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(DOJ / OPDAT)

2004

G.GLONTI
G.LOBJANIDZE

Professional Crime in
Georgia
(Thieves in the Law)

Monograph
This research project was conducted within the framework of the Georgia Office of
American Universitys Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC)s grants
program. Financial support was provided by the Bureau of International Narcotics and
Law Enforcement Affairs of the U.S. Department of State, in coordination with the
Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training (DOJ/OPDAT)
of the U.S. Department of Justice.

TBILISI - 2004

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The monograph "Professional criminality (thieves in the law)" is devoted to one of the most
actual problems for modern Georgia.
The given research "thieves in the law" is the first in Georgia, and essentially supplements not
numerous works of other authors from the former USSR and other countries.
In the monograph the most known definitions of this phenomenon in the domestic and foreign
literature have been investigated, and also the basic criminological theories disclosing the
substance of the given phenomenon are analyzed.
Authors carry out the analysis of the departmental literature, in particular documents of the
Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia and other
subordinate legislation certificates {acts}; archival materials are investigated; interrogation of
employees of law enforcement bodies under specially developed questionnaire is carried out; and
also materials from art sources and the Internet are collected.
Authors have researcher historical preconditions of occurrence of professional criminality from
robbers and gangster formations up to political-criminal communities in Russia and Georgia in
XX century. The special attention has been given to social democratic movement and its
involvement into professional criminality and terrorism.
Authors in the book have developed detailed structure of modern thieves' communities in
territory of the former USSR. Also they have described the basic the characteristic Georgian
thieves in the law abroad and have included biographies of the most authoritative Georgian
criminal authorities.
Special the chapters are devoted so-called the thieves' law, its basic postulates and a personal
estimation "the thief in the law" as representative of criminal subculture.
The special attention in the monograph was given to legal methods of struggle against criminal
authorities and a prevention of the organized crime. Authors argue on necessity of acceptance of
the law Against the organized and professional crime and offer for wide discussion of a draft
law "Against the organized and professional criminality".
The text of monograph is placed on a web page www. traccc.cdn.ge in the Georgian and Russian
languages
Editorial Board:
Ketevan Rostiashvili, Giuli Alasania, Taras Akhalaia, Irina Kakoiashvili
Rerviewers;
Professor O. Gamkrelidze, Chief of the Criminal Law Department of the Institute of State and
Law Georgian Academy of Science
Doctor G. Todria, leading researcher Criminology Department of the Institute of State and Law
Georgian Academy of Science

The Georgia Office of the American University's Transnational Crime and Corruption
Center
Printed in "Polygraph" Ltd.
#2,May, Sq., Tbilisi, Georgia


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1.
2. .
3. .
a.
b.
c. -
d. (1917-1929)
4.
a. 20-50
b. . 40-50
c. - 60-70 .
d.
e. 80-90 .
f.
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.
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7.
8.
a.
b.
c.
d.
9.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
10.

Professional crime in Georgia


"thieves in the law"
Introduction.
1. Concept of professional crime
2. A methods of research.
3. A history of the organized forms of crime in Georgia in XX century.
a. Historical preconditions
b. Thieves and gangsters
c. Political-criminal communities
d. Bolsheviks and criminals in the first years of the Soviet authority (1917-1929)
4. Thieves in the law
a. Occurrence of thieves' community 20-50 years of XX century
b. Transformation of thieves' community. Thieves' wars in 40-50 years
c. "Thieves in the law" in the USSR - 60-70 years.
d. "Thieves in the law" during reorganization and disorder of the USSR at 80-90
e. Georgian "thieves in the law" abroad
5. Criminal career. The most authoritative Georgian criminals
D.Ioseliani
O.Kvantrishvili
6. The reasons of occurrence and existence thieves in the law in the USSR
7. The thieves' law
8. Structure of thieves' community
a. Erection in a rank the "thief in the law"
b. Functions modern "thieves in the law"
c. A meeting
d. Criminal mutual aid fund
9. The 'thief in the law" as the representative of criminal subculture
a. National differences
b. Colours'
c. A criminal slang
d. Tattoos
e. Nicknames
f. Oaths
g. Damnations
h. Gambling's
10. Legal methods of struggle with "thieves in the law"
The conclusion

