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English-Russian

English-Russian
;
]

absorption ; ;
A-DNA - [,

(75% )
, , 11
]

abzyme [-,
;

,
]

a-helix - [
]

acceptable daily intake


[
( )
,

;
/ ]

a-linolenic acid -
[ ]
ab initio gene prediction
[
()
( ),
]

acceptable level of risk

acceptor

ABC transporter ABC [


]

acceptor control
[
(),
]

abiogenesis [
]
abiotic ;

acceptor junction site


[ 3-
5- ]

abiotic stress [

,
, ]

accession ;
accident ;

ablation [
,
;

]

accidental release
acclimatization
accumulation ; ;

abrin [,
Abrus precatorius (
)]

acetolactate synthase -
[
,

(,
, ); ,
,
]

abscisic acid
[]
absolute configuration
[

D- L ]

acetone
acetyl-CoA -

absorbance [
, ,
;
, ;

()

acetyl-CoA carboxylase - [,
(..
- ),

67

English-Russian
,
]

,
( ,
..)]

activator

acetyl carnitine [
,
,
;


]

active immunity
active immunization
active ingredient
active site
active transport [()
-,


]

acetyl co-enzyme A [-;


,


(, ,
)]

activity coefficient
[,


]

acetylcholine [
(.. ,

),
;

Ac-Coa
]

acurontm gene [


]
acute exposure

acetylcholinesterase
[,
,
]

acute illness

acid

acute transfection
[ ]

acute sample
acute toxicity

Acidic Fibroblast Growth Factor


acyl carrier protein - [()




]

acidosis [ ]
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

acylcarnitine transferase
[,

]

acquired mutation
[ , ..
]
acro -cyanosis ;
[ ]

adalimumab -
[ ,
2003

()
;

-]

acrylamide gel
actin [
,
]
activated charcoal
activation energy
[ ,
, 1

adaptation ;

68

English-Russian
adenoviridae

adaptation traits
[,
]

adenovirus
adenylate cyclase
[,
3,5-
]

adaptive enzyme
[,

]

adequate intake [

]

adaptive radiation
[ ()

]

adhesion molecule
[ (),
,

]

adaptive zone [,
]
additive
additive effect

adhesion protein see also:


adhesion molecule

additive genes [,
,
]

adipocyte
adipose [
]

adenilate cyclase [
,
()]

adjuvant [( )
,
, ]

adenine [ , 6, ,

()
()]

adoptive cellular therapy


[

,
]

adenosine [ (..
) ]

adoptive immunization
[ ,

]

adenosine diphosphate
[; 5-,

]

adrenocorticotropic hormone
[
39 ,
]

adenosine monophosphate
[; 5-,

]

adsorption [
]

adenosine triphosphate
[; 5-;

,
,
, ;
,
;

,

]

adult stem cell


[ ,

]
advanced informed agreement
[,




69

English-Russian
aflatoxin [ ,
Aspergillus flavus]

agar

adventitious ; ;
; ;
;

agarose
agarose gel electrophoresis

adverse effect ;

age group

adverse reaction
aedes albopictus

agent ; ; ; ;

aeration ; ;

agglomeration
agglutination

aerobe

agglutinin

aerobic

aging ;

aerobic bacteria

aglycon [
]

aerodynamic ;
aeromonas [ , ,
,
(..
, );

Aeromonas hydrophila; 25 ]

aglycone [
() ]

aerosol ;

agonists [
,
,
,
,
, ]

aerosol particle

agricultural

aerosol spray -

agricultural biodiversity
[
(,
),
]

aerosol vulnerability testing

aerosolization
aerosolize(d) ;

agricultural biological diversity


aerosolized biological agent


agrobacterium [,
, ,

]

aerosolizing
afebrile
affected party

agrobacterium tumefaciens
[,
,
,
( );

]

affinity ; ;
affinity chromatography
;
affinity tag [


]

agrobiodiversity
[

70

English-Russian
alkaloid

,
]

allele

agrobiotechnology

allelic exclusion
[

]

agroecology
agroforestry
AIDS

allelopathy [
- ]

air ;
airborne pathogen

allergy

airborne precaution

allicin [,

(Allium sativum);


,

, ]

airbrush ;
airway ; ;

alanine []
alanine aminotransferase
[,

-;

:
, , ,
,
, ]

allogeneic [

]
allopatric [
]
allopatric speciation
[
,
]

albumin [ ,
, 60%
]

allosteric enzyme
allosteric site

aldose [,
]

allosterism [
,

]

aleukia
aleurone [,
]

allotypic monoclonal antibodies


[
]

alfalfa
algae
algal toxin

allozyme
[ ,


,
;


;

,

algorithm
alicin [ ]
alien species
alkali
alkaline
alkaline hydrolysis
alkaline phosphatase
71

English-Russian
alpha interferon - [
,

;
;
]


]
alpha-chaconine - [()

;

]

alpha linolenic -
[ ]

alpha-helices - [

]

alpha particle -
alphavirus -

alpha-rumenic acid -
[ (9-cis, 11trans C 18:1)
n-6, Michael W. Pariza 1979,
,
,
,
,
;
,
; 2
, ,
;
-
]

als gene als [


,
; ALS

(, , );
,
,
ALS

, ]
alternative medicine
alternative mRNA splicing

alpha-solanine - [

,
,

;
;
]

alternative splicing
[,
,

sn
,
m .

(..

, )
]

alpha-synuclein - [
]
alpha amylase inhibitor-1 -
-1 [ Phaseolus
vulgaris, ]

alu family alu [


300
;
A-G-C-T;
Alu 1
G
C]

alpha galactoside -()


[ (
),
, 1,6

;
, ]

aluminum
aluminum hydroxide

alpha helix - [

]

aluminum resistance

72

English-Russian
amphiphilic molecules
[,
,

]

aluminum tolerance

aluminum toxicity
[ ,

]

amphoteric compound

alveolar macrophage

ampicillin [
]

Alzheimer's disease

amplicon [
,
-]

ambient measurement

American Type Culture Collection (ATCC)


amplification [


]

Ames test [ Bruce Ames


1961;
,
,
]

amplified fragment length polymorphism


amino acid

amplify ; ;

amino acid profile


[ ( ), ..

]

amplimer see also: amplicon


amylase
amyloid placque
amyloid precursor protein

amino acid sequence

amylopectin [
]

aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid


amylose [
]

aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid synthase



[

;
()
();
]

anabolism [

]
anaerobe [,
]

aminotransferases

anaerobic [ ,

]

amphibolic pathway
[
]

anaerobic bacteria [
,
]

amphipathic molecules
[,
, ;
- (SDS)
()

]

anal

aminopyridines

analgesic ; ;

analog
analog gene [
()
73

English-Russian
animal genome (gene) bank ()

;
]
analogue [
]

animal model [,

]

analysis of variance

anion [ ]

analyte [ ,
]

anneal [
]

anaphylatoxin [,
]

annealing

analogous ;

annotation [
,
,
]

anemia []
anesthesia
aneurysm

anonymous DNA marker


[-
]

angiogenesis [
]

antagonist [,

(, .)
() ;
()
]

angiogenesis factor
angiogenic growth factor

angiogenin [
,
;

]

anterior pituitary gland


anthocyanidin [
(),
( Vaccinium),
(Rubus fruticosus), (Vaccinium
macrocarpon), ( Prunus),
(Daucus carota),
(Punica granatum L)
]

angiostatin [-
,


,
;

(,
)]

anthocyanin see also: anthocyanidin


anthocyanoside [
(),
(Vaccinium myrtillus)
]

angiotensin-converting enzyme [
,
I II,
]

anti-idiotype -() [
,
,
]

angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor


-

anti-idiotype antibody -
[,
,
]

angstrom [( , 1010
)]

anti-infective

animal genetic resources databank


anti-infective agent
74

English-Russian

]

anti-interferon - [
,
]

antibody array
[, , ,
,
, ,

-]

anti-o-polysaccharide antibody
-
anti-oncogene - [
, ,
]
anti-sense technology -
[
,


]

anticoagulant [,
]

antiangiogenesis [
,

()]

anticodon [

,
]

antibacterial [
,
, ]

anticonvulsant
[ ,
]

antibiosis [
,

]

anticrop agent [
,


]

anticoding strand
[
,
]

antibiotic ;

antidote

antibiotic resistance
[
]

antifreeze protein [
()
,

0]

antibiotic therapy [
]
antibiotics [.
]

antifungal ;
antigen [ ,

]

antibody [ ,
]
antibody-laced nanotube membrane
[
,
;

()

]

antigen-antibody complex
antigen-presenting cell -
[ (
),
II
,

- (
)]

antibody-mediated immune response



antibody affinity chromatography
[

antigenic determinant
[ ]
75

English-Russian
antithrombogenous polymer
[,
]

antigenic switching
[

,
]

antitoxin
antiviral

antihemophilic factor

antiviral agent [
,
]

antihemophilic globulin
[()
VIII.; ,
""
( 17 ) ,

]

antixenosis [
,
, ]
aplastic anemia
[ ,]

antimateriel agent
[ ,

]

apoenzyme [-
]

antimicrobial agent
[ ,
]

apolipoprotein [

]

antioxidant [

]

apomixis [
]

antiparallel [
,
,
;
]

applicability

apoptosis [
]
application ;
applicator [
]

antiplatelet
antiporter [ ,


( )]

approvable letter [

]
aptamer [
- ,
,

()
]

antiproliferative [,
]
antipyretic
antisense [
,

;

]

aquaculture [
]
aqueous ; ;
arabidopsis thaliana [ .
Cruciferae]

antisense RNA

arachidonic acid
[
]

antiseptic
antisera [ ,
]
76

English-Russian
assessment ; ;

archaea [ ,
4,5 ]

asset

area of release

assimilation [

]

arginine []
armyworm [,
]

associate hospital
astaxanthin [
,
, ,
]

aromatic [ ,
]
arrhythmia [
]

asymptomatic seroconversion
[


]

ARS element ARS [


, ]
arteriosclerosis [
,
]
arthralgias [ ]

atherosclerosis see
also:arteriosclerosis

arthritis [ ]

atmospheric ;

arthropathy [ ]

atomic force microscopy


[ ,

()

]

artificial insemination
artificial selection ;

artillery mine
ascites [ ]

atomic weight [
]

ascorbic acid [ ]

atomizer ;

aseptic [

]

atomizing [

]

asexual [
]

atopic

asexual reproduction ;

ATPase [
]

Asian corn borer


[
(Pyrausta nubilaris),
]

atrial natriuretic factor


[
, ,
]

asparagine []

atrial peptide
[,
,
]

aspartic acid
[]
aspergillus flavus

atropine [ ]

aspergillus fumigatus

attenuate ; ; ;

aspirate [/,
-. , ]

attenuated ;

assay ;
77

English-Russian
attenuation

avain

attenuation coefficient ;

avidin [,
]

attributable proportion

avidity ; [
]

aura virus - [.
( )]

avoidance ;

aureofacin [
, Streptomyces
aureofaciens, -
]

axillary lymphadenopathy

azadirachtin [;
(-)
Azadirachta
indica]

auto-claving [
]
auto-correlation

autogenous control
autoimmune disease
[
]

B-DNA B- [
,
-]

autoimmune disorder
[
]

B-domain - [
,
]

autoimmunity
autologous [
, ]

b cell - see also: B lymphocyte


b lymphocyte - [
, ]

autonomous replicating segment see also: ars


element

b sitostanol - [
,
]

autonomous replicating sequence see


also: ars element

bacillus [ ,

]

autopsy
autoradiography
[
]

bacillus anthracis [
]
bacillus licheniformis
[
-
]

autosome [ ,
]
autotroph [,

]

bacillus subtilis

auxins [
,
( , ,
, ..)]

bacillus thuringiensis
[ ;


]

auxotroph [
-
]

back mutation [,

]
78

English-Russian
backcross [ ,
,

]

bacterium see also: bacteria


bacterium tularense
[, ]
baculovirus [,
]

bacteremia [
;
]

Baculovirus Expression Vector


[
]

bacteremic [
, ]

Baculovirus Expression Vector System


bacteria [ ,
;
"" ]

Bakanae disease [
(Oryza sativa), Fusarium moniliforme]

bacteria count
bacterial agent

bar gene bar [


Streptomyces hygroscopicus,
]

bacterial artificial chromosome


[
() ,
]

barley [ ]
barnase [
]

bacterial expressed sequence tag



[ ,
200
,
]

base ; [
, pH 7,0 14,0;
]
Base Excision Sequence Scanning (BESS)

[
]

bacterial physiology
bacterial toxin [,
]

base pair [
,
]

bacterial two-hybrid system


[

- ]

base sequence
[ ]

bactericidal

base substitution [

]

bactericide [
,
]

baseline data [ ()
]

bacteriocide see also: bactericide


bacteriocin [,
,
]

Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor


[,

]

bacteriology [
, ]

basophilic [
()
]

bacteriophage [,
]
bacteriostat [,
]

basophils [ ]
baterial infection
79

English-Russian
Bce4 Bce4 [,
,

]

beta-glucan - [
,

]

Bcr-abl gene Bcr-abl [


,

- ]

beta-glucuronidase -
[,
]
beta-lactam antibiotic -
[

]

Bcr-abl genetic marker


Bcr-abl [
]
behavioral epidemic

beta-lactamase - [,
-
,

]

benchmark concentration
[ ,

]
benign [
]

beta-secretase - [
,
]

benthos [ ,
]

beta carotene - [
,
]

bequest value
[ ,

]

beta cells - [
;
1 ]

bess method - [

-]

beta conformation -
[
()]

bess t-scan method -

beta interferon - [
, 1993
]

Best Linear Unbiased Prediction



[ ,

]

beta oxidation - [
]
beta sitostanol - [
]

beta-conglycinin -: [
, ;
,

]

beta sitosterol - [,
,
]
bifidobacteria [ . bifidus )-
, 80-90%


;

]

beta-d-glucuronidase -d-
[, E.coli
5-4--3---D-
]
beta-DNA - [-;
,
]
80

English-Russian
,
- ]

bifidus (factor) [
,
Lactobacillus bifidus]
bifurcate ; ;

biocide [
: ,
, .]

bile [ ,
]

biocoenosis [ ,
]

bile acid [ ,
,
,]

bioconcentration factor
[

]

bilirubin [
]

biodegradable ;

[ ]

binding site [ ]
bio

biodegradation ;
; [
() ]

bio-bar code - [
,
. 30
,

]

biodesulfurization [

, ,

]

bioaccumulant [
,
,
]

biodiversity [
]

bioaccumulate

bioelectronics

bioaccumulation ;

bioenergy
bioengineering

bioactivity

bioenrichment

bioassay ;

biofilm [ ]

bioaugmentation [



,
]

biogenesis [
;
, ,
]
biogeochemistry [ ;

,

;
]

bioavailability ;

biocatalyst
biochemical

biogeography [

]

biochemistry
biochip [
;


;

biohazard
bioindicator [,
,
81

English-Russian

.


