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2014
629.5.063.6/.7:629.5.03-843.6(075.8)
3 l .S-04:39.455 .5:39.425.1 73
43

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(11 NIJ 9 30 11110 20/4 .)

6toyroe . .
43 ' copecHIIhrx .1R : ~ n 1 . 8 . .s. - :
, 2014. - 268 .
ISBN 978-966224524..0

mtrt t :1t- .rJ on:utl!.tl'loiX <:tt ~1IOIWJC 4.n: scex S:Jnna p&J
~ cpoc-n:r. . llaptty s~t. : t~rt D.J. , :ttt lll~u.tt oc tllt ).t iL tle ~: c.t c-rc.-.t:.t~
~rteet\XId ttpDOJ\o tu)'": ~ twc:coo .ac.tUtV ti(J('yy;urop1tht Ct:tcrtt n C(lmn)<m
Rad. .w ~ -ncrrw npoateCCOa 1001Jn;u: .t:w ~ np:tr.a. .t.:
lt fH>taf:I1 n nwu-: :I~J;I ''-0;_10r18CCIIIOC IIOka~C.IIdi nytt C:O-.cpwtNCr'IOea!d: 'n-Jt
n: , ..C:O/IOIUtltJI ra;,ooro OM II:It, 4 T&ti;*C ti)'"eM JIOitA'IH 80J.t 11 ;t OJ)OO'tp41tC80 Atrat."UI .
KtOU'a no.1C'JtJ8 .\l ~tw 1:(: ::. tt-JJtpJI01~x~tu:u.1 11 it. o:1)'Ac:traw ),t :
)~ suc:..J.t'~ a-cu~ t ra.:.e ttw , xtn't:pet:)cca: AIHJtw n:11 .

- curr~:nt ttate of dc".clopmeot fuelsystc:m~ for sip. in;cction engincs of all typesd d:imc:ns 's oscned in
thc book. Aloetg with trndiLional circuit de:signs Q( fucl st1ppJy aystcms, the COI\Sidtra e ancnlion is Ql\<tn to sys:tcmJ
Wtd& t.: bydraullc ac.t.na.10t' fuc:l injecuoo pl..tpl t.nd Camnn Rail rype .ccumuJator systems l'hcore.tJCal e.spc:cu
offud supply procese:s 1n modmt iajCdiOn i)--stcmJ are c:oosi<kt'C'd.. "fhe an.c:rcioo IS paid to qli(SCioos of tcOOOOJe:ll and
c-c.o1ogtcal peramcrcrs cnh:&o~;trncnt perrccuo or 1 ~-> use or ps tue-1~ and aJso "-a:u:r ddi\C.ry in )fk.&
$p!ICC <>flht C.Cigtnc.
111 >k Wtll US<fUI for stp Ctllll\ect'$ ( all levcls. technicaJ o t'lkti. $tl,l dt$ ooaritimc tduCIIIion l!) t.S'Iab
lashmcnts. pasa"IJ8d-uate s1udcns;s. sd also for all chlt vhos 1 ~ in thc questiont of coocem.

Yrot 6..'9.5.06JN.1-..S.Q3.&4).6CO?U)
SS.: J I s.64~.4S5.S:.J9.41!..1 73

r. 214
ISBN 978-966-2245-24-0 Cl . ., 2014

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1.3 - nm. :!>t .. . .. . ... . ...... 32
1.4 - l\ !]ffi! -
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1.5 - - r;... ... ... .. .. .. .... 49
1.6 - - -
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1.6.1 - . nn .. .... .. 51
J .6.2 -n - r.
11 . ........ . ..................................... ... .. . .. . . . . .. .. 58
2.
-.. . .. .. 69
2.1 - rn
........................ .. . .... . .................. . ... .. ...... .. 69
2.2- - rn n -
. ................ ..... . .... .. .. . 76
3............. 91
3. J - ... 92
3.2 - nJm -
n ;J.. .. . . . .. .. . .. . .. . .. .. .. .. . .. .. . . .. . . . .. .. .. . .. .. . .. . .. . .. .. . .. . . .. . .. . . . 108
3.2. J - n MAN.. .. . .. . 109
3.2.2 - Warl.sila.. ... 121
3.2.3 - n Caterpillar.. 137
3.3- -
.... .................................................................. ... 141
4.
................... .. .. .. .... 170
4.1 - 1111 ffi! -
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4.2- r i r r-
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4.3 - r r J
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4.3.2- n . ,
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5.

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5.2.2 - 1 m...... .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. ... .. 233
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5.4 - -
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6.

......... . .... .. ..... 252
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6.2 - r n -
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t '. . n'
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JI. rrJJ mr (. 1.46 ).
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.

n.

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66
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;
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; n, , 11!
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.

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67
11. !U
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12. r , .\
r n !L- 1 n
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13. nn r n,

rm1.

14. n r 0111 n
J<J/n .

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r
n?
16. n TOIUIBa '
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. n .
17. -,
.! r ~f Cummins, :n
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68
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2.1 - Tonm.tn.e . rupanJIJt:ec.


n

11 .r r npouec-
ca n 1
ii
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m MAN
Mit!bishi. Caterpillar w
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Mitsuisl, N r
u n
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n.1 wm. (V). , 1
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r UEC Eco-Egine 60 ... 100 ila. , J-
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69
, , r m. ru

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2.1 - ru .
MAN () ceporn UEC Eco-Engine MitstJishi (6): 1 - n
11i; 2- ; 3 - r. r n ; 4-
i! ; 5 - al"'II n; 6 - ;
7- n; 8- nttrr rr t w1;
9- s. s; 1 - ; 11 - w JIt ; 12- n r
Jl n ; 1 - n n ;
14 - n; 15- ns n; 16- i1
n n l<!l&otaa; 17 - rr n; 18 - r
n; 19 - n1n n; 20-

UEC Eco-Engine Mitsuisbl


J1 n n .
n n
L
.

70
N
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n mq J~. n
n .
-

JI , 1<1 m
, -.
JI Eco-Engine n
- n
n . n I1
. 2.2.

6) 1 t1
1

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3

2.2 - n rn rr UEC Eco-


Engine Mitsublshi () MAN (): 1 - n Jlana n
; 2- ; 3- ; 4-
; 5- n ; 6 - ; 7 - 11n~;
8- n nn; 9 - ; 1- ; 11 -

71
n n
n: n,
na . 226. n n
n: , , m,
.
pacnpeemrree r< n
fl . 2.3.

2.3- r' n 11r


N (, , ) (): 1 - ; 2 - n0'!1!; 3 - n
n ; 4 - r; 5 - r n; 6 -
; - rr m; - 110n ; - ;
- n n

72
n
.-. .

,
n , . ,
i)'n, n'l)' J1r
n n.
r, n,
n r
n CJI1JHO J .
, rt -r (. 2.3).
nn u'l fr
n n, n ero

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(. 2.36). rr
n n.
n l<'!' ru, n

n.

n n
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n (. 2.36). n
um, n n, n

n,1
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n n~
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1 n.r n
r
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n , n , r
n .. 'l n r
n.
n .

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n n :
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73
11 t t
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11 .
J~n r ceplt J N
t . 2.4.
f U/1, J UUIJ, (, . 5 IJ UIJ, 6 .

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ffDIU(tnpOif8
IIOd tJO ~ IIIHUeM
20 11
11

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N Cl"'llfiJ
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lHD,I tJlJU40UIR

11 2.4 - 11"I" )'ll n .11 rt n11 110


TIIB, t 11 -11 &J
n N : 1 - ; 2 - - ~ n; 3 - 11
)'lp38.1CHJI l ffi: 4- /13 ynpaCIIII nponpiiOOM 3)'3
)'II ; 5- .:li ; 6 1<11J011 UJ ; 7-
n pacrtpeen1rre.1; 8- <:I< t!l R OIICJJ !I; 9- Jt
1t 11 /\JI; 1 - n11 n n11r;
11 -

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. nn n n LI
;tt )! ,
tf 5 .r. n
. n 11 n n
n 20 ~t .
R J n nim
n JI 17,5 u
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t n
.

74

.
, I( noJ<prra (. 2.5).
Jt
1- n.

n .

2.5 - ~t Jir :" 1 - ;


2- ; 3 - :-.--; 4- ><1'; 5- n
-~ru

J< n Jl,
n . 2.6.
n
J< . n

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m , n
.

r n
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n Bep)(JJe
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75
II n. Jt~ICIICIII n om1

n mu II.

2.6 - .1 1t-nr n1na, r


n1;~ :J ltp!-t MAN: - ttacoco
tlptiOo - ; 6- -r ; -
; 1- 11; 2 - aCIIJie ;
- rt <~;
4 - Jti\ ; S - wapooro nnt; 6 - n: 7 - :
8 - npottoro ; 9 - "
tir ~<; 1- n-nJt1!. 11; 11 -

2.2 - - rmJ~
t 11

90- r r Caterpillar pynrx


n m
nn. ! m
- , n nJ/.1
niJ n ypatlIOLUX n .
n . t (Hydraulically actuatcd
Electronic Unit Injcction).
n , n 11. m ll
, n . 2.7.

76
}!. - rn .
I<Ofi'I)'PY R n r
n 0,2...0,55 , -
, n, ,
. 11< n n
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9
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1
,/ 8"----1
----::;1~ 1
1
1
11

11

2. 7 - nu!J: ' f'!n.. mn


nJU~ - (EUI): 1 - n; 2 - n
IUii aCJU~ii! ; - \>J J1; 4 -
nWJ;S - m cmtoa ; 6 - .11
rn; 7 - ~aciiJH-II\ .- r ;
8 - r ; 9 - 1' ; 10 -
J ; 11 - --r u; 12 - r~J>
; 13 - _ n; 14 - fl6Ji ; 15 - TOIUI
n ; 16 - u n,1

- 01'0 .
CJIYJI\"T , ~ n n

m r :.

. n, r
. ,
, -i n !
. , n n -

77
:, n 27 ... 30 J.Va. n
EUI, r
n . 2.8.

2.8 - 11 J tepoynpan.IReo 11- ll!


, t.r tt
3400 11 Caterpillar: 1 - n r; 2- J
..; 3 - u ; 4- - ;
5- JI 61<3

- , n IUl npoa'IIOI ypaJUUOe


ro , , n , 1:

n J
. n -
q ,

r-

(. 2.9).

78

2.9- r n : 1 - n
n HEUI; 2 - - i4~t n

- n ,
r n
n , u,
n (. 2.10 , ).

1 , r (. 2.10)
(. 2.1 ) n.
, :J k-r n,
- 1. n
. n
JJ n ltJlli.pa,

- n n m
. n
n .f! (. 2.10)
(. 2.1 ).
n - n, n
: r
R .
t n J n,
, n
l.it ero .
,
n r,
ero <.-r r
.

79
11 2. 1 - -- n!lli nn 11 n
11 (HEUJ): - n -n n
; 6 - n nJ11 n n1;
- 01 02 !l nt: 1 -
81111!; 2 - 0JI'f3'!1>1 II 111,JJ; 3- I! 1<3;
4 - JIII .1; 5 - !! n; 6 - ; 7 - n;
8 - n; 9 - Ji n ru1; 10 - n
n ; 11 - >r n n1r n;
12 - li

-
n.
- n 02 L-.t
n . 2.10.
- , rr
r 1u .