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, 2003

About the author:


Georgi Glonti defended the dissertation for gaining a Ph.D. in Legal Studies in the field of
criminal law and criminology at Higher Militia School at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the
USSR in Moscow. He is a Senior Researcher at the Institute of the State and Law of Georgia,
and a professor at the Department of Criminlogy at the Academy of the Ministry of Internal
Affairs of Georgia.
He has been one of the Directors of the American Universitys (Washington D.C.)
Transnational Crime and Corruption Center Georgia Office since 2003. His interests are
focused mainly on the problems of organized crime, corruption and human trafficking. He is
the author of numerous publications on the theory of organized crime and the reasons of
criminal behavior. Particularly, his publications include the following monographs:
Motivations of Individual Criminal Behavior, Moscow 1986; Organized Crime as One of the
Basic Sources for Violent Crime and Ethnic Conflicts, Tbilisi 1998; Professional Crime (in coauthorship), 2004, and others - more than 50 publications in total.

Givi Lobjanidze has defend the candidate dissertation in Law in 1987, and in 1994 - thesis
for a Doctor's degree at the Tbilisi State University.
In 1992 - 1995 he was the deputy of Parliament of Georgia
With 1995 - 2000 occupied various responsible posts in system of the Ministry of Internal
Affairs of Georgia.
Since 2000 is the pro-rector of Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia.
Has a special rank the major general of police.
He is the author more than hundred scientific works, among which 11 monographies and two
books written in the co-authorship.
Main publications: Some problems of straggle with transnational organized crime. Tbilisi.,
2003 p 225; Georgian history of State and Law. Tbilisi., 2003, p; General theory of State and
Law, Monograph, Tbilisi., 2003, p 620; History of Georgian legal science Monograph,
Tbilisi 1998 p. 430; Theory of State and Law. Monograph, Tbilisi


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118

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119

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109. - 03.02.1953, , ""
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114. , : "", 1957,
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117. - : "", 1949,
118. - : "", 1959, : . ,
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119. - 15.04.1971, , ""
120. - 04.03.1952, ""
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120

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127.
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121

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166. - 15.06.1962, , ""
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177. - : 1959,
178. - 26.05.1979, , ""
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180. - 16.04.1970 , ""
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182. - 1938, : . ,
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184. - : "", "-",
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186. - 10.05.1975,
187. - : "", , 1954; : .
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188. - , 10.12.195, . ., . , .
189. - : "", 1930, : .
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20.03.1953, . ., . ,

122

191. - : "", 1926, : .


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192. - 1961, : . ,
193. - : , , 1957 . .
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194. - 01.02.1960 , ""
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196. - : , , 1941, .
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197. - : , , 1954
198. - : , , , 1960,
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199. - : , ,
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201. - : , 28.02.1963, . ., .
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202. - : , 22 06. 63 . ., . .
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203. - : , 1961,
204. - : "", 1950, . ., .
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205. - 1954, : . , , 43
206. - 27.06.1971,
207. - : "", 1956
208. - 01.01.1970
209. - : "", 1951, .

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211. - : "", 1943, :
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212. - : "", 10.10.1952, . ., .
, :
213. - 1940, : ; 295. ,
1964, :
214. - : , 1958
215. - 1946, : , , 18, 1, 51
216. - : , 1962
217. - : "", 1943, . ., .
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218. - : "", "", 1951,
. ., .
219. - : "", "", ""
220. - : "", 10.01.1958, . ., .
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221. - 03.02.1964, , ""
222. - 01.02.1965, ""
223. - : , 1950, : ;
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123

224. - 22.06.1975
225. - : , 1956, :
1994 .
226. - , 1956, :
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; :
229. - : , 1936, : . , ,
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230. - : "", "", "", "", . . .
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231. - 1959, : . , , ,
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232. - : "", "", 1949, . .,
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233. - : "", 21.04.1968, . ., .
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234. - 1954, : . , , 53
235. - : "", 1957, . ., .
, : . , , , 42,
236. - : "", 1961, . ., .

237. - , 1960, : . , , 5 ,
3, 1; . , ,
238. - : , , , 1951, . .,
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239. - : "" "", 1957, :
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240. -1955, : . , , 20
241. , : , 1954 . ., .