,
,
]

biological attack
biological contamination

bioinformatics [
,

,
, ,
, ,
]

biological control
biological control agent

biological defense
biological diversity

bioinorganic [
()
()
]

biological effect
biological emergency
biological environment

bioleaching
[
]

biological half-life
[ 2

,]

biolistics [
,
]

biological half-time -

biologic agent

biological Incident

biologic indicator of exposure study



biological integrated detection system


biologic monitoring
[ ,


]

biological marker
[
,
]
biological marker of exposure

biologic response modifier therapy



[
,
:
,
]

biological measurement

biological medium
biological molecule
biological monitoring

biologic transmission
biologic uptake
[
, ]

biological operation

biological

biological resource

biological activity

biological response modifier


[
(,
),

biological oxygen demand


biological agent
Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention

82

English-Russian
biomimetic material
[
, ]

,
]
biological shield

biomodulator [

]

biological stressor
[ ,

]

biomolecular electronics

biological threat

biomolecular engineering

biological threat agent

biomonitoring [
,
]

biological transport
biological uptake see
also: biologic uptake

biomotor [


()]

biological vector
biological warfare ;
;

bionics

biological warfare agent classification


biopharmaceutical

biopesticide
biophysics

biological warfare agent identification method


biopreparat

biological weapon

bioprocess

biologics

bioprocessing

biology

biopsy

bioluminescence

bioreactor [ ,

]

biopolymer

biomagnification [
()
]

bioreceptor

biomarker

biorecovery [
, , , ,


]

biomass
biome [

,

]

bioregion
bioregulator

biomedical testing

bioremediation [

, .,
]

biomem(s) () [ ,

]

biosafety
biosafety level

biosafety protocol
83

English-Russian
bivalent

bioseed [ ,

]

bla gene bla [,


- ,
]

biosensor ;

black-layered [
;
]

biosensor technology
biosilk [ ,
]

black-lined see also: black-layered

biosorbent
[
,

]

blast (ell) transformation



blast cell
blood-brain barrier

biosphere

blood clotting

biosphere reserve
[ ,

]

blood derivative
blood plasma
blood platelet

biosynthesis

blood serum

biota [ ,
;
= ]

blower [
]

biotechnology

blunt-end DNA

bioterrorism

blunt-end ligation

bioterrorist

boletic acid

biotic

bollworms [
]

biotic resource

bomb

biotic stress

bone morphogenetic protein


[ 9
,
]

biotin [ H
; ,
CO2 ,
. ]

bottle ;

biotinylation ;

botulin toxin

biotope ; [
]

botulinum
botulinum toxin

biotransformation
[
]
biotype [
]

botulism [
, ,
clostridium
botulinum]

biowarfare

bovine somatotropin
[ ]

bioweapon

bowel ;

biphasic

Bowman-Birk trypsin inhibitor


- [,

bipolar
84

English-Russian
bright greenish-yellow Fluorescence (BGYF-test)
-
[
]


,
D.E.Bowman 1941]
bradykinin [

, 9
]

broad spectrum
bromoxynil [

]

bradyrhizobium japonicum
[ ,

]

bronchi
bronchial

branch

broth ;

brassica [
Brassicaceae
]

brown stem rot


[ (Glycine max L. Merrill),
Phialaphora
gregata]

brassica campestre

bubonic plague [
-
,
,
, ,
,
, Yersinia pestis]

brassica campestris see also:


brassica campestre
brassica napus
brazzein [,
]
brca 1 gene 1

bucket ; ;

brca 2 gene 2

buffer zone

brca gene [
breast cancer]

buffy coat [,


]

breakdown ; ;
breed ; [ ;
]

bunyaviridae [ ;
,
,
,
]

breed at risk
[ ,
,
]

burn-through range

breed not at risk


[
1000 20
, ,
1000 ,
100%]

bxn gene BXN [


Klebsiella pneumoniae subs.
Ozaenae]

breeder's rights [

]

breeding ;

c-kit genetic marker c-kit

brevetoxin [
]

c-reactive protein -
[

85

English-Russian
,
]

, ,
]

canavanine [ ,
,
]

c value [
]
cadherin [ ,
,
,
]

cancer
cancer epigenetics
[ ,
]

caffeine

CANDA (Computer Assisted New Drug


Application) (
)
[
( 2
3) ]

calcium
calcium channel-blocker
[,

,

]

cannabinoid(s) [
,
,
,
]

calcium oxalate
callipyge [
( ),
]

canola [Brassica napus, Brassica campestris]

callus [
,

]

capable of being transmitted from one person to


another

capacity ; ;

calmodulin [ ,



]

capacity building
capillary electrophoresis

capillary isotachophoresis

calomys colosus [Calomys colosus]


calorie

capillary isotchophoresis see: capillary


isotachophoresis

calpain-10 -10 [,
;
80%
]

capillary zone electrophoresis



capsid [ ]

Campbell Hausfeld
[Campbell-Hausfeld WE201500AV]

capsular
capsule

campesterol [,

(Glycine max L.) ]

campsterol see: campesterol

captive breeding
[ ,
,


]

camptothecins [
(Camptotheca
acuminata)

capture agent [
, , , , , ,

campestrol see: campesterol


camphor

86

English-Russian
caseous necrosis ;
;

.., (),

]

caspases [ ]

capture molecule see also:


capture agent

cassava

carbetimer [

,

]

cassette [
, ,

]
castor bean [(Ricinus
communis)]

carbohydrate
carbohydrate engineering
[
()

]

castor oil
casual contact [
,
,

]

carbon dioxide
carbon nanotube
[
,
]

catabolism [

]
catabolite activator protein [
,
E.coli
]

carcinogen [,
]
carcinogenicity
carnitine [
, ,
]

catabolite repression
[
,
]

carotenoid
carrier ; [
,
]

catalase [

]

carrying capacity
;
;

catalysis
catalyst
catalytic antibody
[,
]

cartilage-inducing factor

cascade ;

catalytic domain [

,
]

case
case-by-case ;
;

catalytic RNA [,

]

case-fatality rate
case-finding
case study ;

87

English-Russian
catalytic site [
,
]

cecropin A [
, -,
- ]

catechin [
, ,

]

cecropin A peptide
cefazolin [
]
ceftriaxone [
]

catecholamine [,
,
]

ceiling limit [
]

cation [ ]

ceiling value
[
)]

causative agent
[ ]
caveolae [
,
]

cell
cell-differentiation protein

caveolin [


]

cell-free gene expression system


ccc DNA [
()]

cell culture

cDNA [- ,
, in
vitro ,
]

cell cytometry [
]

cell-mediated immunity
cell cycle [ ]

cell death
cell differentiation
[
]

cDNA array - [ /


,
]

cell division
cell fusion

cDNA clone - [ ,


- ]

cell membrane
cell membrane structure

cDNA library - [
-,
,

]

cell nucleus
cell recognition
cell respiration
cell signalling

cDNA microarray - see also: cDNA


array

cell size

cecrophin [ ,

-,
]

cell turnover

cell sorting

cellular adhesion molecule

88

English-Russian
,
,
]

cellular adhesion receptor



cellular affinity

chalcone isomerase [
, . ,

,
, ]

cellular immune response

cellular necrosis
cellular oncogene

channel-blocker
[ ,
]

cellular pathway mapping

cellulase

chaotropic agent [,

, ,
,

]

cellulose
celsius ;

center of diversity
centers of genetic diversity

chaperone [ ,

,
, -
]

centers of origin
centers of origin and diversity

central dogma [
]

chaperone molecule

centrifugation

chaperonin see also: chaperone

centrifuge

character

centromere [
,
]

characterization assay

chaperone protein

characterization of animal genetic resource



cerebrose [
L- D-,
(
) (
]

chelating agent [,
]

cervical lymphadenitis

chelation

cessation cassette
[
]

chemical agent ;
chemical attack
chemical genetics

cetylpyridinium
[(C21H38NClH2O)
]

chemical molecule

chaconine [


]

chemical warfare

chemical terrorism

chemical warfare agent

Chakrabarty deision
[

chemical weapon
89

English-Russian
chimeric protein [
,
/
]

chemicalization [
]
chemiluminescence
chemiluminescent immunoassay

chiral compound
[ ,

]

chemo-autotroph [,

]

chitin [
, N-D-
, ,
]

chemokine () [
,
,



]

chitinase [,
;
]
chlorea toxin [
Vibrio cholerae]

chemometrics
chemopharmacology
[
]

chlorination
chlorine
chlorine demand [
,
]

chemoprophylactic
chemoprophylaxis
chemotactics factor ()
[

]

chlorine dose
chlorine residual
chloroform

chemotaxis [ ,
(,
, .)

]

chlorophyll
chloroplast () [
- ()
,
]

chemotherapy
chills ; ; ; ;

chloroplast transit peptide


[ ,
]

chimera [,
]

cholecalciferol [ D3]
cholera toxin

chimeraplasty [
,
]

cholesterol [ . chole-,
(-),

]

chimeric antibody [,

,
]

cholesterol oxidase
[
]

chimeric DNA [
,
]

choline [ 4]

90

English-Russian

]

cholinesterase [
, Ac-CoA

(, )]

chromosome walking
[

, ]

chromatid () [

]

chronic ;

chromatin [
, ]

chronic disease

chromatin modification
[
,
]

chronic heart disease


[()]

chronic effect

chronic intake

chromatin remodeling
[

]

chymosin [-,

]

chromatin remodeling element


[
(siRNA),
,
,
]

cidofovir [

]
cilia ; [

]

chromatography [
.. 1906
,

]
chromosomal

ciliary neurotrophic factor


[()
,
,

]

chromosomal packing unit


[-
]

cis-acting protein [
]

chromosomal translocation
[ ,

( )
]

cis/trans isomerism /
[
]
cis/trans test /
[ () ,
,

,
, ]

chromosome () [
, ,

]
chromosome map [()

( )
(
) ]

cisplatin [ (Cll2H6N2Pt)

]
cistron [ ]

chromosome painting in situ


[(FISH)
91

English-Russian
co-evolution

citrate synthase - [
,
]

co-factor [,

]

citrate synthase gene -

co-factor recycle
[



]

citric acid
citric acid cycle [
]
clade [ ]
cladistics [
,
]

co-management
co-repressor [
,
]

clathrin [,
( ),

]

coagulation ;

climate change

coat protein

climax community
[ ,

]

coated vesicle

clindamycin [
,
, ]

cocloning
[]

coccus [ ,
]
cocking

codex alimentarius [Codex


Alimentarius . ,

]

clinical trial ;

clone [ ()

]

codex alimentarius commission


[

()

()
]

cloning
clostridium [ , ,
]
clostridium perfringens toxin

coding parts of a gene

cluster ; ;

coding region [

,

]

cluster of differentiation

coding sequence

clustering

codon [ ]

co-adaptation

coffee berry borer [Hypothenemus


hampei,
(Coffee arabica)]

clubbing [ -
,
, ]

co-chaperonin
co-enzyme

cohesive ends
92

English-Russian

]

cohesive termini see: cohesive ends


cohort
cohort study

combinatorial chemistry

colchicine

combinatorics

cold-shock protein
[ ,
,

]

combining site [
,
()]
commensal [
,

]

cold acclimation
[
,
]

commensalism [
]

cold acclimatization

common property resource management


cold hardening ;

communicable ;
;

cold tolerance
colicin () [, E.
Coli,
]

communicable disease

coliform organism

communis

communicable period
community ;

collagen

company [
]

collagenase
collodial

comparative analysis
[( )]

colloid ; ;

compensating variation
[

, -
]

colloidal
colonial morphology
colony
colony hybridization
[ in
situ ,
]

compensation
competence factor
competency

colony stimulating factor


[
,

-]

competent authority
competition
competitive exclusion

combinatorial [
]

complement [
, 15
,

]

combinatorial biology
[ -

()
93

English-Russian
configuration

complement avtivation

confined field testing


complement cascade
[

,

,

]

confocal microscopy
[ ,

]
conformation [
]
congo red - [
, -
,
]

complementary ;

complementary and alternative medicine


conjugate [,

]

complementary DNA
[()]
complementary medicine

conjugated linoleic acid


[-
9-, 11- 18:1
]

complementary nucleotide

complementary RNA

conjugated protein
[
(,
-)]

compressor ;
computational biology
[( in silico)

(in silico);
,

]

conjugation ; ;

consensus sequence
[
,
,
]

computer-assisted drug design


[

,


]

consequence management
[,

,
]
conservation

computer assisted new drug application



[c
2 3

]

conservation of biodiversity

conservation of farm animal genetic resource



concatemer [

]

conservation tillage

concentration

conserved []

concomitant

consortia

conservation value

94

English-Russian
constitutive enzyme
[,
]

continuous perfusion

constitutive gene

contraindication

constitutive heterochromatin

control measure

continuous sample
[ ]

construct []

control sequence
[ ,
,
]

consultation

controlled release

consumption

convalescence

contact precaution
[ ]

convention

constitutive mutation
constitutive promoter

Convention on Biological Diversity


contact rate

convergent improvement
[
]

contact tracing
contact zone
contact zone element

contact zone thickness


[ ]