:rro , 111 ,
r, ' . ,
ero n 11 r
(. 2.11 ). '!l r n
n,
, n!
t.

80
~

2.1 1 - ii J n n n : J- n
n; 2- .1 ; 3- >; 4- OIIOTHI{; 5- I< n
n>~

Dr rn .
-, rrr mJJ
, J< ,
. n.
r .
r. ,
n .

-, : sr
, n

. ,
mmyl.<ty, ynpaJIIOero .
nm~ si ..
, , nt . 2.10,

n , .
. , n,
113 n m
:. , n n n
, nn
110 ...210 .
.
, ,
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r .

81
n m Jir -
u. .r
-
.,RJ,r .

n ,
, JJ n n

Ju. nD . -
. - n
. 2. 12. - 1
. 2. 13.
,
. -n .
1'n rR
n r, .}()
~. , .
, n r,
nJJ
r.

rr' .m.
. r,r n m1 II
:1 1-,
n m)' -.
n r\m n
. n 26 aollileT <t
,
n
n1-1 (. 2.13).
r, <l\! n
r npoiia .
rur CJI81-IOro II rm!
m n
. J n
, rarsa
n r.

n
t. n ,
-
. n nm
r. n .

! r
, n r.J

(. 2.136). ,
, r.
rJ.

82
2.12- - 1 : 1 - n ; 2 - rrrr
J"\; 3- ; 4- iJ rlt rsu. ; 5-
n n; 6- n n; 7- r1< n,;
8- ; 9- n nJ; 1 - rwtn n;11 - n
.r rn n ; 12 - n
n n; 13 - n ; 14 -
nr ; 15 - n~ n:1 ypatJJIIOero
; 16 - r r l; 17 - nii
; 18 - ; 19 - }J; 20 -

83
"*' ~

2.13 - acoc-opcyttiOI n Hl 300: - t,


!! I< t1 JJ ; 6- .'I n
'I<JJ, tt ..1113 rn ,.,..,.,., n 11{1{t'
mnJ ; - .n< "'1 "q> n .11D0
IpOIIIItltp, 11I' n; Z - ynpaiiJUIIOWIIH :W.'j), 300~11()-
8 . .II& , aCJtO tt rn,
nn11 n n. n

84
, nopwef!, -J n .

, n n 170 ... 180 .
n n

n r (. 2.\).
. n J{ n
n ,
. n
BO'.Jpacrae, nw r r.r
n-, n .

r , n n ,
JIOJIOC r . t.'
, , r ,
(. 2.13).
n .
n r
-
n,
. -
, 11u
r, n <W.J ~ rn
.

Ji -
, ~-
r
,

1- -.
-
u . , n
, 11 )'l!
.

. J! r
- aaJllioo .

. r: i-
, ' .
pery n . 2.14.
fl( ,

\JJ . I< - ,11
.
, .~ t-
n .

r n1 ,
85
nopII . ~>~ ru npy-
IIII Jteoe
, n8JI JUI .

2.14- ~n r aneHIIJI )'flparurcro : 1 -


;2 - crrsepcn.. .'I ; 3 - <mtil r; 4 - r 1
11 n: 5 - rnr .1 wtll OIJOCII:
- n n 113 r no.1ocnr: 7 -
coerrota; 8 - ; 9 - ; 1 - !l !I r r<
y rrpariCH>tJt

. , . r , yC1'8JJOBIICH-
oro , ,
rt ynpaJIJIJOll i .
nwr n .ll
. ~t n1'11
m, n n !r
'J, n.
.rrut 110m
, !I 'I'.
mw, . n
n ; w,
n.

(}(; . 1'1!
J mr
cmr. n~~ n.
.. mr
nrr n tta .
11 8l'8CJ\JIX npJJo -
n -n n

.. n IIII
rnrr n.

86
rm1. ur
.

. 2.15 -nr
rlt n
. rr r. n
n ,
. ,
JL m1 n,
n 11r-n& .

7
18

2.15 - t-
ynpal!ntoero t r 1: 1 - ; 2 - n
rr; 3- t< ; 4- 1 r; 5-
"'-; 6- r ri ; 7- n r;
8- coct<Oititl ynpaneli ltr ; 9 -
ynpaii1Uicro ; 1 - : g. n; 1L - ~<rt ;
12 - cmtoii rl!; 13 - n rt aeeliJI
; 14 - r nJ~
; 15 - n r;Ilt n ; 16 - n
1!1; 17- licoc ; 18- ""
r ; 19- n; 20 -

87
lllfJlCj:\ U1 J! IIMC1'CJI IIIUJOJI HTC.THC ()8<:,
r . 11 r r1 n

.111 r: .III r )t n
n113110111 n sr I)'.

t . cooii IJ i!.\1 n11,


01fi nt n. "J :rt
.'l)'. ttattae JI!I~il G 1
tr , , KOI'JI
111 /1 , l " i:"!1
n. r n llOJIOc -~
:10 IJI,J1CCJcc n t:<Ut 1
. )!tt 110 B'IYJJIOI OTHOCTC!Ibi!O IIYIICpa,
!ttt aJ..'itBIIOro , :;,, :u!u .1.

11 acoco~t.

'I r: 11 n
II IIIIOM Q-.\1 JI 1:

h'j) 'JU 1pu 1 r ~tII ~tacoca.

lut II
ttr l)'mt, nll 1r .
ycpoi~Cl1JO n r 1 1 . 2.16.
eOCTOl!T . MOfiYeii: JJ <!.II llOC1'0
aJJ11 Ctt r rr n

i'.
1111 t iI' .
t ; 1 1rn ntI ' 11 )t -
1)', /1311 i1nt ,
;111 .
r n. t 11
Jt 1m<. nopwe, ero 111. "JI n, n r
:J n ID 1r n1. :
n111 nn J- . n l
r.. n .
-r 01
(. 2.16). n n t i:"
011, n

11t . (. 2. 1 6).
- <Ut. nn
n1 r n . , -
nii , 11 tt - n
l, cro .
, n ycmte .
, nm " -lf .
tm n Jr n
/1 n mt . nr -

88
11 l!i n 5,7
(. 2.16). .\.! < rr n n
.

2.16 - r. rr
)'!ir acmroro : - noC't)'nne 11 .

l'r~.<. ; - r r
J , )' n;

- r_;r r J
n1 nopl-l n:: ; - 11 n
nr<1 I<J<I , 113 OIIOC111 nr, 11 r

. nr~rn IJUCOca 11~1 Jfl'r '!n ,

n r 1 13lJ\I>

13 r n > , :
n n>: noocw n mfl, n
'I.
mt, . 'r r
-r , n :. no-
ael' crfian n, , ,
m n ,D. n~~r n. r
~m, n pety]J}fpO

89
r n. rr aCIJa pocccJJuJi\ r
n < n ,
F , 110 rr 110 n
UI n (. 2.16z).
1 ~r. . ,
n., r 011 11 ,
1)'11 1r1: n .
n. n, m11 f!
nn , n . 11 olfi)'pe mUI

, n , 'I)'
, i !Jt .

1. nm1
n.

2. llllcoco nJ( n
!L\111 F!l<" .

3. 1>1 11 mt ~1
n.~ n .

4. IJ 1 r 11
n n .
5. crrr .;1J110 .? t
JI ~I!:'?
6. r -n t
na? n n
111U1 n
?
7. n - rn
. 11 nm1't 11
- u J.t n?
8. r lJm rmiI
-
TIIOD.

90
3

n
n4 J! , -
,
J.J .
1- r t 70-
. n
n m, n )'I
n n
- . n 1 n <.."J
Common Rail.
Common Rail .u
n 1
r!. t ,
r nporpecca
.
11 n n
, , ,
, m u ,
, n , n r
. u..1
D \!
~:t
.
. 3. 1 , . f .
nI' ,

'! 1'J.
t
rr . , r
n .upyr
. n n u n, n
,
, .

n rr n
n:

- r'I n 'I!'!
ru-

;
-
, -

91
n!, t11r Ji
.\1Q :

- t iiJU ;-< nt ;
- -
, n
.

so

0 4----------------r----------------~
50 100
z iJuam~II, %

.l - 8JI!t ~<r
tt ~'1' ntt:----- t' t~
1 ( n hl );-- ---- ~t nr 1!-

ii3 n 1- 110 rl! t1 ( 111tt tttt t\I01oooil
.:~11); - - -II)'JU'

mJ! n
t IJOJI)"J -r~!I "-
Ji.t , m h
n .

3.1 - ~>t Ji TOJJ B II,e 1\t. .


,t t..J n n
Jr .rt 1~ flcx, I
Wart~i l!!, D.
Sulzer, n
: !Jt'
2001 . nm J1
n HFO
u ISO DIN 8217 ( 700 n 50) n
I50C.
n RT-flex 8 t 11mu
~r nt , . ,

n n. r, -

92
JIIIIIpoo :.~ . cC'I'e~it .
RT-flex . 3.2.
ytiKUII R <:u
il WECS-9500 (W!!nsi Engine Control System) (
). m .
!\ .
t .rn.
1 1- .

7/r~w,~.c~-~~,l-
-
11 1 11 :
1 1 1:
1 1 t '
1 1 1 :
- --~----J 11 :
-----1
.
:




_____ ___ J

---------------------
. 17

2D n

J lfflo

k 3.2 - _,, t sttraeeii RT-flex : 1 - 11 tt


n 11 ; 2 - n11 n ; 3 - ; 4 -
t n n ; 5- nn n n: 6 - n
JJa11311; 7- l! J1n nu n; 8 -
t 8II)'CIIOO ; 9- rmtil n
ttn ; 1- t-: n1 ; 11 - 11 nt ;
12 1111t t; - ot1JtHDt i3 : - ynpaowcro ;
- t

:
acJia, -

rm 20 , J1 , ~< n
t 100 .
~r r . 3.3.
Jt)t 100 lla 11R! .~n nn.
J(ii , n
, r . 11 llil )'

93
J\Ji I.IWimtpe nJI n
, nn u m r
WECS 9500. m.r
...
n n - onmra .
!I R tt, JI
nJI .


2 ~"
1

3
.......-
~

3.3- <rr ctice)lbl n IIr R- tt


Wl!nsill: 1 - ; 2- n110 .1J1; 3 - n. .nn; 4- n )':!
t 1'0mtn; 5 - 11nuii t \VECS-9500; 6- 11

r !:
, r
w (. 3.4).
ero st
ltna . 11
r1ra1-eJJe R- . . 3.5.
n,
n.

m n .
Bosch Dynex.
'
111w r. 9 r
1rr , ,
.
perym~pye
.

94
PcyftoK 3.4- RT-tlex 96 () RT-tlex SOT
(6): 1 - ; 2- 11; 3- !f!u 111; 4-
r II

!Ui
~1, , n 11 , ur -

n1 <:.
!I!.
13 m
l\UI J!1, V- n
UI (. 3 .Sa, ).
t n
n, n (. 3.5, ). Ila

11!1 - .
.rt (. 3.
Se), ,
Ji ,
r 60 (. 3.5).
, , n
'!'rr !I,
:.u~ n , .

