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Navigraph Charts 4

Airport Chart Legend


v 1.1 (FEB13)

The Navigraph Charts software is available for download at


www.navigraph.com

Table of contents
Introduction to the Navtech aerochart Specication

Page 2

Chart types

Page 6

Numbering of charts

Page 7

Information outside chart frame

Page 8

Chart AERODROME

Page 10

Chart GENERAL

Page 12

Chart GROUND

Page 14

Chart AREA

Page 16

Chart RADAR

Page 18

Chart SID

Page 20

Chart STAR

Page 22

Chart IAC

Page 24

Chart ADDITIONAL MINIMA

Page 30

Chart RADAR PROCEDURES

Page 32

Chart types

Following chart types are included in the new specication:

- AERODROME giving an overview of the aerodrome


- GENERAL containing local regulations in text form
- GROUND depicting runways, taxiways, aprons, buildings and stands
- AREA depicting transition routes and airways in the vicinity of the aerodrome
- RADAR giving minimum altitudes in radar sectors
- SID or DEPARTURE depicting standard departure and outbound routes
- STAR or ARRIVAL depicting standard arrival and inbound routes
- IAC depicting approach procedures, including minima, for the aerodrome
- Additional Landing Minima to cater for minima that does not t on IACs due to space
- Radar Procedures giving minima for PAR and SRA procedures
All aerodromes do not contain all chart types (eg. when there are no ofcial departure or
outbound routes, no SID or DEPARTURE will be issued).

Numbering of charts

Each chart type is numbered with a combination of a serial number and a page number.
The numbering is centred at the top of the chart, within a box, together with the chart date.
The charts AERODROME, GENERAL and GROUND share serial number 10.

Charts AREA and RADAR share serial number 20.

Charts SID and DEPARTURE share serial number 30.

Charts STAR and ARRIVAL share serial number 40.


Chart IAC has serial number 50.

Charts Additional Landing Minima and Radar Procedures share serial number 51.

Information outside chart frame

Following information is given outside the chart frame:


1 Chart number and date (as described on previous page).
2 Effective date. When a procedure or other information goes into effect. Upper left
part of the chart.
3 Chart designator. Upper left corner.
4 Country, city and aerodrome name. Also ICAO and IATA coding for the aerodrome.
Upper right corner.
5 Changes made in the chart since last issue. Lower left corner.
6 Reverse side blank. When back page is empty. Lower right corner.
7 Copyright and administrative code. Lower left corner.
8 Procedure design criteria. On IACs only. Along left edge.

The example to the right shows an IAC chart, but the information outside the chart frame is
valid for all chart types (except procedure design criteria 8 ).

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Chart AERODROME

AERODROME chart contains information on the runway system and ground manouvering
areas, lighting facilities and take off minima.
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Communication area, showing relevant functions and frequencies. General callsign in front of rst function. Alternate callsign when applicable. A (D) after a function indicates datalink.

Aerodrome data area. Aerodrome elevation, reference point and rescue and re
ghting category.

Chart. See legend below.

Runway and lighting table with average runway slope, TORA/LDA in metres and
feet, and lighting information. The approach light column gives light intensity and
a code letter identifying type of approach light. An explanatory symbol of the approach light is depicted in the chart above.

Take off minima area. The negative print LVP indicates that low visibility procedures must be in force in order to use the particular minima.

Legend
Runway designator
with magnetic direction.

Magnetic variation.

Tower symbol.
Transmissometer symbol,
with or without designator.

Jet barrier / Crash barrier


at actual position.

Obstacles.

Runway arresting gear


at actual position.

Heliport.

Physical length of the runway (stopway excluded).

Aerodrome reference
point.

Displaced runway
threshold.
Stopway with length.

Symbol for intersection take off positions


with corresponding
available take off
length.

Symbols for holding positions (ICAO type A, type B


and intermediate taxi holding
position).
Temporary closed manouvering areas will be covered with
this symbol.
Runway / taxiway incursion
(Hot Spots) symbol (if not
depicted on GROUND chart).

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Chart GENERAL

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GENERAL contains information on local procedures for the aerodrome, such as noise
abatement, preferential runway system, taxiway restrictions etc.
The information is compiled under four main headings:
1

General. Common regulations and information.

Arrival. Regulations and information refering to arriving aircraft.

Departure. Regulations and information refering to departing aircraft.

Company information. Tailored information for a specic customer, with distribution limited to the customer concerned.

When there is not enough information to issue a GENERAL page (e.g. smaller aerodromes), the information will be presented on the AERODROME chart under the common
heading General Information.
Chart type GENERAL can be combined (on the same page) with chart type GROUND,
called GENERAL / GROUND.