Coordinated Framework for Regulation of


Biotechnology

contagion

coordination chemistry see: chelation

contagious [,
]

copy DNA [
()
]

contagious disease

copy number

contained casualty setting


[
]

corn
corn borer

contained use
contained work

corn earworm

containment level

corn rootworm
[ ,
]

contaminant

corona see: coronary heart disease

contaminate

coronary heart disease

contamination []

correlation coefficient

contiguous (contig) map


[ ]

corticotropin [
, ]

contiguous genes
[ ,
, ,

]

cortisol [ ,
]
cornary thrombosis

95

English-Russian
cross tolerance
[,
,

]

cosuppression [
,
]
counterterrorism
country of origin of genetic resource

crossing-over [
]

country providing genetic resource


crown gall [ ,
- Dendrophagus globosus]

covert

cruciferae [ ]

covert release

Crudsader Garden Powder


Crudsader

Cowpea mosaic virus


cry protein cry [-


, Bacillus thuringiensis]

Cowpea trypsin inhibitor


[,
Vigna unguiculata,

]

cryogenic storage
[
]

cowpox virus

crystallization

creatinine [
]

crystalloid [()
, ,
]

credible threat

cttotoxic

critical-maintained breed and endangeredmaintained breed


cultivar
cultivated species

critical breed

cultural diversity
[
]

critical micelle concentration


[
,
]

culture [
,
]

crop ;

culture medium [

]

croplands equipment
cross-hybridization
[ ,

100%]

cultured cell
curative
curcumin [
]

cross-infection ;
;
[]

curing agent [,

]

cross-pollination
cross reaction
[ ,
] see also: cross
reactivity

current good manufacturing practices



[
, ,

cross reactivity see


also:cross reaction
96

English-Russian
cytogenetics [,
]

cytokines [ ,

]

cutaneous anthrax [
]
cyanobacteria - [
]
cyanogen [ ,
]

cytolysis [ ,

]

cyanosis []

cytomegalovirus

cyanotic []

cytopathic []

cyclic

cytoplasm [
,
]

cyclic adenosine monophosphate


[
, ]
see also: cyclic AMP
cyclic AMP see also: cyclic
adenosine monophosphate

cytoplasmic DNA
[,
( )

]

cyclic phosphorylation
[
]

cytoplasmic membrane
[ ,
]

cyclodextrin [
]

cytoplasmic vesicle
[ ]

cycloheximide [
, 80S ]

cytosine [ ,
]

cyclooxygenase [
,
]

cytoskeleton [ ,
,

]

cyclosporin [
, ]

cytotoxic

cyclosporine see: cyclosporin

cytotoxic killer lymphocyte [ ]

cysteine [
]

cytotoxicity [

]

cystic fibrosis [
]
cystine [ ()

]

cystitis [ ]

Daffodil [Narcissus
pseudonarcissus]

cystx CystX [
]

daffodil rice [ ,
-]

cytochrome [
,
]

daidzein [
, ,
]
97

English-Russian
daidzen see: daidzein

deletion [ ]

daidzin [-
]

deliberate release
[()]

dalton [ ,
(1.66 10-24 )]

delivery [.
]

data

delta endotoxin -

data collection

demography

data mining [
,
]

denaturation [
]

de-agglomeration [
]

denatured DNA

denature
denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis

de novo
de novo sequencing
[ ,
-
]

denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis



deafness []

dendrimer [,
]

deamidation
[ ]

dendrite [ ]

deamination [
]

dendritic []
dendritic cell [ ,
]

decay
decontamination
[ ]

dendritic Langerhans cell


[
]

decontamination kit
defective virus [,

]

dendritic polymer see also:


dendrimer

defensins [
,
]

denitrification [

]

deficiency []

denitrifying bacteria

Dengue fever virus

degenerate codon
[,
]

density
density gradient centrifugation

dehydration [
]

dentifrice [
, ]

dehydrogenases [,
]

deoxynivalenol [
Fusarium graminearum]

dehydrogenation
[ ]

deoxyribonucleic acid
[]

deinococcus radiodurans
[Deinococcus radiodurans]
98

English-Russian
dextran [
,
]

deoxyribonucleotide
deoxyribose
depression [,


]

dextrorotary [,
]
diabetes
diacylglycerol [,
2
]

deprotection [



]

diadzein see also: daidzein


diagnostic procedure

derepression [,

,
]

dialysis
diamond see also: chakrabarty decision
diastereoisomer [
,
]

dermal absorption [

]

dicer enzyme [
]

dermal adsorption

dideoxynucleotide

dermal contact

didN

dermal penetration

differential display
[
]

desaturase [,
b5-
b5
]

differential splicing
[
]

Desert Hedgehog Protein -


[ ,
]

differentiation
[
]

desferroxamine manganese
[ ,
]

diffusion
digest [ ]

desulfovibrio
[
]

diglyceride

determinant [ ,
]

dilatation [(, .
amplification)]

deterministic analysis

dilution

digestion

dip-pen lithography -
[
,
(
-)]

deterministic effect
[ ,
]
development value
[ ]

dip-pen nanolithography -
see also: dip-pen lithography

device [()]
99

English-Russian
diphtheria antitoxin
[ ]

disease outbreak

diploid [
,
]

disinfectant ; ;
;

diploid cell

disinfection

diplophase [
,
]

disk [ ,
, ,
()]

diptheria toxin

dispenser [
;
]

disease transmision

direct fluorescent antibody

dispensing [-
]

direct transfer [

]

dispersal ; ;

direct use value


[ (),

(), ., ,
]

dispersion
displacement loop [,


]

directed evolution
[


]

disposal ; ;
disruptive selection
[
,
]

directed mutagenesis
[ ,
,
]

disseminated intravascular coagulation



;

directed self-assembly
[
,
,
-
]

disseminating
dissemination [()]
disseminator [
,

]

directional cloning
directional selection
[ ]

dissimilation see also: catabolism

dirty [,
()]
dirty bomb [,
]

dissociating enzyme
[

]

disaccharide

dissociation

disaster planning
[,
]

distal []
distribution
100

English-Russian
DNA ligase -

disulfide bond [
,
]

DNA marker
DNA melting temperature

disulphide bond see also:


disulfide bond

DNA methylase -

diversity ,

DNA methylation

diversity biotechnology consortium


[
, 1994,



]

DNA microarray -
DNA polymerase -
DNA polymorphism
DNA probe - [
]

diversity estimation
[() ]

DNA profiling

DNA

DNA sequence

DNA-dependent RNA polymerase []

DNA sequencing

DNA analysis

DNA shuffling
[

]

DNA repair

DNA bank
DNA bridges [
,
]

DNA synthesis

DNA chimera [
,
]

DNA typing
DNA vaccine
DNA vector -

DNA chip -

DNAse []

DNA diagnosis

DNase (deoxyribonuclease)

DNA fingerprint [
,


-
]

docosahexanoic acid
[ ,

]
domain [
,
]

DNA fingerprinting
[
]

domestic animal diversity


DNA fragmentation
[
]

domestic biodiversity

DNA glycosylase - [

]

domesticate
domesticated species
[]

DNA gyrase - [- II
]

domestication ;
;

DNA helicase -
101

English-Russian
duplex DNA

; ;
; ;

dura mater
dust ; ;
; ; ;

dominant ;
dominant allele

Dynafog [
]

dominant gene
dominant(-acting) oncogene
() [,

]

dynamics ;

donor
donor junction
[ 5
3 ]

e.coli [ .oli]
early development [

]

dormancy [ (, )]
dose

early gene [,
]

double-stranded complementary DNA (dscDNA)


-

early protein

double helix

earthworm [Lumbricus
terrestris]

down promoter mutation


[,

]

ecological resilience
ecological succession
[
]

down regulating
[
, ,
.,
]

ecology
ecosystem [
,
]

drift ; ;
droplet ;
drosophila

ecosystem rehabilitation

drought tolerance

ecosystem restoration

drought tolerance trait

ecosystem service
[
]

drug design

ecotourism

drug interaction

ecotoxicology [

]

drug resistance ;

drug tolerance

ectodermal [
]

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy


[ ,
-]

ectromelia [

,

duplex ;
102

English-Russian
ellagic acid [
]

,
]
edge effect [
]

ellagic tannin see also:


ellagic acid

edible vaccine per os


[ ,
,
]

embryo ;
embryo rescue
[,
,

]

eductor
effector [,

()]

embryology
embryonic stem cell

efficacy
eicosanoid [ ,
,

,
]

emergency
empiricial [ ]
emulsion ;
enantiomer [ ]

eicosapentaenoic acid
[ ,

]

enantiopure [,

]

eicosapentanoic acid

encapsidation [
]

eicosatetraenoic acid
[ ]

encapsulated [
]

elastase [,
]

encephalopathic
endangered-maintained breed

electrolyte
electron carrier [,

( )]

endangered breed
endemic ; [,
]

electron microscopy

endergonic reaction
[ ,
]

electropermeabilization
[ ,
]

endocrine gland

electrophoresis

endocrine hormone

electroporation see also:


electropermeabilization

endocrinology

electroporesis see also:


electroporation

endocytosis [
]

electrostatic

endodermal

elite germplasm [
,
]

endoglycosidase [,

]

103

English-Russian
enhanced nutrition crop

endometrium [
]
endonuclease

enhancement [,
]

endonucleases
endophyte [,
]

enkephalin [,
,
]

endoplasmic reticulum
[
,
,
,
]

enolpiruvil shikimate
[ ,

]
enolpyruvil shikimate

endorphin [,
,
]

enoyl-acyl protein reductase -


[ ,
]

endosome [ ,
]

ensiling [


]

endosperm [
]
endospore [
]

enterocyte [
]

endostatin [
,
]

enterotoxin [ ,

,
]

endothelial cell [
,
]

entrainment ; ;
[ ]

endothelial nitric oxide synthase


[
,
]

environment
environmental etiological agent

endothelin [ ,
,

]

environmental factor
environmental fate
environmental fate model

endothelium [
]

environmental health

endothelium-derived

environmental media

endotoxic

environmental media and transport mechanism



[

, , ]

endotoxin [
]
engineered antibody

engineering ;

environmental monitoring

104

English-Russian
epigenetic [


]

environmental pathway
[

,

]

epimer [ ]

environmental pollutant

epimerase [,

]

environmental sample

epiphysitis [
]

enzootic [ ]

episome [
,

]

enzymatic
enzyme
enzyme-linked immunoassay see: enzyme
immunoassay

epistasis [

]

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay


epithelial

enzyme denaturation
[

]

epithelial cell
epithelial projection
[ ]

enzyme derepression
[
,
-
( )]

epithelium

enzyme immunoassay

epizootic

epitope [ ,

,
]
epsilon toxin [
Clostridium perfringens]

enzyme inhibitor
enzyme repression
[ ,

]

equilibrium theory
equipment
ergotamine [ ,
,
]

eosinophils [
, ]

erwinia caratovora [Erwinia


caratovora, , ]

epidemic pneumonia
epidermal growth factor
[, 53 ,
]

erwinia uredovora [Erwinia


uredovora CRTL ,

]

epidermal growth factor receptor


[,

]

erythrocyte [
, ]
erythropoiesis [
]

epididymo-orchitis
[ ]
105

English-Russian
erythropoietin [,
]

eukaryote [,
]

eschar [( )]

eukaryotic

escherichia coli [Escherichia


coli]

eukaryotic cell [,
]

escherichia coliform
[Escherichia coliform]

euploid [,
]

essential amino acid


[, ]

European Corn Borer


[Ostrinia nubilalis]

essential fatty acid


[ ,
]

eutrophication [
]
evacuation ; (.
); (. );

essential nutrient

evaluation []

essential polyunsaturated fatty acid


event ;
evolution

establishment potential
[
]

ex-situ conservation
ex-situ [


,
]

estrogen [ ,
,


]

ex-situ conservation of farm animal genetic


diversity ex-situ

ethanol
ethical values

ex vivo [ex vivo (.), ,


,
,
]

ethidium bromide
[C21H20BrN3 ,

]

examination body [()]

ethnobiology [,

]

excipient [
]

ethyl acetate

excision [
]

ethylene

excitation

etiological agent
[ ]

excitatory []
excitatory amino acids
[,
, ,
,
]

etiology [ ]
eucaryote [,
]
eugenics [,

,
]

exclusion chromatography
[-]

106

English-Russian
expressed sequence tag

[ ,
200 ,
]

exergonic reaction
[ ,
]
existence value
[
,

]

expression [()]
expression analysis
[

,
]

exobiology [
]
exocytosis [

]

expression array
[ ,
,
]

exogenous [
, ]

expression library
[ ,


]

exoglycosidase [,

]
exon [ ,
]

expression profiling
[

]

exonuclease [,

]
exotic germplasm
[ ,

]

expressive dysphasia
[ ]

exotic species

extended spectrum penicillin


expressivity

exotoxin [,
]

extension ; ; ;

expected progeny difference


[

,

]

external cost [

, ,
, ]

expiration

extinct breed

explosion method

extinction ; ;
[]

extinct ; ;

explosive
exponential growth phase

extinguisher

export

extracellularly

exporter

extractive reserve [
]

extracellular

exposure ;

extranal-beam radiation
[ ]

express ;
107

English-Russian
extranuclear gene
[(), ,
, ,
]

farnesyl transferase
[,
]

extraocular [
]

fatigue ;

extremophilic bacteria
[
]

fatty acid

extremozyme () [
,

, ..,

]

fatty acid synthetase


[ ,
]

fat
fats
fatty acid methyl ester
see also: fame

fauna
fecundity

exudative []

feedback inhibition

[
]

