's = it is.

23.26.

-, :
: Mis-take, dis-appear, free-dom, dark-ness;
: Never - the - less, more -over;
: Fol - low, bet -ter, lit-tle;
, , : Pen - oil, rif - le, cen - tre.
: Contai - ner, de - lay.
, , :
- ai, ay, au, , , el, , ie, oa, oe, oi, ou, oy, ue, ui:
Play er, peo - pies, em - ploy -ment.
- aw, ior, oar, or, ow: Draw - ing, prior - ity, pow - er -ful.
- sh, ch, tch, th, ph, ng, ck: Tech - ni - cal, tele - phone, check -ing.

23.27.

Infinitive
abide
arise
awake
be
bear
beat
become
befall
begin
bend
beseech
bid
bind
bite
bleed
blow
break
breed
bring
broadcast
build
burn
buy
cast
catch
choose


Past Indefinite

Past
Participle
abode, abided
abode, abided
arose
arisen
awoke
awaked
was / were
been
bore
born
beat
beaten
became
become
befell
befallen
began
begun
bent
bent
besought
besought
bad(e), bid
bid(den)
bound
bound
bit
bit(ten)
bled
bled
blow
blown
broke
broken
bred
bred
brought
brought
broadcast
broadcast
built
built
burnt
burnt
bought
bought
cast
cast
caught
caught
chose
chosen

, ,
,
,

,
,

()

,
,

cleave
cling
clothe
come
cost
creep
cut
dare
deal
dig
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
dwell
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
flee
fling
fly
forbid
forecast
forget
forgive
forsake
freeze
get
gild
give
go
grind
grow
hang
have
hear
hew
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
kneel
knit
know
lay
lead
lean
leap

clove, cleft
clung
clothed
came
cost
crept
cut
durst, dared
dealt
dug
did
drew
dreamt,
dreamed
drank
drove
dwelt
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flew
forbade
forecast
forgot
forgave
forsook
froze
got
gilt, gilded
gave
went
ground
grew
hung, hanged
had
heard
hewed
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt
knit
knew
laid
led
leant, leaned
leapt, leaped

cloven, cleft
clung
clothed
come
cost
crept
cut
dared
dealt
dug
done
drawn
dreamt,
dreamed
drunk
driven
dwelt
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flewn
forbidden
forecast
forgotten
forgiven
forsaken
frozen
got
gilt, giIded
given
gone
ground
grown
hung. hanged
had
heard
hewed, hewn
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt
knit(ted)
known
laid
led
leant, leaned
leapt, leaped

,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,

,
,

,
()
,

learn
leave
lend
let
lie
light
lose
make
mean
meet
mishear
mislead
mistake
mow
pay
put
read
rebuild
rent
rid
ride
ring
rise
run
saw
say
see
seek
sell
send
set
sew
shake
shave
shear
shed
shine
shoe
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
slay
sleep
slide
smell
sow
speak
speed
spell
spend

learnt, learned
left
lent
let
lay
lit
lost
made
meant
met
misheard
misled
mistook
mowed
paid
put
read
rebuilt
rent
rid
rode
rang
rose
ran
sawed
said
saw
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed
shook
shaved
sheared
shed
shone
shod
shot
showed
shrank
shut
sang
sank
sat
slew
slept
slid
smelt
sowed
spoke
sped
spelt, spelled
spent

learnt, learned
left
lent
let
lain
lit
lost
made
meant
met
misheard
misled
mistaken
mown
paid
put
read
rebuiIt
rent
rid
ridden
rung
risen
run
sawn
said
seen
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed, sewn
shaken
shaved, shaven
shorn, sheared
shed
shone
shod
shot
shown
shrunk
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slain
slept
slid
smelt
sowed, sown
spoken
sped
spelt, spelled
spent

()

,
,
,

,
()

spill
spin
spit
split
spoil
spread
spring
stand
steal
stick
sting
stink
strew
stride
strike
string
strive
swear
sweep
swell
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
thrust
tread
unbend
undergo
understand
undertake
upset
wake
wear
weave
weep
win
wind
withdraw
withhold
withstand
wring
write

spilt, spilled
spun, span
spat
split
spoilt, spoiled
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stung
stank, stunk
strewed
strode
struck
strung
strove
swore
swept
swelled
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told
thought
threw
thrust
trod
unbent
underwent
understood
undertook
upset
woke, waked
wore
wove
wept
won
wound
withdrew
withheld
withstood
wrung
wrote

spiIt, spilled
spun
spat
split
spoilt, spoiled
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stung
Stunk
strewn, strewed
stridden
struck
strung
striven
sworn
swept
swollen
swum
swung
taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrown
thrust
trodden
unbent
undergone
understand
undertaken
upset
woken, waked
worn
woven
wept
won
wound
withdrawn
withheld
withstood
wrung
written

()

()
,

, ,
,

(),
,

()
,

()
,
()





<-

->


<-
B->

0,03937
0,3937
0,003281
3.28084
1.09361
0,54853
0.53996
0,62137
10,76384
1,19598
2,47100
0.38610
35.31466
35,87
1,7598 (.)
2.113 ()
0.8802 (.)
1,0567 ()
0,03520
0,03527
0,03215
2,20462
0,98421
1,10231
0,21998
0.26418
220,290
264,560
0.00629
6.2990
0,01968
19,6840
1,34048

.
.

/.

inch
inch
foot
foot
yard
fathom
nautical mile
statute mile

millimetre
centimetre
centimetre
metre
metre
metre
kilometre
kilometre

25,40
2,540
30,480
0.30480
0,91440
1,82288
1.8520
1,60935

sq. foot
sq. yard
acre
sq. mile
cu. foot
cu. ft / longton

sq. metre
sq. metre
hectare
sq. kilometer
cu. metre
cu. m/ton

0,09290
0,83613
0,40469
2,58999
0,02832
0.02788

pint UK
pint US
quart UK
quart US
fluid ounce

litre
litre
litre
litre
millilitre

.
.

ounce
ounce troy
pound (lb)
long tonne
short tonne
imperial gallon

gramme
gramme
kilogramme
tonne
tonne
litre

28,34952
31,10348
0.45359
1,01605
0,90718
4.54596

US gallon

litre

3,78531

imperial gallon

tonne

0,00454

US gallon

tonne

0,00378

US barrel

litre

158,9828

US barrel

tonne

0,15876

hundredweight
hundredweight
horsepower

kilogramme
tonne
kilowatt

50,8024
0,05080
0,7457

0,56825
0,4732
1,1350
0,9463
28,41225