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Chart GROUND

Chart GROUND comprises details of parking stands, taxiway system, trafc blocks, intersection take off positions etc. which cannot be shown on the AERODROME chart.
Larger airports may require more than one GROUND chart to cover the information, and
then a descriptive text is added to the designator (ex. GROUND Parking, GROUND Cargo
terminal, GROUND Overview etc.).
The upper part of the chart always shows relevant functions and frequencies with general
callsign in front of rst function. Alternate callsign when applicable.

Legend
Runway designator
with magnetic direction.

Symbols for holding positions (ICAO type A, type B


and intermediate taxi holding
position).

Physical length of the runway (stopway excluded).

Apron designators.

Symbol for intersection


take off positions with
corresponding available take off length.

Parking stand position,


with or without parking
direction.

Runway / taxiway incursion


(Hot Spots) symbol.

Trafc blocks.

Temporary closed manouvering areas will be covered with


this symbol.

Taxiway designators.

Apron elevation, with or


without indicated position.

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Chart AREA

AREA chart is issued to depict inbound-, outbound- and/or transit routes not covered in
ENC charts. Also AREA charts can be issued for clarity reasons, over congested areas
where complete information cannot be shown on ENC charts.
The upper part of the chart always shows relevant functions and frequencies with general
callsign in front of rst function. Alternate callsign when applicable.
Below the frequency box, to the left, transition level and aerodrome elevation are shown.

Legend
Crossing altitudes:
Procedure aerodrome.

- Minimum or not below....

Other aerodrome.
Navigation aid (not part
of the procedure).

- Maximum or not above....


- Mandatory or compulsory....

Compulsory reporting point.

- Minimum reception altitude....

Mileage break.

- Cross between....

Non-compulsory reporting point.

Fly by waypoint.

Navigation aid with coordinates


and service hours.

Transition with name,


magnetic direction,
segment distance
and ofcial minimum
altitude.

Intersection with name and


coordinates.

Airways with name,


magnetic direction,
segment distance
and ofcial minimum
altitude.

Minimum sector altitude as

laid down by the authorities.

Sector bounda
ries are dened

by magnetic

bearings to

wards the facility (or ARP).

Fly over waypoint.

Holding with minimum holding altitude. Holding speed


when deviating from standard (PANS OPS or TERPS)
speed.

Conversion table for countries applying metres. Shows


all altitudes/levels presented
in the chart.

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Chart RADAR

The chart RADAR is produced to show radar minimum altitudes within specic areas.
Navigation facilities and waypoints are shown for reference purposes.
The upper part of the chart always shows relevant functions and frequencies with general
callsign in front of rst function. Alternate callsign when applicable.
Below the frequency box, to the left, transition level and aerodrome elevation are shown.

Legend

Procedure aerodrome.

Other aerodrome.

Radar vectoring
sectors with minimum altitude in each
sector.

......based on aerodrome
reference point.

Intersection with name and


coordinates.

Distance circles based on a DME


facility or.....

Navigation aid with coordinates.

Radar sector formed as an arc


with DME distance.

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Chart SID

The chart SID describes SIDs in graphic and text form. Several SIDs can be presented on
the same chart.
When ofcial departure routes does not have designators, the chart is designated DEPARTURE.
The upper part of the chart always shows relevant functions and frequencies with general
callsign in front of rst function. Alternate callsign when applicable.
Below the frequency box, to the left, transition altitude and aerodrome elevation are shown.
For customers requiring engine failure procedure, this procedure will be depicted in the
chart.

Legend
Procedure aerodrome.
Other aerodrome.

Crossing altitudes:

Navigation aid (not part


of the procedure).

- Minimum or not below....

Compulsory reporting point.

- Maximum or not above....

Non-compulsory reporting point.

- Cross between....

Fly by waypoint.

SID designator.

Procedure line with magnetic


track, segment distance
and an arrowhead
pointing at the terminating
point of the procedure.

- Minimum reception altitude....

Fly over waypoint.

Navigation aid (being


part of the procedure).

- Mandatory or compulsory....

Mileage break.

Waypoint with an altitude


restriction and coordinates.

Noise measurement point.

Bust altitude being the rst


at or maximum altitude, or
initial cleared altitude, where
the aircraft may be required
to perform level ight.
Conversion table for countries applying metres. Shows
all altitudes/levels presented
in the chart.

Text description starts with common information compiled under headings like COM,
NAP, SPEED etc.
Thereafter each SID is described in a table.

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Chart STAR

The chart STAR describes STARs in graphic form, and normally without text description.
Several STARs can be presented on the same chart.
When arrival routes do not have designators, the chart is designated ARRIVAL.
The upper part of the chart always shows relevant functions and frequencies with general
callsign in front of rst function. Alternate callsign when applicable.
Below the frequency box, to the left, transition level and aerodrome elevation are shown.

Legend
Procedure aerodrome.

Other aerodrome.
Navigation aid (not part
of the procedure).
Compulsory reporting point.

Procedure line with magnetic


track, segment distance
and an arrowhead
pointing at the terminating
point of the procedure.