F
facilitated folding
[
,
]

feeder [
]

facultative anaerobe
[, ,
]

fermentation

feedstock [
]

facultative cell [,

]

ferritin [-
,
, ,
;
]

fad gene fad [,


,
- ]

ferrobacteria [ ,

]

fall armyworm [Spodoptera


frugiperda, ]

ferrochelatase
[ ,

]

fallow [ ,


]

ferrodoxin [
,
]

false positive [
]

fertility ;

fame

fertility factor [,
E.coli]

familiarity ;

fertilization

farnesoid X receptor -
[ ]

fibrin [,

]
108

English-Russian

]

fibrinogen [ ,
]

flavin [ ,
,
- 2
()]

fibrinolytic agent
[,
]
fibroblast [
]

flavin-linked dehydrogenase

[,
, ,
]

fibroblast growth factor


[,

]

flavin adenine dinucleotide


[,
(d
,
)]

fibronectin [,

]
field trial

flavin mononucleotide
[,
-]

fill []
filler epithelial cell
[,

]

flavin nucleotide
[ ,
]

filopodia [
]

flavinoid see also: flavonoid


flaviviridae

filoviridae

flavivirus

filtration

flavonoid [
, ]

finger protein [,
]

flavonols [
, ]

fingerprinting
[
]

flavoprotein [,

]

firefly luciferase-luciferin system -


fitness

flesh-eating infection
[ ,
]

flaccid ; ;

flora

flagella [
]

flourescent dye

flagship species [
,
]

flow cytometry [
,
()
]

first filial hybrid

flow

flanking region

fluctuant

flanking sequence
[ ,

fluidized

109

English-Russian
fluidizer
[,
()]

focus group - [
,
]

fluorescence

fog ; ; [
]

fluorescence activated cell sorter



[ ,

]

fogger ; [
;
]
follicle stimulating hormone
[,
, ]

fluorescence in situ hybridization


in situ
[

]

Fontan fogger Fontan [


Fontan]
food contamination
[, ,
]

fluorescence mapping
see also: fluorescence in situ
hybridization
fluorescence multiplexing
see also: fluorescence in
situ hybridization

food web
[ ,

]

fluorescence polarization
[,

]

footprinting [
,
]
formaldehyde dehydrogenase
[,

NAD (
)]

fluorescence resonance energy transfer



[,

]

formite

fluorogenic probe
[ ,

,
]

formulation
forward mutation [
()
]

fluorophore [ ,
]

founder effect [
,

]

fluoroquinolone () [
,

]

fragmentation ; ;
; ;

flux ; ; ;

frameshift
[ ,


]

flying ; ; ;
; ; ;
;
focal point ;

frameshift mutation

110

English-Russian
functional group
[ ,
]

free-rider problem of public goods



free energy [()
,

]

functional plan
fungal toxin
fungicide [
, ]

free fatty acid


[ ,

]

fungus [( )

, ,
, , ,
, ,
]

free radical [
,
,
,

]

furanocoumarin [
,
,
]

fructan [,
()]

furanose []

fructooligosaccharide
[ ,
-
]

furocoumarin
[
,

,
, ]

fructose oligosaccharide
see also: fructooligosaccharide
fulminant [
]

fusaric acid
fusarium [,
]

fumarase [


]

fusarium graminearum
[Fusarium graminearum ,
Gibberella zeae
(),
,
]

fumaric acid [C4H4O4



, ,
,
( )]

fusarium moniliforme
[Fusarium moniliforme
,

,
]

fumonisin () [ ,
Fusarium moniliforme,
Fusarium verticillioides, Fusarium proliferatum]
functional food
[

]

fusion gene [ ,

( )

(
)]

functional genomics
[,
,
,

]

fusion inhibitor
[ ,
,
111

English-Russian
,
]

CD4 CD4PE40 (
Pseudomonas),
HIV
gp120 HIV]

ganglion [ ]
garden

fusion protein [,



]

gas

fusion toxin [
,
()
,
]

gastric

gas-liquid chromatography

gas exchange
gastrin [, G D-
]
gated transport [

,
,

]

fusogenic agent [
, .,

]
futile cycle [
,

]

gel [ ,
,
]
gel diffusion - [
]

gel electrophoresis - [

]

g+ [
]

gel filtration - [() ]

Gaia hypothesis [ James


Lovelock 1969
,
,
,
]

gem [
]
gene [
,

]

galactomannan [
, ]

gene-bank [
,
]

galactose [,
]
gall ( ,
); (
)

gene amplification
[ ]
gene array system
[

,
]

gamete [ ]
gamma globulin - [
, ]
gamma interferon
[ , -

gene chip [ -]
112

English-Russian
gene machine [,



, ]

gene cloning [
,
]
gene delivery [
]

gene manipulation see


also: genetic engineering

gene expression
[ ,
]

gene map [,


]

gene expression analysis


[


]

gene mapping
[ ]
gene modification
[
]

gene expression cascade


[
,
()
]

gene pool [

]

gene expression marker


[ ,


]

gene probe [,
,
,
( )
]

gene expression profiling


[ ,

]

gene repair [

( )]

gene flow [
]

gene replacement therapy


[
]

gene frequency [
]

gene silencing [

, ]

gene function analysis


[

]

gene splicing [

]

gene fusion [,
,
]

gene stacking
[ ,
,

]

gene imprinting
[ ,
]

gene switching [

]

gene insertion [
,

]

gene targeting [

]

gene linkage
[ ]
113

English-Russian
, ,
.]

gene taxi
gene therapy [

]

genetic engineering
[,
]

gene transcript [,
]

genetic erosion [
]

gene translocation [
(),

]

genetic event [
,
,
,
]

general release
generating ; ;
;

genetic fingerprinting
[

]

generation ; ; ;
; ; ;
(); ()

genetic inheritance
[,


]

generation time [,
]
generator ; ; ;
;

genetic linkage
[
,
]

generic [
, . ]
genestein see: genistein
genetic assimilation
[ ,
, ]

genetic linkage map [



,

,
()]

genetic code [

]

genetic manipulation
[
]

genetic disease
[,
,
]

genetic map [

]

genetic distance
[

]

genetic marker
[
,
,

]

genetic distancing
genetic diversity
[
]

genetic material [,
,

]

genetic drift [

]
genetic effect
[
114

English-Russian
genitourinary tract [

]

genetic modification
[ ,
, ,
]

genome [ ,

]

genetic mutation
[
,
]

genomic library [
,
]

genetic predisposition
[
,

]

genomic sciences [,

]
genomics [,
,
, ]

genetic probe
[ ,
]

genosensor [,
,
]

genetic recombination
[
(,
)

]

genotoxic [
,
, ]
genotoxic carcinogen
[,
,
]

genetic resource [
,
]
genetic sensitivity
[
,
]

genotype [
]
genus ; ;

genetic targeting
[
]

geomicrobiology
[
]

genetic testing
[

]

germ cell [
]
germ cell gene therapy
[

]

genetically engineered microbial pesticide



[
,
]

germ plasm [()


,
]

genetics [,

]

germinate [
]
germplasm [,
,
]

genistein [ ,

]
genistin [ -]
115

English-Russian
Germplasm Enhancement for Maize

[-
]

glucosinolates [,

,
, , ]

gestation [
]

glufosinate [
]

gestation period
[
]

gluphosinate [
]
glutamate [ ,
]

gibberella ear rot


[ Gibberella]
gibberella zeae [Gibberella zeae,
, ]

glutamate dehydrogenase
[,
]

gibberellin [
]

glutamic acid
[ ]

gland ; ;
globular protein
[
]

glutamic acid decarboxylase


[,
-
]

glomalin [
]

glutamine [
]

glucagon [,
,
]

glutamine synthetase
[, ]
glutathione [,
,
- ]

glucan [ ,
D-,

]

gluten [
]
glutenin [,
]

glucocerebrosidase
[, ,

]

glyceraldehyde
[ ]
glycetein [ ,

]

glucogenic amino acid


[,

]

glycine [ ]
glycine max [Glycine max, . ]

gluconeogenesis [

, , ,
]

glycinin [
]
glycitein [ ,

]

glucose [, ]
glucose isomerase [
]

glycitin [ -]

glucose oxidase [
]

glycoalkaloid [,
]
116

English-Russian
glycobiology [,
]

go gene go [,
]

glycocalyx [
,
]

golden rice [Golden rice,



]

glycoform [
]

grade ; ; ; ; ;
; ; ; ; ;
; ; ; ;

glycogen [
(-),
]

graft [,
,
]

glycolipid [,
]

graft rejection
[
]

glycolysis [ ]
glycoprotein [,
]

gram-negative -
[ ]

glycoprotein remodeling
[
,

]

gram-positive -
[ ]
gram molecular weight -
[ ,
]

glycosidases [,
]

Gram stain [
,

]

glycoside [
]
glycosidic [
]
glycosinolate [ ]

granulation tissue [,

]

glycosylation [
,
]

granulocidin [,
,
]

glycosyltransferase [
,
]

granulocyte [ ]
granulocyte colony stimulating factor
[
; ,
, ]

glyphosate [ ]
glyphosate-trimesium -
[ ]

granuloma [
,
]

glyphosate isopropylamine salt



[ ]

green fluorescent protein


glyphosate oxidase [,
]

green leafy volatile


[,
-,

]

glyphosate oxidoreductase
[,
]

117

English-Russian
hand

greenleaf technologies
[
,
,
]

hand-held
hantavirus
hap gene hap [
]

growth [
]

haploid [
() ]

growth curve [,
(

)]

haploid cell [
() ]
haplophase [
,
() (
)]

growth factor [
, ]
growth hormone [,

]

haplotype [
,

(, ,
.)]

growth phase [
]
guanine [ ,
]

haplotype map [,
]

guanylate [
]

hapmap see: haplotype map

guanylate cyclase [
,
()
()
]

hapten [ ,
]

guild [
]

hardening ; ;

haptoglobin [-
,
]
harpin [,

, ,
]

gun ; ; ; ; ;

gyrase [- II ]

harvesting ; ; ;
harvesting enzyme
[,
]

H
habitat [ ,
, ; ]

hazard

habitat restoration

health hazard

hazardous substance
heat-shock protein [
,
]

hairpin loop ; (
)
hallucination

heavy-chain variable
[ Ig]

halophile [,
]
han [()]
118

English-Russian
hedgehog protein [
,
]

hemorrhagic mediastinitis
[
]

HeLa cell HeLa [


]

hemorrhagic pleural effusion


helicase [() ,

]

hemostasis [ ,
]
hemostatic derangement
[
]

helicoverpa zea [Helicoverpa


zea, ]

heparin [
, ,
,
]

helix ; ;
; ;
helper T cell - [,
-

- ]

hepatatrophic
hepato-renal syndrome -

hemagglutinin [(HA) ,
,
]

herbicide [ ,
]

hematochezia [
]

herbicide-resistant crop

hematocrit [ ,

]

herbicide-tolerant crop

herbicide resistance

hematogenous [
]

heredity [

]

hematologic growth factor


[ ,

]

heritability [
]
hetero- - [,
]

hematopietic growth factor


[,
]

heterochromatin [
,
]

hematopoietic stem cell


[-
]

heterocyclic [
,
]

heme [ ]
hemoglobin [ ,

]

Heterodimer [
,
]

hemolysin [,
]

heteroduplex [ ,
]

hemophilia [
]

heterogeneity [
]

119

English-Russian

]

heterogeneous ; ;
; ;
heterogeneous nuclear RNA
[() ,
]

high blood pressure

heterokaryon [,
]

highly unsaturated fatty acid


heterologous ;

hilar adenopathy

heterologous DNA [,
]

hirudin [
, ]

heterologous protein
[, ,
]

histamine [
,

,
]

highly available phosphorous

heterology
[
]

histidine []

heterosis [
]

histiocyte []

heterotroph [,

]

histocompatibility

histoblast ;
histone [,
]

heterotrophic [,

]

histones [,
]

heterozygosity [
]

histopathologic [
, ]

heterozygote [,

]

HIV [ ]
holin [ ,
]

hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide
[(CTAB)]
hexose [ ]

hollow fiber separation


[
]

high-content screening
[
,
]

holoenzyme [,
,
() ]

high-density lipoprotein

homeobox [
,
]

high-efficiency particulate air filter mask



[ (HEPA-)]

homeostasis [
]

high-throughput identification

homing receptor
[ ]

high-throughput screening
[

homocysteine [,

120

English-Russian
,
]

,

]

horseradish peroxidase

homogeneous ;

hospital information system

homologous [
]

host -

homologous chromosome
[
,
]

host cell - [
]

homologous protein
[,
]

host vector [,
]

host factor

hot spot [ ,
]

homologous recombination
[ ,



() ]

human artificial chromosome


[
,
]

homologue gene [
]

human embryonic stem cell



[ ]

homology [
]

human equivalent concentration


homology modeling
[



-
]

Human Genome Project

homotropic enzyme
[,
]

human leukocyte antigens


human growth hormone

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)


()

human superoxide dismutase


[,
]

homozygote [

]

human thyroid-stimulating hormone

homozygous [

]

humanized antibody
[
]

horizontal disease transmission


[
]

humidifier
humoral-mediated immunity

hormone [
,
]

humoral immune response


[
. ]

hormone response element


[ ,
121

English-Russian
humoral immunity
[
.
]

hydrolyze [
]

Huntington's disease
[ ,
]

hydrophobic [
(. .)]

hydrophilic [ (.
.)]

hydroxylation reaction
[
]

hybrid
hybrid vigor [
]

hyperacute rejection
[
]

hybrid zone [,
,
]

hypercholesterolemia
[ ]

hybridization [
/
]

hyperchromicity [
]

hybridization surface
[ ,

(, ,
.)]