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243. - 1948, - : . , ; 4
, 3, 89
244. - 1935
245. - : "", : . ,

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247. - : "", , 1947,
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1990
248. - : "", 1933, : .
, , 44
249. , , 1957, . ., . . : . ,
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250. , 18.03.1957
251. - 1947, :
252. - : "", 1925,
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124

253. - : "", 1932, : .


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255. - : "", 1937, :
; :
256. - : "", 1964, : , ,
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257. - : "", 1961
258. - : "", 1941, . ., .
, : . , , : 1993 . . ,

259. - : "", 1966 . ., .
, : . , , , 4 , 103, 2;
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260. - 1956, . , , 172
261. - : "", 1941, : .
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.
262. - : , 18.12.1962, . ., .

263. - 1959, : . , , ,
5 , 5, 112
264. - 1953, : ; :

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266. - : " ", 1940, . .,
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267. - : "", 1961, :
; : ,

268. - : "", , 1956, . ., .


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269. - 1935, . ., . , :
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270. - : " ", 11.12.1957,
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271. , - 1965, : . , , 4
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272. - : "", 1960, : . ,
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273. - : "", 1924 . ., .
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, : ,
274. - : "", 2.06.1958, . ., .
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275. - 1939, :

125

276. - 1952, : . , , , 3
277. - : , 1949, :
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278. - 1959, : . , , 26
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280. - : "", 1937, : . ,
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282. - : "", 14.11.1949 . .
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283. - : "", 1965, . ., . , :
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284. - 1959, ; , , 150, 52; :
, 1993
285. - 16.05.1957, . ., . ; : ,
286. - 26.02.1959, . ., . , : .
, , , 8, 12,
287. , : "", , 08.01. 57 . ., :
. , . , 27, . 2, . 96,
288. - 1962, : . , , , 11, 2, 46
289. , , . ., . .
290. - 1954, : . , ,
291. - : , 24.07.1956,
. ., . ,
292. - : " ", 1939,
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293. - : "", 1957, : .
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294. - : "", 1957, : .
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295. - : "", " ",
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296. - 1940, : ; :
.
297. - : "", 1960, . ., . ,
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298. - : "", 23.07.1953, . ., .
, : .
299. - 12.12.1949 , ""
300. , - 03.04.1967 , ""
301. - : , : .
,
302. , - : "", 1939, : . ,
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303. - 04.10.1980,
304. - 20.06.1959, , " "
305. - 01.01.1962 , ""

126

306.
307.
308.
309.
310.
311.
312.
313.
314.

315.
316.
317.
318.
319.
320.
321.
322.
323.

324.

325.
326.
327.
328.
329.
330.
331.
332.
333.

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127

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336. - 1962, : . , 2 , 13
337. - : "", 1950, . ., .
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338. - : "", "", 1926, .
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347. - : "-". 1926, : .
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350. - : "", 1947, . ., . ,
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24. ()
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(TraCCC-GO)

(TraCCC-GO)
(United Research Centers),
(, , , )
(, ).

,
, ,
. ,

.
,
,
(OPDAT).

www.traccc.cdn.ge

American University's Transnational Crime and Corruption Center - Georgia Office


(TraCCC-GO)
The Georgia Office represents a Georgian component to the United Research Centers (URC)
initiative, which is an endeavor comprised of five regional research centers in Russia: Moscow, St.
Petersburg, Saratov, Irkutsk, and Vladivostok, and three regional research centers in Ukraine:
Kharkiv, Odessa and Zaporozhye. The URCs explore both as national as transnational, issues of
organized crime and corruption. The URCs also examine ties between organized criminal groups and

133

corruption in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and their neighbors. They further extrapolate this
research to explore the linkages of regional organized crime groups and corruption in a broader
transnational arena. The Georgia Office is a vital and logical addition to TraCCC's URC initiative. The
Georgia Office is supported by the US Department of Justice - Criminal Division, Office of Overseas
Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training (OPDAT).

For more information, please visit the Georgia Office website


www.traccc.cdn.ge
http://vostochnaya.com/qanuni-ogrilar-vory-v-zakone

134