95
J> 3.5 - RT-flex 96 () 'RT-flex 50 (): 1 - 'fJ~
; 2- nrt ; 3- 110 n .tr iiJI;
4- 11 11:;
5 - npltooa; 6 - -
-r n ; 7 - :; - n J..
n RT-flcx 96; - 11-I RT-flex
SOT

z ,
, n- .u
(. .).
11 n 1,
, - rn.
r n <!R. nt
(. 3.66),
, . (. ., ).
1 n

, n . .

.n
ru s n 1.

n,
n .


n i,

96
n n , ,
:~ , , .
.

3:6 - r RT-flex 96 (),


n n (6), () r'r:r
(). 1- i; 2 -pomr ; 3 -; 4- ;
5 - i.~ 6 - - ; 7 - ; 8 -;
9- n; 10- 1\-. . .; 11 - r; 12 - _(:i
; 13 - ; 14 - ; 15 - .
--~ ; - n; ~n n

: J
.~~ .<;> <Q .
~n n r
.

i , ,
.
:
, .
n '{()' Q 1~
tQ ~ n, ~ 3.1-r
Ir . (. .7).

97
-
r , n: m:R
u . rr
I!J n1J ,

125 n, JJlfl
(. 3.76).

3.7- tm iiJI awtettti. ltn RTflcx 96: - 43


" ; - n!l : 1- ti.
11 ; 2- r ~~ t;
3 - 1rt ; 4- n t'tpoeyrotoro J; 5- n
t1Ji11 n'!11 ; 6 - t!I1)'Ltep JIJI nt ~'
11'3 ; 7- r.1-1111.11 ; 8 -I) ; 9- llJ\111111-
t >nu .1 n 11.1 n
JU r11 IICtmW)<; 1 - n n

n I\')' ,
- t, -
t( n
JQ\')')'.
MCJIY
u ~J n. 8J! mi .rr
-n , .R n
t , . JI -

98
; Ji
MOI-IOCTJ,.

nu m~ n
n , n 6I
n- J< m.
. nJ~>.')'
, n
n .
.z- 1111
l<h')' . .

50 .. . 105 , -
n 60 ... 80 .
- r n,
:rr n r: n
(. 3.8).

-f!io m ( iJat~ue
-> fJnpobtrllt## r
_.". TorufJo nod t11~
:(> r

3.8- r'I'- RT-tlex: 1 - n


r; 2 - ' ; - ; 4 - ;
5 - r t ; 6 -
11Jt; 7 - ; 8 - n; 9 - ; t -
n; 11 - n ; 12 - 1<
Qii

rt n ,
nw ,

99
n rn1.
t.l rm-1 .
n h n \
, n. - n
, n.
8 n ..u r ,
., , n nJi
, n n, .

n, nn
"J-, ,
Lirn, n, r
JI. otncJJ,
, q n .
iJ n
n n n -li
. n n1r
r .
n JJ
, n nn
1'1wt.
n.

, 1 n
, n- nt~!l u

(. 3.9 ).
111.
d ,
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n
rrr, t'
Ji n: ,

~1acna (. .9). n
n
i' , n n.
Ji nq,
r (. 3.96, ).
n J
n n.

R
1 Ji:, n n
8.

nr nm, ~~<r
Ji ,

r. nn
r.

100
3.9 - JIDit 11 t n
RT-ilex 50 (), r~ 1'0fliiUHA
n nt (), nn wtoro ai(J(yymrropa (): 1 -
n n11i1; 2 - r. ; J -
r. 01 ; 4- 1- yrtpa.l\Jitoero ;
5- r\i ; 6- ; 7- 'l
n n ; 8- n ;
9 - r-r ; 1 -

IJr , m
. .n u
nr (. 3. 10).

3.1 - 11 R Jt: 1- 11)1 ;


2- ; -

101
-, ,
ir n')'., JQ
, 1
n .
i! Jl,
n r' ~,~n
: n . n
,
lf n11 : (. 3 .11 ).

_, t f\
1lf,1:~--J \1'
,,1 ...J...... _
~,
'
': =i
. ..,....
~ :'
''
''
'''
'''
'
'
.... ______
'~ . ,,,..,............

-30 30 60
. .

Pcy iJOK .lJ- u n ortnlta nq1!


11 R-. 1 - ~lJIIBa wL; 2 -
; 3- ! n n; 4- n r

11. 11.w
(Jnjection control unit (JCU)) !U!
.i RT-flex.
, r
IUJi .
.
-
r.
, 1m J.-
mwm .

102
.J nt n. r10~:~ . . 3.12.

---
1
1
1
1 -
1 1 t.====:::,:::.~
ir

_J ~ ~ 1 1
1 1
--------
'

tv
8 . 1 1 1 ~

-r-
1
- 1 _;::1-1~- ::::_-1 1
, -1
1
' -P i?J
1 ' /' /
n1 , r 1 , r11 1 1 ~
1
1 :
1 1 1
( _ __, _ _ _ - -i--------J
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
L,------t - ----_-_-_-_-:_-:_-_-_:-_-_:_..J_____ J 1 1
1 L___________ ___ _ _ _ _______ _ ..J 1
L--- - ------------ ------------------~

. J 2- . nt~I\ n: 1- !(~1'0;
2 - 1<111 ~<nana ~- n; 3 - J<n nn n
; 4- 113 l(ltJJ1p; 5- :r ; 6- .
- r11 n; - c.~lf!!'l; - n <;>"!
; -

;rn. s. n
\VECS-9500.
n n rr
,
: . tol1J111 a.

rm fl. 11 n
n , n
n.

nn: . 3.13 .
l' 11 , r
1, n I-.')'

. , r , r
n aJ()'yJUiopa, rr -
.
,
, , , n t~ r

: ~rm . R ,
, : J. ~:~
. Ji , n r:
.

103
, n R m1.1 n1)'11 n n
n n, , n
, n n rr.

>t 3.\- ).( RT-flex: -


; - 11< n. - 'l 110
; - r11ll n n>~ 11w riiJ
u; - "r n1 nJ
n; - ;- n

n ij
rw n
n n .
n n . r.
rr 1)'n n
, n n n .
n n nn
, n , n

n n
. 37,5
n .

1
I< ,
n, .
rn n n .

n arraR <r
n , n
. n ,

104
- .
n.

n nn n
")' (. 3.96).
w, i
RT-flex . 3.14.

3.14- ~ )'ltn nzt RT-flex 50 ()


s nn RT-t1ex 96 (): 1- r
1'0; 2 - tr11 t! n; 3- ;
4- r w; 5- .llt n; 6-
n n; 7- n; 8- n
; 9- n ; 1 - n.- ; 11 - n
n>18 IU! n ; 12 - r; 13 - IIJi
J-'rr n; 14 - . - n
11; - ; - n n fi <;
- I} tt

'I)' ")' . n
, r
n, .
, nJI , n
.

105

,
.
, n
, <
, . n
n r,
. .
n ~~
J r
.

m . ,
~, n n n ,
, , nFr

,

llJ. , -r.
.

. 3 .15.
n
n .
:r,
. uFI n-
-r .
m n 1... 2 . -,
, , -
0,3 , , , I,
50 . .. 60 .
,

1... 3 . onycrnoe n-
4,5 .
- ,
>, .t--
n 1 .

: n 1.
, n n:I,
,
1 n.
, , ntm
, n
-rI'
n
( . 3.16).
106
3. 15 - 11! n m n
: 1- n 1ti! ; 2- ; 3- R
; 4- n 11; 5- OJ1011'11iK

.1
'r .

1() ... 12% .

, 20 .
n , 1 ."!,
n n
,;m xooJioro .

107
)

oJ

3.16 - n 1-n, f1<:\'<6


n-r cepit RT-flcx 96: - nonJ< 1-, . ;
6- , r m c ; - ~ ,

3.2- n

1 mi
n
n
.
n , m
.
. rw
, .
N n u'.i
L(W) 32/44CR, nr
comon rail. n n
m n , .
common rail
nmi
, ,
n , n, - .r.

108
- . w
, 1
n , n 25 ... L50C. ,
, 1 r
;

- r
,
n . n1 J()
n, .
n :~>
. n, n,
nyre mi ,
nn ;
- ,
, ,
: n ,
n 1.
, m1 ae
JlliJI, .n;

- n. rrpoe
m ,

n .

r,, ~;.:_
n m rail (
),
I\')'r .
. aJ.."J(yymrropx
m
.

3.2. 1 - n MAN
,

. rJJJ~:~ r
, HFO 700
SO"C. -
11 n , B/(J'JJOaJJ n

r.


-r. Jl! n,
, n. n ,
.
n, . , n
n n
n n .

109
in . 3. 17, . 3.18
.


...-- .
\, ,.",_,,,_~ .. - j

tt 3.17 - tttJt n nt
ttrn N: 1- npttoa ; 2-
JI;
- rJJt n; 4 - u n: 5 - JJ r.t
t< n; 6 - . J1 n n n: 7 - ttw 1n
~u n nJ( ; 8 - rr; 9 - 11i1 :
nrirm nw: 1 - n n n; 11 -
t noaren; 12 - li n nr n; 13 - f! .~
ntt 110nocrt; 14 - nt aapttlloro . ;
15 - n-r.1 UI; 16 - . - tt;
- ; - ; -

110
n m
r n rr

3.11! - r u~ nJr ll
6L2/44 MAN: 1 - n 11~0~ s1; 2 -
n; 3 - i<J)n poeceJJb r11 n ; 4 - ;lt n n
it noatei1; 5- r; 6- ~ J<r ; 7- ; 8- ll
li n ; 9 - n n~ ;
1 - n~ nJ< 11 11r

1, r
r1R, 1 ,

r I rrn, l)'

, n n.
m 160 r n
, nu
n t n. ,
n


.
)' , r -
t, .
n .u , 1: n n
~ n!r n
.

111

~! n , n
, ..
, n
n .
n! -rr ,
r , n J n,

n n
n . , ,
n .

1:1 , , n
,
m1 .
n
n. , :J<
. n Ji
n .
:J< 1'0n n r
n, .
n n ,
J<. n
rr , .r..rr1
.
n'r n1 n u,
n, :J<, <
, - ,
I! J
.

>;J J< n
1 n t n ,
mt
n n,
!.
-t , ,
t .

,
N, m .
, 1
n (. 3.19),
. n ,
r r.
. r
n . :J< m!
r, ,
, n ,

112
. MlipOnpoeccopJ I
-r r, n,
JJ n n111 n
(. 3.19).

Jt 3.19 - n ottraeel! 32/44CR ti


N: 1- 1 ; 2 - .; 3 - JJ oo:lilpaoi! ;
4 - L! n; 5 - JLYILep; 6 - JYL teptt; 7 - opttyc; 8 - ;
9 - rn ; 1 - frr ; 11 - n
n.'t li r.)J

n, 10
, 10 n J
n .

f :~
, nJi6 sr
'd (. 3.20).
J1r n
if.

, ,
.

113
f'11" 3.20 - rrpfiUOIJ r 11 2/44I\
MAN: 1 - r r111r1; 2- n ; 3 - .~; 4- nar<one
n

..J> n n
, , !L n
n (. 3.21).
n oprtyc l\
, .1 I!
. ?J~ r1 nr,
n J1 n1, 1 ;
l)'Uep, !Ut .
n ,
!l n (. 3.21 ).
n r n t
. l\ J13 n,
,.