hyperimmune
hypernatremia [
]
hypersensitive response
[
]

hybridoma [ ,

]

hypersensitivity
[
]

hydration ( );

hyperthermophilic
[,
]

hydrazine [H2N-NH2
hydrazinolysis [
,
]

hypoglycemia [
]

hydrofluoric acid cleavage


hypostasis [
]

hydrogen

hypothalamus [
,
]

hydrogen bond
hydrogen sulfide

hypoxia [
]

hydrogenation ;
[

]

hydrolysis [
]

kanamycin [
]

hydrolytic cleavage
[
]

karnal bunt [
Tilletia indica]
122

English-Russian
knockdown [
,

]

karyotype [
]
karyotyper [
,

]

knockin [
,
]

kb (1000
());

knockout [
()
]

Kefauver rule [,


,
]

knottins [
,
]

keratin [
,
,
-
-]

konzo [
,


(Manihot
esculenta)]

ketose [,
]

koseisho [

]

keystone species [
,

]

Kozak sequence
[ ,
]

killer t cell - [-]

Krebs cycle [
,
,
]

kilobase [
, 1000
]
kilobase pair

Kunitz trypsin inhibitor


[
,

]

kilodalton [ .]
kinases [ ,


( )
()]

kinesin [

()
]

labeled

kinetic [
, ]

labile ; ; ;

kinome [
,
]

lac operon lac [ E. coli,


,
]

knapsack ;

laccase [,
, ,

label ;

123

English-Russian
late protein [
]


,
]

latency ; ;

lachrymal fluid [
,
]

latency period [
]

lactic dehydrogenase
[,

]

lathyrism [
, ,

(Lathyrus legumes),

]

lactoferricin [,
,
]

laurate [
]

lactoferrin [,
,
]

lauric acid [
CH3
(CH2)10, COOH,
]

lactonase [,

]

lawn ;

lactoperoxidase [,
,
]

lazaroid [
,
,
(
)]

lag phase - [
,
]

leader ; ; ;

lambda bacteriophage see: lambda phage

leader sequence
[ 5- ,
;
,

]

lambda phage - [-
, E.coli,
]
landrace [ Landrace]
Langerhans cell
[
,
]

leaky mutant [,
,
]
Lear [LEAR (. . Low Erucic Acid
Rape)
]

laser capture microdissection


[

]

late effect (
);

lecithin [,
,

,
, -,

]

late gene [,

,
]

lectin ; ;
[
,
]

laser inactivation
[
]

124

English-Russian
[,
]

legume [ ]
leishmaniasis [
,
Leishmania]

ligase [,

]

leptin [,
]

ligate [

]

leptin receptor
[
]
lethal ;

ligation [
]

lethal concentration
[ ,
]

light-chain variable
[
]

lethal mutation [
]

lignan [
,
]

lethal toxin [,

( , .)]

lignin [ ,

]

leucine [ C6H13NO2]

lignocellulose [
(20-25%), (20-25%)
(45-50%),

]

leukocyte [
, -
]
leukotriens [
,

,
,
,
]

limonene [
, ,

]
line-source [,
]

level

line-source delivery system


[


,
]

levorotary [
,
]
liability ; ;
( )

lineage ( );
; ; ;

liaison ; ;
library
lifetime ; ;
(); ;
;
ligand [ ,
(
)]

linear energy transfer


() [
()
( ),

]

ligand-activated transcription factor


linkage [,
]
125

English-Russian

]

linkage group [
,
]

lipid vesicle (
, );

linkage map
[
,
]

lipidomics [ ,

() ,
]

linked gene/marker
[
() ,
80% ]

lipolytic enzyme
[

]

linker [ :
,
,
;
: ,

]

lipophilic [
]
lipopolysaccharide [
,
-
]

linking ; ; ;
; ;

lipoprotein (,
);

linoleic acid
[ (18 ),
,

]

lipoprotein-associated coagulation [
]
liposome [
,

]

linolenic acid
lipase [,

]

lipoxidase [ ,
,

]

lipid [
,
,
, ,
-, - ]

lipoxygenase see also: lipoxidase


lipoxygenase null

lipid bilayer [,
,
()

]

liquid ; ;

lipid raft [

]

live cell array [



, ]

lipid sensor [

,

live vaccine strain


[ ,
]

listeria monocytogene
[Listeria monocytogene,
]

liver [ ]

126

English-Russian
lupus ( ,

);

living modified organism


[
]
localized [
]

lupus erythematosus
[
,
(
)]

locomotion ; ;
locus [
]
log growth phase
[

]

lutein ; [,
]
luteinizing hormone
[ ,
]

log phase -
logarithmic phase

luteolin [,

]

long-range biological standoff detection system



[
,

]

lux gene lux [ Vibrio fischeri,


]
lux protein lux [ ]
lycopene [,
]

lopopolysaccharide see: lipopolysaccharide


loss-of-function mutation
[
,
]

lymphadenitis [
]
lymphatic endothelium
[
]

low-density lipoprotein
[,
]

lymphocyte [
( )
]

low calcium response plasmid


[( LCR)]

lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus


[ ,
]

luciferase [ ,

]
luciferin [,
]

lymphocytosis
[
]

lumen ( );
( )
luminesce [
]

lymphogranuloma [
,
]

luminescence (
);

lymphokines [
)]
lyochrome ; [
]

luminescent assay
[ ]

lyophilization ; ;
[

luminophore [ ,
]
127

English-Russian
-
]

magainin [
,

]

lyse ();
lysine []
lysis [ ]
lysogen [ ]

magic bullet [

, ]

lysogenic ;
lysogeny [


]

magnesium sulfate
magnetic antibody
[
,
,

]

lysophosphatidylethanolamine
[,
]
lysosome [
]

magnetic bead [
Fe3O4, ,

]

lysozyme [,
]
lytic ;

magnetic cell sorting


[
,


]

lytic infection [
,
]

macrolide [,
]

magnetic labeling
[
-
,
,
]

macromolecule
[ ]

magnetic particle see also:


magnetic bead

macrophage [
,
]

Maillard reaction [
;
( 121)
,

]

machine ;

macrophage activation
macule [
, 0,5 ,

]

major histocompatibility complex


maculopapular
[ , ,
, ,
]

male-sterile [,
,
,
]

Mad Cow Disease


[

malformation ;
malignant ;
128

English-Russian
mass screening - [



]

malignant edema [
]
malnutrition
mammalian cell culture

mass spectrometer
[ ,

/,
]

mandrake root [
Mandragora officinarum,
]
mannan [
,
]

massively parallel signature sequencing


-
[
,
2124 ]

mannan oligosaccharide
[,

, ]

mast cell ( );

mannogalactan [,

]

matrix metalloproteinase
[,
]

map distance
[,
]

maximum contaminant level


mapping ; ;

maximum permissible concentration


marine toxin [
,
]

maximum residue level

marker

maximum sustainable yield


marker-assisted breeding
[


]

maysin [,
,
,
, ]

marker-assisted selection
[ ,

]

mean lifetime
medical control
medical informatics

mask [ ]

medifoods

mass-applied genomics -
[


,
]

Mediterranean fruit fly



medium [
]
medium chain saturated fats
[
(6-12
)]

mass-casualty biological weapon


129

English-Russian
mesodermal adult stem cell

medium chain triacyglyceride


[
(6-12
)]

mesophile [,

]

medium chain triglyceride see: medium chain


triacyglyceride

mesoscale

medium intake rate


[()]

messenger RNA
metabolic disturbance

mega-yeast artificial chromosome


- [
,
]

metabolic engineering
[
]

megabase [
1000000 ]

metabolic flux analysis


[


]

megabase cloning
[
1 ]
megakaryocyte stimulating factor
[,
]

metabolic pathway

meiosis

metabolism

melanoidin [
(),
]

metabolite

metabolic product

metabolite profiling
metabolome [
,
]

melting (
);

metabolomics [,


]

melting temperature
membrane
membrane channel

metabolon see also: metabolome

membrane transport

metabonomic signature
[

]

membrane transporter protein


-
Mendelian transmission

metabonomics see also:


metabolomics

menopause

metalloenzyme [,

]

mentation
mercury
mercury knapsack mistblower

metalloprotein [ ,
]

mesenchymal adult stem cell


metallothionein [,

]

mesenchymal stem cell

130

English-Russian
microbial physiology

metamodel [
,
]

microbial source tracking


[,

,
]

metanomics see: metabonomics


metaphase [ ]

microbicide [
,
]

metastasis [
]
meteorology

microbiology

meter [ , ]

microchannel fluidic device


[
,
,
/
]

metered ; ;
metering ;
methanol [ ]
methionine []

microenvironment
[ ,

]

methyl jasmonate [,

]
methyl salicylate

microfilament [
]

methylated [
]

microfluidic chip [,


]

micro-electromechanical system

[
,
,
]

microfluidics [,

]

micro sensor

microgram [ = 0,000001 ]

micro total analysis system


[ ,
,


]

microinjection
micromachining
micromodification
[
]
micron [ = 0,000001 ]

micro total analytical system


see also: micro total
analysis system

micronair
microorganism

microaerophile [,

]

microparticle [
,

,
]

microarray
microbalance

microphage ;

microbe ; ;
microbial mat
131

English-Russian
mismatch repair

micropropagation
[,

]

mist - [Gypsophila paniculata]


mistblower

microRNA [
, 22
,

,
]

mitigation ; ()
mitochondria [
]
mitochondrial dna
[]

microsatellite DNA
[
, ]

mitogen [,
]
mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade
-
[ ,

(, , )]

microscopy
microsphere
microsystems technology
microtubule [ ]

mitogen-activated protein kinases

microwave bombardment

mitosis

mid-oleic sunflower [Helianthus


annus, (50-70%)
]

mixed-function oxygenase
[,
,
]

mid-oleic vegetable oil


[
(50-70%)
]

mixing ;
model organism [,
,
]

mild effect []
milled ;

modeling

milling ; ;

modifying factor -;

mimetics ;
mini ;

moiety ;
; ; ;

minimal risk level

mold ;

minimized domain
[

]

mole [
]
molecular beacon
[,
,
]

minimized protein see


also: minimized domain
minimum tillage
[ ]

molecular biology

miniprotein see: minimized protein

molecular bridge
[ (, ),
- ()
()
()]

miniprotein domain see: minimized domain


minute volume [,
]
132

English-Russian
monogenic disorder
[, ]

molecular chaperone
[,

]

monomer
mononuclear

molecular cloning

mononuclear cell
monosaccharide

molecular diversity
[

]

monounsaturated fat
monounsaturated fatty acid

molecular evolution
[
]

morbidity [
1000, 10 000
100 000 ]

molecular fingerprinting

moribund ;

molecular genetics

morphogenetic [

]

molecular lithography
[
() (
)]

morphology
mos [ ]

molecular machine
[ ,

]

mosquito ;
motor protein [,

(,
, )]

molecular mass
molecular profiling

mounted ;

molecular sieve [ ,
0.5 ,
]

mouse-ear cress [Arabidopsis


thaliana]

molecular vehicle

movable genetic element


[()
,
]

molecular weight
monarch butterfly [Danais
plexippus]

mucoid

monkeypox

mucous membrane

monoclonal

multi-agent munition -
[ ,

/ ]

monoclonal antibodies
monoculture [
]

multi-copy plasmid
[,
]

monocyte [
]
monoecious [,
,

]

multi-drug resistance

multi-layered high-efficiency particulate air mask

[(HEPA),

monogenic [,
]
133

English-Russian
mutase [,

]

,
,
]
multi-locus probe
[ ,
]

mutate

multienzyme system
[ ,
]

mutation breeding
[

]

mutation [
]

multifactorial disease

mutualism [,
]

multigenic [ ,
]

mycobacterium tuberculosis
[Mycobacterium tuberculosis]

multiple aleurone layer gene


mycorhizae [,
]

multiple sclerosis [
-]

mycotoxin [,
]

multiplex assay

myelitis [ ]

multiplexed [,

]

myeloma [
]

multipotent [


]

myocardium [ ]
myoelectric signal
[
]

multipotent adult stem cell


[


]

myristoylation [
]
myrothecium verrucaria
[Myrothecium verrucaria, ]

multivalent ,
[ ]

munition
murine [
]

nadir (); ; (
, )

mutagen [
]

naive T cell - [-
,
, ,
]

mutagenesis [
]
mutagenic compound

naked DNA [
]

mutagenicity
[ ,
]

naked gene [,

]

mutant [
]
134

English-Russian
1-100 ,
]

nanobiology [ ,

]

nanotube [
, ]

nanobot [ (),
]

nanotube membrane
[ ,
,
]

nanocochleate [

,
,
- ]

nanowire [

]

nanocomposite [
,
]

napole gene napole [,


RN ,
,
]

nanocrystal [

]

narcosis [

]

nanocrystal molecule
[
]

naringen [ ,

]

nanofluidics [

() ]

nark gene nark [


]

nanogram [10-9 ]

nasopharynx [
]

nanolithography [

( )]
nanometer (10-9 );

native conformation
[
]

nanoparticle [ ,
]

native species [,
]

nanopore [
,
-,
- ,
]

native structure
[ ]
naturaceutical see: nutraceuticals
natural forest [
]

nanopore detection [


]

natural immunity
natural killer - see
also: natural killer cell

nanoscience [ ,
,
]

natural killer cell -


[ , -,
]

nanoshell [
,
, 100 ]

natural selection [

]

nanotechnology [
, ,

natural source
135

English-Russian
,

]

near-infrared spectroscopy
[
,


]

neural [
]
neuraminidase [
]

near-infrared transmission
[
]

neurologic sequelae
[()]

nebulizer ;
[ ]

neuron [ ]
neuropsychiatric
[

]

necrosis (
- ,
);
necrotic ulcer [,
]

neurotoxin [,
,
]

necrotizing lymphadenitis
[ ,
]

neurotransmitter (
);

needs assessment

neutraceuticals see: nutraceuticals

neem tree [(Azadirachta


indica) ,
]

neutriceuticals see: nutraceuticals


neutropenic [

]

negative control (
); (
)

neutrophil ;
; )
[ ,
]

negative supercoiling
[
]

new animal drug application


[


]

nematode [ ]
neoantigen [
]
neoendemics [
,

]

new drug application


[
]

neoplasia [
, , ]

niche [
]

neoplasm ; ;

nick [

]

neoplastic growth [
]
nerve growth factor [,

]

nick translation - [
I,
-

net present value


[
136

English-Russian
nitrogenase system
[
,
]