STAR designator(s).

Non-compulsory reporting point.

Mileage break.

Crossing altitudes:

Fly by waypoint.

- Maximum or not above....

Waypoint with coordinates.


Also dened with a radial
and DME distance.

- Mandatory or compulsory....

- Cross between....

A navigation aid being part of


the procedure, and also serving as IAF.

Speed limit point dened as a


DME distance.

Descent planning.
Expect clearance at a
specic point.

- Minimum or not below....

Fly over waypoint.

- Minimum reception altitude....

Holding pattern
between a waypoint
and a DME x.

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Chart IAC

Instrument Approach Charts describe ofcial instrument approach procedures in graphic


form. The chart is divided into six main areas of information:
1

Communication area. Functions and frequencies relevant to the approach phase.

Approach information area, stating main approach aid, nal approach track,
threshold (or displaced threshold - DTHR) and aerodrome elevation, transition
level and transition altitude.

Plan view.

Prole view.

Minima area.

Runway and approach light box. Information on the approach lights, available
landing length and additional visual aids such as PAPI, VASIS etc.

Legend plan view


Procedure aerodrome.
Aerodrome within 10nm from
procedure aerodrome.

Aerodrome outside 10nm


from procedure aerodrome.

DME (or TACAN).

NDB.

The procedure line. In this


example illustrated by a base
turn, with the VOR/DME
representing the IAF.

A transition or arrival

route (where EKOLN is
outside the chart coverage).

Obstacles. Highest obstacle


within the chart is marked
with an arrow.

Combined VOR/DME.

RNAV waypoints (y-by


and y-over).

Circling, lead in or runway


alignment lights.

VOR.

Intersection or reporting
point dened with name
and/or a DME distance.

Final approach

track com
bined with

a localizer
beam, ILS/LLZ box
with ident and frequency,
outer marker and middle
marker.

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Legend plan view cont.

Minimum altitudes normally presented in the prole view. When


forced to depict altitudes
in plan view, this

is done within a

box with a leader

line, or below the

procedure line.

Terminal arrival
altitudes (TAA).
Depicted when
ofcially stated
on RNAV approach procedures.

The symbol for a


missed approach
hold when presented
in an inset box.

The symbol for a


missed approach hold.

The missed approach


procedure line. In this
example with a turning
point based on altitude.

A race track
combined with a
holding pattern.

Standard holding pattern.


With minimum holding altitude and, when applicable,
maximum holding altitude.

Legend prole view


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2 Runway. In this example with a displaced threshold.


3 Threshold crossing height.
4 A DME x co-located with a middle
marker.
5 A navigation aid co-located with an
outer marker. Also dened with a DME
distance.
6 Glide path symbol with glide path
angle.

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1 Scale bar with 0 nm at threshold.

7 Initial approach altitude.

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8 Outbound magnetic track and time on


outbound leg (in this example a race
track).
9 Inbound magnetic track.
10 Glide path intercept (FAP).
11 Minimum crossing altitude over outer
marker, navigation aid and FAF ( ).
12 Minimum crossing altitude over middle
marker and DME x.
13 Missed approach procedure line.
14 Missed approach point (MAPt).
15 Missed approach text.

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Legend minima area




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1 Aircraft categories (in normal cases


categories B, C and D) and the rules
the minima is based on (JAR OPS,
TERPS or STATE).
2 Procedure types.
3 Landing minima ILS CAT II approach
indicated in feet Radio Height.
4 Landing minima for precision approach indicated with DA (and DH
within brackets).
5 Landing minima for non-precision approach indicated with MDA (and MDH
within brackets).
6 Runway Visual Range (RVR) in metres.
7 Circling proc: Visibility in kilometres.
In USA and Canada feet (ft) and statute miles (sm) are used for RVR and
visibility values.
8 Advisory DME table supporting constant angle approaches. Includes:
9 - DME station ident and distance (nm)
10 - Approach angle and altitudes (ft)

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11 Basic timing and rate of descent table


with four different ground speeds (GS),
approach angle, rate of descent (in
ft/min) and, when ofcially published,
timing from FAF (or equivalent) to
missed approach point (MAPt).
12 Time versus altitude table. To support
constant descent, nal approach for
non-precision approaches when DME
is not available. Includes four different
ground speeds (GS), approach angle,
rate of descent (in ft/min).
13 Also three time intervals with starting
point (FAF or equivalent) and altitudes.
14 Time from FAF (or equivalent) to MDA
and time to MAPt if ofcially published.
CAT III minima is published indiviually
for each customer.

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Additional Landing Minima

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The page Additional Landing Minima is used when the space on IACs is not sufcient. A
note, refering to this page, is placed on the IACs concerned.

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Radar Procedures

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The page Radar Procedures is used for PAR and/or SRA minima without a specic procedure description.

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