. apll'l)'pa <
, n n rr
!L\I n, - n
n.
n1 n..1t n n
. 3 .22.
- /lt 11 : J1JI npeopac
HJiJI n n .
n n (. 3.22).
- n rnr u, n, n
per.onoro .\1.-. m
J1 n nn nni . ByrpetiHH~
, 110 orpa'lll'reoro n.

114
3.21 - r. 32/44CR ~ N:
1- JJi! <; 2- tt ; 3-
.!l; 4 - 611 n;
5 - . n ; 6- r: D,J1 ts;
7- ; 8 - n-r; 9-

3.22 - n w'arelte 32/44CR


MAN: 1 - w~ ; 2 -J<opnyc : 3 - ;
4 - n n n: 5 - trtyt u ~<nanaa n
n; 6 - rli 1<11n n1.11 nn; 7- wap11ouoro
1; 8 - n urro ; 9 - n rt;
10 - ; 11 - r~< -m: }1i1
n; 12- 33n -; 13 - m JI
n-11 . -n .n& n J<YMYJIJ!opy; -
~ 11 ; - nJI t!

115
~< n nr81 n,
nr nr mr. n n;r
. lpfr n
f1JJ n n ,

nw cf.lcttle 1110 r
nJr (. 3.22).
, r nn noocnt ~r
, ~r n

r . n
n~r, rrr rrr rrpocpattca.
l' r n.
noptrte\f 11 n
ur n, n -JfrJ1.11 Jt
n n orurna .1 .1r.
n I1 nn , .1 , n

n .
8 :
JIBBiiI r11 nll rr r'J
, ynpaJIJicT r1.
m1 rt n II
n n r1n
(. 3.23). : ,
. r. n r 1r
.

3.23 - n ~< n onmt8011oaocA: 1 - .~ ;


2- ; - ; 4 np>I\>L'>!IIJI ; S- k ; 6- 01111

l n: nr
, 1. n n
n n m .

116
nSJ n , n
n, n , .
n r.u u
.
IJ' n n n n ,
r10IIO<..'T , .
mon.IIWJOnoae r
: ( ) ( n
n). n n
, n <IJi n.
r . 3.24.
n.r
nn r1 n (. 3.24), n
n n , ero <.:.
n I, npiroa. ,
r 1. , , , 1 n

r, op!Jll Ji, n ,
, 1 1 .
, n .
, n ,
) n m, n oprryce
, r. ri: rr (. 3.24) .

~ -+ ~

3.24 - n n BII
r-Jrene 2/44R MAN: - r." n , ;
- n I<Jiana rr, nn rr, nl< n ;
- n I<Jiana , rn n , n
n. 1 - n n11.; 2 - ;
3- n 1Ulanaa; 4 - n n ; 5 - IIJJOCCenoe
; 6- ~ n; 7 - n . - ns n11s
"'; - CIIBaJI n

117

n , u
! - ( ).
r n
n m, r, n
t. , ,
, , .
n-r , n n
(. 3.246). ~
m1,
. , n
rr r. ,r 11n

(. 3.246).
~"]) I n
n n, n , n

<r KOIJYCHoro n.
,
, ri
(. 3.24).
n n m
.
IJ s 111 CJma, I
r (. 3.25).

3.25 - 11" JJ: 1 - n ;


2- n; 3- t~J<; 4- ; 5 -

118
,
q , I trr ,~L .
, l< n
. 1m 1<11n,
q L 1.1 ~ ,
m1 .
n: ,
.
n .
11 a6Jieuil n
- 1.1 (. 3.26).

3.26 - n r r1. orpa11Cii1I


ft: 1- 1<011 n; 2- n 1U1n 11;}q-t;
3 -. ~< n ; 4- n n-r"'r
t~; 5 - '8.6 -r; 6 - n 1U1a
n-r11; 7 r n; 8 3 ;
9- n r; ; 10- n .
; ll - . -n ; - tr
r; - ; - 3 n

119
n r ,
.


CYr .

r IOJanaa 1t
.
n n
nr n.
~.<. r n , k!
, . n n
t . 1
11 !J r , 1
nli n nn
. , 1
n ( 7 . 3.17), nm
. J< mi'I(; n
1<, li r<t ruu.
> , n
, (
6 . 3.17).
n n IJ , m.
onmfo J!(; r<J.
- AtaCWitai>HOZa '! "f
I! nn
: FI. 1' .I l{
n ,l'!.
~t ~
n
ih .
. n , n
r .~:t SaCoSone (S afety and tl Syste on Engine).
n ,
ero , , , , n
1..

n i, , no
r ! , _
ru ~>:-r
, n n n:.
J.< '!
R.
u, . .
n n.
.

1< n
'! w n .

J20
. 3.27 ,
..

1~0
~
:t: 110
g 100
~
1!- 80
"'.. 60
..
S1
.,"
40

li: lO

1,5
.."
:i

- 1,0
:}
~

~ 0,5
~
.."'~ 0,0
~ 0.000 0,005 0,010 0,015
, r

3.27 - lr 11 n n 11
n r 111m

n n, Qlia
RI n.
!I :
n n, ' n
'f, !IJ! l' .
, .1
BlilfiOJ , t,

.
32/44,
32/40, 48/60.

3.2.2 - Jt l\f llpllf Wartsi


, JL
, n

.
.
~ m, n sr.
n ,
r n F.

, n -

121
. , rmn
n 1'
, .
w1 Wiirtsi
. 3.28. n
. 3.29.
,......... " ...........: ....... '"" . "" ......,..........." " " " "' .. ,...... " " " " "" " " '

3.28 -
11 Wiirtsilii: 1 - l<'t' ; 2- <: ynpa
JIIOero ; 3- !!i; 4 - ; 5- 1 n .n
; 6- ar11C'tpaJ! ; 7- n~ J!l' acJJa;
8- r n nJJ.,r ; 9- ;
1 - n ; 11 - n r11
rti>r 8J'I u -; 12 - ; 13 - r-r
6 l<l(}'; 14 - ; 15 - f 11; 16 - q.~:~
; 17 - n n ; 18 - ; 19 -
; 20 - ; 21 - ; -
; - ~t 11; - r

3.29 ,
.
, .
811 i: ,
, <J
, 1:1

. -

122
r,
rtn.

tl\111 itll 11 :
- ;
- , l'! J<n, n -
;

- :> n} n.
Nr 11 11~
Jr ~t. n <>r n ~1 22,5 n
-n . n 11:r
npeapifreH)'IO OIICTt..')'.

11 3.29 - 11 r "-fi
IIJI 1 \Vartsila 32 : 1 - 1 ;
2- nNJ n11 n 1- IJ
Ii-'1 II ; 3- TOIIJIBH () ; 4- npCOCJIIIHeJibHI
11 11 ; 5 - n ur
6, ; 6 - n .--;
7 - wt; 8- n JI.I;
9 - n ni! n J,JCOIOI .1t ; 1- r:~
r 11 ; 11 - 11J1 n; 12 - n r
; 13 - npiiCOCI!Irenc Jln)epa ; 14 -
; 15- J!n. r1 u n

, J<J-J
if :
- . n n
. ,
, ru;

123
.r
150 :t
, n . J., .
l>! .n, r :I n
!Q1 mr, r' r
. ;m ,. ,
.

fUlcoc z m
r (. 3.30) ,
- . :r .n
- , , ,
rmr.

n ~ r 32 r
3.30 -
Wi!rtsil (4),11 ~ rr () !-l l"l!I!!
rJ1 46 Wiirtsila (): 1 - r oare!IJI;
2- r; 3 - n. rsr; 4 - W!< J<tt; 5 -
r J); - n ;
7 - J1!1)'J!ep; 8 - . ; 9 - rw . ;
1 - r ; 11 - nJrr ; 12 - .~ "J1; 13 -
~n<\i n ; 14 - 11 r. r J\
; 15 - opJJyc nr n; 1 - n ~
; 17 - n ; - s n n

124
m , ',
, noaqy, <u-r
80% .
n n
r-, ero
tt (. . , ).
90 .. . J 50 ,
.
,
,
.
11 , r ero
.

... Ji
rr (. 3.30).

. m1
, , <-- ,
, OC1)' naer .

t 1- ,
. , r
, (. .i). n
,t 't

. n n
ero fl.
-rn
n pef)' IJJITOp-orparnre

(. 3.316). m
, 11 r
5-6 ur.
- (J (. 3.316)
, n1' !l.rr .:
- -1 n! n
}f ;
-
ruu ;

- n l<
n 1'JI;

- n n 11 .
fr
rrn .
' ;J n1! n n
.

125
1< J. 1 - l<}' (), r- (),
-;l .q n (, )
fi \Vartsila 46 ': 1 - !<}'; 2-
; 3 - ; 4 - w n~;'5 -
lrr ~ 1u; 6- r.11-.rr
; 7- r > ; 8- n
; 9- . r ; 1 - Jiall!\113 r.q
; 11 - r-t\'!\ .~<J> ; 12 -
r- !I.!J; 13 - r r1.: 14 - 1'!
nopllle; 15 - ; 16 - nr ; 17 -
n- 11 ; 18 - n!' J!'; 19 - n
- J J<; 20 - < tJ\>1 ; 21 -
. - ; - n11 ; -

r-r:: 1
,
'~! i (. 3.316).
n
,
.. , ' , .
, .1 .

-r
.

126
: n 1 ~1 r
-..i\ n. , ,
1- . r 11
!5% n nm
. anafta n
r J<. mm 61J<1 ..
!Jf.l n.
K~DflQHOlpDI/UUI/IeJ/b .~/QKCU.11QHOlO aaeiiUJ/ )'
n ; n. 'r r
i .

n t mt n tr
JI Jl\ 11i - m,
n n n 01l<pr.maec TOililiiBO
110 1011 .
- n 1\
, 1. :I' tla n
1 .

l\llt , 11nn 1 lla.


n- 11 n ru
(. 3.3\), .1 . 1
n Jt. , 10
r1 nr
4 , r 2,7 .. .4,5% .
11- uII 1(1/ 11
f 110 (. .l), noeetttro iI-!.
n1 oopwJt n11 .
nopm11 n
il.
nopJLIIUI . nJ!
(. 3.3 \ ). i
11 11 n nr, . 1
t'J m t1 u 1 1 n .
111 nn, 1 n<t
m , n
1 11. :rrol\
n 11. rr 11iI n
n n1 n !t, 111. .1
mt, noptDI1 n

11 n 11. .10 .

11 '
, 1 'r u -
1- n.
,'UI J n- u
11 1 11
'I!Ji.. !i n111.1f n -

127
t , 1IJI
.
aii!IJ ft rr
, . r
-- ,
JJ\ n .r . , n
aptfl(OBOJ"O , ,
nf'r . n.t
nnt, nr rr
u (. 3.32).

l'~t 3.32 - -r : 1- n ; 2- 11
3 - n; 4 - ttl! : S - fr nopcltl,; 6-
n; 7 - rr; - ; - rrp .r )'r

'l rt<tt n11 n


r ( 3.33), liJI n LmpyMI!II

128
11
n .

J . - !rn n : 1 - uu; 2- r rrr


n; - ; 4 - n

11 ,tm w
Jl 1,
. 3.34.