5' 3'
]
nicked circle
[ ]

nitrogenous base
[
]

ninhydrin reaction
[ ]
nitrate [ ]

no-observed adverse effects level



nitrate bacteria [

]

no-observed effects level


nitrate reduction

no-tillage crop production


nisin [ ]

nitric oxide

nod gene nod [


]

nitric oxide synthase


[, ,
L-]

node [
]

nitrification [

,
]

nodulation [
]
nodule [ ]

nitrifying bacteria
[ ,

]

non-coding parts of a gene


[]
non-consumptive value
[]

nitrilase [,
(
)]

non-equilibrium theory
[
]

nitrite [
]

non-exclusive goods
non-point source
[ ]

nitrocellulose [,

C6H702(ONO2)n]

non-starch polysaccharide

nitrogen cycle
[ ,
-,

]

non-use value
nonenteric [, ,
, .]
nonessential amino acid
[

]

nitrogen fixation [


,

]

nonheme-iron protein

nitrogen metabolism
[ ]

noninvasive ; ;

137

English-Russian
nozzle ; ;

nonmass casualty agent


nuclear DNA [,
]

nonpolar group [
( ) ]

nuclear envelope

nonproliferation
[ ]

nuclear hormone receptor


nonsense codon
[ ,
]

nuclear magnetic resonance


[]

nonsense mutation
[
]

nuclear receptor

nuclear matrix protein

nonspecific symptom

nuclear transfer [
]

nontarget organism
[,
]

nuclease [

]

nontranscribed spacer
[ ,
]

nucleic acid
[ ,
]

nontraumatic [
]

nucleic acid hybridization


[
-,
]

nonvolatile [
,
]

nucleic acid probe


[ ,

]

normalizing selection
[
]

nucleic base

northern blotting [
,
,

]

nuclein [
, 1869,
]

northern corn rootworm


[Diabrotica barberi,
]

nucleocapsid [

]

northern hybridization
[ -
]

nucleoid [

]

nos terminator nos


[ ,

,
Agrobacterium tumefaciens]

nucleolus [
, ]
nucleophilic group
[ ]
nucleoplasm [,
]

nosocomial spread
notification ;

nucleoprotein [
]

novel trait ;
138

English-Russian
nucleoside [

]

observational study

nucleoside analog [
,
,
]

ochratoxin [
Aspergillus, Penicillium,
]

occurrence []

odorant binding protein


[,

]

nucleoside diphosphate sugar


[-
,

]

oil-free ;
oleate [ ,

]

nucleosome [
]
nucleotid see: nucleotide

oleic acid [ ,


()]

nucleotide [


]

oleosome [
]

nucleus [
,
]

oligionucleotide [

( )]

null hypothesis [
,
,

]

oligofructan [,
]
oligofructose see also:
oligofructan

null model [,
]

oligomer [
, ]

nutraceuticals [
,
]

oligonucleotide see also:


oligionucleotide

nutrigenomics [
, ,

]

oligonucleotide probe
[ ,

]

nutritional epigenetics
[
]

oligopeptide [
,
]
oligos see also: oligonucleotide

oligosaccharide [
, 10-100
]

obligate aerobic [

]

omega-3 fatty acid -3


[ ,

]
139

English-Russian
optimum pH

oncogene [,

]

optimum temperature
option value

oncogenesis
[ ]

optrode [ ,

]

oncology
onset ();
()

organ
organ culture [

]

oocyte ; ( )
open environment
[ ,
]

organelle [ ]
organism

open pollination
[
]

organisms with novel traits


[,

]

open reading frame


[ ,
-
]

organogenesis [
]

operator [ ,

-]

origin

operon [
,
]

oropharyngeal [
]

origin of replication

orphan drug
[
,
,


]

opportunistic infection -
[
,

,

]

orphan gene [,
]

opportunity cost ;
[

]

orphan receptor [
,
]

opsonin [, ,

]

ortholog [
]

opsonization [

]

orthophosphate cleavage
[
]

optical activity
[
]

osmosis [
]
osmotic pressure
[,
]

optimum food
140

English-Russian
osmotin [,

]

oxidizing agent ;
[,
- ]

osteoarthritis [
]

oxygen consumption

outbreak []

oxygen deficient atmosphere


oxygen deficiency

outcrossing [
]

oxygen free radical


[ ,
,

]

over atropinization
[ ]
overlapping gene [,

]

oxygen supplementation

overlapping reading frame


[
,
]

oxygenase [,
,
]

oversight ;

overt ; ;
overt release
overwinding [
,
(
)]

pachymeningitis [
]
paclitaxel [
,
(Taxus brevifolia)]

oxalate [
]

paint ; ;

oxalate oxidase [,

]

paleontology [,

]

oxalic acid [,
]

palindrome [
,
5 3

3 5 ]

oxidant ;
oxidase []
oxidation

palindromic sequence
see also: palindrome

oxidation-reduction reaction

palladium

oxidative phosphorylation

palliative [,

]

oxidative stress
[
,

]

palmitate [
]
palmitic acid
[ , 16
,
141

English-Russian
particle cannon [

,]


]
palytoxin [,
, 71
]

particle gun
see also: particle cannon
partition coefficient
[
]

pandemic [ ]
papovavirus [
Papovaviridae]

partitioning agent
[, ,

]

paralytic cobra toxin


[,
]
paralytic shellfish toxin
[,
]

parturition
party concerned

paramyxoviridae [
Paramixoviridae]

party of export
[,
]

parapatric speciation
[,


]

party of import
[
]
party of origin
[,


]

paraquat [,
,
]
parasite [,

]

party of transit [,

]

parasitic

passive immunity
[,

]

parasitic disease
parasitism [
; ,
, ]

passive use value


[
,
,
,
,
.]

parasitoid [ ,

,
,

]

parents ;

pat gene pat [,


Streptomyces viridochromogenes,

(), ,

]

paresis [ ]

patent

parataxonomist -
paravertebral ;

particle
142

English-Russian
peptide elongation factor

pathogen
[ ,
]

peptide mapping
[
]

pathogen toxin [,
]
pathogenesis [
,
,
]

peptide nanotube
[,
]
peptide T [
gp 120 -1,
CD4 ,
]

pathogenesis related protein


[,

]
pathogenic ;

peptido-mimetic -
[
]

pathogenic agent
pathogenic organism

peptidoglycan ;

pathognomonic [
]

peptidyl transferase
[ ,


]

pathologic
pathologic process
pathophysiology

peptone [
]

pathway [

]

per capita intake rate


[ ]

pathway feedback mechanism


perforin [ ,

]

pattern biomarker [
, ]

periodicity [
]

patulin [,
Penicillium expansum,
]

periodontium [
]

pedigree , , [
]

peritoneal cavity/membrane

peptidase [,
]

peromyscus species [
,
,

;
- ]

peptide [ ,
]

peroxidase [,
]

peptide bond [
-

]

persistence ; ;

pentose []
pepsin [
]

person ; [
]
personal
143

English-Russian
,

, ]

pest free area

pest risk analysis


pharming [
,
]

pesticide [
]

phenolic hormone [
,

,
]

pH ;
phage [ ]
phage display [,


]

phenomics [,

]

phagocyte ;

phenotype [

,

()]

phagocytic cell
phagocytize
phagocytosis
phagosome [
]

phenylalanine []
pheromone [,
,
]

pharmacoenvirogenetics
[

]

phlebovirus [
Bunyaviridae]

pharmacogenetics
[
]

phocomelia [

]

pharmacogenomics [


]

phosgene [ ,
]
phosphatase [,

]

pharmacognosy [
,
,

]

phosphate-group energy

phosphate group [
,
]

pharmacokinetics [
,

]

phosphate transporter gene


[
,
]

pharmacology [,
]
pharmacophore [
,
]

phosphatidyl choline
[ ]
phosphatidyl serine
[ ]

pharmacovigilance
[ ,
,
144

English-Russian
phosphinothricin [,
]

photosynthetic phosphorylation

[
]

phosphinothricin acetyltransferase
[,

,
]

phyletic evolution
[
]

phosphinotricine [,
]

phylogenetic
phylogenetic constraint
[
]

phosphodiester bond
[
]

phylogenetic profiling
[
,

]

phosphodiesterase [,
]
phospholipase [,
]
phospholipid [,
,
]

phylum [ ]

phosphorus [ ]

physiologically active compound


physical map [
]

phosphorylation
[ ]

physiology [
,
, :
,
]

phosphorylation potential
[

]

phytase [ ,

]

photon [
]
photoperiod ;
[
]

phytate see also: phytic acid


phytic acid [
,
,
]

photophore ( );

photophosphorylation
[
,

]

phyto-manufacturing
[ ,
,
]
phyto-sterol see also: phytosterol

photorhabdus luminescen
[Photorhabdus
luminescens, ,

]

phytoalexin [,

]
phytochemical
[
]

photosynthesis [


]
145

English-Russian
phytochrome [
, ,
]

plague meningitis
[,
]

phytoene [
(Oryza sativa)]

plant
plant functional attributes
[

]

phytoestrogen [
,
]
phytohormone [
, ,
]

plant hormone see also:


phytohormone
plant sterol see also:
phytosterols

phytonutrient [
, ]

plant toxin see also:


phytotoxin

phytopharmaceutical

plantigen [,
,
]

phytophthora [ ,
-
Phytophthora]

plaque ;

phytoplankton [
,


]

plasma [ ]
plasma cell
[]
plasma membrane ;

[ ]

phytoremediation
[
]

plasma protein

phytosterols [
,
]

plasma protein binding



plasmalemma see also: plasma
membrane

phytotoxin [
]

picogram [10-12 ]

plasmid [
,
,
]

picorna [
Picornaviridae]

plasminogen ;
[ ]

picornaviridae [Picornaviridae]

plasmocyte ;
see also: plasma cell

pica [
( , ..)]

piezoelectric

plastid [


]

pink bollworm
[Pectinophora gossypiella]
placebo [ ,
-
]

plastidome [
]

plague ( ,
);
;
146

English-Russian
platelet [
,
]

polarity [

]

platelet-derived growth factor


[ ,

]

poly(A) polymerase ()
[,
3]
polyacrylamide gel
[, ]

platelet activating factor


see also: choline

polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis


-
[
]

platelet aggregation
plectonemic coiling
[
,
]

polyadenylation [

3 ]

pleiotrophy [
]

polycation conjugate
[,
,

]

pleiotropic
pleistocene [
,


]

polycistronic [
, ]
polyclonal antibody
[, B,
]

pleocytosis [

]
pluripotent stem cell
[ ,

]

polyclonal response
[ B

]

point-source [
]

polygalacturonase
[ ,
]

point mutation [

]

polygenic [,

]

poisoning
polar group [
]

polyhydroxyalkanoate
[
, ]

polar molecule [,

]

polyhydroxyalkanoic acid
see also: polyhydroxyalkanoate

polar mutation [,
,
,
- ]

polyhydroxylbutylate
[
,

( )]

polarimeter [
]
147

English-Russian

]

polylinker [ ,

]

population ; [
,

,


,
]

polymer [
,
()
(
)]
polymerase [,

]

population viability analysis


[

]

polymerase chain reaction


[,

]

porin [ ,

]

polymorphism [

]

porphyrins [,

(),
]

polymorphonuclear granulocyte [,

]

port ;

polymorphonuclear leukocyte [
, ]

port-a-cath -- [
]

polynucleotide [,
]

portal ;

portable spray
position effect [

]

polypeptide [,
,
]

positional cloning
[

]

polyphenol [
]
polyploid [,
]
polyribosome [,

]

positive control
[ ,

]

polysaccharide [
,
]

positive supercoiling
[
]

polysome see also: polyribosome

post-transcriptional gene silencing



[ ]

polyunsaturated fatty acids


[
,
]

post-transcriptional processing

polyvalent vaccine
[
148

English-Russian
prevalence [
,

( ),
(,
. .)]

[
]
post-translational modification of protein

[
]

prevalence rate
[
100 000 ]

postaglandin
postaglandis A
postexposure
potassium [ ]

prevalence survey

potassium iodide

prevention

potential receiving environment



[
,
]

previously-vaccinated individual

primary cell [
]
primary forest [,

]

potentiates [
-]
powder

primary productivity
[,

]

powdered ; ;
;
powered ;
poxvirus [,
Poxviridae]

primary structure
[
]

prebiotics [


]

primary value
[,
]
primer [
,

]

precautionary approach
[ ,
""]
precautionary principle

primosome [ ,
,

]

precautionary zone ;

prion [
-,
,

]

preclinical [ ]
precursor
predator [,
]
prenatal diagnosis
[ ,

]

prior informed consent

private opportunity cost


[ ,
,

pressure ;
149

English-Russian
promoter [
,
]

,
]
private value [

-
]

pronucleus [


]

proanthocyanidin
[ ,
(Vaccinium macrocarpon),

]

prophase [
]
propionic acid
[]

probe [ ,


, ]

proprietary
propylene glycol [,

]

probiotics see also: prebiotics

prospective study

procaryote [,
]

prostaglandin [,
,

]

process validation
[


]

prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase



[,
]

prodrome ,

product

prostate ;
[ ]

production environment

prostatitis [
]

production function
[
,
]

prosthetic group [
,
]
protease [ ]

production trait
proenzyme [
]

proteasome [
,
]

progeria [ ,

]

proteasome inhibitor
[ ,
]

progesterone [
]

protectant
protected area

programmed cell death


[ ]

protection of human health and environment


prokaryote see also: prokaryote


proline []

protective action zone


[]
150

English-Russian
protein kinase [,

]

protective clothing
protein [
,
20 ,
]

protein kinase C
protein microarray see also:
protein biochip

protein-based lithography
protein-coupled receptor -

protein quality
[ ,
]

protein-protein interaction -
see also: protein interaction
analysis

protein S S [-
, ]

protein array see: protein biochip

protein sequencer [,

]

protein biochip
[ ,

]

protein signaling
[
,
]

protein bioreceptor
[
,
]

protein splicing [



]

protein C [
]
protein chip see also: protein
biochip

protein structure
[ , ,
]

protein conformation
[
]

protein toxin [
,
,
]

protein engineering
[ ,

]

protein tyrosine kinase


[,
]

protein exotoxin [
Pseudomonas aeruginosa]

protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor


[,
]

protein expression
[

]

proteinaceous infectious particle


see
also: prion

protein folding
protein inclusion body
[

]

proteolytic
[ ]
proteolytic enzyme
[, ]

protein interaction analysis


[

]

proteome [

]
151

English-Russian
puffer [Tetrodon,
,
]

proteome chip see also: protein


biochip
proteomics [,
(
) ]

pungi stick
[ ]

proto-oncogene [
,
]

pure culture [
]
purine [,
,

,
]

protocol [
]
protoplasm [
(
)]

pus

protoplast [,

]

push package
[ ]

protoplast fusion
[,
]

pyranose [
]

pyralis [Ostrinia nubilalis]

pyrexia [; ]

protoxin [,
]
protozoa

pyrimidine [
,
]

provirus [ ,
-]

pyrogen [,
]

provitamin [,
]

pyrogenic toxin [,
]

pruritic

pyrophosphate cleavage
[
]

pseudogene [ ,
,
]

pyrrolizidine alkaloid
[ ,
,
]

psi [ 6894,757 ]
psoralen [ ,
,
]

pyuria [ ]

psoralene see also: psoralen

psychrophile
[ ( )]
psychrophilic enzyme
[,
]

quadrupole ion trap


[ ,
]

pterostilbene []

quantum dot [

]

public good [ ]

quantum tag [
]
152

English-Russian
quantum wire
[,

]

radiation [

]

quarantine pest
[ ,
]

radioactive [
]

radicular ;

radioactive isotope
[,
]

quaratine [
]
quasi-option value -
[

]

radioimmunoassay
; ;
[

]

quaternary period
[ ,
]

radioimmunotechnique

[ ]

quaternary structure
[
,
,
]

radioisotope ;

radiolabeled
[ ]

quelling

radiotherapy ; ;
[
]

quencher dye
[ ,

]

raft

quick-stop

raman optical activity spectroscopy



[
]

quinolone [

,
-]

random amplified polymorphic DNA



[
]

quorum sensing
[

]

randomized

quercetin [
, ]

rapid microbial detection


[
]
ras gene ras [,
,
]

ras protein ras [


, ras-]

racemate [
-
]

rash

racemic [
, ,
]

rational drug design


[
]
153

English-Russian
recognition sequence (site)
()
[ ,
]

rational expectation
[ ..,
,
-

, ,
, ,
]

recombinant [,

]
recombinant (r) human (h)
[
, ,
]

reactive oxygen species


[ ,
]
reading frame
[ ]

recombinant DNA [,
-
]

reagent
reassociation [
]

recombinase [ ,
]

recalcitrant seed [,

]

recombination
[ ,

]

receiving Party []
receptor ;

recombination frequency
[,
]

receptor-mediated endocytosis
[
]

red blood cell


[]

receptor fitting [

]

redement napole [RN


, ]
redness ; [
]

receptor mapping
[ ( )
]

reduction ;
( ); ;
( ); ;
;

receptor population
[
]

redundancy

receptor tyrosine kinase


[
]

reference concentration
[-


]

recessive [
]
recessive allele [,
]

reference laboratory
; [
,
]

recessive gene [,
]
recessive oncogene
[ ]

refillable ;

154

English-Russian
refractile body [

, ]

rennin [,
,
]

refraction [

]

reoviridae [Reoviridae,
]
reovirus [
Reoviridae]

regeneration [
]

reperfusion [
,
,
, ]

regulatory element
[ ,
]
regulatory enzyme
[ ,

]

replication [
()]
replication fork [

]

regulatory gene [,
]

replicon [
,

,
]

regulatory sequence
[ ,
]
rehydration ;
[
]

reporter gene [,
]

relapse [
]

repressible enzyme
[,
]

relaxed circle plasmid


see also: plasmid

repression ; [
]

relaxed plasmid
[,

10-500 ]

repressor [
, ]

remediation ;
[
,

]

residue

residual risk [ ,

]
resource ; ;
respirable [
]

renaturation [

]

respiration [

,
,CO2 ]

renature [


]

respiratory distress
[
]

renin [, ,
,
]

respiratory mucosa

renin inhibitor
155

English-Russian
retrograde ; ;
; ; ;

respiratory tract
[ ]
response ; ; ; ;
; ; ; ;
; ; ;

retropharyngeal [
]
retrospective diagnosis
[,
]

restoration ; ;

restriction endonuclease
[ ,


]

retroviral vector [

]
retrovirus [-
,

]

restriction enzyme
[,
]

revealed preference approach


[,
,
,

,
]

restriction fragment length polymorphism



[ ,

]
restriction map
[ ,
]

reverse genetics
[
,

,
]

restriction site
[ ,

]

reverse osmosis [

]

restrictive enzyme see: restriction enzyme


resuscitation [
]

reverse phase chromatography


[
,

]

resveratrol [ ,
,
, ]
retinoid [
,
]

reverse transcriptase
[ ]

retinoid X receptor
[ ,
,
]

reversed micelle [
,
,
,
]

retroelement [
,

]

rh ; -
rhabdoviridae [-
,
]
156

English-Russian
rice blast [ ,
,
, ,
Piricularia oryzae]

rhizobia
[,


]

ricin [ ,
,
]

rhizobium [ ,

,
]

risk [ ]
risk assessment

rhizoremediation
[

]

risk factor
risk management
[

]

rhizosphere [
]

risk patient

rho factor rho [,


E.coli
]

risk ratio
risk reduction

rhodanese [,
, ,
]

risk worker [
]

ribonucleic acid
[,
,
3
5 ]

RNA see also: ribonucleic acid

ribose [ ]

RNA polymerase - [,

]

RNA interference [
,

]

ribosomal adaptor [,

]

RNA probe [

]

ribosomal ribonucleic acid


[ ,
]

RNA processing [
]

ribosomal RNA see: ribosomal ribonucleic acid

RNA transcriptase see: RNA polymerase

ribosome [,
-
]

RNA vector [

]

ribosome-binding site
[
,

]

rocket - [ ,
, ,
]
rootworm [
,
]

riboswitch [
]
ribozyme [
,
]

rosemarinic acid
[ ]
157

English-Russian
salmonella [ ,
2400
]

roving gene [,
]
rRNA see: ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Salmonella enteritidis
[Salmonella enteritidis (Se
,

]

rubitecan [
, ,

]
rubratoxin []

Salmonella typhimurium
[Salmonella typhimurium ,


]

rumen [
]
rumenic acid
[ (n-6)

, ,
.]

salt tolerance see also: salinity


tolerance
salting out [
,


]

rust [
,
, ]

saponification [

]

saponin [
,

]

safe minimum standard



[
,
]

SARS [

, ,
,
,
Coronaviridae]

safe safety ;
[,


]

satellite DNA [

]

safe transfer [,



]

satellite RNA [

]

safety-pin morphology
[ ( )]

satratoxin [,
]

safety factor

saturated fatty acid


[ ,
]

salicylic acid
[ ]
salinity tolerance
[
]

saxitoxin [
(
),
]
158

English-Russian
scab [- )
(- )]

,
]

scale-up [


]

selective estrogen receptor modulator



see also: selective estrogen effect
self-assembling molecular machine

see also: self-assembly

scanning tunneling electron microscopy



[

]

self-assembly [

]

secondary forest [,
]

self-pollination [,

]

secondary pneumonic plague

semiconservative replication
[
,

]

secondary septicemic plague



secondary value [
]

semisynthetic catalytic antibody



[ (
)
,
- ]

seed-specific promoter -
[,
]
seed bank
[
]

senescence

seedless fruit [

]

sense [
]

seizure [ ]

sensitivity

selectable marker [,


,

]

sentinel surveillance

[


]

selectable marker gene see also: selectable marker

sepsis [ ,
,
,

]

selectin [,
,
]

septic shock [,
]

selection [
,
, ]

sequela ; []
sequence [


selective estrogen effect


[,

,
159

English-Russian

- ]

serotype [
]

sequence-tagged site -
[ ,
,

]

serum [
]

sequence homology
[

]

serum albumin
[ ,
,

]

sequence hypothesis
[ .

]

serum half life


[
]
serum immune response

sequence map [


]

serum lifetime
[,
]

sequencing [

]

sessile [,

]

sequon [ ,
]

settle ;
settling ; ;

serial analysis of gene expression



[
,

]

sex chromosome [,
,
]
sexual conjugation [
,


]

serine []
seroconversion [

]

sexual reproduction

serologist [,

]

sexually transmitted disease ,



shelter-in-place [,
(
)]

serology [ ,

,
]

shiga toxin [,
]

seronegative [

]

shock [
, , ,

,
]

serotonin [
,

160

English-Russian
silent mutation [,

]

short interfering RNA


[, 20-25
, ,
]

silica ;

shotgun cloning method -


[
,
-

]

silk [ ,

(Bombyx mart)]
silviculture
simple protein [,
]

shotgun sequencing -
[

,


]

simple sequence repeat


[
,

]
simulation ;

showering ;
shuttle vector - [,

-]

Sin Nombre virus [,


Bunyaviridae,

]

sialic acid [
,
]

Sindbis virus [,
Alphavirus,
]

sibling species - [
,
,
]

single-cell protein

single-nucleotide polymorphism

[ ,


,
1%]

side effect
[ ]
signal transduction
[


]

single-stranded DNA
[ ,
]

signaling [

]

single-walled carbon nanotube


signaling molecule
[,

]

sirtuin [,
]
site-directed mutagenesis
[

]

signaling protein see


also: signaling molecule
silencing [
]

sitostanol [
,
]
161

English-Russian
solanine [ (C43 H70 NO16)

(Solanaceae),

0,05 %,
]

sitosterol [
,
]
sizing ; ;

skin ;

solid ;

slime [ ,
]

solid-phase synthesis
[
,
,
, ,
]

slough
small interfering RNA
see also: short
interfering RNA

solid support
[ ,
,

]

small nuclear RNA


[
,
]
small RNA [
,
]

soluble
soluble fiber [
, ]

small ubiquitin-related modifier


-
[,
]
smoke ;

somaclonal variation
[
,
]

smut [ 1
]

somalia [
]

social opportunity cost


[
(

)]

soman [ ]
somatacrin [,
]
somatic [, ]

sodium [, ]

somatic cell
[

]

sodium dodecyl sulfate


[ ,

]

somatic cell gene therapy


[
,
]

sodium lauryl sulfate


see also: sodium dodecyl sulfate
sodium phosphate

somatic variant [
, ,
]

sodium sulfite
soft laser desorption
[, ]

somatomedin [
,
]

solanaceae [
]
162

English-Russian
specific activity
[
,
]

somatostatin [ ,
]
somatotrophin see also:
somatotropin

specificity [,

,
]

somatotropin [,
]
sonic hedgehog protein -
[ ]

spectrometer [

]

SOS protein [,
Escherichia coli,
]

spectrophotometer [


]

SOS repair system


[
Escherichia coli,
]

spectrum ;

SOS response see also: SOS repair


system

spermophilus [
, (Citellus)]

southern blot analysis


[ ,
,

, .
]

spinning [
]
spinosad [ ]
spinosyn [ ]
spirochete [Spirochaeta,
]

southern blotting - see also:


southern blot analysis

splice variant [

]

southern hybridization
[
, ]

spliceosome
[ ,
]

southwestern blot -
[,
-]

splicing [

]

speciation [
]
species [
,
]

splicing junction
[
, ]

species diversity
species richness [
,
]

spontaneous assembly
[
]

species selection [
]

spore [ ,
]

species specific
[

]

sporulation [
]

163

English-Russian

sprayer

startpoint [

]

spreader []

stationary phase

squalamine [
]

stearate [
]

squalene [,
,
]

stearic acid [
, C18H36O2]

spray [
()]

stability ;

stearidonate see also: stearidonic


acid

stabilizing selection
[ ,

]

stearidonic acid
[ (C18H28O2),

(Nasa carunculata, Nasa hornii)]

stacchyose see also: stachyose

stearoyl-acp desaturase -
[,
,

]

stachyose [
]
stacked gene [
, ]

stem cell [
,
]

staggered cut [
,
]

stem cell growth factor


[ ,
]

standard
stanol ester see also: sitostanol

stem cell one [


,

]

stanol fatty acid ester


see also: sitostanol
staphylococcal
staphylococcal enterotoxin
[,
,
]

stereoisomer [
,
]
steric hindrance
[
]

staphylococcal toxin
see also: staphylococcal enterotoxin

sterile [,
]

staphylococcus [,
-
Staphylococcus]

sterile water [,
]

staphylococcus aureus
[ ,
,

]

sterilization
[
]
steroid [ ,

, ,

]

starch [ ,
,
]