3.34 - r : 1 - nycoeon ; 2 -
n: - n 11 J1; 4 - -rI! 1"8r 1; - n
M8CJIO; - I

129

. 3.35.

3.35 - - 46
Wi!rtsilii: 1 - >; 2 - ; 3 - ; 4 -
II n ; 5 - JJ ; 6 - ;
7 - 11 ; 8 - rr r irr; 9 -
~ n nr; 10 - ; 11 - ! n n
; 12 - n m1t; I - 110 m; 14 -
. : - onlllfflO; -

130
n:
- , w m;
- , n n;
- IU'JJ n .
, ~
m .
Wartsila
.

n n,
n . n
, n n .
n ,
r , n <
n.

n n n
nn r rJ n n
r. n n
, n ~
11.. n r;.
ll m m~
n n.

11 t
.r .J:t . -
~ n
~\ .n . n 11 11
n . 3.36.
ynpaellli , n
t')J rm, J(m n.
.

. n
., rt ero n
n .

O'rnoa n
~~ . rr11 n
nnn ero , n rr ~

r 1- n n

n1 n
n n:n.

n n . 3.36.
1- n ,
!l ~
.
n r n.

131
n ,
n , - .
u:
, , .I1JI <1 '!J),
, ero rr rr
, r n

r n. <I.i. n ,
paolliJ\I n, m n
.

3.36- n rloant~oro anafJa: 1- ; 2-


; 3- rl! ; 4- .r n; 5- ;
6- n Jjr n; 7- n rr an<UJa; 8- rt
n; 9- n~<t. - n ; - n r~<; 8-
n; - 'f n ; - ' nn .UJ.II

132
nopr,rr nI.I ~t
n'f n 30 . .
.~ . 3.37.
pJot rDl
, n,
.
m n n nopmo n

- (pnc. 3.37).
n n
n . m, n
n ,
1 J.U'I11,, n R n

: (. 3.376).
) 6

3.37 - <J\n: - ru1; - n


"n; - ; - n; 1- OI'JJai,Iirre 1<11 n
; 2- r r I< ; - n; 4- Jlf.\ n
n n ; 5- mf n n
; 6- n-..r : 7-
n nrr. - n ru; - n ; - r1

, n R,
n n . n
n, it
.

n JIBBI:IOo ,
n n n u
. n -

133
-11)11

, r .
nJl n111r, (. 3 . 37).
D
n1t . , <J J'!l:
nn . t(lfll

po n.
I onmma n n n:m.")'''I
n Lll, n
(. 3.37). '!, n
, \:1 110110
J-" .

t z-11
n, ,
erc
. i< ,
n JJ rr \,
n , n
. L10y'llla WECS 7500.
J<1 ,
n W"ECS 2000.
n n . 3.38.

rl
/ /~
2if 1
1
4/
3.38 - /l < t
\VECS 7500: 1 - nlffil; 2 - 1 J
; 3 - iJI mii ; 4 - ii ; 5- ><
r WECS 2000; 6 - ".

,
n ,

134
1' n w-l111
. .

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m I .
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137
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138
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l'''' 3.43 - r1'11 n!!: 1 - n li


coca; 2- nu; 3 - /1QJJU1'11 ; 4 - n; 5 -
; 6- n n n!'i; 7- 'l; 8 - 01; 9 - r1'n
r. n; 10 -

1 nl n
n .
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.

139
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140
3.45 - n-r u& < /I
r "Q w&: 1- ; 2- ; 3- JJJyep;
4 - r; 5 - i

t. 1111 n n n
rmt . nm! 11~1
r n 1\ .

n ru1 u n,
) .

' :rmi t n
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n, 111 IUI 'rr . ,
n rail,
r pacnhi.JI1'C , : .

3.3 - k-!l
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no pewe}IJIM, 110
11. 1l.
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141
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n . 3.47.

=::=~ uk~ d~ - w
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>J 3.46 - J<)'n~11


: Jt .11; 2 - li ; 3 - r
J-
r ; 4- 11 ; 5 - ; 6 - pery-
n~op r n & ; 7- ;
8 - n ; 9 -

WJm
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142
r nn Juml
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k 37 - n J< n n
it -<m.r- n : 1- rtra-rcn; 2- yrtpanerur r
Jr; 3- rt. ortoil nn; 4- n ; 5- rpyon otc
KII n; 6 - ; 7- lt 1rJrr nr; 8-
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143
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>~ 3.48 - ~< Comon RaiJ


.~: - nn ( ); 6- n;
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mll (uepllote) (. 3.48 )


. paelill il n (: !-i
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144
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J!n n . 3.49.
rn
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n n
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145
3.49 - n n r- Cormon Rail u
i!: 1- n ; 2- ; 3- n ;
4- n ; 5- ; 6- r1-

Rail
m .
t

n
. Itx
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. 3.50 n Delpbi
. .

3.50- nr n Delphi -r Conuno


Rail : 1 - I; 2 - n ;
3 - Jl; 4- n; 5 - nepenycoi\ ; 6 - nJI
; 7 - 3nrnt n n n; 8 - n
JI ; 9 - n u n; 10 - n-
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146
n t ~ ~.-n8r
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.

1 1 I nr
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6 3 6
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n.1n . ptt nt r
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(. 3.5 J ). n n JJHl
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147
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r (6) 11 yxceIJ)1Diioro . (q) xapai<epllCTita n: 1 - n
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rnr nJl r,
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148
r t . t n tt n flpOJtcxo

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t! .
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3.52 - rtl-ll 11111 DFPI Delplli


Common Rail II ; - 111! ; - n ; -
n n; 1- 11 11; 2-
r1; 3- nnr 11 r111nr n; 4- 11
rmacltt ; 5- n ; 6- 111 n ; 7-
; 8 - oniUICJi ; 9 - n11; 1 -
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. -1t r ; 13- lt n.r

149
n !! nr
II n 11 . 3.52 3.526. 1 0 cryeiOt
n . 3.52.
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n11 l:! rr<rs ~t
r'\) r 11, n

120... 180 . n nnl!


nJJ l! n cro 11.1
. 3.53.

3.53 - r r 11 ()
n ero : 6 - ~ arc"''t\HII. ru, HJIJI 11 -
11: 11 - epXJIJI CCIIIJI XOI!e H3O HCIIJI TOIIII811, HIIHJIJI 118 1181 ;

1 - ; 2- porop; 3 - :rrt. .111; 4- n; 5 - r1 'f)'


11 n; 6- Jr~rrn ; 7- .n; 8 - wyL~CP n
rl! ; 9- n ; 1- nr,.
r; 11 - u 11"" n; 12 - n
ll ; 13 - nr r r ~;
14 - n111 ;11 r 11J1

1\ rr n, n
m n. n

150
n l\'I
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n, .1

t I\ R.

;1 r1t nJItt n 1-
KJJana n n, n
nn RI)' 1.rr. rul , n
11IJ , n n., 8r
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n..1 . 3.54 11 3.55.

t 3.54- n I 1'1111:1 F Delphi I1JI C IIC're/14 Common Rail


11t - nn 11t r cewon
n I'IIIOCKOC>t yr.lOM 120"; - ni\ II II\1 IIC:OC
IIX n; 1- -i>ti 11; 2- ; 3 - .1n n; 4- nstyep;
5- nil ; 6- tnn .~an!UI; 7 - onym<a n.- n;
8- rrii ; 9 - . n); 1- .~!U\ n ll

151

Jt , L n,

. -
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m1.

n Bosch, . 3,55, ,
120 , n tr
nm m ! i, r
J 1 120 .
J .

J1 4.125 - Tllf\ Boscb Common Rail


J<: - t 11; - ; 1 - 1
; 2 - ; - ; 4 - ; 5 - 11 t ;
6 - 1'1 ; 7 - 1 h-w; 8 - rnn .;
9- ; 1 - J\

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.

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L'Orange GmbH. 11 -J
4000 MTU,
.
n
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n, >~

. n ,
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m
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153
. !l "')'mt
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3.56 - - L' Orange GmbH


Rail li : 1 - J.la!l
n ; 2 -- ; 3 - ; 4 - ; 5 - JI
n ; 6 - ..11r n n
noaeii: 7 - ,.: 8 - n ;; 9 - rrr JJ;
1- ,;,;

r1 :
m 1; 1.
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n rlJJ !! 11 .
140 lla n n 330 ~~;; (275 ), n
n 30... 50 .
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.

11u m
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154
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3.57 - r n : 1 -
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.
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n .
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n, n.
nn, , J()Jana m,
: 1. 10
Delphi n . 3.58.

155
}'}! 3.58 - n Delpl1i:
1 - n ; 2- n
; 3 - oprryc n; 4 - ; 5 - ; 6 - I!U
n ; 7 - ; 8 - ; 9 - n1 n; 1 -

- n , ~tr
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n
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156
, , , 1r
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3.59 - -- 8 :
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4 - JJ~~; 5 - nt; 6 - r ; 7 -
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11 !J.
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157
, n, .
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n , /
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. . 3.60 n
- n .

t- 3.60 - ..~r~-t > :n n: -


1 01'pa!H1'C!IJ>HOro n~:~; - n 1, -
1'1111 n; tJ - ~'l'I JIHII r o:r . 1-
; 2- n npylia n; - ~ n; 4- n;
5- n

n n n!
n tf n r.r .
n n11..8
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158
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159
r r
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m . 3.62 , , , ,
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4 . 3.63), , t1! .
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5 . 3.63) t.:
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160
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3.61 - r rr .n~: -
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11II; 2 - rt rut r,r.n; J - nu ltro;uoro
n: 4 - roJrraoro .11; 5 - TOIIJIIIOU
; 6 - r rut ; 7 - 110 r
n1111 11rr .~ .r; 8 - 9 - rurrn
n 11;
ynpao.ncJt ; 1- n;
11 - . n,,;
12 l! :ln; 13- BIJCIIIIIi ; 14 - .~1t11; 15 - n-
1101\; 16 - nn ; 17 - r
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n; 18 - i>Jr n; 19 ; 20 -
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161
3.62 - r ~ nJL" r:
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1 1Jt'r:

r n
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162
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3.63 - nQ\1 nQ n n
nn Q 111: 1- CliHJUl r
; ; 2- yc>~mc i!!!; 3 - ; 4- .
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163
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3.64 - n. r
n. n: - 1.rr; -
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164
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w. npo\:U!e
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nL\t ceelllie. :r, BOJIH ,
m< 1m, n /ie n
nm, n
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.

3.65 - 4000
MTU ntl'I n opcyi<JI: 1 - n
; 2 - r~ n; 3 - 1 r1; 4 -
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165
n n
220 fvffia, JJ ~-tr
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166
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110 3.66 - ii w n onnwsa n1


lf r~t~~ ! n ll&nae: - WUI
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167
nn 'l r n
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4. t
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9. \i n RT-flex
n ?
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12 ,
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n Common Rail.
13. , <
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168
14. 111
n : Wartsilii.
15. n r-
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17. 111 wm .w
Wartsila.
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n RaH I'!I'r
Caterpillar.
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Common Rail ?
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.

23. Ji -!i
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24. -n
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25. n
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26.
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27. ,
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n. n , n .