164

English-Russian
structural gene [,
]

sterol [ ]
sticky end [
,

-]

structural genomics
[,
]

stigmasterol [ ]

structural proteomics
[,
,

]

stochastic ;
stomatal pore [
]
stop codon [,
]

structure
structure-activity model -
[
]

storage protein []
strain [

]

structure-functionalism
[,

]

strand []
streptavidin [
,
]

subclinical [
(
)]

streptococcal
streptococcal enterotoxin

subcloning [

]

streptococcus [
Streptococcus]

submunition [
]

streptococcus mutan
[Streptococcus mutans -,
]

subspecies [ ]
substantial equivalence
[

]

stress protein see also: heat-shock


protein
stringency ;

substantially equivalent
see also: substantial equivalence

stringent plasmid [,

]

substitution
substrate [
]

stromelysin [,
,
]

sugar molecule [
]

strong sustainable development principle



[ ,
,
, ]

sulfate reducing bacterium



[,
]
sulforaphane [,

,
]

structural biology [
,

]
165

English-Russian
surface plasmon
[,
]

sulfosate [
]
superactivated

surface plasmon resonance


superantigen [
,
]

surfactant -
[, ,
]

supercoiled plasmid
[ ,
,

]

surplus embryo
surrogate market
sustainable [
, ,
]

supercoiling [ ]
supercritical carbon dioxide

[,
]

sustainable development
[, ,
,
,
,


]

supercritical fluid
[, ,
]
supergene [ ,
]

sustainable intensification of animal production


systems

supernatant
[ ]
superoxide dismutase
[, ,
]

sustainable use
[

]

superparamagnetic nanoparticle

Swingfog [ ]

supportive care
[
(),
,
. ]

switch protein - [
,

]

suppressor gene - [,
,
]

syk protein syk [


, , - ,
, ]

suppressor mutation see


also: suppressor gene
suppressor t cell - [,

]

symbiosis [
;
, ,

]

suppuration

symbiotic

supramolecular assembly
[
]

sympatric [ ,
,
]

166

English-Russian
systemic acquired resistance
see also:
systematic activated resistance

sympatric speciation
see also: sympatric
symptom [
]

systemic inflammatory response syndrome



see also: sepsis

symptomatic
synapse [
(
)
(
),
,
]

systeomics [,

,
,
]

synapsis [ ]
synaptic cleft [
]

T-cell see: T-lymphocyte

synaptic gap see also:


synaptic cleft

T-cell dependent mechanism -


[
,
-]

synaptotagmin [,
]

T-cell growth factor -


[TCGF, 2]

syndrome [
(),
]

T-cell independent mechanism -


[
-]

synergistic effect
[ ]

T-cell modulating peptide -


[TCMP,
-
]

synovial [
( )]
synthase [,
]

T-cell receptor -
[ -,
, ]

synthesizing [
]
synthetase see also: synthase

T-DNA - [ Ti, ,
]

syrup of ipecac [
, ,
(Ipecacuanha)]

T-shell -

systematic activated resistance


[

]

t lymphocytes -; - [
]
tabun [ ]

systematics [

(, )
, ,

]

tachykinin []
tachypnea ; [
]
tag ; ; ; ;
; [
,
167

English-Russian

]

,
]

telomerase [,
]

tandem affinity purification tagging


[
]

telomere [
]

tannin [
,
, .]

temperature [ ,

]

tap tagging see: tandem affinity purification


tagging

template [ ]

taq DNA polymerase -taq [


,

Thermus aquaticus; ,
-
]

teosinte [
Euchlaena]
teratogenesis [
]
teratogenic compound
[ ,
]

taq polymerase see: taq DNA polymerase


target

termination codon [
(, , ),
,
]

target-ligand interaction screening



[
,
,

]

terminator see: termination codon


terminator cassette
[ 3- ,

,
]

target validation [
,
, ]

terminator region see: termination codon

tata homology tata [-


,
20-30 ,

]

terminator sequence see: termination codon


terpene [
C10H16,
]

taxol [

]

terpenoid see: terpene


tertiary period [

]

taxon [

]
taxonomy ;
[
]

tertiary structure
[
,
]

technical testing

test-range

technology [
, ]

testosterone [,

]

technology protection system


[, 3- ,
168

English-Russian
thrombolytic agent
[ ]

tetanus toxin [
Clostridium tetani,
]
tetrahydrofolic acid
[,
, 1
]

thrombomodulin
[ ,
,

]

tetraploid [,
4
]

thrombosis [
,
]

Thale cress [
Arabidopsis thaliana]

thrombus [ ,



]

theory of local existence


[,

,
]

thymidine kinase [,

]

thermal [ ]

thymine []

thermal hysteresis protein


[,

00]

thymoleptics ;
[]
thyroid stimulating hormone
[,

, ]

thermoduric [
]
thermophile [,

45-80]

tissue [ ,
, ]

thermophilic bacteria
[ ]

tissue-necrosis [
]

thioesterase [
,
]

tissue array [

(, , )]

thiol group [
SH, ]

tissue culture [
in vitro ]

thioredoxin [,

]

tissue engineering [


]

threatened species

tissue plasminogen activator


[,
,
]

threonine [2--3-
, ]
threshold concentration
[
]

titer [

]

thrombin [,
]

169

English-Russian
tocopherols [
,
]

(,
) ]
toxicogenomics [

]

tocotrienol [ E,
,
]

toxin [,
]

togaviridae [Togaviridae,
]

toxin agent

tolerance ; ;

toxin weapon
toxoid [
, ,
]

toll-like receptor
[TLRs, ,
;
]

toxoplasma [
,
]

TOPAS aerosol TOPAS [


TOPAS]

tracer [,
,
,
]

topotaxis [
( )]
total economic value

traditional breeding method


[
,
]

total environmental value

traditional breeding technique


see also: traditional breeding
method

total internal reflecton fluorescence


[
,

]

trait [ ,
]

totipotency [
,
]

trans-acting protein
[,
,
]

totipotent stem cell


[,
]

trans fatty acid -


[
]

toxemia ; [
]

transactivating protein
[,
]

toxic molecule [

]

transactivation
[

]

toxicity [
]
toxicity characteristic leaching procedure

[
,
;
,

transaminase [,


]
170

English-Russian
transamination [

]

transcriptional activator
see also: transcription activator
transcriptional profiling
[ ,

]

transboundary harm
[,


]

transcriptional repressor
[,

,
]

transboundary movement
[

]

transcriptome [

]

transboundary release
[

]

transcutaneous [

]

transboundary transfer
see also: transboundary movement

transdermal see also: transcutaneous

transcapsidation
[ ,
(
. )
-]

transducing phage
[ ,
]
transduction [ ()

()
() ]

transcript [
]
transcriptase [-
-, ,
]

transfection [

,

]

transcription [
,
]

transfer ; ; ;
;

transcription activator
[ ,
]

transfer DNA see also: TDNA

transcription factor
[ ,
(,
),
]

transfer factor [,
, ,
,

]

transcription factor binding site


[
,
]

transfer RNA
[ ,



]

transcription unit
[
(
, )]

transferase [,

171

English-Russian
transgenic plant
[, (
)
,

]

(,
, , .)
]
transferred DNA see also: TDNA
transferrin [,

(
)]

transgressive segregation
[
,
,
]

transferring receptor
[,
,
]

transit peptide [
]
transition [,
,


]

transformant [
(,
, )
]
transformation [ (
)
,
]

transition-state intermediate
see also: transition state
transition state
[ ,
]

transformation efficiency
[ ,

(
)]

translation [
-

]

transforming oncogene
[,

]

translocation [
,

()
,
]

transgalacto-oligosaccharides
[,
]

transmembrane protein
[,
,
]

transgene [,
]
transgenesis [
,

]

transmembrane regulator protein



transmission ;

transgenic [,
]

transmission of infection
[ ]

transgenic animal
[, (
)
,

]

transplantation [


]
transport protein [,

172

English-Russian
trichosanthin [,
,


1]


]
transposable element
[
( ),
]

trichothecene mycotoxin
[,
Fusarium,

, (-2)

, ]

transposable genetic element


see also: transposable
element
transposase [,


]

tricothecene see: trichothecene mycotoxin


tricothene mycotoxin see: trichothecene mycotoxin

transposition [


]

triglyceride [,
]
triploid [
]

transposon [
, IS ,
,

]

tRNA - see also: transfer RNA


trombone [ ,
(
), ()]

transversion [,
,
p
]

trophic [ ]

treatment investigational new drug


,
[,

]

tropism [
]

trophic level
[ ,
]

truck [ ]
trypsin [
()
,
. ,

]

treatment system
trehalose [, 2
,

]

trypsin inhibitor [,
,

]

tremorgenic indole alkaloid


[ ,

]

tryptophan [
]

triacyglyceride see also:


triacylglycerol
triacylglycerol see also:
triglyceride

tuberculin [

]

trichoderma harzianum
[Trichoderma harzianum, ,
]

tuberculosis [,
1881
173

English-Russian
tumor virus [,

,
]

,
, , , ,
]
tubulin [
,
]

turbidity ;
turnover number [

]

tularemia [
( -
Pasteurella tularensis),
]

two-dimensional [
- ]

tumor [
,
,



]

two-hybrid system
[
-

, ,
-]
type specimen [
(,
),

, ]

tumor-associated antigen
[ ,

, ]

typhimurium [Salmonella
typhimurium, ,
-]

tumor-inducing plasmid
[
(Agrobacterium tumefaciens),

,
]

typhoidal tularemia
[ (-Pasteurella tularensis),

]
tyrosine [ ,

]

tumor-suppressor gene -
[,
,
]

tyrosine kinase inhibitor


[ ,
]

tumor-suppressor protein -
[, ,
]

tumor DNA [,
]
tumor marker [,
,
]

ubiquinone [ Q,

, ]

tumor necrosis factor


[,
,
,
]

ubiquitin [ ,

]
ubiquitin-proteasome pathway [
,
174

English-Russian

]

unintended transboundary movement



[


]

ubiquitinated
[ ]
ulceration [ ]
ulceroglandular tularemia -
[,
Francisella
tularensis]

unit [ ,
,
,
,
]

ultracentrifuge [

30000 g ]

unsaturated fatty acid


[ ,

]

ultrafiltration [
,

10000
]

unwinding protein [,
,

]

ultrasonic ;
[ 20000 ]

upstream [
]

ultraviolet (uv)
[ ]

uptake ,

ULV [ ]

uracil [ ,

,
]

umbrella species [,

,

]

urease [,

]

uncertainty factor
[ ,

]

uridine [,
]
urokinase [
,
]

unconfined release [,


]

use ; ;

uncontaminated water [,

]

use value [
,
]

unidirectional externality
[
]

user ;
utility function [
]

unimmunized individual

unintended release
[


]

v antigen v [
Yersinia pestis,
175

English-Russian
vegetative cell [
,

]

,
,
,
]

vehicle ; [
]

vaccine [ ,
,

]

vent ,
vernalization [ ,
,

]

vaccinia [
]
vacuoles [
]

vertical gene transfer


see also: outcrossing

vagile ; [

( )]

vesicle [
]

vagility [
]

vesicular transport
[ ]

vaginosis [ ,
]

vesicule see also: vesicle


vibrio cholerae [
Vibrio, ]

validation
[ ]
valine []

vicariant pattern
[ ]

valuation

viral

van [
]

viral agent
viral encephalitis
[ ,
]

vancomycin [,
Amycolatopsis orientalis,
(+) ]

viral hemorrhagic fever


[,
:
Arenavirus, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flavivirus]

variable surface glycoprotein


[
,

]

viral transactivating protein


[
,
,

]

variance [
]
variation ;
vascular endothelium
[
]

virion [
]
viroid [ ,
]

vasodilator []
vector [
(,

)]

virulence [
]
virulent [ ]

vector borne
[ ]
176

English-Russian
,
]

virus [ ,

,

]

vulgaris [ ]

virus disease
[, ]
virus replication
[ ]

wagon
wand

viscosity ;

warfare

visfatin [,
,

]

washer [
,
]
water activity [

]

visible fluorescent protein


[,

]

water soluble fiber


[ , ,
]

vitafood see also: nutraceuticals


vitamer [
]

waxy corn [Zea mays conv.


Ceratina,
]

vitamin [ ,


,

]

weak interaction
[ , ,
(,
)]
weapon [
]

volicitin [ ,

(Spodoptera exigua),
]

weapon of mass destruction

voltage-gated ion channel


[ ,

]

weaponization ;

volume ;

white blood cell see also:


leukocytes

weaponize [
]

volume rendering
[ ,
,

]

white corpuscle see also:


leukocytes
white mold disease
[ ,
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum]

vomitoxin [ ,
(Fusarium
graminearum)]

whole-genome shotgun sequencing see also: shotgun sequencing

voucher specimen
[ ,

wide cross [
]
177

English-Russian
wide spectrum []
wild type [
, ]

xanthine oxidase [,

]

willingness to accept
[

]

xanthophylls [,
,

]

willingness to pay
[ ,


,
]

xenobiotic compound
[,
]
xenogeneic organ
[ ,

]

wind
wobble [

,

]

xenogenesis [

]

worried well [,

, ]

xenogenic organ see also:


xenogeneic organ

xenogenetic organ see also:


xenogeneic organ

xenograft [ ,

]

Wright dust feeder [



, ,

,
,
]

xenotransplant see also:


xenograft
xenotropic virus [,

]

x-linked disease -
[,
]
x-ray

Y chromosome y [
, ,

]

x-ray crystallography
[
]

yeast [,
Saccharomycetaceae,
]

X chromosome x [
, ,
, ,
]

yeast artificial chromosome


[
( ),
]

x receptor x [
,
]

yeast episomal plasmid


[,
]
178

English-Russian
zinc finger protein
[,
]

yeast two-hybrid system


[,

]

zoonoses [,
]

zoonotic see also: zoonoses


zootoxin [
]

Z-DNA Z- [
]

zoster

z-ring -z [

]

zygote [ ,

]

zearalenone [,
(Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium
graminearum),
]

zyme system [
,
,

]

zeaxanthin [,

(, )
]

zymogen [
,
]

179

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