169
4

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.
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nw (3 8 ) (41 0).
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J .1 -
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(NOx) ( 30 %)
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, n (
.n, . Liqueficd Natural Gas (LNG)) -
160 11 n
0,135 ...0,15% . EcJJ
n SI LNG- ~f 74000 3,
cyt101 ' 74 ~~- ,

600:1,
3
44400 t t. t -
tteypa , JJ l
n nm~ rr
.
, , l\
r ,

170
( r Volatile Organic
Compounds (VOC)). \t ru ,
n 't 6n1 LIOropali t'.
m1 n 11 ra,1 >~,
r ~1 tt I,, 11
r:t . pc'IJI peiica lt 300000
.t - ~1 nli
0.111 lt ocrurnyr 0,6%
. - n
.

n 1 1n r ,
-r n iUi
1.6 . .1 ,h
OlliOCHCJIO n . \f
,l ,
n ( . . .
.11 Liquc (icd pctrole11 gas (LPG)).
n:~r onxra n u n
h n
L n. n n
n~r n - 11, n
, un1, n ..

n~
J! .r rr 01, .
\1 n r f< .
r n .
~ FliJ.I 11 , oycoiiJia
n !i .
n11 yco.IIJI l,l 1 n
n1 , . I'I
t h .h ;~.
r n. 1 ,
. , lllt:ta , n
. n , .
. t rn rh !
.
1r, r
n (dual-fuel (DF)), CCTh h , J~I
pamttrx n.
rm Jtr
un.'! n:

- l}
, r;

171
- 1\.l! BIICIUIICO ~tII 60C.1a.\tCHCIIIIC\f
<JWfi C.\JCCII tt opUJt JIOt.:too , roro
t ~
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u .\1 IJI, j) il!, n
t fi.
n 11 ctJOI.oa
HitCM t, . 1111
nt w n.

nt nm n m'J! n. 13n
, , \1311 .
I 1 t. 11
<uii n .

4.1 - n11u n t r>


t ~t rt

nt Jlllec/1 : 11
rR\t - n n m;J r
. n mr:
- tLII (np~-t lt tJ
n:n ) t n 1 '0
n, ~ 11 : 11130:11
);
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n n .
11s .\Jlt
RQ)fO>KHOCI! n 1. 'd CJteiIC \I
1, r 1:.
. n , IICJitJx , R t lt
!l3r J"J\ , n :

f t n
I. r1'
n r n
li (. 4.1 ). ,
t r .
ero 1,9 . n
2,2 n n r1.
<.'m (
), n
m i)'t
J JJtu
.

n , t \l
IICI(jiOBI J! nJ -

172
et(rre- ,
1 :n n~>~~!
rr. lfX 1:1 l'
, :) nepe<sJe 111 .

~ 2,2
~
Qj 2.0
::;,
~
<11 1,8
<::
""
,g 1,6
QJ
<:> 1,4
~
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::. 1,2
:
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1.0
~ 0,8

0,4
0,6 0,8 1,0 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2,0 2,2
t

11 4. 1 - >r s r s, <.
'" no I!IVIY , 'luJt s 11rr (
Wi!rtsi: - - - NO,, n. 1 r/(); - - - -- - ~s1 11r:
J - II '1111, 2 - OJJM1UibHX llapa.epos J - JJII r

.~ r r s11
}( ~.s
rr,
-. 11 - J!(r,
. 4.2.
. - n
, r 1\ rJ-~
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r m. - I
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.
n 1 'I)'
C~fcceJth, R n
(. 4.). r r n ,
.
, nn n
.
<I' r11 . 1

173
,
n .JJ !,
&, r
. (. 4.36). t (. 4.)

4.2 - .n- -JJ : 1- -


; 2- CJJCa r ; 3- rv1ana; 4- t.ll ,

4.3 - ,rt ~tpoL{CCc ra.oooro r3 -


: - n UJ . !J, 1\ w -
; - n 11 r.rl! Jc1<phl n rr
; -

174
ru m q
~ ~ :r , 'ITO MOllUIOc r <J

.. m, ,t r. r,
rr , .
~>."ft.~> , /\1111
, 48%.
. 4.4 :1
t-~t r. KV-G Rolls-Royce. ll
J 1 ru1 n
.;tr n, J'{) :I.
(n. Witrtsilii 34SG)
11 4 n, ;).L\1 11.

/1_
t t

1 !....__ _ _ _ _ _ ,
1

1 3

5 6 7

11

j 16 -- -
[)

13 l

4.4 - ~ 3:301\ r KV-G Rol ls-Roycc:


1 - ~ Rf1; 2- J) nn
; 3 - ; 4 - ; 5 - pery
; 6 - ; 7 - t< ;
8- I<Jiaa ; 9- u .. ; 10 t
n r ~<r-r; 11 - n ')~8> n <I
~:,; 12 - r 111t 1; 13 -
11l!; 14 - n8!1 11 11.r.; 15-
: 16 - ; 17- 6.J I J .,
n , n 11 ..

175
r . r. -
.1 n:t p<mro u t'111, n
r r n . 4 .5.
l' ~ Catcrpi1lar n )~J.tr"1 ( i 3500.
Ri1yx nn r, n .
n 11 I! l!l,
n.1 !l n'
.t nn n .

< 4.5 .. r G 3500 Caterpillar; 1 I(Op


tryc "; 2 1v1 ; 3- n n ; 4 - n
rao~oro n; 5- -1 n r rrp1180.:1a ra.ouoro n
; 6- 1

n ,
n,
; t'()rJ~r .:1. m~ , n
, n mi , nl{)r
r, nf! ).{ rr
. 11 ,r .1 ,
u. !{) n 1)'1
.

176
. .. <
nn n n .


, CJiyae
n !i n. n
r n. n
.r . t
11 ,
. ,
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. u !. Caterpillar. n
r G 3600, 4.6.
1 n
, , n,- r
n n n.r .
2420 , - 21 lla.
, . ,
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. n, 1<
nu , n n f.
ll nn n r ,
n
.

11ft ,
n . .
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, n n,
, '! , npy-
ifbl, 13. . . ni.
.:st .
/./JI . Jin
. ,
r n, n n <
.

r n 'l n
- m n

. nnr r 1-1
. , ,
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. r n
,
, , , .
n n ,

177
9

ESi3
~
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EUJ

1< 4.6 - ~ ()' rlt


11 G 3600 JI Catcrpi llar: 1 - n . 1t; 2-
w1~; - n ;
4 - np11o.na n r- ; 5 - ;. r1<11 u
t- : 6 - n n : 7-
rr JIJ r J' w~t.; 8- t'
; 9- r ;!

4.2 - ltr
mJ~1 m1

n. n11 epexar<TfffiiX
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.

n J-: r 1
r 01 n.
. JI, n

178
n n, 1\ n
r1.
1\ n
, n (r (. 4.7).

) aJ 8)

)' 4. 7 - n 1 r rJ' 1
11 : - ~nt< !il\
; - n nr n; -

}Uf:J
m..1 :
- n i i.L n '!I r
;

- n
.
u n r<I
: .
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, nn l ( rm1)
- ( ).
n n n :
n 1'n ,
)! .

t" r .
n n
15 ... 20% .. .

179
1'111!
;. . 1 r >~,
, J.tJ 1 ,
. n
t< (. 3. 1), J<
11 ~ nn 11.
t'J)', ,
, yxyCIIJJIO
.

n n.~>
Ji , 1t 't
. r n
N , Wiirtsil11 . ,
.
n
n; r U!l,
, r W!!rtsil!l SODF, Jt 46
( 460 500 ), N 51 /60,
N 48/60 ( 480 510 ) .
,
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HFO,
. n r
.

rrarem; n rn
~. n n MAN
r -, ~1 \Vartsila -
.

r r-m >~
,
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n (. 4.8).
n ,
)j:j , , n:nom1e -.
~r n .

n !I r r
n n,
ero .
,
'lli noaqy . ~
. r1
rrr, n ycoj:jtrBYJO r1
r. ~ n IJ
1.. . 5 %.

180
4.8 - raopeJJ~IiO) ,nu- 50DP Wfu1si1a ~
n~ 11 :
1 - Ltflilltpa; 2 - n 11 38
t1Moorn n; 3 - ; 4 - n 3.6 n11 ; 5 -
KO>Iq>X <t<!ODO~ ; - IQ83 !I; 7- CMCCit1e.rt.b

n . trr 1'I.n
W!i.rtsil!i 50DF 11r8!1 . 4.9.
r n I!< n
J! n
L'Orange Gmbl-1 (. 3.56), n n 'f
. n , ,
ffi! n.

181
rn 90 .
J(J(,
. .

1
? 1/

4.9 - Cxe~ta mn1 r.n


\Vartsila nJ n.r n: 1 - -
1' ll'! n u n; 2- u n11
ll' r; 3- u1 r onmwa r n; 4 -
; 5- n ; 6- 1; 7 - -t
n n; 8 - n n; 9 -
; 1- J Yllp3JIJICt(IJJI; 11 - r 1.1;
12 - rn; 13 - t r' .;
14 - rm r n

. . 4.1 .
, ,
- ,
rmli n ,
. paC JUI'l'eJI
: - n :
- n . n01<1
m .

182
4.1 - r!1r 111'1Wt SODF' \Viirtsilii
. n lt/toro oruaJ-tn3: 1 - u1-.. .
r_ n; 2- 'tl KJtana nr' 1ur; -
nyc n..r; 4- n 1t; 5-
! n ; 6 - ; 7 - ;~t n n
nt nt; 8 - :>~-t<.Jt ; 9 -
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w
.
OC1'1\I:IOBI01 J . n
Jt 80% .

\83
n ~ . rt.
a.e J''reJJx nfu-.J n
m, n . 4. 11.

4.11 - rn Wi!r1silii ra
: 1 - rna;Jft rs t; 2, 8 - ; - ; 4 -
n 11 n; 5- n 1rr 101n "
1:; 6- ~ ; 7- 8.1'J\J11.t
; 9 - l! ; 10 - u r11; 1J -
n :m 1>; 12- n ~11r r

- . 1'J ~1
, :11
0,4 . rr r n MlllJ.IJiliRoe ,
. ~<0*-J', 11m

n . 11 n 1 n
n n n'!, .
1 r'! Ji. . t-u

iur . n ,
rl{, J
60% n -
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rJJ
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n}IJI ii .
n n
,
<i .

184
n 1 n. r
1) 1'1\- ,
J1 - uq n .
tnu n t
. Jr
. . r .J'fl
<r n .}l
m n r ~'I-I(1: 111:1 1'1\
.

() >'!-' rl! rn JJe


r!!.
u n .
1'1\r ,
(. 4.12).

4. 12 - n ra.~a ww () 'I' ()
. 1- <r ; 2- ; 3- !1r ; 4- n
; 5 - n; -

185
cocowr . . tl,
)1 : JF IU1111, ~
t~ .. .
, pll 1 - . llpiiTrac
. n
1 'd 1'1:1.
mf
r .1 i1 .

pacrre m
rt R11J.<u li, .ua
, rr~ J;~r
.

4.3 - . 11 1'11. ru Jr.


r Jl .r1r

.1:r:r r:U! <~ .1 oC'ra


TO'tHO , rr1 11 n
nn n, ~r .
11 w { r-w ..r1
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r: ." r :~, ')
n. l!11 rroce Jm r
iJ r"..

J.410 .1 r :
- n Jrr r
,r u ;

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r\d .

.11 r IJ: :nr: .n': u r


-n ripoecca raJ
wrm, . (. 4.13 ).
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n .
.

: i\IR'f
i Wiirrsi.lii.
:t n, -' 1:, ', n q
n m1, r

rnmr . - n-r n I
, n (. 4 .14).

186
) 6) fJ)

" 4.13 - n 'nr rr ~11r <)lt


ut ! n n 1 i< r:
- 110 uu U11JI11; - r; - u~ r ~ .

r Ji. I"
r ~m, . nn
.
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1
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r r 1
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: n 1'!.!

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UBC rJt
.

N n r
IJ tJ ,
r. , 01r

1< mmr , }1 n
. , n
.

. r :)1
: w . >!
n r.n. 11pouecc r1111 110 JIJti Gl
(Gas Injector). n ()
~~ :r ~1. n n

, () J!
l)'il. .

l87
;~, 11 u1 JI. o
JICC mr: , n ru
r:- .~t (LPG) ltII (LNG).
t~ll ltJ(QM L1 11 I ..l U .l
r-t .
(11 u n n ), 110
:IJI 1
, , n 1\fJi, 5... 8 %.

) )

PHC)IIOK 4 . 14 - Paottii u ny>..,.k"1110f0 r 8Jt/'ae.u !\ nu.1


01 ak-ra C311\JI: - ~<">~ u; - n . r.... ~ r11;
- paottll

r1 <rr n
rl LNG- r , I\'
: n, '11'0
n 80 ... 90% n .\! rr u
. !I 11il.
40 ... 50%. 1'0
1 n .~ 011
. , n , nocryn310ero .
. u rr
. , 11.\! m t11 rt (- 195,75),
n . ~ .1JI ..1L1 J
11 :

188
-n n. . (. 4 . 15). (
(D, MGO,
F). 25%- n ur
J. n 11 .nJ
, n u ;

- n > (. 4. 156),
nL n.
r n R IJJ.
n niJ.

r ,
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rJ .

.,
1 .-<
1
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10 Jt '-b SO 60 7080
~~ 9010~ 78 )D 1 50 60 10 80 90 IQg
ift.t.t{JIJBD. 2' Hn~py~o. ;t

4. 15 - r r.n:
- n 1 ~ - n 8cero pacnoara-e .
onJ

4.3.1 - , na
(L NG)
J. n ra.1onoro
, ~ n, n
'l , n
: .
r , LNG, JlJ! -
n

nt ~ Cryostar.
n 6LP2SO-SS-J 1.JJ . 4.16.
n L f . n
n 30 .
-t. .
n .
n L
1-1n n -160 -40.
1-1r
. , n
JJ:r , no -

l89
, .1 :J t' 'i
11 r. ~1 -[ ,
rr: IJ
nr , n
.

4.16 - raouoro n 6CP2S0-5S-1


Cryostar: 1 - ~~ .111 ; 2 - ; J - ru ; 4 - t11t n
n; 5 - tl 11 n; 6 - J1I1 t"~ n~
; 7 - n noll nt; 8 - "

190

n. .!(l!r onJf8a, :
. 1,
r11 , n

11 .

, , ru.
811 n n, r
, n J'I

.
60/11 Cryostar . 4.17.
1 15 30 .
JJ. n .
mr !'.
- n
JI ., 1.1 )'
.

1
\ 1
1\ \

\
\ 1
1
\\
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4. 17 - .J< n ncoJ<oro t t 60/1J


Cryostar: 1 - ; 2- w11n; 3 - -r; 4 - un; S- n.n
; 6- n .; 7 - q~ n
; 8- JI nopiueJ>; 9 - ru. ; 10 - n
\

r .1
r,
.

n .
n 1:, s -1
n, n 1.1 w,
.
101 ,
l> . 'l"d ,
50%, n -

19 1
150% u .
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n Dr
, < n~~ n 30-
u. ,'>'"t n m, kJ
m- , f~> .
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., . n
n n . r
n ,
r r. .

r . 4.!8.
n
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re 0,4 .. .0,8
, .
n n Q ,
t r-160 lt .

4.18- pare>rr r r-s 1 ME-GI:


1- rn ; 2 - ; 3 - n ; 4 -
ll ; 5 - ; 6 - u
n n; 7- ru

192
, rt
.
r nr . 4 .1 9.
4.196 ll, '' 110. . n
, !( n

n. n nn-
n nn n nn
nn n rt.

) 800

~ 600
i&
., 400 :
/\ t
\
200
1 \

\ ...
00 5 10 15 20 25 35 40
IJUI nr.J8l){iQI!!O, ~pcd

4.19 - n11 ME-GI ()


raOOJ'O roru111Ba (): 1 - 11 npltoo";
2 - ;1 ; 3- ru r TOJ1Mma; 4- >t
; 5- ; 6- r ; 7- >tltJ<
JJ n D (FJV ); 8 - l! I<n n rltu
~ (ELGI); 9 - 30 ; - - --- n
n; - - -

n nq &m OFJOM ,
: , n
nn, n r. ,

.
,
,
''d!l .
n.

n n .
4.20. . 4.21.

193
4.20 - ;~ii - : 1 - n ;
2 - n; 3 - ; 4 - ru ;
5 - nopWCJJ. n r ; 6 - it
; 7 - JJot< ,~ ; 8- .q
st

t
u ,
. 20 Ul'!
.
ae
ffiiJI npouecce n n.
, n ,
.
r- n
rr t
(. 4.21). t
n I.fI n
n -

194
in. n , nn opcylilia,
1! (.
4.216). m1 ,
t. , n
, nn n n n
. .1 l"\
J n.
. n 4
, n n .
n
(. 4.21). i<m, n n
.

8 9

.., 1
!1
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1
1

----- 1

~ L!.!J
--- iV- J!l - -- --

~ 4.2 1 - .n ynpanelii<J! n r n ero : - n


rd ~ ; - nl3:1 r ; - n
nr ~, 11 u; - ~, n
I!- 1- 1.; 2- ;
3 - n npoyBI(Jt;
4- n r ; S- ~;
6- ; 7 -
II o~eJ!Oil n; 8- n ; 9- n
u ; 1 - w~ ynpawtJIIoeo ; 11 - ~~ n~
nq

r \1-r
, , mn
, n ,
i< (. 4.21).

195

,
( . 4.21).
11
r - ,
1 n .
, ,
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J . 4.22.

11- 4.22 - - E-GI: 1 - n n


; 2 - nu t; 3 - nn r .~
'I Jl; 4- JiaiJa; 5- rn 11; 6- ~ 111

r11 r
,
.
cepJiefl nocrynae

qr . 'r
UWi

196
u. , ,
.
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fl n , n
, n.i rur . .'lf
n: !I
n1t ,
m. r n.!I r

0,2 ... 0,3 ,


.. '.t Ji . ~:
J&tJ .

4.3.2 - ,
(LPG)
- rr , :rr
, n . 4.23.
}

/ 800


!\
! \
200
! \
~ ,\
5 10 15 25 35 40
':12011 qt. ;

4.23- 1"0 r -01,


<~r () n..1r r (6):
1 - R 111i01 ; 2 - n n;
3- n Jt>.- TOJJJJua; 4- iUI n; 5 - ;
6- r : 7- .1 11n n (FJV ); 8 -
n 11~ (EI~G/); 9 - .1 l\
r ; 1 - )I ; -----
n;-- -

197

, nn 8
. . ,
. :n
, ~f .
J LNG LPG
, 4 ,
50 ... 55 . ,
r .ri n
'l' . .
nn n n . 4.24.

4.24 - IUI r : 1- rl!


..1; 2- rr ra3a 3 ; 3- r ..1
;r10 ; 4 - 110 50 ... 55 ;
5- 'J)'60 :i'/ 1(11; 6- .
r.

198
, n
_
, 1 \! n
.
.

J', J
n 0,3 ... 0,4 .
. 4.25.

4.25 - ~ n : l -
r~Ua; 2- 11 t- r~Ua ; 3- n u
; 4 - ; 5 - n ;
6- ; 7 - ,l 1<:1; 8- ntJJ
r1 ; 9- n 10r n
; l -

199
t
. n
n r. n
.~ . nu
!r raonoro
.

n, n N, ,
n 1 nr no-
aII . ;" !R 'ru
t n Jr
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~11 .
:>r
.
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r 11r .

11 nt

1. r :
r'?
2. n 11 i1 noJey?
3. r : n
r IIKJJy?
4. a
OBIJIX 11 I!I B II aCJIJIX .

5. n -1<
; - .
6. n r' u r
- .
7. n 1:11!r
Wt.iupax ?
8. m- n :rt
. n n 11 t
n ?
9. n1' n
r:1 .

1. n
.

11 . ,t1 ynpaellil n
n E-GI
N.

200
12. n .~
1 E-Gl
N.
13. 06- n -1 t'r

\Vartsila.
14. rr 1
J.
15. .1- ~ r
: .
16. ~<' !J
J n.r
?

201
5
n

n
fi:Jf rn n n,
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n-r n
, r1

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.

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n.. 0111:
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n Ji n

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n , : i 1.mq,
Jpci<JfaJJw.t, n .


11 . ,
n nn , >t 11 r.

5.1 - tt

m,
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JJ- r.: :{/:1 n,
r r
.
n.
noepXf!ocr r1 , 'l

r, , .
<J
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n
,
n . 4... 16 n. m:-
202
r, nJ-t
L' ru.

n:lf n ,-
n, : 1

. n , k"
,
11pouecce !. n <n
11. n,
, ,
r .

5.1.1 - ,
t ~t
. 5.1 ,
r n<nm n,
n. n n
, F .
n n n
0,4 n
, , n
70 25 /3
n , n
r , .
,
t 50 .
. 5.2.

5.1 - nt n n 1 r
( , )

203
n 11 n-
:

- n i';
- ;
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n .
. 5.3, n t",,
. 5.1, , 0,6
n n t- nr>
, (. 5.2). eJ'o
fl n n ~L :I'
n n (. 5 .2,
. 5.3).

$.2 - !< onima: 1-


t ; 2 - ; 3-
; 4- ; L - r er-o
n; k- u ; s- . .r
;
d- 11 J. Jit. rl!; - yt'Q n

DJ : n
.r ,
~ .u n1
ero .
n, n ,

.
n
,

204
nn, JJ .

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235
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11 5.21 - lt\1 1111 n1 n rao pacnpeee


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!I -<: S- n: 6 - n .1

. 5.22 n,
11r l! N .

r. r t:
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237
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nn n n n ,
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1< 5.23 - >~ i!JI


yrna onepeeHIIJI n ut,t
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238
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240
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. 5.26 n - NOx n

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242
l 5,7 l
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n 1200 480 ppm.
1300
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"-"

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16.37 16:38 16.39 16:40 16-41 16:41 16:43 16:44 16:45 16:46
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60 10 80 90 100 Ub

5.27 - 7S60ME-C MAN


n ( - ) n (- - )

243
-rJi
n Sulzer 1\
lf nt RTA.
VTT (. 1.6.1),

. Fuel Qua1ity Setting
(FQS). n
nIJ ,
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2.5

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- 1,0
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z du;e!J, %

5.28 - n!\ VJ FQS r RTA

nn r , FQS JI
n 0,0 ... 1,02
VI.

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rrrr l! .
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.
nI : <.: VIT (n. 1.6.1)
FQS - -

244
:l\ }f
( 11 ) ),( r. (. 5.29).

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Jq:em!JlJLi llUKII V/7
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50 60 90 100
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................
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--- 80% VI

-----
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80% V/T
r V/

5.29 - V!T FQS rn. n


RTA: - ,
IJ r 11.t n u1 6 atiiJC>tMOC n
r n; - VJT npouecc
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245
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n (. 5.24).

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3126 Caterpi1Jm
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(. 5.306). n
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)

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5.30 - - " " 3 126


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; - ; - .n li u; - Jtr r
; 1 - w ru; 2 - lr!' 11J.f;
3 - ; 4 - ; 5- 1< n

246
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247
Rr , !1 ll
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248
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60 - 10 10
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60
5.33 - Opraitau< paotero 11 tt
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249
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250
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251
6

. n n
, r .
no s,
J
, rrr
r!r , nr l . tn-

, , rr,
1:1 . , MAN, I:I
18V48/60
(NOJ, lf Jf 4%
, 136 / , I<
460 . 0,35%
, (NOJ 0,17%,
(S02) 0,15%, () 0,02%, Jr ()
0,007% '1311 () 0,003%.

(NO.), <.-r. 80 . .. 90%
. 8 NO, "' -

, m.n <I!
. 0,004 ...0,008% ..
. n ,
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252
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n , .

6.1 - x:oillCI'O 11

AfAN m11 NO,


. n Munters
Euroform m , Humid Air Motor (),
m1 n 99% (. 6.1).
120 ... 130
<r 8J1 , n .
, nrr1'0 ,
99%.

6.1 - lt
Munrers Eu.-oform: 1 - ; 2 - ; - CJJo ; 4 - ;
5 - 110. ; 6 - n ; 7 - 'I: 11; 8 -
; 8 - n

253
n' , t 1 :
l NO, 70...80%. , n
wt tt

Wllrtsi/ti t 'f n )'J>i'i


, nn t

(Combustion Air Saturation System (CASS)), . Marioff .


n lllt-t n '!t
r (. 6.2). , .r
:, n t
473 n 75 /. ~t n
, rJ . n
60 !' .
War1si\!i, n- NO. 3 /(.).
mr
nllt noc:te /Jnll.

110 6.2 - JJJJ 11 Wartsil~: 1 - n


; 2- 11 n : 3- ;JJ; 4- nn

6.2 - nr r

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11f , ,
m, ..~ ..1FI n

t.

254
lflt.insila n nyThl n
. n
15 ...70% 1. n.
blfLa 11 (. 6.3) .11
n , 1
(. 6.4). n n.1it
, rrmr n n nr
m,
21 .

1111 6.3 - n\ 11. coecrnoro n I 11 1 cropa-


lrn r.n 46 tip\f Wansilii

... ......... '.


~

; 6.4 - 11 u r ~)' ii
.v ll!<: 1- 11 ;
2 - ~tli ; 3- nopw
ii ; 4 - nl\ ynpaR.1eu; S - ; 6 , n
!>111 6 reepii'Opa n; 7- 1 nut rn
; 8 - nn

255
n .t
w
n n . n
, m
NO, 50 ... 60% 11!.
n Wiirtsila
n r. ,
, n
.
, l (. 5.29),
r n
J- . n JJ
J . 6.5. ri n
.,
. n m
, .
1999
- 'r~sfennica. n 7100 ... 7250
JJ. Sietas 12-
!- 46 Wiirtsi.

6.5 - ; fn .J
46 >~ Wii.rt.~ila: 1- . ; 2-
; 3- > ~<r n f; 4- .
; 5 - JJ; 6- >~. aJ'IIC1'j)a
n~

256
rn 1lU ,
!! COI\'j)an NOx 50 ...60 %,
n 2 ...3 /(><). n~t
d . 6.6.
I . 6.6, n 45 .
rnJf n 1 .
11
, rn
.
~m
.

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v '\.
/
v "
8
6
7
17
/ r" v 3 "" ""'-~

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1....-:::f ~ ............. _.,
.............
\2 1
7 \ ~- ---~= .. ....".,..- --,=
--~. -
-50 - -20 - 10 10 20 30 40 50
f/, zpad

6.6 - Xapa~<-rep n 1 46 I
Wartsila n~< ru : - - -
wtn; ----- n ttrt pacnwreJJ ; - - - - - n ttr
Jlt n

!..' nr1J
wrn .
JfI)' , 1' , 1!
J!I.- ,
, n .
Mitsublshi Heavy lndustries n n
n (SFWI) ,
t , n
11
(. 6. 7). , , ,
r1.
r , , 11

257
m 1 (. 6.76).
'rr Mitsuishi (JEC
52/ 105 . NO..,
n !.

6.7 - n .1 UEC 52/ 105


ilsublsli:
1 - ; 2 - n n
aweru; 3- ; 4- n ; 5 - ~-
t< !!; 6- ; 7 - J ; 8- t

, , .
J R m

, n , Jl
ffil n
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1
r..
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n nepel\lJBaec in
,

n n
n ri- .
n!l, ,
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258
6 Boda Tonu6o t
~

6.8 - r1rr JJ n 11
II : 1 - 3nrrr ; 2 - n n; 3 - rn rr;
4 - 110 r.qr ; 5 - r; 6 - 11<
rtatl UOJlJIIIOit rJi; 7 - n noiJ.I

n 11111111 -1 11

1. oraeJIJI, rn
n?
2. !.m ~ n' n11
?
J. n ,
1. t rJI.
4. n cttce~t
111 JI.
5. n ~ n ?
anaparypa n?

259

- ;
- ;
- ;
- :r ;
- - ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- R!{)'r ;
- ;
- ;
- n ;
rr - n;
CASS- combustio air sa.turation system;
DF - dual-fuel;
FQS - fuel quality sctting;
- humid air motor;
- hydraulically actuated electronic u it injection;
F - heavy fel oil;
lFO - itermediate fue l oil;
LSO - 1ntemationa1 organizatio .for standardization;
LNG - liquefied natural gas;
LPG - liquefied petroleu gas;
RFO- residual fuel oil;
SFWl - strati fied fuel \Vater injection;
TFO - tlti fuel oil;
VI- variae injection timing;
VOC - volatile organic compounds;
WECS - wi.irtsilii engine. control system.

260
I<

- 199
- r, 100-103, 194, 198,199

- 46, 71, 72, 78, 94, 95, 98, 99, 100, 115, 126, 141-143,
155, 156, 259
- r:;r 99, 100, 102
- 86, 88, 89, 90, 99, 100, 102, 123, 124, 126-128, 139, J 58,
176, 178, 185
- r;r r 175

- n 187
- 17 1, 172, 176, 179
- - 174, 176

- 61
- 19, 25, 41, 67, 86, 90, 99, 129, 142
- 91, 117, 119,127, 128, 163, 165
- 82
- JJ311RH 24, 27, 82, 85, 101, 103, 104-108, 1 l8, 194, 198
- anaJJ 19, 20, 23, 24, 27, 51, 60, 81-85, 100, 10 1, 131 , 132, 134,
135, 163 , 165, 166, 168, 184, 197, 198, 226, 231, 249, 260
- r1 14, 15, 39, 50, 55, 7 1, 88, 89, 111 , 114, 125, 148, 149,
151-155, 229,231
- n n-r 40, 67, 72, 81 , 82, 84, 95, 98, 111, 112, 119, 123, 195, 249,
260
- n 14, 83, 100, 147, 154, 162

- 13, 239

- nn 13, 63, 78, 144, 151, 153, 256, 259


- - 14, 51, 52, 60,62-65,78,79, 81 , 84, 86, 247

- rn 130

- 25-29, 45, 87
- 9, 117, 131,133, 135,159, 161- 164,168
- 34, 37, 51, 67
- . 98
- ' 230, 247
- 19, 67
- 204, 205, 215, 217

- n 58, 158
261
- !u, 'll!UJ 86, 87, 9 J
- :>i\"r 1, 51, 114, 117, 132
- n'I ., 97, 99
- n rm 188

- 83, 84
- pery 11i! 88
-- J 23, 124, 126, 127, 139

- 113
- 1, J2, 28, 93, 11 , 118, 122, 123, 132, 136-138, 144,
147, .168, 181- 183, 2.16, 223-225,228, 240, 241 , 247, 257
- - 175, 180
- J 174, 176

- 38, 4 J, 146, 155, 223, 227, 234

- 34, 6 1, 89

- r 57, 58

- 16, 114, 125


- r 158

262

1.
15888-90 ( 787611 -84). Anapwrypa n.
.- . 1. 1.92 - . : . -,,
1992.-12 .
2. .. nt ..
:-r: . 11. . .. , 2005. - 123 .
3.!I~ .. .'I 111 .
--: . . ~. .. , 2006.- 121 .
4. <ii .. CoJ.JpeMCIJHLJe 1.1 .
-: . . . . . , 2005. - 150 .
5. .. t n hi : it,
n t r11. -r: . . .
.. , 2005 - 134 .
. n .., E.l' . . .:
, 1990.-360 .
7. u . ., .. J J1r ,
2: .: , 2008. - 470 .
8 . li .. uyrpetrero , 1: .:
, 2008. - 282 .
9. r. ,
, , . .
.. ~1, , 2004. - 148 .
10. :.. J) r. . : .
m1 , 1970.- 181 .
11. tt .., .\J . ., B.l 1.
. . . 3-, .
11 . . : n, 1985. - 288 .
12. n .. n : n
!I, :. . : m
n, 1961. - 224 .
13. .., .., r .. r
m : . - : .
1999. -74 .
14. .. r1''I
. : . :>. . 2007.
15. .. ;t t rl! r
r Comrnon Rail. .: . . , 2000. - 64.
16. .., .., .. ii
t : \ 2- . - .: m
, 2005.- 344 .
17. r I'. !
. .4, J

263
, .., t .., . :
, 1984. -380 .
18.
. r
1 .., .., ..
. . : , 1990. - 289 .
19. nf : QJ LJ
. n
1 .., .. , .. .; .
. .., .. - 4- ., . . - :
, 1985.- 456 .
20. raeJlJI :
r r.. Jt sr
J 1 .., .., .. .; .
.., n .. - 4- ., . . - .: ,
1983. - 372 .
21 . . n. 3 - n J.J.
. .. , .. , .. - .:
, r , 1977. -479 .
22. .. n r .
. .: , 2009. - 256 .
23. . ., n< .. .
m : . n - .:
<.:-r, 2005.- 512 .
24. : I1JI
, m . "r
; 1 i"" 1 .. , . . , ..
, .. ; n. . .. J.J. .: , 2008. - 496
.

25. .., .., n ..


&r (). - , 2008. - 272 .
26. lf .., .., .. -
. - , 2009. - 224 .
27. .., ..
(, n). n. - ,
2008. - 296 .
28. .., .., . ., ..
i\" . - , <<n
>}, 201 . - 224 .
29. .., .. q JlJt ~m
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